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Zbigniew Religa
Zbigniew Religa.jpg
Minister of Health of the Republic of Poland
In office
31 October 2005 – 16 November 2007
President Aleksander Kwaśniewski, Lech Kaczyński
Prime Minister Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz, Jarosław Kaczyński
Preceded by Marek Balicki
Succeeded by Ewa Kopacz
Personal details
Born 16 December 1938
Miedniewice, Masovian Voivodeship
Died March 8, 2009(2009-03-08) (aged 70)
Warsaw, Poland
Spouse(s) Anna Wajszczuk - Religa
Profession Cardiac surgeon

Zbigniew Eugeniusz Religa [ˈzbʲiɡɲɛf rɛˈliɡa] (December 16, 1938 — March 8, 2009) was a prominent Polish cardiac surgeon and politician.

Career as physician[edit]

Religa finished his studies at the Medical University of Warsaw in 1963. From 1966 to 1980 he worked in the Szpital Wolski in Warsaw, where he qualified in surgery. In 1973, he visited New York to train in vascular surgery, in 1975 he trained in cardiac surgery in Detroit. In 1973, he obtained a Ph. D. degree; in 1981 he finished his habilitation, achieving academic recognition similar to an associate professor or senior lecturer. From 1980 to 1984, Religa lectured at the Warsaw Institute of Cardiology. In 1984 he obtained a chair in cardiac surgery and directed the Cardiosurgical Clinic in Zabrze, in 1990 he became full professor at the Silesian Medical University in Katowice, being its rector from 1997 to 1999. In 2001 he returned to Warsaw to become director of both the Clinic of Cardiac Surgery No. 2 and the Institute of Cardiology.

A pioneer in human heart transplantation in Poland, he led the team to prepare the first successful heart transplantation in the country, and in June 1995 he was the first surgeon to graft an artificial valve created from materials taken from human corpses.[1] In 2004, a team led by Religa obtained a prestigious Brussels Eureka award at the World Exhibition of Innovation, Research and Technology for developing an implantable pump for a pneumatic heart assistance system.

Religa held honorary doctorates from the Medical University of Lviv, the Silesian Medical University in Katowice, and the Medical University of Białystok.

Career in politics[edit]

Lech Kaczyński and Zbigniew Religa in Halemba (November 22, 2006).

Parallel to his work as a physician, Religa pursued a career in politics. In 1993, he became a member of the Polish senate and was re-elected in 2001. As the centre and right wing of the Polish political landscape has been in constant flux ever since democracy was reinstated, Religa was a member of several parties and organizations. In 1993, he co-founded the Nonpartisan Bloc for Support of Reforms (BBWR) which gathered behind president Lech Wałęsa and was its leader in 1994. In 1995, Religa became the chairman of the short-lived party "The Republicans" (Republikanie) founded by renegade BBWR members who refused to back Wałęsa in the presidential elections of 1995. However, Religa refused to run for president himself, and the Republicans eventually disintegrated when they failed to enter the Sejm in 1997. Spanning the centre and centre-right of Polish politics, Religa was well placed to play a significant role in the newly created Conservative People's Party (SKL), which became part of the Solidarity Electoral Action (AWS) in 1997. In 2004, Religa was involved in founding the new Centrum Party and was elected to the position of honorary chairman.

Religa was considered a promising candidate in the 2005 Polish presidential elections. In his campaigning, Religa drove on his reputation and image as a successful physician, in January 2005, polls indicated support of more than 65%; in March 2005, with 17%, polls showed him ranking second behind Lech Kaczyński (19%) however as the elections neared he continued to lose support to professional politicians, ending up with only 6% votes in August. On September 2 in a move that gained him great respect in the Polish society, Religa pulled out of the presidential race urging his remaining supporters to vote for Donald Tusk from the Civic Platform.

Religa was Minister of Health of Poland in cabinets of Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz and Jarosław Kaczyński.

Religa was a heavy smoker, and died from lung cancer, diagnosed in 2007.

A movie, Bogowie, was made about Religa in 2014 by Polish film director, Lukasz Palkowski, where Religa is portrayed by Tomasz Kot.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mihai, Andrei (February 4, 2015). "The history of a picture that changed the world". ZME Science. Retrieved February 20, 2015. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zbigniew_Religa — Please support Wikipedia.
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851 news items

thenews.pl

thenews.pl
Thu, 21 May 2015 04:26:15 -0700

The film follows the struggles of surgeon Zbigniew Religa, who oversaw Poland's first successful heart transplant during the 1980s. Also in competition is Wojciech Smarżowski's 'The Mighty Angel', which explores the plight of an alcoholic writer ...
 
Long Island Exchange
Mon, 25 May 2015 11:11:15 -0700

Screened as part of the Panorama Europe 2015 film festival, Gods is biopic about Zbigniew Religa, the Polish surgeon who defied the Communist bureaucracy of the 1980s to perform the country's first heart transplant. $12/$9 for seniors and students.

Dziennik Zachodni (subskrypcia)

Dziennik Zachodni (subskrypcia)
Wed, 27 May 2015 09:04:37 -0700

Stanowi on kolejny krok w rozwoju wizji, którą 30 lat temu zapoczątkował profesor Zbigniew Religa. W pawilonie C dzięki najwyższym standardom, najlepszemu sprzętowi i przede wszystkim najlepiej wyszkolonemu personelowi będą przeprowadzane ...
 
Gazeta Wyborcza
Fri, 22 May 2015 06:01:19 -0700

Gdy PiS rządziło, ministrem zdrowia był prof. Zbigniew Religa. Wyrwało mu się raz, że szpitale, które nie znajdą się w tzw. sieci szpitali, którym państwo gwarantuje finansowanie, będą mogły zostać sprywatyzowane. Szybko został przez bardziej ...

Medexpress.pl

Medexpress.pl
Tue, 26 May 2015 02:00:00 -0700

Nadal nie wprowadzono ubezpieczeń pielęgnacyjnych, za którymi lobbował z pozycji ministra zdrowia Zbigniew Religa, ale też mocno był zaangażowany senator PO Mieczysław Augustyn. A bez celowanych pieniędzy na opiekę nad seniorami możemy ...
 
Onet.pl
Thu, 21 May 2015 02:27:46 -0700

... Ludwik Jerzy Kern, ks. Jan Twardowski, Jacek Kuroń, Marek Kotański, królowa Szwecji Sylwia, małżonka emira Kataru Szejcha Mouza bint Nasser, król Arabii Saudyjskiej Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, prof. Zbigniew Religa, prof. Alicja Chybicka. (np).

fakt.pl

fakt.pl
Thu, 09 Oct 2014 19:46:06 -0700

Poznali się na studiach. Wspólnie zwiedzili prawie całą Europę, razem chodzili na mecza Górnika Zabrze i jeździli na ryby. Anna Wajszczuk-Religa w rozmowie z Faktem wspomina męża profesora Zbigniewa Religę. Fakt: Jak to jest zobaczyć kawałek ...
 
Południe
Sat, 23 May 2015 09:41:15 -0700

Ostatnim moim szefem był profesor Zbigniew Religa. Miałem to szczęście, że w połowie lat 80-tych byłem włączony w akcję pierwszych transplantacji serca. Nie operowałem, ale kwalifikowałem do operacji kardiochirurgicznych. To niesamowite wrażenie dla ...
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