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For the river, see Zmeu River. For the village in Iaşi County, see Lungani. For the computer scanner, see ZmEu (vulnerability scanner).

The Zmeu (plural: zmei, feminine: zmeoaică/zmeoaice) is a fantastic creature of Romanian folklore and Romanian mythology. Sometimes compared to other fantastic creatures, such as the balaur or the vârcolac, the zmeu is nevertheless distinct, because it usually has clear anthropomorphic traits: it is humanoid and has legs, arms, the ability to create and use artifacts such as weapons, and has the desire to marry young girls. In some stories, Zmeu appears in the sky and spits fire. In other stories, it has a magical precious stone on its head that shines like the sun. It likes beautiful young girls, whom it kidnaps, usually for the purpose of marrying them. It is almost always defeated by a daring prince or knight-errant. Its natural form is that of a dragon or balaur.

Name[edit]

Most scholars agree that Zmeu's name and appearance are derived from the Slavic Zmey. However, the linguist Sorin Paliga challenges the notion that the Romanian word Zmeu is of Slavic origin, and hypothesizes that the pan-Slavic forms were an early Slavic loan from the Dacian language.[1] The relation with Romanian zmeură ("raspberry") has been deemed to be possible, but rather unlikely, by Alexandru Ciorănescu.[2]

The word also refers to the kites that children fly.

Role and functions[edit]

The "zmeu" figures prominently in many Romanian folk tales as the manifestation of the destructive forces of greed and selfishness. Often, the zmeu steals something of great value, which only Făt-Frumos (the Romanian "Prince Charming"; literally: "handsome youth") can retrieve through his great, selfless bravery. For example, in the ballad of the knight Greuceanu, the zmeu steals the sun and the moon from the sky, thereby enshrouding all humanity in darkness. In the story of Prâslea the Brave and the Golden Apples, the zmeu robs the king of the precious "golden apples"; a parallel can be drawn to the German fairy tale The Golden Bird, the Russian Tsarevitch Ivan, the Fire Bird and the Gray Wolf, and the Bulgarian The Nine Peahens and the Golden Apples — although in all these other cases, the thief was a bird (nevertheless, in some versions of the Romanian story, the zmeu does transform into a bird to steal the golden apples). Usually, the zmeu resides in the "other world" (celǎlalt tǎrâm) and sometimes Făt-Frumos has to descend into his dark kingdom, implying that the zmeu lives underground.

The zmeu has a plethora of magical, destructive powers at his disposal. He can fly, shapeshift, and has tremendous supernatural strength. Ultimately, the abilities of the zmeu are of no avail, as Făt-Frumos defeats him through martial skill and daring.

Some English translations refer to the "zmeu" as the ogre or giant from western European mythologies. Like the ogre, the zmeu likes to kidnap a maiden to be his wife in his otherworldly realm. After Făt-Frumos slays the zmeu, he takes the maiden as his bride-to-be. Similarly, like the giant in the popular British stories of Jack and the Beanstalk, the zmeu returns home to his fortress from his raids into human lands sensing that a human (Făt-Frumos) is lying in ambush somewhere nearby. A Zmeu is also sometimes pictured as a flame who goes in the room of a young girl or widow and once inside, becomes a man and seduces her.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ S. Paliga, Lingvistica si arheologia slavilor timpurii. O alta vedere de la Dunarea de Jos.Ed. Cetatea de Scaun 2009
  2. ^ Zmeură, in Alexandru Ciorănescu, Dicționarul etimologic român, Universidad de la Laguna, Tenerife, 1958-1966.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zmeu — Please support Wikipedia.
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03 zmeu' ninja' - mike tyson ( terra madre )

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02 zmeu' ninja' - hidrogen ( jihadu' muritorilor )

https://www.facebook.com/GazzaRecordsRo https://www.facebook.com/pages/zmeu-ninja/216564885025140?ref=hl https://www.youtube.com/user/GazzaRecords 02 zmeu' n...

Zmeu la Silistea, TR #2

Nicu and Tony fly the kite on a warm July morning in the meadows of Silistea , TR.

Zmeu celular2 RC primul zbor

18 zmeu' ninja' - parcă ieri feat.vali martor(umor negru')

https://www.facebook.com/GazzaRecordsRo https://www.facebook.com/pages/zmeu-ninja/216564885025140 https://www.youtube.com/user/GazzaRecords 18 zmeu' ninja' -...

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Zmeu din punga de hartie.mp4

http://www.gradinitavirtuala.ro va prezinta astazi un zmeu din punga de hartie. Copiii vor fi foarte incantati de acest craft si vor avea ocazia sa se joace ...

05 zmeu' ninja' - dana ( jihadu' muritorilor )

https://www.facebook.com/GazzaRecordsRo https://www.facebook.com/pages/zmeu-ninja/216564885025140 https://www.youtube.com/user/GazzaRecords zmeu' ninja' -- d...

02 zmeu' ninja' - vezi tu ( terra madre )

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05 zmeu' ninja' - melodramă(umor negru')

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9443 videos foundNext > 

98 news items

 
Adevărul
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 08:56:20 -0700

Însă acest echilibru sufletesc a fost întotdeauna atacat...”, spune artistul. În basm, când Ileana Cosânzeana e răpită de zmeu, toată împărăţia suferă... Pentru că zmeul e o lepră. Şi la momentul ăla nu apăruseră comisiile care vorbesc despre ...
 
Gazeta Sporturilor
Mon, 22 Sep 2014 12:40:49 -0700

Performanţa mijlocaşului de 24 de ani a fost posibilă datorită preparatorului fizic personal cu care a lucrat înainte să se transfere de la Aarau. "King Artur", cum e poreclit la "naţională", l-a angajat pe Denis Zmeu, fostul jucător al Vaslului ...
 
Monitorul de Botosani
Sat, 11 Oct 2014 00:01:30 -0700

Ex-vicia Cătălina a făcut scandal cum că un nou contract cu HSR a făcut atâtea valuri încât proprietarul din umbră (un soi de zmeu de felul lui) a trecut la PSD, ca să mai sugă un pic de la ţâţa bugetului local. Aşa informaţii vechi nu sunt de spus în ...

Formula AS

Formula AS
Fri, 10 Oct 2014 00:41:15 -0700

Din fericire, această eclipsă este prinsă într-un aspect astrologic armonios, numit zmeu, care imprimă evenimentelor o evoluţie pozitivă. Eclipsa de Soare din 23 cade în Scorpion, alături de micul benefic Venus, putând ridica sau, dimpotrivă, rezolva ...
 
Ziarul Vaii Jiului
Tue, 23 Sep 2014 10:48:45 -0700

... despre o Ileană, despre nişte animale bune sau rele, despre un zmeu afurisit şi, bineînţeles, un împărat prost, îngâmfat şi plin de pretenţii”. Acelaşi raport esenţial întru cunoaştere, aceeaşi punere în umbră a actorului-mânuitor şi aceeaşi ...
 
Gazeta Sporturilor
Sun, 12 Oct 2014 23:41:31 -0700

Piturca nu a gresit asa mult la selectia titularilor, cat la asezarea unora pe posturi, pt. ca oricum am lua-o, baza actuala de selectie e foarte firava; in afara de cheseru si poate enache, ar mai fi vreun “zmeu” care n-a fost folosit si in care sa ne ...

Ziarul Unirea

Ziarul Unirea
Wed, 24 Sep 2014 04:16:34 -0700

Imi pare rau ca acest personaj sinistru todea este in atentia noastra aici…pe internet. Din pacate si din ceea ce il cunosc, el se comporta in continuare ca un zmeu rau si prost,…asa ca va rog sa faceti ceva cu el domnilor care sunteti deasupra lui ...
 
Vocea Transilvaniei
Fri, 19 Sep 2014 04:51:02 -0700

Pe durata evenimentului vor avea loc activităţi precum confecționări de zmeie, competiții de airsoft, tir cu arcul pentru copii și adulți, origami, realizarea de avioane din carton, reprezentații cu aeromodele, concursul „Cel mai frumos zmeu” și multe ...
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