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Yaranga.jpg
Eskimo natives of East Cape Village, Siberia, Russia photographed in 1885 in front of two houses. The houses appear similar to Chukchi yarangas. A rack with, probably drying fur skins (foxes), is at left. On the right side of the left tent a stretched seal skin. The tents also covered with hides.

A Yaranga is a tent-like traditional mobile home of some nomadic Northern indigenous peoples of Russia, such as Chukchi and Siberian Yupik.

A Yaranga is a cone-shaped or rounded reindeer-hide tent.[1] It is built of a light wooden frame covered with reindeer skins or canvas sewn together.

The word yaranga comes from the Chukchi language.[2] In Russian use, the terms chum, yurt and yaranga may be used interchangeably.

Chukchi[edit]

It is built of a light wooden frame covered with reindeer skins sewn together. A medium-size yaranga requires about 50 skins.

A large yaranga is hard to heat completely up. There is a smaller cabin called a polog built inside it, that can be kept warm and cosy.[3]

Siberian Yupik[edit]

The most numerous of the Siberian Yupik peoples, the Chaplino Eskimos (Ungazigmit) had a round, dome-shaped building for winter. Literature refers to it as a "yaranga", the same term which the Chukchi people use, but the term used in the Chaplino Eskimos' language is mengteghaq (IPA: [mɨŋtˈtɨʁaq], extended Cyrillic: мыңтыӷақ).[4] Its framework was made of posts.[5] Tarpaulins were used for covering the framework. The yaranga was surrounded by sod or planking around the base. There was a smaller cabin within the yaranga at the rear, used for sleeping and living. It was separated from the outer, cooler parts of the yaranga with haired reindeer skins and grass, supported by a cage-like framework. In the language of Chaplino Eskimos, it was called [aːɣra], a word borrowed from the Chukchi language. Household duties were done in the larger outer room of the yaranga in front of this inner building. In winter storms, and also at night, the dogs were there. This room for economical purposes was called [naˈtɨk].[6]

There were also other types of buildings among Chaplino Eskimos: [aːwχtaq] was a modernized type,[7] and [pəˈlʲ̥uk] was used for summer.[8]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Countries and Their Cultures - Chukchi: Living Conditions
  2. ^ Collis, Dirmid R. F. "Arctic Languages: An Awakening". Unesco, 1990. page 72
  3. ^ "Chukchi art". 
  4. ^ Рубцова 1954: 514
  5. ^ Рубцова 1954: 515
  6. ^ Рубцова 1954: 100–101
  7. ^ Рубцова 1954: 518–520
  8. ^ Рубцова 1954: 521

References[edit]

Latin[edit]

Cyrillic[edit]

  • Рубцова, Е. С. (1954). Материалы по языку и фольклору эскимосов (чаплинский диалект) (in Russian). Москва • Ленинград: Академия Наук СССР.  The transliteration of author's name, and the rendering of title in English: Rubcova, E. S. (1954). Materials on the Language and Folklore of the Eskimoes, Vol. I, Chaplino Dialect. Moscow • Leningrad: Academy of Sciences of the USSR. 

External links[edit]


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BurlingtonFreePress.com
Wed, 04 Jun 2014 16:32:43 -0700

May, 2013: Longtime BHS Spanish teacher Giovanna Yaranga pleaded not guilty in Vermont Superior Court Monday, May 8, 2013, arrested after being found in back seat of a car with a teenage student, according to police. RYAN MERCER/FREE PRESS.
 
Youngstown Vindicator
Mon, 24 Nov 2014 21:48:22 -0800

Mandevilla, L. Quinones, 120; Steph Got Even, C. Pilares, 120; Moon Princess, J. Skerrett, 120; Trinity Revealed, T. Houghton, 120; Ava's Secret, Y. Yaranga, 120; Drama Dream, J. Lumpkins, 120. Second Race — Purse $5,500, Claiming $3,500, 3 yo's & up, ...
 
vt.Buzz (blog)
Fri, 06 Sep 2013 12:33:20 -0700

FILE:Former teacher Giovanna Yaranga pleads guilty...: Sept, 2013: Former Burlington High School spanish teacher Giovanna Yaranga pleads guilty to sex with student on Friday, Spetember 6, 2013.
 
Huffington Post
Tue, 07 May 2013 11:04:40 -0700

Giovanna Yaranga, a Spanish teacher at Vermont's Burlington High School, is accused of having a sexual relationship with a 17-year-old senior she had as student, the Burlington Free Press reports. Burlington City Police said they found the pair in the ...
 
BurlingtonFreePress.com
Wed, 11 Sep 2013 12:04:24 -0700

FILE:Former teacher Giovanna Yaranga pleads guilty...: Sept, 2013: Former Burlington High School spanish teacher Giovanna Yaranga pleads guilty to sex with student on Friday, Spetember 6, 2013.
 
BurlingtonFreePress.com
Tue, 17 Jun 2014 08:40:17 -0700

Police said that when they confronted Yaranga, she admitted that she remember one incident in which the three women ran upstairs to their bedrooms when she arrived. When she followed them and knocked on their doors the women all told her to go away.
 
BurlingtonFreePress.com
Thu, 05 Jun 2014 07:19:56 -0700

FILE: BHS Spanish teacher Giovanna Yaranga arrested again. May, 2013: A Burlington High School Spanish teacher who was suspended after being arrested for sexual exploitation of one of her students, pleaded not guilty Tuesday, May 28, 2013, ...
 
BurlingtonFreePress.com
Tue, 28 May 2013 08:55:57 -0700

FILE: BHS Spanish teacher Giovanna Yaranga arreste...: May, 2013: A Burlington High School Spanish teacher who was suspended after being arrested for sexual exploitation of one of her students, pleaded not guilty Tuesday, May 28, 2013, to violating the ...
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