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Zaildar was a feudal title, and an officer in charge of a Zail in the colonial rural administration of Punjab in British India. Each Zail was an administrative unit, extending between 2 and'40 villages.[1](p xxv)

A Zail included many villages under it. Zaildars represented the Chaudharis (feudal zamindars) of the former times and were hand picked by the deputy commissioner only after consideration of 'caste' or 'tribe', local influence, extent of landholding, services rendered to the state by him or his family, and lastly personal character and ability.[1](pp97–98)

Zaildars were essentially revenue collectors and village level representatives of the British Empire who enjoyed remuneration for their duties, life grants equal to one per cent, of the revenue of their zails from the assessment of any single village that they chose.[2]

In addition to these life inams, or grants, there were some safedposhi grants of a semi-hereditary nature enjoyed by some of the leading agricultural families. They were semi-hereditary because one of the conditions of the grant was that on the death of an incumbent, his successor should, if possible, be a member of the same family.[2] If, however, there was no fit member of the same family, the grant could be awarded to some deserving lambardar of the same tribe, who was not already in the enjoyment of such a grant.[2]

The position was quite important as it extended the influence of the colonial state right into the villages.[1](pp97–98)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The Indian Army and the Making of Punjab, Rajit K. Mazumder, Permanent Black
  2. ^ a b c Final Report of Revised Settlement, Hoshiarpur District, 1879-84 By J. A. L. Montgomery

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zaildar — Please support Wikipedia.
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3 news items

Firstpost

Khaleej Times
Sun, 19 Oct 2014 05:11:15 -0700

Pradip Singh Zaildar, member of campaign committee of the Congress in Haryana, said incumbent chief minister Bhupinder Singh Hooda was to blame for the defeat. "There was no Modi (prime minister Narendra Modi) wave in Haryana. Hooda is completely ...
 
GreaterKashmir.com
Wed, 08 Oct 2014 12:07:30 -0700

The worst effected households were living in various Mohallas like Moti Kalan, Runi Kalan , Kata, Ching, Lati, Sheikh, Kanda, Guda, Sultan, Akhoon besides Zaildar and Anchaar Mohallas , Hassanabad river side localities and Khoj yar bal etc etc.
 
GreaterKashmir.com
Wed, 24 Sep 2014 11:33:45 -0700

A relief volunteer said the flood victims putting up in the locality mostly hail from Haji Mohalla, Sultan Mohalla, Zaildar Mohalla, Akhoon Mohalla, Kahir Mohalla, Sultan Mohalla, Ashai Bagh, Kander Mohalla, Kand Mohalla, Ashraf Mohalla, Bhat Mohalla ...
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