This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Easton, Matthew George (1897). "Zacchaeus". Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons.
by Niels Larsen Stevns
"Zacchaeus receives Jesus",
Church of the Good Shepherd, Jericho
Zacchaeus (Greek: Ζακχαῖος, Zakchaios; Hebrew: זכי, which means pure and righteous one ), according to chapter 19 of the Gospel of Luke, was a superintendent of customs; a chief tax-gatherer (Latin: publicanus) at Jericho (Luke 19:1-10). Tax collectors were often corrupt, and hated by many of their fellow Jews, who saw them as traitors for working for the Roman Empire.
Because the lucrative production and export of balsam was centered in Jericho, his position would have carried both importance and wealth. In the account, he arrived before the crowd who were later to meet with Jesus, who was passing through Jericho on his way to Jerusalem. Described as a short man, Zacchaeus climbed up a sycamore fig tree so that he might be able to see Jesus. When Jesus reached the spot he looked up into the branches, addressed Zacchaeus by name, and told him to come down, for he intended to visit his house. The crowd was shocked that Jesus, a Jew, would sully himself by being a guest of a tax collector.
Moved by the audacity of Jesus' undeserved love and acceptance, Zacchaeus publicly repented acts of corruption and vowed to make restitution for them, and held a feast at his house.
At Er-riha (Jericho) there is a large, venerable looking square tower, which by tradition is named the House of Zacchaeus.
According to Clement of Alexandria, in his book Stromata, Zacchaeus was surnamed Matthias by the apostles, and took the place of Judas Iscariot after Jesus' ascension. Luke told us that Matthias in the beginning was with Jesus since the baptism of John (Acts 1:21-23). John also told us that later many of his disciples turned back and no longer followed him (John 6:60-66). The later Apostolic Constitutions identify "Zacchaeus the Publican" as the first bishop of Caesarea (7.46).
Medieval legend identified Zacchaeus with Saint Amadour, and held him to be the founder of the French sanctuary, Rocamadour.
In Eastern Orthodox and Greek-Catholic Churches of Slavic tradition, the Gospel account of Zacchaeus is read on the last Sunday preceding the liturgical preparation for Great Lent, for which reason that Sunday is known as "Zacchaeus Sunday." It is the very first commemoration of a new Paschal cycle. The account was chosen to open the Lenten season because of two exegetical aspects: Jesus' call to Zacchaeus to come down from the tree (symbolizing the divine call to humility), and Zacchaeus' subsequent repentance.
In the Eastern churches of Greek/Byzantine tradition, Zacchaeus Sunday may fall earlier than the Sunday before the Pre-Lenten season.
The story of Zacchaeus is used by some to illustrate  the saying of Jesus: "Blessed are the pure of heart, For they shall see God" Matthew 5:8, because the name Zacchaeus means pure. Zacchaeus also becomes a contrast of character with the Rich Young Ruler Luke 18:-23. Both Zacchaeus and the Rich Young Ruler were wealthy men, but one felt a self-righteousness and would not give up his possessions, the other gave half his possessions to feed the poor. 
- ^ http://cf.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/Lexicon.cfm?Strongs=H2140&t=kjv Strongs Lexicon on the Blue Letter Bible website
- ^ Morris, Leon. Luke: An Introduction and Commentary, page 297. Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1988.
- ^ Stier, Rudolf Ewald. The Words of the Lord Jesus. Trans. William Burt Pope. Page 314. Sheldon & co., 1859.
- ^ Pastor Doug Bachelor, Study on the Wisdom of Jesus' teachings
- ^ A Contrast of Character | Zacchaeus and the Rich Young Ruler
Miracles of Jesus - Zacchaeus
Skit Guys - Little Billy: Zacchaeus
Download this video at: http://skitguys.com/videos/item/little-billy-zacchaeus In a conversation between Little Billy and his Sunday School teacher, Little B...
A fun retelling of the story of Jesus and Zacchaeus based on Luke 19:1-10. Lots of creative freedom was taken because we followed up the primitive stickfigur...
Bible College course 103 - ZACCHAEUS SAVED
Dr. Ward R. Williams Ph. D., University of Minnesota, is the Author of "The Life Of Christ" Course on Bible Student .com. ... Dr. Williams has served as Regi...
The Wee Little Man
JESUS (English) Jesus and Zaccheus
View the full length movie for free at: http://media.inspirationalfilms.com/?id=eng529jf A docudrama on the life of Jesus Christ based on the Gospel of Luke,...
Jesus Forgave Zacchaeus and That Changed Him
This clip is taken from the sermon "Jesus and Zacchaeus," preached by Pastor Mark Driscoll at the Mars Hill Church Ballard campus in Seattle, Washington, on ...
Rap Song about Zacchaeus brought to you by Freedom Kidz. Freedom Kidz is the Children's Ministry of Freedom Church in Acworth, GA.
Jesus & Zack - The Story of Zacchaeus the Tax Collector - Animated Christian short film.
A short, funny animation about 'Jesus & Zack' - a prime example of how Jesus loves everyone, even those who people despise. Written and Animated by Tim Andre...
Cedarmont Kids - Zacchaeus
Music video by Cedarmont Kids performing Zacchaeus. (C) 1995 Cedarmont Kids.
Mon, 18 Nov 2013 08:02:58 -0800
Jesus came to Jericho and intended to pass through the town. Now a man there named Zacchaeus, who was a chief tax collector and also a wealthy man, was seeking to see who Jesus was; but he could not see Him because of the crowd, for he was short in ...
Peace FM Online
Peace FM Online
Sun, 24 Nov 2013 11:41:15 -0800
In his view, President Mahama and his ministers might have drawn inspiration and spent hours studying the wicked ways Zacchaeus used in the days of old to enrich himself through taxation. Zaccchaeus, as the good books describes him in Luke 19 verses 1 ...
Sat, 09 Nov 2013 12:12:13 -0800
Zacchaeus was not simply a tax collector, but a chief tax collector. His wealth was made, at least in part, from cheating people. Jesus' determination to dine with Zacchaeus at his home did not sit well with the people since Zacchaeus was a sinner: in ...
Sat, 09 Nov 2013 05:37:24 -0800
Interestingly, however, the text itself does not make clear whether the short person was Zacchaeus or Jesus himself. In fact, the text oddly positions the Greek pronoun “he” so that “he was short in stature” may actually refer to Jesus and not ...
Mon, 18 Nov 2013 17:05:17 -0800
As the Year of Faith draws to a conclusion, we, like Zacchaeus, are called to repent all those times that we haven't set an example of faith for others. And through the intercession of the martyrs Eleazar and Polycarp, we ask God for the grace to set ...
Fri, 06 Dec 2013 23:07:30 -0800
Jesus and Zacchaeus, the tax collector, whether money gives people dignity and that the human race should be wealth creators. This was one in a series of thespian-led discussions with Bishop Paul who is about to leave his job after three and a half ...
The Fort Hood Sentinel
Wed, 04 Dec 2013 22:11:05 -0800
Zacchaeus Hurst (left) and Lt. Col. Henry Perry (right) of the 4-227th ARB, 1st ACB, 1st Cav. Div. serve Thanksgiving lunch to Soldiers at Camp Buehring. (Photos by Sgt. 1st Class Jason Kendrick, 36th CAB). Thanksgiving lunch at Camp Buehring in Kuwait.
Tue, 03 Dec 2013 08:30:00 -0800
Zacchaeus was a tax collector hated by his fellow Jews for working with the Romans and enriching himself in the process. The adulterous woman was breaking the laws of God. How did Jesus respond to them and get them to follow Him? With an approach ...
Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter
You can talk about Zacchaeus with people all over the world in our discussions.