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Zamindara or Zamindara Shaikh
Regions with significant populations
 India Pakistan
UrduHindiKhari BoliAwadhi
Allah-green.svg Islam 100% •
Related ethnic groups
Shaikh of Uttar PradeshShaikhzadaJhojhaShaikh

The Zamindara or Rautara are a distinct Muslim community found mainly in the Indian province of Uttar Pradesh. [1] Members of Zamindara community who migrated to Pakistan after the independence in 1947, are settled in Karachi, Sindh.

History and origin[edit]

The Zamindara are the sub-group within the wider Shaikh community. Zamindara in Urdu means a landowner, and was a name given to a community of diverse origin in what is now present day eastern Uttar Pradesh. The Zamindara are said to be descendants of Turk and Kshatriya castes and Pathans who migrated to the region from Khorasan. Many Zamindaras were substantial landowners, and reference is made to this community in Abu'l-Fazl's, 16th-century magnum opus, Ain-i-Akbari, as the landowners of pargana Nizamabad.[1]

By early 19th century, Zamindara's owing to their industry and enterprise, had substantially increased their landed possession. In addition, number of them were educated and had obtained good position in the professions and government services in erstwhile British India. [1]

Present circumstances[edit]

The Zamindara today are mainly concentrated in district of Azamgarh but are also found in substantial number in neighbouring districts of Mau and Jaunpur, and in certain pockets of Gorakhpur and Sultanpur. They are essentially a community of landowners and prior to the abolition of the Zamindari system, held large tract of lands. They speak a distinct dialect of Awadhi among themselves, but Urdu with outsiders. They are an endogamous group and practise strict form of endogamy. The Zamindara's usually have Shaikh, Khan and Azmi [chaudhary] as their surnames. The population of Zamindara community in Azamgarh and Jaunpur are approximately 2.5 million of which 1.7 million are Pathans and 1.3 million Shaikh.


  1. ^ a b c A Gazetteer of Azamgarh District pages 93 to 94

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zamindara — Please support Wikipedia.
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70 news items


Thu, 03 Apr 2014 06:27:36 -0700

National Unionist Zamindara Party (NUZP), which has two MLAs in the state Assembly, and which is contesting three Lok Sabha seats from the state said there was no Modi wave in Jaipur especially in Sriganganagar, Hanumangarh and Bikaner's agricultural ...
Times of India
Fri, 31 Oct 2014 21:30:00 -0700

Parties like SDPI, Zamindara, WPI and Green Party have already shortlisted its candidates. Though the big-ticket contest in all 91 wards in Jaipur is between BJP and Congress, the smaller parties which were reduced to ashes in the state assembly and ...


Tue, 16 Sep 2014 17:33:45 -0700

The flood in Chenab was diverted to Alipur and Jatoi tehsils on Tuesday evening because of breaches at Zamindara and Sarki embankments, forcing hundreds of families to leave their homes in the two tehsils. According to district officials, 65 per cent ...
Sun, 14 Sep 2014 01:48:45 -0700

MULTAN: (Dunya News) – Chenab continues to wreak havoc throughout its course as 600,000 cusec flood flows near Multan right now. Despite several holes in Sher Shah Barrier, water pressure is not lowering. Pressure tore apart Rasulpur Zamindara ...
Times of India
Sat, 20 Sep 2014 14:56:15 -0700

Vikram Ahuja, proprietor of Zamindara Farm Solutions, was invited for the conference of UN's Economic and Social Council for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) at Sarpong in Indonesia on September 11, where he discussed the model that helps small peasants ...
Daily Times
Mon, 15 Sep 2014 15:07:30 -0700

More than 85 villages have been inundated after breaches at Bait Gopang and Sarwardabad Zamindara dykes near Head Panjnad. Floodwater has also entered Saitpur after breach at Super Dyke in Muzaffargarh District, suspending road link with Alipur city.
Times of India
Tue, 23 Sep 2014 14:22:30 -0700

The models were the brainchild of Fazilka-based entrepreneur-cum-farmer Vikram Aditya Ahuja, who started Zamindara Farmsolutions in order to rent out high-priced farm equipment to farmers at affordable prices. Through this, he aimed at keeping small ...
Mon, 15 Sep 2014 00:22:49 -0700

Pressure tore apart Rasulpur Zamindara barrier to break into the villages located nearby. In River Indus, water levels are constantly rising at Ghotki. Sindh government has declared emergency in various districts. Flood current in Chenab is devastating ...

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