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For the river, see Zmeu River. For the village in Iaşi County, see Lungani. For the computer scanner, see ZmEu (vulnerability scanner).

The Zmeu (plural: zmei, feminine: zmeoaică/zmeoaice) is a fantastic creature of Romanian folklore and Romanian mythology. Sometimes compared to other fantastic creatures, such as the balaur or the vârcolac, the zmeu is nevertheless distinct, because it usually has clear anthropomorphic traits: it is humanoid and has legs, arms, the ability to create and use artifacts such as weapons, and has the desire to marry young girls. In some stories, Zmeu appears in the sky and spits fire. In other stories, it has a magical precious stone on its head that shines like the sun. It likes beautiful young girls, whom it kidnaps, usually for the purpose of marrying them. It is almost always defeated by a daring prince or knight-errant. Its natural form is that of a dragon or balaur.

Name[edit]

Most scholars agree that Zmeu's name and appearance are derived from the Slavic Zmey. However, the linguist Sorin Paliga challenges the notion that the Romanian word Zmeu is of Slavic origin, and hypothesizes that the pan-Slavic forms were an early Slavic loan from the Dacian language.[1] The relation with Romanian zmeură ("raspberry") has been deemed to be possible, but rather unlikely, by Alexandru Ciorănescu.[2]

The word also refers to the kites that children fly.

Role and functions[edit]

The "zmeu" figures prominently in many Romanian folk tales as the manifestation of the destructive forces of greed and selfishness. Often, the zmeu steals something of great value, which only Făt-Frumos (the Romanian "Prince Charming"; literally: "handsome youth") can retrieve through his great, selfless bravery. For example, in the ballad of the knight Greuceanu, the zmeu steals the sun and the moon from the sky, thereby enshrouding all humanity in darkness. In the story of Prâslea the Brave and the Golden Apples, the zmeu robs the king of the precious "golden apples"; a parallel can be drawn to the German fairy tale The Golden Bird, the Russian Tsarevitch Ivan, the Fire Bird and the Gray Wolf, and the Bulgarian The Nine Peahens and the Golden Apples — although in all these other cases, the thief was a bird (nevertheless, in some versions of the Romanian story, the zmeu does transform into a bird to steal the golden apples). Usually, the zmeu resides in the "other world" (celǎlalt tǎrâm) and sometimes Făt-Frumos has to descend into his dark kingdom, implying that the zmeu lives underground.

The zmeu has a plethora of magical, destructive powers at his disposal. He can fly, shapeshift, and has tremendous supernatural strength. Ultimately, the abilities of the zmeu are of no avail, as Făt-Frumos defeats him through martial skill and daring.

Some English translations refer to the "zmeu" as the ogre or giant from western European mythologies. Like the ogre, the zmeu likes to kidnap a maiden to be his wife in his otherworldly realm. After Făt-Frumos slays the zmeu, he takes the maiden as his bride-to-be. Similarly, like the giant in the popular British stories of Jack and the Beanstalk, the zmeu returns home to his fortress from his raids into human lands sensing that a human (Făt-Frumos) is lying in ambush somewhere nearby. A Zmeu is also sometimes pictured as a flame who goes in the room of a young girl or widow and once inside, becomes a man and seduces her.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ S. Paliga, Lingvistica si arheologia slavilor timpurii. O alta vedere de la Dunarea de Jos.Ed. Cetatea de Scaun 2009
  2. ^ Zmeură, in Alexandru Ciorănescu, Dicționarul etimologic român, Universidad de la Laguna, Tenerife, 1958-1966.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zmeu — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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Zmeu celular2 RC primul zbor

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120 news items

 
Adevărul
Tue, 28 Oct 2014 14:15:18 -0700

Înfruntarea dintre rezervele campionilor şi titularii codaşei Ligii I a adus un meci plictisitor, fără multe ocazii de poartă, în care gazdele puteau da lovitura în minutul 85, când Bădic, din 11 metri, din poziţie centrală, a înălţat un zmeu, după o ...
 
Sport.ro
Mon, 27 Oct 2014 08:59:20 -0700

Chiar daca s-a dat "zmeu" dupa meciul de la Targu Mures, mijlocasul senegalez a recunoscut astazi ca s-a simtit putin vinovat dupa ce l-a lovit pe Keseru, dar spune ca nu a avut niciun fel de intentie. Mai mult, Ousmane N'Doye a dezvaluit ca l-a sunat ...
 
Gazeta Sporturilor
Wed, 29 Oct 2014 12:14:54 -0700

Dar nici sa nu bagi nici un ban, ci sa scoti, bani de fapt din fotbal … ca tine, ca Dinu Gheorghe, etc … o anumita categorie … eu le zic lipitori (e dreptul meu) … si sa te crezi mare Zmeu … Nu-i plange tu de mila lui Dinu Gheorghe … Niculae este ...

UNIMEDIA

UNIMEDIA
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 06:07:30 -0700

Iti promiti ca nu te vei mai intalni cu persoane care beau in nestire si, cu toate acestea, te trezesti ca iei cina cu cineva care este mai sus decat un zmeu. Ia o foaie de hartie si noteaza-ti sincer ce ai facut in ultimii 5 ani din punctul de vedere ...

PitStops

PitStops
Fri, 26 Sep 2014 10:26:15 -0700

Deși Barrichello a fost adesea zmeu în '99, Herbert aduce nesperata victorie. Omul cursei este Ralf Schumacher, mereu în avanposturi până la nefericita pană. Germanul sosește al patrulea, în fața lui Hakkinen. Gene aduce primul punct pentru Minardi de ...
 
Monitorul de Botosani
Sat, 11 Oct 2014 00:01:30 -0700

Ex-vicia Cătălina a făcut scandal cum că un nou contract cu HSR a făcut atâtea valuri încât proprietarul din umbră (un soi de zmeu de felul lui) a trecut la PSD, ca să mai sugă un pic de la ţâţa bugetului local. Aşa informaţii vechi nu sunt de spus în ...

Formula AS

Formula AS
Fri, 10 Oct 2014 00:41:15 -0700

Din fericire, această eclipsă este prinsă într-un aspect astrologic armonios, numit zmeu, care imprimă evenimentelor o evoluţie pozitivă. Eclipsa de Soare din 23 cade în Scorpion, alături de micul benefic Venus, putând ridica sau, dimpotrivă, rezolva ...
 
Gazeta Sporturilor
Sun, 12 Oct 2014 23:41:31 -0700

Piturca nu a gresit asa mult la selectia titularilor, cat la asezarea unora pe posturi, pt. ca oricum am lua-o, baza actuala de selectie e foarte firava; in afara de cheseru si poate enache, ar mai fi vreun “zmeu” care n-a fost folosit si in care sa ne ...
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