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Zamindara or Zamindara Shaikh
Regions with significant populations
 India Pakistan

The Zamindara or Rautara, (combinations of words Rai and Tartar from village Hasanpur-Beenapur) is a distinct Muslim community found mainly in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.[1] Members of the Zamindara community who migrated to Pakistan after the independence in 1947, are settled in Karachi, Sindh. It is a community in India who practice Central Asian Turkic-Mongol Culture in their lifestyle. The Zamindara are a sub-group within the wider Shaikh, community. Zamindara in Urdu means landowner.


Zamindara speak a distinct dialect of Urdu among themselves that is similar to a central Asian Turkic language. They refer to it as Azmiat, but use Urdu with outsiders. This community is also referred to as "Azmi Community" or "Azmi Biradari" or "Azmi Qaum" and "Rautara Biradari". The group practices endogamy, strictly prohibiting marriage outside their community.

Zamindara usually have Shaikh, Rautara, or Khan, as their surnames.

They practice Khorasan culture in their daily life.


They manage their own education system in their Senior Secondary School and Arabic Seminary. They are from the Hanafi School of Thought, but the youths of this community adopted the Ahle Hadith School of Thought without anyone's influence.

History and origin[edit]

The sheikh (warrior clan) are the original inhabitants of Azamgarh. They embraced Islam when they came in contact with warrior clans of Central Asia such as Turks, Mongols and the Pathans of Afghanistan. The Zamindara are said to be descendants of Turk and Rajput caste and Pathans who migrated to the region from Khorasan. Many Zamindaras were substantial landowners, and reference is made to this community in Abu'l-Fazl's, 16th-century magnum opus, Ain-i-Akbari, as the landowners of pargana Nizamabad.[1]

By the early 19th century, owing to their industry and enterprise, Zamindara's had substantially increased their landed possession. In addition, many were educated and had obtained good position in the professions and government services in erstwhile British India.[1]


The Zamindara today are mainly concentrated in Azamgarh District, but are also found in substantial number in neighbouring districts of Mau and Jaunpur, and in certain pockets of Gorakhpur and Sultanpur.


Zamindari are essentially a community of landowners and prior to the abolition of the Zamindari system, held large tracts of lands.


The population of Zamindara community in Azamgarh and Jaunpur number approximately 2.5 million of which 1.2 million are Turks and Pashtun and 1.3 million Shaikh.

The villages founded by Shaikh include Sanjarpur (King Sanjar Shaikh) Amilo (khas), Saat Gao, Mangrawan Raipur, Kundanpur Kotila, Bindawal- Jairajpur, Bisham, Nandao, Anjan Shahed, Mahwara , Ashrafpur and Mande ,

The villages founded by Pathans include Mohammedpur (Ghazni), Fariha (Farah) khandwari, Daudpur, Sherwaa and Surahi.

The villages founded by Mongol include Muslim Patti, Manjeerpatti, Mirzapur, Hasanpur-Beenapara and Shahpur.


  1. ^ a b c A Gazetteer of Azamgarh District pages 93 to 94

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zamindara — Please support Wikipedia.
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67 news items

ABP Live (blog)

ABP Live (blog)
Thu, 05 Nov 2015 19:47:04 -0800

Then there was Zamindara's vegetarian dhaba near Ludhiana. When we used to go there in the Eighties, we were first served a glass of chhachch – light butter milk. A boy would come and place a bowl of white butter on the table. You smeared it on your ...

Chandigarh Tribune

Chandigarh Tribune
Sun, 04 Oct 2015 13:03:45 -0700

The shop was reportedly a branch of Zamindara Pesticides Company. Two employees of the company identified as Sunil Bunty and Gopal Krishan Kamboj were arrested during the raid at the main office in Abohar. A court here has remanded them in judicial ...
Chandigarh Tribune
Tue, 29 Sep 2015 13:10:23 -0700

The police on Monday booked Om Parkash Dhamija, the owner of Zamindara Pesticides Company, and his employees Sunil and Gopal under the Pesticides Act; Since Om Parkash was away, the police arrested his employees, who have been remanded in ...

Chandigarh Tribune

Chandigarh Tribune
Sat, 22 Aug 2015 13:09:12 -0700

... his son-in-law Jagdish and Jassu's cousin Sardara Ram. While Ajay was beaten up by the locals and arrested immediately, Sarma Chaudhary managed to flee the spot. Sarma was today summoned by his employer, Sunil Sharma of Zamindara Transports.

Chandigarh Tribune

Chandigarh Tribune
Thu, 09 Jul 2015 12:58:31 -0700

Irate over the alleged police inaction in the accident wherein a local resident was crushed to death reportedly by a bus of Dabwali Transport owned by the Badals, the villagers have decided to wage a war against the state government and district ...

Times of India

Times of India
Mon, 17 Aug 2015 14:36:36 -0700

The truck, bearing a Haryana registration number, belongs to one Sunil Sharma who works as a manager with Zamindara Transports. Sunil told TOI that Sharma was employed with him for the past eight months and had recently become a regular drinker.
Mon, 31 Aug 2015 23:56:15 -0700

... Suspended Victora Automotive Inc. Packing Credit CRISIL A4+ 60 Suspended Vishal Paper Industries Pvt Ltd LOC CRISIL A4 20 Suspended Wadia Body Builders BG CRISIL A4+ 150 Suspended Zamindara Timber Pvt. Ltd. LOC CRISIL A4 120 Suspended ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Wed, 29 Jul 2015 14:49:13 -0700

The policy regarding the Zamindara bunds should be fully enforced. The chief minister directed the irrigation minister to personally inspect bunds in Rajanpur and Dera Ghazi Khan. The CM also addressed a meeting through video conference to review the ...

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