digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

The Zmeu (plural: zmei, feminine: zmeoaică/zmeoaice) is a fantastic creature of Romanian folklore and Romanian mythology. Sometimes compared to other fantastic creatures, such as the balaur or the vârcolac, the zmeu is nevertheless distinct, because it usually has clear anthropomorphic traits: it is humanoid and has legs, arms, the ability to create and use artifacts such as weapons, or the desire to marry young girls. In some stories, Zmeu appears in the sky and spits fire. In other stories, it has a magical precious stone on its head that shines like the sun. It likes beautiful young girls, whom it kidnaps, usually for the purpose of marrying them. It is almost always defeated by a daring prince or knight-errant. Its natural form is that of a dragon or balaur.

Name[edit]

Most scholars agree that Zmeu's name and appearance is derived from the Slavic Zmey. However, the linguist Sorin Paliga challenges the notion that the Romanian word Zmeu is of Slavic origin, and hypothesizes that the pan-Slavic forms were an early Slavic loan from the Dacian language.[1] The relation with Romanian zmeură ("raspberry") has been deemed to be possible, but rather unlikely, by Alexandru Ciorănescu.[citation needed]

The word also refers to the kites that children fly.

Role and functions[edit]

The "zmeu" figures prominently in many Romanian folk tales as the manifestation of the destructive forces of greed and selfishness. Often, the zmeu steals something of great value, which only Făt-Frumos (the Romanian "Prince Charming"; literally: "handsome youth") can retrieve through his great, selfless bravery. For example, in the ballad of the knight Greuceanu, the zmeu steals the sun and the moon from the sky, thereby enshrouding all humanity in darkness. In the story of Prâslea the Brave and the Golden Apples, the zmeu robs the king of the precious "golden apples"; a parallel can be drawn to the German fairy tale The Golden Bird, the Russian Tsarevitch Ivan, the Fire Bird and the Gray Wolf, and the Bulgarian The Nine Peahens and the Golden Apples — although in all these other cases, the thief was a bird (nevertheless, in some versions of the Romanian story, the zmeu does transform into a bird to steal the golden apples). Usually, the zmeu resides in the "other world" (celǎlalt tǎrâm) and sometimes Făt-Frumos has to descend into his dark kingdom, implying that the zmeu lives underground.

The zmeu has a plethora of magical, destructive powers at his disposal. He can fly, shapeshift, and has tremendous supernatural strength. Ultimately, the abilities of the zmeu are of no avail, as Făt-Frumos defeats him through martial skill and daring.

Some English translations refer to the "zmeu" as the ogre or giant from western European mythologies. Like the ogre, the zmeu likes to kidnap a maiden to be his wife in his otherworldly realm. After Făt-Frumos slays the zmeu, he takes the maiden as his bride-to-be. Similarly, like the giant in the popular British stories of Jack and the Beanstalk, the zmeu returns home to his fortress from his raids into human lands sensing that a human (Făt-Frumos) is lying in ambush somewhere nearby. A Zmeu is also sometimes pictured as a flame who goes in the room of a young girl or widow and once inside, becomes a man and seduces her.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ S. Paliga, Lingvistica si arheologia slavilor timpurii. O alta vedere de la Dunarea de Jos.Ed. Cetatea de Scaun 2009

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zmeu — Please support Wikipedia.
A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
4064 videos foundNext > 

02 zmeu' ninja' - hidrogen ( jihadu' muritorilor )

https://www.facebook.com/GazzaRecordsRo https://www.facebook.com/pages/zmeu-ninja/216564885025140?ref=hl https://www.youtube.com/user/GazzaRecords 02 zmeu' n...

Zmeu celular2 RC primul zbor

Zmeu la Silistea, TR #2

Nicu and Tony fly the kite on a warm July morning in the meadows of Silistea , TR.

01 zmeu' ninja' - terra madre ( terra madre )

https://www.facebook.com/GazzaRecordsRo https://www.facebook.com/pages/zmeu-ninja/216564885025140 https://www.youtube.com/user/GazzaRecords zmeu' ninja' -- t...

04 zmeu' ninja' - unu doi ( jihadu' muritorilor )

https://www.facebook.com/GazzaRecordsRo https://www.facebook.com/pages/zmeu-ninja/216564885025140 https://www.youtube.com/user/GazzaRecords zmeu' ninja' -- u...

05 zmeu' ninja' - dana ( jihadu' muritorilor )

https://www.facebook.com/GazzaRecordsRo https://www.facebook.com/pages/zmeu-ninja/216564885025140 https://www.youtube.com/user/GazzaRecords zmeu' ninja' -- d...

06 zmeu' ninja' - 15 bari ( jihadu' muritorilor )

https://www.facebook.com/GazzaRecordsRo https://www.facebook.com/pages/zmeu-ninja/216564885025140 https://www.youtube.com/user/GazzaRecords zmeu' ninja' -- 1...

01 zmeu' ninja' - jihadu' muritorilor ( jihadu' muritorilor )

https://www.facebook.com/GazzaRecordsRo https://www.facebook.com/pages/zmeu-ninja/216564885025140 https://www.youtube.com/user/GazzaRecords zmeu' ninja' -- j...

18 zmeu' ninja' - parcă ieri feat.vali martor(umor negru')

https://www.facebook.com/GazzaRecordsRo https://www.facebook.com/pages/zmeu-ninja/216564885025140 https://www.youtube.com/user/GazzaRecords 18 zmeu' ninja' -...

03 zmeu' ninja' - cichi ceaca(umor negru')

https://www.facebook.com/GazzaRecordsRo https://www.facebook.com/pages/zmeu-ninja/216564885025140 https://www.youtube.com/user/GazzaRecords 03 zmeu' ninja' -...

4064 videos foundNext > 

67 news items

 
Infosecurity Magazine
Thu, 20 Mar 2014 07:48:45 -0700

... Blackhole threat dwindled, others increased. From being responsible for just 4% of incidents and not in the top ten in the first half of last year, the ZmEU vulnerability scan threat jumped to #1 position in the second half – responsible for 30% of ...
 
Observator de Constanta
Mon, 14 Apr 2014 18:02:38 -0700

Vlad Faur, Sonia Bonţescu şi Ioana Zenţel au reuşit să ia aurul, Cristi Bordea, Andra Bordea şi Robert Baba, medalii de argint, iar Rebeca Zmeu, Cosmin Munteanu, Rareş Raicea şi Edi Ciolacu, medalia de bronz, performanţe care se adaugă la palmaresul ...

Mondo News

Mondo News
Mon, 14 Apr 2014 22:29:40 -0700

... in Vinerea Mare si toate lumea participa la obicei. Se spune ca aceasta practica a inceput in momentul in care un profesor nu a stiut cum sa le explice elevilor sai ce reprezinta Inaltarea lui Hristos si a facut un zmeu in forma de cruce pentru a ...
 
Ziarul Vaii Jiului
Sun, 13 Apr 2014 11:50:51 -0700

rău vulcănenii pe terenul celor de la Orăştie. Ba, se poate spune chiar că, în marea parte a jocului, au fost peste gazde. Numai că, asta-i la ai noştri, când se pune în faţă un pic de ghinion, poţi să fii şi zmeu, că tot n-ai ce face. Gazdele au ...
 
Adevărul
Fri, 11 Apr 2014 11:56:34 -0700

Pot să-mi imaginez că este un zmeu când are motive, când lumea nu este dispusă să facă muzică sau nu este pregătită; dar atunci când te comporţi ca un profesionist şi cu respect, cu modestie faţă de ce este scris în partitură, el vine în întâmpinarea ta.
 
Adevărul
Tue, 08 Apr 2014 03:19:01 -0700

Unul dintre fraţii mei şi-a rupt piciorul la zmeu şi unul - mâna la schi. E riscant, dar se poate întâmpla. Eu schiez de la patru ani. Acuma, toţi sunt schiori. Că acuma, cu care mai vorbesc în Constanţa, îmi zic că ei sunt schiori, că merg pe nu ştiu ...
 
Gazeta Sporturilor
Mon, 07 Apr 2014 13:27:43 -0700

... fotbal si mai putina vorbarie la ce a jucat otelul aseara mi se pare culmea impertinentei sa mai comentezi ceva de arbitraj ca in afara de gol nu ati vazut careul nostru decat in poze a parca ati mai lansat un zmeu care a ramas blocat pe spitalul ...

stirileprotv.ro

stirileprotv.ro
Fri, 04 Apr 2014 22:39:50 -0700

Sa stam acasa sau in mall nu este o solutie", a declarat Maciej Dziobek, un domn care a incercat sa profite de vant pentru a ridica un zmeu. Avertizarea de cod galben de vant expira in sambata noaptea. AVERTIZAREA EMISA DE ANM. ANM a emis vineri o ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Zmeu

You can talk about Zmeu with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!