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The Zmeu (plural: zmei, feminine: zmeoaică/zmeoaice) is a fantastic creature of Romanian folklore and Romanian mythology. Sometimes compared to other fantastic creatures, such as the balaur or the vârcolac, the zmeu is nevertheless distinct, because it usually has clear anthropomorphic traits: it is humanoid and has legs, arms, the ability to create and use artifacts such as weapons, or the desire to marry young girls. In some stories, Zmeu appears in the sky and spits fire. In other stories, it has a magical precious stone on its head that shines like the sun. It likes beautiful young girls, whom it kidnaps, usually for the purpose of marrying them. It is almost always defeated by a daring prince or knight-errant. Its natural form is that of a dragon or balaur.

Name[edit]

Most scholars agree that Zmeu's name and appearance is derived from the Slavic Zmey. However, the linguist Sorin Paliga challenges the notion that the Romanian word Zmeu is of Slavic origin, and hypothesizes that the pan-Slavic forms were an early Slavic loan from the Dacian language.[1] The relation with Romanian zmeură ("raspberry") has been deemed to be possible, but rather unlikely, by Alexandru Ciorănescu.[citation needed]

The word also refers to the kites that children fly.

Role and functions[edit]

The "zmeu" figures prominently in many Romanian folk tales as the manifestation of the destructive forces of greed and selfishness. Often, the zmeu steals something of great value, which only Făt-Frumos (the Romanian "Prince Charming"; literally: "handsome youth") can retrieve through his great, selfless bravery. For example, in the ballad of the knight Greuceanu, the zmeu steals the sun and the moon from the sky, thereby enshrouding all humanity in darkness. In the story of Prâslea the Brave and the Golden Apples, the zmeu robs the king of the precious "golden apples"; a parallel can be drawn to the German fairy tale The Golden Bird, the Russian Tsarevitch Ivan, the Fire Bird and the Gray Wolf, and the Bulgarian The Nine Peahens and the Golden Apples — although in all these other cases, the thief was a bird (nevertheless, in some versions of the Romanian story, the zmeu does transform into a bird to steal the golden apples). Usually, the zmeu resides in the "other world" (celǎlalt tǎrâm) and sometimes Făt-Frumos has to descend into his dark kingdom, implying that the zmeu lives underground.

The zmeu has a plethora of magical, destructive powers at his disposal. He can fly, shapeshift, and has tremendous supernatural strength. Ultimately, the abilities of the zmeu are of no avail, as Făt-Frumos defeats him through martial skill and daring.

Some English translations refer to the "zmeu" as the ogre or giant from western European mythologies. Like the ogre, the zmeu likes to kidnap a maiden to be his wife in his otherworldly realm. After Făt-Frumos slays the zmeu, he takes the maiden as his bride-to-be. Similarly, like the giant in the popular British stories of Jack and the Beanstalk, the zmeu returns home to his fortress from his raids into human lands sensing that a human (Făt-Frumos) is lying in ambush somewhere nearby. A Zmeu is also sometimes pictured as a flame who goes in the room of a young girl or widow and once inside, becomes a man and seduces her.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ S. Paliga, Lingvistica si arheologia slavilor timpurii. O alta vedere de la Dunarea de Jos.Ed. Cetatea de Scaun 2009

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zmeu — Please support Wikipedia.
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5580 videos foundNext > 

02 zmeu' ninja' - hidrogen ( jihadu' muritorilor )

https://www.facebook.com/GazzaRecordsRo https://www.facebook.com/pages/zmeu-ninja/216564885025140?ref=hl https://www.youtube.com/user/GazzaRecords 02 zmeu' n...

Zmeu celular2 RC primul zbor

02 zmeu' ninja' - vezi tu ( terra madre )

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Zmeu la Silistea, TR #2

Nicu and Tony fly the kite on a warm July morning in the meadows of Silistea , TR.

01 zmeu' ninja' - terra madre ( terra madre )

https://www.facebook.com/GazzaRecordsRo https://www.facebook.com/pages/zmeu-ninja/216564885025140 https://www.youtube.com/user/GazzaRecords zmeu' ninja' -- t...

04 zmeu' ninja' - unu doi ( jihadu' muritorilor )

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05 zmeu' ninja' - dana ( jihadu' muritorilor )

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03 zmeu' ninja' - cichi ceaca(umor negru')

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5580 videos foundNext > 

86 news items

 
RomaniaTV.net
Tue, 22 Apr 2014 12:05:52 -0700

O expediţie ştiinţifică sub coordonarea exploratorului spaniol Ramón Larramendi va începe, la 5 mai, prima expediţie pe gheaţă în interiorul Groenlandei efectuată la bordul unei sănii trase de un zmeu, anunţă marţi media spaniole. Comenteaza.

Studentie.ro

Studentie.ro
Wed, 23 Apr 2014 05:03:12 -0700

Anii studentiei trec de parca ar fi doar o clipa. Daca cineva ne-ar reaminti in fiecare zi, de cinci ori pe zi, faptul ca anii acestia trec si ca avem tendinta sa nu ii valorificam la maximum, probabil ca ne-am preocupa mai mult sa transformam acest ...

Opinia Timisoarei

Opinia Timisoarei
Sat, 19 Apr 2014 08:45:00 -0700

Se spune ca aceasta practica a inceput in momentul in care un profesor nu a stiut cum sa le explice elevilor sai ce reprezinta Inaltarea lui Hristos si a facut un zmeu in forma de cruce pentru a le demonstra. Norvegienii au si ei un mod destul de ...
 
Ziarul Vaii Jiului
Sun, 13 Apr 2014 11:50:51 -0700

rău vulcănenii pe terenul celor de la Orăştie. Ba, se poate spune chiar că, în marea parte a jocului, au fost peste gazde. Numai că, asta-i la ai noştri, când se pune în faţă un pic de ghinion, poţi să fii şi zmeu, că tot n-ai ce face. Gazdele au ...
 
Adevărul
Fri, 11 Apr 2014 12:03:34 -0700

Pot să-mi imaginez că este un zmeu când are motive, când lumea nu este dispusă să facă muzică sau nu este pregătită; dar atunci când te comporţi ca un profesionist şi cu respect, cu modestie faţă de ce este scris în partitură, el vine în întâmpinarea ta.

stirileprotv.ro

stirileprotv.ro
Fri, 04 Apr 2014 22:39:50 -0700

Sa stam acasa sau in mall nu este o solutie", a declarat Maciej Dziobek, un domn care a incercat sa profite de vant pentru a ridica un zmeu. Avertizarea de cod galben de vant expira in sambata noaptea. AVERTIZAREA EMISA DE ANM. ANM a emis vineri o ...
 
Gazeta Sporturilor
Thu, 10 Apr 2014 02:10:32 -0700

Cand a revenit era zmeu. Si Atletico normal ca s-a aparat, cand vezi ca echipa adversa are posesie dar nu ataca poarta, ce interes ai tu sa iesi la joc? Plus ca, asa cum am zis si mai jos, au mai avut 2-3 ocazii uriaseee. Barca a facut de departe cel ...

Fanatik

DigiSport
Wed, 26 Mar 2014 07:04:23 -0700

"Cap de Zmeu" a acuzat dureri la genunchi şi nu a intrat în cantonament. În schimb, un alt jucător asupra căruia planau semne de întrebare înaintea meciului din Cupă, Steven Thicot, s-a alăturat coechipierilor şi se va antrena sub comanda lui Flavius ...
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