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Zamindara or Zamindara Shaikh
Regions with significant populations
 India Pakistan

The Zamindara or Rautara (combinations of words Rai and Tartar from village Hasanpur-Beenapur) is a distinct Muslim community found mainly in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.[1] Members of the Zamindara community who migrated to Pakistan after the independence in 1947, are settled in Karachi, Sindh. It is a community in India who practice Central Asian Turkic-Mongol Culture in their lifestyle. The Zamindara are a sub-group within the wider Shaikh community. Zamindara in Urdu means landowner.


Zamindara speak a distinct dialect of Urdu among themselves that is similar to a central Asian Turkic language. They refer to it as Azmiat, but use Urdu with outsiders. This community is also referred to as "Azmi Community" or "Azmi Biradari" or "Azmi Qaum" and "Rautara Biradari". The group practices endogamy, strictly prohibiting marriage outside their community.

Zamindara usually have Shaikh or Khan as their surnames.

They practice Khorasan culture in their daily life.


They manage their own education system in their Senior Secondary School and Arabic Seminary. They are from the Hanafi School of Thought, but the youths of this community adopted the Ahle Hadith School of Thought without anyone's influence.

History and origin[edit]

The shaikh (warrior clan) are the original inhabitants of Azamgarh. They embraced Islam when they came in contact with warrior clans of Central Asia such as Turks, Mongols and the Pathans of Afghanistan. The Zamindara are said to be descendants of Turk and Rajput caste and Pathans who migrated to the region from Khorasan. Many Zamindaras were substantial landowners, and reference is made to this community in Abu'l-Fazl's, 16th-century magnum opus, Ain-i-Akbari, as the landowners of pargana Nizamabad.[1]

By the early 19th century, owing to their industry and enterprise, Zamindara's had substantially increased their landed possession. In addition, many were educated and had obtained good position in the professions and government services in erstwhile British India.[1]


The Zamindara today are mainly concentrated in Azamgarh District, but are also found in substantial number in neighbouring districts of Mau and Jaunpur, and in certain pockets of Gorakhpur and Sultanpur.


Zamindari are essentially a community of landowners and prior to the abolition of the Zamindari system, held large tracts of lands.


The population of Zamindara community in Azamgarh and Jaunpur number approximately 2.5 million of which 1.2 million are Turks and Pashtun and 1.3 million Shaikh.

The villages founded by Shaikh include Saat Gao, Mangrawan Raipur, Kundanpur Kotila, Bindawal- Jairajpur, Bisham, Nandao, Anjan Shahed, Ashrafpur and Mande , amilo

The villages founded by Pathans include Mohammedpur (Ghazni), Fariha (Farah) khandwari, Daudpur, Sherwaa and Surahi.

The villages founded by Mongol include Muslim Patti, Manjeerpatti, Mirzapur, Hasanpur-Beenapara and Shahpur.


  1. ^ a b c A Gazetteer of Azamgarh District pages 93 to 94

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zamindara — Please support Wikipedia.
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Hindustan Times

Hindustan Times
Thu, 26 Feb 2015 08:24:04 -0800

But the 27-year-old Sonadevi, a legislator of the National Unionist Zamindara Party stood her ground, saying that her daughter needed breastfeeding at regular intervals. Security personnel later bent the rules to allow Sonadevi to take her daughter to ...
Times of India
Thu, 26 Feb 2015 13:18:04 -0800

Jaipur: National Unionist Zamindara Party MLA Sona Devi on Thursday demanded a creche facility for children at the state legislative assembly on Thursday. Sona Devi had arrived at the assembly with her three-month-old baby but was stopped by the ...
The Hindu
Fri, 27 Feb 2015 10:45:25 -0800

The legislator from the National Unionist Zamindara Party from Raisinghnagar in Sriganganagar district was stopped from entering the Assembly as rules do not permit any 'unauthorised' individuals to enter. After some discussions, she agreed to leave ...

ABP News

ABP News
Fri, 06 Feb 2015 02:58:15 -0800

New Delhi: A day before Delhi elections, the advertisement war has been spiced up more by Rajasthan MLA Kamini Jindal. She too has jumped in and supported Aam Aadmi Party. Kamini Jindal is a popular Billionaire of Rajasthan.
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Mon, 22 Dec 2014 06:37:30 -0800

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Fri, 15 Nov 2013 02:31:28 -0800

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Times of India
Fri, 31 Oct 2014 21:30:00 -0700

JAIPUR: Smaller parties are going to put up a challenge to incumbent BJP and main opposition Congress councilors in the municipal elections. Parties like SDPI, Zamindara, WPI and Green Party have already shortlisted its candidates. Though the big ...
Times of India
Sat, 20 Sep 2014 14:56:15 -0700

Vikram Ahuja, proprietor of Zamindara Farm Solutions, was invited for the conference of UN's Economic and Social Council for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) at Sarpong in Indonesia on September 11, where he discussed the model that helps small peasants ...

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