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For the children's song, see Zacchaeus (song).

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainEaston, Matthew George (1897). "Zacchaeus". Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons. 

Painting showing Jesus holds up his hand to call Zacchaeus down from the tree while a crowd watches
Zacchaeus by Niels Larsen Stevns. Jesus calls Zacchaeus down from his height in the tree.
Photo of the actual Sycamore fig tree in Jericho today.
Zacchaeus' sycamore fig in Jericho
Stained glass rendition of Zacchaeus receiving Jesus into his house.
"Zacchaeus receives Jesus",
Church of the Good Shepherd, Jericho

Zacchaeus (Greek: Ζακχαῖος, Zakchaios; Hebrew: זכי‎, "pure", "innocent"[1]) was a chief tax-collector at Jericho, mentioned only in the Gospel of Luke.[2] A descendent of Abraham, he was a poster child for Jesus' personal, earthly mission to bring salvation to the lost.[3] Tax collectors were despised as traitors (working for the Roman Empire, not for their Jewish community), and as being corrupt.

Because the lucrative production and export of balsam was centered in Jericho, his position would have carried both importance and wealth.[4][5] In the account, he arrived before the crowd who were later to meet with Jesus, who was passing through Jericho on his way to Jerusalem. Described as a short man, Zacchaeus climbed up a sycamore fig tree so that he might be able to see Jesus. When Jesus reached the spot he looked up into the branches, addressed Zacchaeus by name, and told him to come down, for he intended to visit his house. The crowd was shocked that Jesus, a Jew, would sully himself by being a guest of a tax collector.

Moved by the audacity of Jesus' undeserved love and acceptance, Zacchaeus publicly repented acts of corruption and vowed to make restitution for them, and held a feast at his house.

Later traditions[edit]

At Er-riha (Jericho) there is a large, venerable looking square tower, which by tradition is named the House of Zacchaeus.

According to Clement of Alexandria, in his book Stromata, Zacchaeus was surnamed Matthias by the apostles, and took the place of Judas Iscariot after Jesus' ascension. Luke told us that Matthias in the beginning was with Jesus since the baptism of John (Acts 1:21-23). John also told us that later many of his disciples turned back and no longer followed him (John 6:60-66). The later Apostolic Constitutions identify "Zacchaeus the Publican" as the first bishop of Caesarea (7.46).

Medieval legend identified Zacchaeus with Saint Amadour, and held him to be the founder of the French sanctuary, Rocamadour.

Liturgical practices[edit]

In Eastern Orthodox and Greek-Catholic Churches of Slavic tradition, the Gospel account of Zacchaeus is read on the last Sunday preceding the liturgical preparation for Great Lent, for which reason that Sunday is known as "Zacchaeus Sunday." It is the very first commemoration of a new Paschal cycle. The account was chosen to open the Lenten season because of two exegetical aspects: Jesus' call to Zacchaeus to come down from the tree (symbolizing the divine call to humility), and Zacchaeus' subsequent repentance.

In the Eastern churches of Greek/Byzantine tradition, Zacchaeus Sunday may fall earlier than the Sunday before the Pre-Lenten season.

In Western Christianity, the Gospel of Zacchaeus is the read for a Dedication of a Church or its anniversary. On Dedication, red-white banners (instead of the usual yellow-white ones) are flown from the Church tower, which are consequently called the Zacchaeus flag.

Spiritual lessons[edit]

The story of Zacchaeus is used by some to illustrate [6] the saying of Jesus: "Blessed are the pure of heart, For they shall see God" Matthew 5:8, because the name Zacchaeus means pure. Zacchaeus also becomes a contrast of character with the Rich Young Ruler Luke 18:18-23. Both Zacchaeus and the Rich Young Ruler were wealthy men, but one felt a self-righteousness and would not give up his possessions, the other gave half his possessions to feed the poor.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Milligan, Jim. "Lexicon :: Strong's G2195 - Zakchaios". Blue Letter Bible. Sowing Circle. 
  2. ^ Luke 19:1-10
  3. ^ Warfield, Benjamin Breckinridge. "Jesus' Mission, According to His Own Testimony". Monergism. CPR Foundation. 
  4. ^ Morris, Leon. Luke: An Introduction and Commentary, page 297. Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1988.
  5. ^ Stier, Rudolf Ewald. The Words of the Lord Jesus. Trans. William Burt Pope. Page 314. Sheldon & co., 1859.
  6. ^ Pastor Doug Bachelor, Study on the Wisdom of Jesus' teachings
  7. ^ A Contrast of Character | Zacchaeus and the Rich Young Ruler
Preceded by
none
Bishop of Caesarea
?
Succeeded by
Cornelius (possibly Cornelius the Centurion)

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zacchaeus — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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63 news items

Crossmap

Crossmap
Mon, 15 Sep 2014 04:26:15 -0700

And after delivering a powerful Gospel message around the simple story of Zacchaeus, he looked out to see a highly diverse crowd of hundreds come down to the floor where six different segments of language counselors awaited. Mandarin. Cantonese.

Burlington Times News

Burlington Times News
Mon, 08 Sep 2014 19:50:49 -0700

The board voted to move forward with a contract with Zacchaeus Legal Services to collect delinquent property taxes. □ The board voted in favor of placing two benches, originally gifts to Gibsonville High School by the Class of 1964, at the town green.
 
Laurinburg Exchange
Wed, 03 Sep 2014 05:59:56 -0700

Also on Tuesday, the commissioners authorized Patterson to explore opening bids for the county's foreclosure caseload to local attorneys. The county's contract with Zacchaeus Legal ends this month, and will continue on a month-to-month basis until ...
 
Dailyleader
Tue, 09 Sep 2014 08:06:52 -0700

Zacchaeus Montgomery, 11-23-1993, of 411 E. Enterprise Street – charged with driving while license suspended, careless driving, possession of marijuana with intent to distribute, hold for Mississippi Department of Corrections and failure to yield/stop ...
 
AllAfrica.com
Thu, 11 Sep 2014 02:50:30 -0700

Among the beneficiaries, the families of Ihimbru James, Oteh Joseph Bache, Bache Andreas, Karana Raymond, Ihimbru Emmanuel and Ihimbru Zacchaeus took home FCFA 500,000 each in compensation for burnt or destroyed property. Chief Ihimbru ...
 
New Bern Sun Journal
Thu, 04 Sep 2014 18:00:01 -0700

Parrott Academy juniors Jason Farsaie and Zacchaeus Rasberry scored two goals apiece in the Patriots' 4-0 boys' varsity soccer victory over visiting Rocky Mount Academy Thursday. Patriot midfielder Alex Henderson had three assists and teammate Holt ...

ucanews

ucanews
Tue, 09 Sep 2014 21:52:30 -0700

I looked up into the distance at the towering condominiums and skyscrapers of the super rich and wondered if there was a Zacchaeus among them who would have a change of heart and give back to the poor. Irish Columban Fr Shay Cullen established the ...
 
Oman Daily Observer
Sat, 13 Sep 2014 02:04:15 -0700

Provide pictures of Zacchaeus for the children to cut out, color and glue onto the tree. The following music video (made by the cast of the London production) allows for some close ups of the shows costumes ugg rum raisin and gives a hint at how quick ...
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