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For the children's song, see Zacchaeus (song).

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainEaston, Matthew George (1897). "Zacchaeus". Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons. 

Painting showing Jesus holds up his hand to call Zacchaeus down from the tree while a crowd watches
Zacchaeus by Niels Larsen Stevns. Jesus calls Zacchaeus down from his height in the tree.
Photo of the actual Sycamore fig tree in Jericho today.
Zacchaeus' sycamore fig in Jericho
Stained glass rendition of Zacchaeus receiving Jesus into his house.
"Zacchaeus receives Jesus",
Church of the Good Shepherd, Jericho

Zacchaeus (Greek: Ζακχαῖος, Zakchaios; Hebrew: זכי‎, "pure", "innocent"[1]) was a chief tax-collector at Jericho, mentioned only in the Gospel of Luke.[2] A descendent of Abraham, he was a poster child for Jesus' personal, earthly mission to bring salvation to the lost.[3] Tax collectors were despised as traitors (working for the Roman Empire, not for their Jewish community), and as being corrupt.

Because the lucrative production and export of balsam was centered in Jericho, his position would have carried both importance and wealth.[4][5] In the account, he arrived before the crowd who were later to meet with Jesus, who was passing through Jericho on his way to Jerusalem. Described as a short man, Zacchaeus climbed up a sycamore fig tree so that he might be able to see Jesus. When Jesus reached the spot he looked up into the branches, addressed Zacchaeus by name, and told him to come down, for he intended to visit his house. The crowd was shocked that Jesus, a Jew, would sully himself by being a guest of a tax collector.

Moved by the audacity of Jesus' undeserved love and acceptance, Zacchaeus publicly repented acts of corruption and vowed to make restitution for them, and held a feast at his house.

Later traditions[edit]

At Er-riha (Jericho) there is a large, venerable looking square tower, which by tradition is named the House of Zacchaeus.

According to Clement of Alexandria, in his book Stromata, Zacchaeus was surnamed Matthias by the apostles, and took the place of Judas Iscariot after Jesus' ascension. Luke told us that Matthias in the beginning was with Jesus since the baptism of John (Acts 1:21-23). John also told us that later many of his disciples turned back and no longer followed him (John 6:60-66). The later Apostolic Constitutions identify "Zacchaeus the Publican" as the first bishop of Caesarea (7.46).

Medieval legend identified Zacchaeus with Saint Amadour, and held him to be the founder of the French sanctuary, Rocamadour.

Liturgical practices[edit]

In Eastern Orthodox and Greek-Catholic Churches of Slavic tradition, the Gospel account of Zacchaeus is read on the last Sunday preceding the liturgical preparation for Great Lent, for which reason that Sunday is known as "Zacchaeus Sunday." It is the very first commemoration of a new Paschal cycle. The account was chosen to open the Lenten season because of two exegetical aspects: Jesus' call to Zacchaeus to come down from the tree (symbolizing the divine call to humility), and Zacchaeus' subsequent repentance.

In the Eastern churches of Greek/Byzantine tradition, Zacchaeus Sunday may fall earlier than the Sunday before the Pre-Lenten season.

In Western Christianity, the Gospel of Zacchaeus is the read for a Dedication of a Church or its anniversary. On Dedication, red-white banners (instead of the usual yellow-white ones) are flown from the Church tower, which are consequently called the Zacchaeus flag.

Spiritual lessons[edit]

The story of Zacchaeus is used by some to illustrate [6] the saying of Jesus: "Blessed are the pure of heart, For they shall see God" Matthew 5:8, because the name Zacchaeus means pure. Zacchaeus also becomes a contrast of character with the Rich Young Ruler Luke 18:18-23. Both Zacchaeus and the Rich Young Ruler were wealthy men, but one felt a self-righteousness and would not give up his possessions, the other gave half his possessions to feed the poor.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Milligan, Jim. "Lexicon :: Strong's G2195 - Zakchaios". Blue Letter Bible. Sowing Circle. 
  2. ^ Luke 19:1-10
  3. ^ Warfield, Benjamin Breckinridge. "Jesus' Mission, According to His Own Testimony". Monergism. CPR Foundation. 
  4. ^ Morris, Leon. Luke: An Introduction and Commentary, page 297. Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1988.
  5. ^ Stier, Rudolf Ewald. The Words of the Lord Jesus. Trans. William Burt Pope. Page 314. Sheldon & co., 1859.
  6. ^ Pastor Doug Bachelor, Study on the Wisdom of Jesus' teachings
  7. ^ A Contrast of Character | Zacchaeus and the Rich Young Ruler
Preceded by
none
Bishop of Caesarea
?
Succeeded by
Cornelius (possibly Cornelius the Centurion)

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zacchaeus — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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83 news items

 
Hays Daily News
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 06:52:30 -0700

A few of her favorites are "Only a Boy Named David" and "Zacchaeus Was a Wee Little Man." Her old faithful is "Jesus Loves the Little Children." I've sung it again and again to her in the past few years. It is a standby and security for her when it's ...
 
Inside Housing
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 00:24:21 -0700

Anti-poverty charity Zacchaeus 2000 Trust has been given permission to pursue a judicial review against Westminster Council for making receipt of discretionary housing payments (DHP) conditional on seeking work and searching for more affordable ...
 
The Nation Newspaper
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 16:03:45 -0700

Wada, who was represented by the Commissioner for Agriculture, Zacchaeus Atte, said N300 million would be earmarked for cashew farmers. The President of the National Cashew Association of Nigeria (NCAN), Mr. Tola Fasheru, urged governments to ...

Patheos (blog)

Patheos (blog)
Thu, 16 Oct 2014 11:33:45 -0700

Why don't we all respond like Isaiah, Peter and Zacchaeus in view of Jesus' presence in our midst? There are at least two extremes when dealing with Jesus and sin. First, there are those whose spiritual pride overwhelms their sense of need; such was ...

Ahwatukee Foothills News

Ahwatukee Foothills News
Tue, 14 Oct 2014 12:52:30 -0700

The story of Zacchaeus is one of many. Jesus comes to Jericho, and the despised wealthy tax collector Zacchaeus has climbed a tree to catch a glimpse of him. Jesus chooses to stay with him. The people grumble about Jesus being a guest in the home of a ...

Indian Country Today Media Network

Indian Country Today Media Network
Sun, 12 Oct 2014 07:25:43 -0700

Wylie is a 3 year old Pitbull and Australian Shepard hailing from the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Reservation in Belcourt, North Dakota. Wylie is owned by Zacchaeus Wilkie-King and loves his grandmom Tracey Wilkie. But folks we have a question, ...
 
nwitimes.com
Tue, 07 Oct 2014 23:00:00 -0700

A few of her favorites are “Only a Boy Named David” and “Zacchaeus Was a Wee Little Man.” Her old faithful is “Jesus Loves the Little Children.” I've sung it over and over and over to her in the past few years. It is a standby and security for her when ...
 
The Tribune
Fri, 17 Oct 2014 14:33:45 -0700

Whether it was a swindler named Zacchaeus (Luke 19), a royal official with a dying son (John 4), a tax collector named Matthew (Mark 2), a Centurion named Cornelius (Acts 10), a businesswoman named Lydia (Acts 16) or a recently unemployed Philippian ...
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