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For the children's song, see Zacchaeus (song).
Painting showing Jesus holds up his hand to call Zacchaeus down from the tree while a crowd watches
Zacchaeus by Niels Larsen Stevns. Jesus calls Zacchaeus down from his height in the tree.
Photo of the actual Sycamore fig tree in Jericho today.
Zacchaeus' sycamore fig in Jericho
Stained glass rendition of Zacchaeus receiving Jesus into his house.
"Zacchaeus receives Jesus",
Church of the Good Shepherd, Jericho

Zacchaeus (Greek: Ζακχαῖος, Zakchaios; Hebrew: זכי‎, "pure", "innocent"[1]) was a chief tax-collector at Jericho, mentioned only in the Gospel of Luke.[2] A descendant of Abraham, he was an example of Jesus' personal, earthly mission to bring salvation to the lost.[3] Tax collectors were despised as traitors (working for the Roman Empire, not for their Jewish community), and as being corrupt.

Because the lucrative production and export of balsam was centered in Jericho, his position would have carried both importance and wealth.[4][5] In the account, he arrived before the crowd who were later to meet with Jesus, who was passing through Jericho on his way to Jerusalem. Described as a short man, Zacchaeus climbed up a sycamore fig tree so that he might be able to see Jesus. When Jesus reached the spot he looked up into the branches, addressed Zacchaeus by name, and told him to come down, for he intended to visit his house. The crowd was shocked that Jesus, a Jew, would sully himself by being a guest of a tax collector.

Tax collectors in those times were considered to be corrupt and were despised by members of the community. According to scripture (Luke 19:8), in response to Jesus' call to come and visit with him at Zacchaeus' home, Zacchaeus gives half of his wealth to the poor and declares that, if he overcharged someone by mistake, he would repay the money four-fold. Moved by Zacchaeus' desire to deal fairly and honestly with the citizens within his jurisdiction, Jesus declares that "today salvation has come to this house" (Luke 19:9), suggesting that Zacchaeus' repentance and transformation is shown by his desire to make right his past wrongs.

Later traditions[edit]

At Er-riha (Jericho) there is a large, venerable looking square tower, which by tradition is named the House of Zacchaeus.

According to Clement of Alexandria, in his book Stromata, Zacchaeus was surnamed Matthias by the apostles, and took the place of Judas Iscariot after Jesus' ascension. Luke told us that Matthias in the beginning was with Jesus since the baptism of John (Acts 1:21-23). John also told us that later many of his disciples turned back and no longer followed him (John 6:60-66). The later Apostolic Constitutions identify "Zacchaeus the Publican" as the first bishop of Caesarea (7.46).

Medieval legend identified Zacchaeus with Saint Amadour, and held him to be the founder of the French sanctuary, Rocamadour.

Liturgical practices[edit]

In Eastern Orthodox and Greek-Catholic Churches of Slavic tradition, the Gospel account of Zacchaeus is read on the last Sunday preceding the liturgical preparation for Great Lent, for which reason that Sunday is known as "Zacchaeus Sunday." It is the very first commemoration of a new Paschal cycle. The account was chosen to open the Lenten season because of two exegetical aspects: Jesus' call to Zacchaeus to come down from the tree (symbolizing the divine call to humility), and Zacchaeus' subsequent repentance.

In the Eastern churches of Greek/Byzantine tradition, Zacchaeus Sunday may fall earlier than the Sunday before the Pre-Lenten season.

In Western Christianity, the gospel pericope concerning Zacchaeus is the reading for a Dedication of a Church or its anniversary. On Dedication, red-white banners (instead of the usual yellow-white ones) are flown from the Church tower, which are consequently called the Zacchaeus flag.

Spiritual lessons[edit]

The story of Zacchaeus is used by some [6] to illustrate the saying of Jesus: "Blessed are the pure of heart, for they shall see God" Matthew 5:8, because the name Zacchaeus means 'pure'. Zacchaeus also becomes a contrast of character with the Rich Young Ruler Luke 18:18-23. Both Zacchaeus and the Rich Young Ruler were wealthy men, but one was self-righteous and would not give up his possessions, while the other gave half his possessions to feed the poor.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Milligan, Jim. "Lexicon :: Strong's G2195 - Zakchaios". Blue Letter Bible. Sowing Circle. 
  2. ^ Luke 19:1-10
  3. ^ Warfield, Benjamin Breckinridge. "Jesus' Mission, According to His Own Testimony". Monergism. CPR Foundation. 
  4. ^ Morris, Leon. Luke: An Introduction and Commentary, page 297. Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1988.
  5. ^ Rudolf Stier (1861). The Words of the Lord Jesus 4. p. 314. Trans. William Burt Pope.
  6. ^ Pastor Doug Bachelor, Study on the Wisdom of Jesus' teachings
  7. ^ A Contrast of Character | Zacchaeus and the Rich Young Ruler

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainEaston, Matthew George (1897). "Zacchaeus". Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons. 

Preceded by
none
Bishop of Caesarea
?
Succeeded by
Cornelius (possibly Cornelius the Centurion)

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zacchaeus — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

1026 news items

 
Tribune-Review
Thu, 27 Aug 2015 13:26:15 -0700

Moving into a bigger offensive role will be senior Zacchaeus Humphrey, a starter last year at cornerback. He is poised to be one of the primary running backs along with senior Peyton Russoniello and promising sophomore fullback Ricky Guss. Third-year ...

Waco Tribune-Herald

Waco Tribune-Herald
Wed, 26 Aug 2015 22:15:00 -0700

Teague will also turn to star LB Zacchaeus Bell and DL Myron Busby for a few carries, both of whom provide a different look. Whoever gets the ball will do it behind a veteran line. Four of the five up front are back, including standouts Ryan Mitchell ...
 
Acton Institute (blog)
Thu, 27 Aug 2015 09:07:30 -0700

In a talk for the Oikonomia Network, theologian Darrell Bock sets out to answer the question, drawing from the numerous treatments of money in the book of Luke — from the rich fool and Lazarus' wealthy neighbor to Zacchaeus and the widow's mite ...

Christian Post

Christian Post
Tue, 25 Aug 2015 04:37:30 -0700

Jesus certainly didn't approve of Zacchaeus's behavior, but he loved Zacchaeus more than everyone else did. Jesus also must not have approved of the behavior of the prostitute, or the crazy guy in the graveyard, or the Samaritan woman, or the Roman ...

DailyPost Nigeria

The Guardian Nigeria (satire) (press release) (blog)
Wed, 26 Aug 2015 08:45:00 -0700

Chibuike Amaechi will begin hearing in the state monorail project on Thursday, the Chairman, Justice George Omereji, has said. Omereji made the statement in Port Harcourt on Wednesday after counsel to the panel, Mr Zacchaeus Adangor, announced the ...

Logan Daily News

Logan Daily News
Sat, 22 Aug 2015 05:33:45 -0700

Penny and Bill Guelsdorf have adopted five of the children they fostered throughout the years. Front row: Hannah, Cassie Donaldson (Guelsdorf), Penny, and Bill. Back row: Jacob, Zac, Johnathan, and Jordan Donaldson (husband to Cassie).

Baptist News Global

Baptist News Global
Mon, 24 Aug 2015 02:56:15 -0700

That's exactly how Jesus got to know Zacchaeus, and a whole lot of other folks. 7. For students who are away at college, you should definitely connect with them digitally, but also send them real mail. You can mail the church bulletin, a clipping from ...

MarketWatch

MarketWatch
Tue, 18 Aug 2015 10:37:30 -0700

And conversely, as certified financial planner R. Joseph Ritter of Zacchaeus Financial Consulting in Hobe Sound, Fla., notes, “I have counseled people who tried paying off the highest interest rate balances first, and what I notice is they are worn out ...
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