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Yobe State
Nickname(s): Pride of the Sahel
Location of Yobe State in Nigeria
Location of Yobe State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 12°00′N 11°30′E / 12.000°N 11.500°E / 12.000; 11.500Coordinates: 12°00′N 11°30′E / 12.000°N 11.500°E / 12.000; 11.500
Country  Nigeria
Date created 27 August 1991
Capital Damaturu
 • Governor
Ibrahim Geidam (APC)
 • Total 45,502 km2 (17,568 sq mi)
Area rank 6th of 36
Population (1991 census)
 • Total 1,411,481
 • Estimate (2011) 2,757,000 Increase
 • Rank 32nd of 36
 • Density 31/km2 (80/sq mi)
 • Year 2007
 • Total $2.01 billion[1]
 • Per capita $843[1]
Time zone WAT (UTC+01)
ISO 3166 code NG-YO

Yobe State is a state located in Northern Nigeria. A mainly agricultural state, it was created on August 27, 1991. Yobe state was carved out of Borno State. The capital of Yobe state is Damaturu.


The state borders the Nigerian states of Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, and Jigawa. It borders the Diffa Region and the Zinder Region to the north in The Republic of Niger. Because the state lies mainly in the dry savanna belt, conditions are hot and dry for most the year, except in the southern part of the state which has a milder climate.


Yobe State came into being on the 27 August 1991. It was carved out of the old Borno State by the Babangida administration. Yobe State was created because the old Borno State was one of Nigeria's largest states in terms of land area and was therefore considered to be too large for easy administration and meaningful development. Ethnic rivalries within the old Borno State also contributed to the decision.[2]

On 14 May 2013, President Goodluck Jonathan declared a state of emergency in Yobe State along with neighboring Borno State and Adamawa State, due to the activities of the terrorist network Boko Haram. Abubakar Shekau, the leader of Boko Haram, was born in Shekau village of Yobe.[3]

Local Government Areas[edit]

Yobe State consists of seventeen (17) Local Government Areas (or LGAs). They are:


While Yobe state is an agricultural state it also has rich fishing grounds and mineral deposits of gypsum in Fune LGA, kaolin, and quartz. The state's agricultural products include: gum arabic, groundnuts, beans, cotton. The state is also said to have one of the largest cattle markets in West Africa located in Potiskum.

Ethnic groups[edit]

The major ethnic group living in Yobe State are Kanuri, while other ethnic communities include Ngizim, Kare-Kare, Bolewa, Bade, Hausa, Ngamo and Shuwa, Fulani (Bura), maga.


The population is mainly Muslim. Sharia law is valid and Boko Haram is active.[4] No Roman Catholic diocese has its seat in the state.


  1. ^ a b "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 2008-08-20. 
  2. ^ "Yobe State", Online Nigeria, Accessed here on 3 August 2007.
  3. ^ "Nigeria declares 'massive' military campaign on borders". BBC News. 15 May 2013. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  4. ^ "World, Nigeria, Political, Business, Development, Economic and Entertainment, Sports, Breaking and Latest News". elombah.com. Retrieved 21 July 2015. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yobe_State — Please support Wikipedia.
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4607 news items


Sun, 26 Jul 2015 12:30:00 -0700

MAIDUGURI, Nigeria – At least 14 people were killed and dozens injured when a bomb tore through a market on Sunday morning in the town of Damaturu in Nigeria's northeastern Yobe State, according to police sources. A female suicide bomber — thought ...

MFA China

MFA China
Tue, 28 Jul 2015 02:00:00 -0700

Yobe State has rich natural resources and great potential for development, China looks forward to strengthening exchanges and cooperation with Yobe State. Gu also urged Yobe State Government to take practical measures to guarantee the security of ...


Sat, 25 Jul 2015 21:07:30 -0700

The Chinese government will partner the Yobe State government in the areas of agriculture and infrastructure development, the Chinese ambassador to Nigeria, Mr. Gu Xian Jie, has said. Mr. Gu stated this yesterday during a courtesy visit to the Yobe ...

International Business Times

International Business Times
Fri, 17 Jul 2015 05:00:00 -0700

A bomb detonated at a prayer ground early Friday in the Yobe state capital of Damaturu, where Muslims were about to start their Eid celebrations after a long month of fasting. Authorities urged Muslims who were going to the ground for morning prayers ...

Anadolu Agency

Fri, 17 Jul 2015 01:23:57 -0700

The Yobe State Governor, Ibrahim Geidam and the Chief of Army Staff, Major General Tukur Yusuf Buratai have sympathised with the victims and the people of the state and urged residents to stay calm and be security conscious at all times. “No amount of ...


Sun, 05 Jul 2015 12:24:20 -0700

yobe bomb blast The Police in Yobe state, North east Nigeria have confirmed that the only woman on admission at the Potiskum General hospital from the suicide bomb attack on the Redeemed Christian Church of Jigawa area, located in suburb of Potiskum ...


Tue, 14 Jul 2015 14:22:30 -0700

The Yobe State Governor, Ibrahim Gaidam has approved the restructuring of ministries in the state from 22 to 15. A statement signed by the Secretary to the State Government, Baba Mallam Wali and made available to newsmen in Damaturu, the state capital, ...

The Guardian Nigeria (satire) (press release) (blog)

The Guardian Nigeria (satire) (press release) (blog)
Mon, 27 Jul 2015 19:36:09 -0700

Speaking yesterday in Damaturu, the Yobe State capital on the state of 47 injured persons in the hospital, Dr. Fika said that some of the victims were discharged on Monday, after being treated for lower degree burns and other limb injuries. “After the ...

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