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For the children's song, see Zacchaeus (song).

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainEaston, Matthew George (1897). "Zacchaeus". Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons. 

Painting showing Jesus holds up his hand to call Zacchaeus down from the tree while a crowd watches
Zacchaeus by Niels Larsen Stevns. Jesus calls Zacchaeus down from his height in the tree.
Photo of the actual Sycamore fig tree in Jericho today.
Zacchaeus' sycamore fig in Jericho
Stained glass rendition of Zacchaeus receiving Jesus into his house.
"Zacchaeus receives Jesus",
Church of the Good Shepherd, Jericho

Zacchaeus (Greek: Ζακχαῖος, Zakchaios; Hebrew: זכי‎, "pure", "innocent"[1]) was a chief tax-collector at Jericho, mentioned only in the Gospel of Luke.[2] A descendent of Abraham, he was a poster child for Jesus' personal, earthly mission to bring salvation to the lost.[3] Tax collectors were despised as traitors (working for the Roman Empire, not for their Jewish community), and as being corrupt.

Because the lucrative production and export of balsam was centered in Jericho, his position would have carried both importance and wealth.[4][5] In the account, he arrived before the crowd who were later to meet with Jesus, who was passing through Jericho on his way to Jerusalem. Described as a short man, Zacchaeus climbed up a sycamore fig tree so that he might be able to see Jesus. When Jesus reached the spot he looked up into the branches, addressed Zacchaeus by name, and told him to come down, for he intended to visit his house. The crowd was shocked that Jesus, a Jew, would sully himself by being a guest of a tax collector.

Moved by the audacity of Jesus' undeserved love and acceptance, Zacchaeus publicly repented acts of corruption and vowed to make restitution for them, and held a feast at his house.

Later traditions[edit]

At Er-riha (Jericho) there is a large, venerable looking square tower, which by tradition is named the House of Zacchaeus.

According to Clement of Alexandria, in his book Stromata, Zacchaeus was surnamed Matthias by the apostles, and took the place of Judas Iscariot after Jesus' ascension. Luke told us that Matthias in the beginning was with Jesus since the baptism of John (Acts 1:21-23). John also told us that later many of his disciples turned back and no longer followed him (John 6:60-66). The later Apostolic Constitutions identify "Zacchaeus the Publican" as the first bishop of Caesarea (7.46).

Medieval legend identified Zacchaeus with Saint Amadour, and held him to be the founder of the French sanctuary, Rocamadour.

Liturgical practices[edit]

In Eastern Orthodox and Greek-Catholic Churches of Slavic tradition, the Gospel account of Zacchaeus is read on the last Sunday preceding the liturgical preparation for Great Lent, for which reason that Sunday is known as "Zacchaeus Sunday." It is the very first commemoration of a new Paschal cycle. The account was chosen to open the Lenten season because of two exegetical aspects: Jesus' call to Zacchaeus to come down from the tree (symbolizing the divine call to humility), and Zacchaeus' subsequent repentance.

In the Eastern churches of Greek/Byzantine tradition, Zacchaeus Sunday may fall earlier than the Sunday before the Pre-Lenten season.

In Western Christianity, the Gospel of Zacchaeus is the read for a Dedication of a Church or its anniversary. On Dedication, red-white banners (instead of the usual yellow-white ones) are flown from the Church tower, which are consequently called the Zacchaeus flag.

Spiritual lessons[edit]

The story of Zacchaeus is used by some to illustrate [6] the saying of Jesus: "Blessed are the pure of heart, For they shall see God" Matthew 5:8, because the name Zacchaeus means pure. Zacchaeus also becomes a contrast of character with the Rich Young Ruler Luke 18:18-23. Both Zacchaeus and the Rich Young Ruler were wealthy men, but one felt a self-righteousness and would not give up his possessions, the other gave half his possessions to feed the poor.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Milligan, Jim. "Lexicon :: Strong's G2195 - Zakchaios". Blue Letter Bible. Sowing Circle. 
  2. ^ Luke 19:1-10
  3. ^ Warfield, Benjamin Breckinridge. "Jesus' Mission, According to His Own Testimony". Monergism. CPR Foundation. 
  4. ^ Morris, Leon. Luke: An Introduction and Commentary, page 297. Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1988.
  5. ^ Stier, Rudolf Ewald. The Words of the Lord Jesus. Trans. William Burt Pope. Page 314. Sheldon & co., 1859.
  6. ^ Pastor Doug Bachelor, Study on the Wisdom of Jesus' teachings
  7. ^ A Contrast of Character | Zacchaeus and the Rich Young Ruler
Preceded by
none
Bishop of Caesarea
?
Succeeded by
Cornelius (possibly Cornelius the Centurion)

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zacchaeus — Please support Wikipedia.
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47 news items

 
Patheos (blog)
Tue, 30 Sep 2014 22:26:15 -0700

Zacchaeus was a traitor who ripped off his fellow Jews to pay the Romans, for which his own people despised him. Jesus did not favor Zacchaeus for being a traitor and cheat. In fact, Jesus rejoiced in his repentance, as recorded in Luke 19. Still ...

Jackson County Floridan

Jackson County Floridan
Sat, 27 Sep 2014 22:03:45 -0700

Zacchaeus Leroy Gonzales White was born at 5:37 a.m. on September 9, at Jackson Hospital in Marianna. He weighed 4 pounds 11.8 ounces and was 17½ inches long at birth. His parents are: Shuntriea White and Travis Gonzales. Grandparents are: Leroy ...

NASDAQ

NASDAQ
Fri, 26 Sep 2014 09:52:30 -0700

"One very large issue to deal with is breaking the cycle of unwise financial decisions and helping low-income individuals adopt a horizon long enough to believe that saving for retirement is worthwhile," notes R. Joseph Ritter Jr., CFP at Zacchaeus ...
 
The Desert Sun
Sat, 20 Sep 2014 23:34:37 -0700

The Palm Springs High School volleyball team received a huge boost of confidence on Saturday as they won the Loara tournament in Anaheim. The Indians, who picked up their first victory earlier in the week, went 5-0, defeating Pioneer 25-14, 25-20 in ...

Deseret News

Deseret News
Wed, 17 Sep 2014 11:35:01 -0700

R. Joseph Ritter, Jr., former Presbyterian pastor and founder of Zacchaeus Financial Counseling, says that financial education is pointless if the client isn't motivated for change. “(People) who have been beaten down by their circumstances … will ...
 
Quad City Times
Wed, 24 Sep 2014 12:52:30 -0700

Pope Francis fanned the flames in May, using the biblical story of Zacchaeus, the tax collector who was inspired by Jesus to give up his earthly wealth to the poor. “This same spirit should be at the beginning and end of all political and economic ...
 
Aiken Standard
Sat, 20 Sep 2014 14:45:00 -0700

It was his invitation to Mary Magdalene, Zacchaeus, the woman taken in adultery, the paralytic at Capernaum, and the besieged and disturbed man in Gadara. It was the summons that called Lazarus forth from the tomb and raised Jairus' daughter. It is ...

getwestlondon

getwestlondon
Wed, 24 Sep 2014 07:56:33 -0700

The Zacchaeus 2000 Trust (Z2K), a London-based charity lobbying against poverty, said 500 signatures have been gathered asking the Labour administration not to raise this threshold further as part of efforts to balance the budget. Z2K's chief executive ...
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