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For the river, see Zmeu River. For the village in Iaşi County, see Lungani. For the computer scanner, see ZmEu (vulnerability scanner).

The Zmeu (plural: zmei, feminine: zmeoaică/zmeoaice) is a fantastic creature of Romanian folklore and Romanian mythology. Sometimes compared to other fantastic creatures, such as the balaur or the vârcolac, the zmeu is nevertheless distinct, because it usually has clear anthropomorphic traits: it is humanoid and has legs, arms, the ability to create and use artifacts such as weapons, and has the desire to marry young girls. In some stories, Zmeu appears in the sky and spits fire. In other stories, it has a magical precious stone on its head that shines like the sun. It likes beautiful young girls, whom it kidnaps, usually for the purpose of marrying them. It is almost always defeated by a daring prince or knight-errant. Its natural form is that of a dragon or balaur.

Name[edit]

Most scholars agree that Zmeu's name and appearance are derived from the Slavic Zmey. However, the linguist Sorin Paliga challenges the notion that the Romanian word Zmeu is of Slavic origin, and hypothesizes that the pan-Slavic forms were an early Slavic loan from the Dacian language.[1] The relation with Romanian zmeură ("raspberry") has been deemed to be possible, but rather unlikely, by Alexandru Ciorănescu.[2]

The word also refers to the kites that children fly.

Role and functions[edit]

The "zmeu" figures prominently in many Romanian folk tales as the manifestation of the destructive forces of greed and selfishness. Often, the zmeu steals something of great value, which only Făt-Frumos (the Romanian "Prince Charming"; literally: "handsome youth") can retrieve through his great, selfless bravery. For example, in the ballad of the knight Greuceanu, the zmeu steals the sun and the moon from the sky, thereby enshrouding all humanity in darkness. In the story of Prâslea the Brave and the Golden Apples, the zmeu robs the king of the precious "golden apples"; a parallel can be drawn to the German fairy tale The Golden Bird, the Russian Tsarevitch Ivan, the Fire Bird and the Gray Wolf, and the Bulgarian The Nine Peahens and the Golden Apples — although in all these other cases, the thief was a bird (nevertheless, in some versions of the Romanian story, the zmeu does transform into a bird to steal the golden apples). Usually, the zmeu resides in the "other world" (celǎlalt tǎrâm) and sometimes Făt-Frumos has to descend into his dark kingdom, implying that the zmeu lives underground.

The zmeu has a plethora of magical, destructive powers at his disposal. He can fly, shapeshift, and has tremendous supernatural strength. Ultimately, the abilities of the zmeu are of no avail, as Făt-Frumos defeats him through martial skill and daring.

Some English translations refer to the "zmeu" as the ogre or giant from western European mythologies. Like the ogre, the zmeu likes to kidnap a maiden to be his wife in his otherworldly realm. After Făt-Frumos slays the zmeu, he takes the maiden as his bride-to-be. Similarly, like the giant in the popular British stories of Jack and the Beanstalk, the zmeu returns home to his fortress from his raids into human lands sensing that a human (Făt-Frumos) is lying in ambush somewhere nearby. A Zmeu is also sometimes pictured as a flame who goes in the room of a young girl or widow and once inside, becomes a man and seduces her.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ S. Paliga, Lingvistica si arheologia slavilor timpurii. O alta vedere de la Dunarea de Jos.Ed. Cetatea de Scaun 2009
  2. ^ Zmeură, in Alexandru Ciorănescu, Dicționarul etimologic român, Universidad de la Laguna, Tenerife, 1958-1966.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zmeu — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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956 news items

Adevărul

Adevărul
Tue, 09 Dec 2014 10:22:30 -0800

Zmeu în Liga I. Bilanţul debutantului Costel Gâlcă, la jumătatea sezonului. 9 decembrie 2014, 20:21. de. Mihai Molnar. Devino fan. Adaugă această persoană în comunitatea ta și fii la curent cu activitatea sa din site. Salvează în arhivă. Adaugă un ...

Stiridesport.ro

Stiridesport.ro
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 04:11:28 -0800

Viitorul Constanța este a noua echipă din cariera lui Cătălin Munteanu, care a mai jucat la Steaua, Salamanca, Atletico Madrid, Espanyol, Albacete, Real Murcia, Dinamo și FC Brașov. Cel porcelit "Cap de Zmeu" a jucat 14 partide în acest sezon pentru FC ...
 
Infosecurity Magazine
Mon, 04 Feb 2013 14:39:33 -0800

Meanwhile, in the third quarter of 2012, FortiGuard Labs detected high activity levels of ZmEu, a tool that was developed by Romanian hackers to scan web servers running vulnerable versions of the mySQL administration software (phpMyAdmin) in order to ...

Ziare.com

Ziare.com
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 21:19:25 -0800

Binete, domnule Basescu ! Timp de 10 (zece) ani, domnul Presedinte Băsescu n-a obosit ... si nu s-a plictisit luptand ca un adevarat Zmeu al zmeilor cu coruptii, cu mafiotii, n-a cedat in fata lor si nici n-a făcut compromisuri. Si-a reusit să facă ...

ObservatorCultural.ro

ObservatorCultural.ro
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 08:41:15 -0800

Îl ţin la capătul sforii ca pe un zmeu bolnav, din hîrtie colorată. Dincolo de fereastră, oamenii trec, încoace şi încolo, cu gînduri, pleoape, riduri, pulpe, plase, coşuri şi miros de transpiraţie. Sub pantofi asfaltul se topeşte şi se ia şi se duce ...

Tango

Tango
Sun, 07 Dec 2014 04:54:01 -0800

Ma gandeam ca si eu as putea fi zmeu, lup, urs, dar si „entertainer” – sa prezint o emisiune muzicala, sa vorbesc in direct cu ascultatorii, sa spun doua trei vorbe intr-un spot publicitar. Nici macar nu stiam ce-i ala spot publicitar. E de ras, dar ...
 
Liternet
Sat, 14 Jun 2014 02:33:45 -0700

Astăzi facem recapitulare! Cutărescu, ţii minte despre ce am vorbit ora trecută? Fireşte că nu. Habar n-ai. Cutăriţa, s-aud! Bravo, Cutăriţa! Pregătită, ca întotdeauna! Ai văzut, Cutărescule, cum se-nvaţă? A ştiut tot, cuvinţel după cuvinţel - aşa cum ...

Evenimentul Zilei

ProSport
Tue, 02 Dec 2014 06:28:19 -0800

Cum a fost cu Ţucudean, din tribună era zmeu, când a venit la Standard n-a mai fost zmeu. Ne-am despărţit, a rămas să vorbim a doua zi la biroul domnului Negoiţă. Nu m-au mai sunat, l-au pus pe Dănciulescu", a spus Rednic la Sport.ro. Rednic a insistat ...
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