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Yaranga.jpg
Eskimo natives of East Cape Village, Siberia, Russia photographed in 1885 in front of two houses. The houses appear similar to Chukchi yarangas. A rack with, probably drying fur skins (foxes), is at left. On the right side of the left tent a stretched seal skin. The tents also covered with hides.

A Yaranga is a tent-like traditional mobile home of some nomadic Northern indigenous peoples of Russia, such as Chukchi and Siberian Yupik.

A Yaranga is a cone-shaped or rounded reindeer-hide tent.[1] It is built of a light wooden frame covered with reindeer skins or canvas sewn together.

The word yaranga comes from the Chukchi word for house: jaraŋə (Cyrillic: яраӈы).[2] In Russian use, the terms chum, yurt and yaranga may be used interchangeably.

Chukchi[edit]

It is built of a light wooden frame covered with reindeer skins sewn together. A medium-size yaranga requires about 50 skins.

A large yaranga is hard to heat completely up. There is a smaller cabin called a polog built inside it, that can be kept warm and cosy.[3]

Siberian Yupik Eskimos[edit]

The most numerous of the Siberian Yupik peoples, the Chaplino Eskimos (Ungazigmit) had a round, dome-shaped building for winter. Literature refers to it as a "yaranga", the same term which the Chukchi people use, but the term used in the Chaplino Eskimos' language is mengteghaq (IPA: [mɨŋtˈtɨʁaq], extended Cyrillic: мыңтыӷақ).[4] Its framework was made of posts.[5] Tarpaulins were used for covering the framework. The yaranga was surrounded by sod or planking around the base. There was a smaller cabin within the yaranga at the rear, used for sleeping and living. It was separated from the outer, cooler parts of the yaranga with haired reindeer skins and grass, supported by a cage-like framework. In the language of Chaplino Eskimos, it was called [aːɣra], a word borrowed from the Chukchi language. Household duties were done in the larger outer room of the yaranga in front of this inner building. In winter storms, and also at night, the dogs were there. This room for economical purposes was called [naˈtɨk].[6]

There were also other types of buildings among Chaplino Eskimos: [aːwχtaq] was a modernized type,[7] and [pəˈlʲ̥uk] was used for summer.[8]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Countries and Their Cultures - Chukchi: Living Conditions
  2. ^ Collis, Dirmid R. F. "Arctic Languages: An Awakening". Unesco, 1990. page 72
  3. ^ "Chukchi art". 
  4. ^ Рубцова 1954: 514
  5. ^ Рубцова 1954: 515
  6. ^ Рубцова 1954: 100–101
  7. ^ Рубцова 1954: 518–520
  8. ^ Рубцова 1954: 521

References[edit]

Latin[edit]

Cyrillic[edit]

  • Рубцова, Е. С. (1954). Материалы по языку и фольклору эскимосов (чаплинский диалект) (in Russian). Москва • Ленинград: Академия Наук СССР.  The transliteration of author's name, and the rendering of title in English: Rubcova, E. S. (1954). Materials on the Language and Folklore of the Eskimoes, Vol. I, Chaplino Dialect. Moscow • Leningrad: Academy of Sciences of the USSR. 

External links[edit]


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5143 news items

BurlingtonFreePress.com

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Wed, 04 Jun 2014 16:32:43 -0700

A former Burlington High Spanish teacher, who was convicted for a seven month sexual relationship with a student, is back in trouble. Giovanna Yaranga, 45, has been ordered to appear in Vermont Superior Court on June 17 to face a charge of unlawful ...

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A veteran teacher, respected in the community and trusted with chaperoning students on trips abroad, is now accused of what authorities are calling an abuse of trust and power. Giovanna Yaranga, a Spanish teacher at Vermont's Burlington High School, ...
 
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(AUDIO). El especialista en narcotráfico, Pedro Yaranga, dijo que si bien Perú y Bolivia no están al nivel de criminalidad de México, Colombia y Brasil, una eventual estancia del 'Chapo' Guzman en suelo peruano podría incrementar el nivel de inseguridad.
 
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Si bien las evidencias apuntaban a Vaticano y a pesar que los familiares denunciaron los hechos en busca de respuestas, el caso se archivó el año 94 a falta de elementos probatorios contra Demetrio Chávez. Según el analista Pedro Yaranga Quispe, en el ...

BurlingtonFreePress.com

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Thu, 05 Jun 2014 07:19:56 -0700

FILE: BHS Spanish teacher Giovanna Yaranga arrested again. May, 2013: A Burlington High School Spanish teacher who was suspended after being arrested for sexual exploitation of one of her students, pleaded not guilty Tuesday, May 28, 2013, ...

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Thu, 04 Feb 2016 19:00:00 -0800

Los detenidos son Walter Taboada Meza, Miquias Romero Taipe, William Quispe Velarde, Marcelino Taipe Huayra, Eliced Limache Chimayco, Noel Orosco Villanueva, Luis Enrique Yaranga Román, Benito Sánchez Condori, Arcadio Javier Villanueva, ...

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El analista Pedro Yaranga consideró “muy genéricas” las propuestas de los tres candidatos. Sí destacó que ofrezcan más radares para la interdicción de avionetas, y más infraestructura para el Vraem, aunque sugirió que no se piense en postas, sino en ...
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