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For the river, see Zmeu River. For the village in Iaşi County, see Lungani. For the computer scanner, see ZmEu (vulnerability scanner).

The Zmeu (plural: zmei, feminine: zmeoaică/zmeoaice) is a fantastic creature of Romanian folklore and Romanian mythology. Sometimes compared to other fantastic creatures, such as the balaur or the vârcolac, the zmeu is nevertheless distinct, because it usually has clear anthropomorphic traits: it is humanoid and has legs, arms, the ability to create and use artifacts such as weapons, and has the desire to marry young girls. In some stories, Zmeu appears in the sky and spits fire. In other stories, it has a magical precious stone on its head that shines like the sun. It likes beautiful young girls, whom it kidnaps, usually for the purpose of marrying them. It is almost always defeated by a daring prince or knight-errant. Its natural form is that of a dragon or balaur.

Name[edit]

Most scholars agree that Zmeu's name and appearance are derived from the Slavic Zmey. However, the linguist Sorin Paliga challenges the notion that the Romanian word Zmeu is of Slavic origin, and hypothesizes that the pan-Slavic forms were an early Slavic loan from the Dacian language.[1] The relation with Romanian zmeură ("raspberry") has been deemed to be possible, but rather unlikely, by Alexandru Ciorănescu.[2]

The word also refers to the kites that children fly.

Role and functions[edit]

The "zmeu" figures prominently in many Romanian folk tales as the manifestation of the destructive forces of greed and selfishness. Often, the zmeu steals something of great value, which only Făt-Frumos (the Romanian "Prince Charming"; literally: "handsome youth") can retrieve through his great, selfless bravery. For example, in the ballad of the knight Greuceanu, the zmeu steals the sun and the moon from the sky, thereby enshrouding all humanity in darkness. In the story of Prâslea the Brave and the Golden Apples, the zmeu robs the king of the precious "golden apples"; a parallel can be drawn to the German fairy tale The Golden Bird, the Russian Tsarevitch Ivan, the Fire Bird and the Gray Wolf, and the Bulgarian The Nine Peahens and the Golden Apples — although in all these other cases, the thief was a bird (nevertheless, in some versions of the Romanian story, the zmeu does transform into a bird to steal the golden apples). Usually, the zmeu resides in the "other world" (celǎlalt tǎrâm) and sometimes Făt-Frumos has to descend into his dark kingdom, implying that the zmeu lives underground.

The zmeu has a plethora of magical, destructive powers at his disposal. He can fly, shapeshift, and has tremendous supernatural strength. Ultimately, the abilities of the zmeu are of no avail, as Făt-Frumos defeats him through martial skill and daring.

Some English translations refer to the "zmeu" as the ogre or giant from western European mythologies. Like the ogre, the zmeu likes to kidnap a maiden to be his wife in his otherworldly realm. After Făt-Frumos slays the zmeu, he takes the maiden as his bride-to-be. Similarly, like the giant in the popular British stories of Jack and the Beanstalk, the zmeu returns home to his fortress from his raids into human lands sensing that a human (Făt-Frumos) is lying in ambush somewhere nearby. A Zmeu is also sometimes pictured as a flame who goes in the room of a young girl or widow and once inside, becomes a man and seduces her.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ S. Paliga, Lingvistica si arheologia slavilor timpurii. O alta vedere de la Dunarea de Jos.Ed. Cetatea de Scaun 2009
  2. ^ Zmeură, in Alexandru Ciorănescu, Dicționarul etimologic român, Universidad de la Laguna, Tenerife, 1958-1966.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zmeu — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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06 zmeu' ninja' - 10 mii de ore ( terra madre )

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02 zmeu' ninja' - hidrogen ( jihadu' muritorilor )

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03 zmeu' ninja' - mike tyson ( terra madre )

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847 news items

Fanatik

Fanatik
Thu, 12 Mar 2015 15:06:25 -0700

Nu are curaj, se dă zmeu cu noi, preferă să dea doar în noi, cei care nu avem nici o putere în vestiar, şi să nu-i supere pe cei vechi. De acord, partida cu Astra s-a pierdut ruşinos, dar antrenorul se dă zmeu doar pe noi! De ce nu a zis nimic de cei ...
 
Infosecurity Magazine
Mon, 04 Feb 2013 14:39:33 -0800

Meanwhile, in the third quarter of 2012, FortiGuard Labs detected high activity levels of ZmEu, a tool that was developed by Romanian hackers to scan web servers running vulnerable versions of the mySQL administration software (phpMyAdmin) in order to ...

RomaniaTV.net

RomaniaTV.net
Mon, 23 Mar 2015 08:55:16 -0700

Zmeu şi Crucea sunt satele sărace, locuite de rromi. Sunt oameni săraci, unii şi cu câte 10 copii. Din 5.500 de locuitori ai comunei, peste 3.500 sunt în Zmeu şi Crucea", spune Pricop. În preajma primăriei mişună câinii vagabonzi mai ceva ca în ...

Саратовский Взгляд

Саратовский Взгляд
Sun, 22 Mar 2015 23:13:55 -0700

В минувшее воскресенье из квартиры, расположенной в одном из домов Ленинского района Саратова, извлекли змею. Об этом ИА "Взгляд-инфо" сообщили в городской службе спасения. По данным ведомства, днем 22 марта местные жители ...

Cuget Liber

Cuget Liber
Wed, 25 Mar 2015 13:26:15 -0700

Trupa constănţeană este formată Silviu Oeru, Raluca Oprea, Ergean Boramet, Denis Amet, Alexandru Stancu, Vlad Coman, Gabriel Zmeu, Maria Manea, Bianca Popa, Diana Popa, Miruna şi Vlad Spătaru, Charzzy Charles, Ersan Ebid, Andrei Răileanu, ...

stirileprotv.ro

stirileprotv.ro
Sun, 15 Mar 2015 11:30:46 -0700

Iar un echipament de kiting, cu neopren si zmeu, aproape doua mii de euro. Echipamentul se poate inchiria. Spectacol pe partiile de la Sinaia. Iubitorii de sporturi extreme si-au aratat maiestria pe schiuri si la zborul cu parapanta · Adrenalina si ...
 
ProSport
Tue, 13 Jan 2015 22:25:01 -0800

Cătălin Munteanu a fost prima achiziţie a celor de la Viitorul în perioada de transferuri din iarnă, jucătorul în vârstă de 35 de ani semnând o înţelegere valabilă până la finalul campionatului. Într-un interviu acordat AGH TV, Munteanu spune fericit ...
 
ObservatorCultural.ro
Wed, 18 Mar 2015 09:46:42 -0700

Situația se complică datorită metamorfozei care-l face zmeu pe unul apărînd, în basm, ca un salvator (al omenirii, eventual). Una fără explicație aparentă, de rămîi confuz: era un lup în blană de oaie, ori s-a-ntîmplat vreo vrajă - ceva - de ”s-a-ntors ...
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