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Zaildar was a feudal title, and an officer in charge of a Zail in the colonial rural administration of Punjab in British India. Each Zail was an administrative unit, extending between 2 and'40 villages.[1](p xxv)

A Zail included many villages under it. Zaildars represented the Chaudharis (feudal zamindars) of the former times and were hand picked by the deputy commissioner only after consideration of 'caste' or 'tribe', local influence, extent of landholding, services rendered to the state by him or his family, and lastly personal character and ability.[1](pp97–98)

Zaildars were essentially revenue collectors and village level representatives of the British Empire who enjoyed remuneration for their duties, life grants equal to one per cent, of the revenue of their zails from the assessment of any single village that they chose.[2]

In addition to these life inams, or grants, there were some safedposhi grants of a semi-hereditary nature enjoyed by some of the leading agricultural families. They were semi-hereditary because one of the conditions of the grant was that on the death of an incumbent, his successor should, if possible, be a member of the same family.[2] If, however, there was no fit member of the same family, the grant could be awarded to some deserving lambardar of the same tribe, who was not already in the enjoyment of such a grant.[2]

The position was quite important as it extended the influence of the colonial state right into the villages.[1](pp97–98)

See Also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c The Indian Army and the Making of Punjab, Rajit K. Mazumder, Permanent Black
  2. ^ a b c Final Report of Revised Settlement, Hoshiarpur District, 1879-84 By J. A. L. Montgomery

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82 news items

Chandigarh Tribune
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 10:55:47 -0800

I have in my possession a written order to a single fisherman from a Zaildar to bring in 16 lbs. for the camp of a Punjabi gentleman (not an official). Five others fishermen (I was told) received orders for the same amount for the same camp on the same ...

Kashmir Life

Kashmir Life
Sat, 06 Dec 2014 20:12:29 -0800

“The consistent insistence on me being an offspring of a Zaildar family has helped people relive the days of Aziz Mir, my great-grand father who has been extremely helpful to families and communities,” Drabu said. “Every village I go, elders talk of ...
Thu, 07 Feb 2013 20:52:30 -0800

A Punjabi Daily named 'Jag Bani' has reportedly claimed that a letter written in Punjabi which reached its Jalandhar office has objected to the vulgarity in the songs of Honey Singh, Geeta Zaildar and Diljit Dosanjh. As per reports the singers have ...
Wed, 24 Sep 2014 11:33:45 -0700

A relief volunteer said the flood victims putting up in the locality mostly hail from Haji Mohalla, Sultan Mohalla, Zaildar Mohalla, Akhoon Mohalla, Kahir Mohalla, Sultan Mohalla, Ashai Bagh, Kander Mohalla, Kand Mohalla, Ashraf Mohalla, Bhat Mohalla ...
Khaleej Times
Sun, 19 Oct 2014 05:11:15 -0700

Pradip Singh Zaildar, member of campaign committee of the Congress in Haryana, said incumbent chief minister Bhupinder Singh Hooda was to blame for the defeat. "There was no Modi (prime minister Narendra Modi) wave in Haryana. Hooda is completely ...
Wed, 08 Oct 2014 12:07:30 -0700

The worst effected households were living in various Mohallas like Moti Kalan, Runi Kalan , Kata, Ching, Lati, Sheikh, Kanda, Guda, Sultan, Akhoon besides Zaildar and Anchaar Mohallas , Hassanabad river side localities and Khoj yar bal etc etc.


Sat, 12 Jul 2014 18:12:57 -0700

Ravindar Kumar's father Bhai Jaggat Singh (who was given a Sikh name due to the family's devotion to Sikhism) was not only a landlord but also a Zaildar (an officer in-charge of a Zail, an administrative unit comprising 40 villages) during British Raj.

Chandigarh Tribune

Chandigarh Tribune
Sat, 23 Aug 2014 14:22:30 -0700

... Deepender Hooda; Shruti Chaudhary; Jitender Malik; Paramvir Singh; Ranveer Mahindra; Anil Dhantori; Pradeep Zaildar; Satinder Rana; Ajay Sharma; Satwinder Timmi; Sanjay Chokkar; Jaiveer Balmiki; Dharamveer Gaba; Geeta Bhukkal; Rao Dharampal; ...

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