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Map showing the Xiang River basin

The Xiang River (also as Xiangjiang, Xiangjiang River, or simply as Xiang, Chinese: 湘江, 湘水 or 湘; pinyin: Xiāng Jiāng, Xiāng Shǔi; Wade–Giles: hsiāng chiāng or hsiāng shuǐ), in older transliterations as the Siang River or Hsiang River, is a river in southern China. The river gave Hunan its Chinese abbreviation, the same as Xiang (湘).

Geography[edit]

Picture of Xiang River in Changsha, the Orange Island (Juzizhou) Bridge is on the left and Orange Island (Juzizhou) is in front.

Originating from Haiyang Mountain (海陽山) in Lingui of Guangxi, the Xiang is the largest river in Hunan and one of the largest tributaries of Yangtze River. It is 856 kilometres (532 mi) long and 670 kilometres (420 mi) of it is in Hunan.

People say the Xiang and the Lijiang River share the same origin, because the upper reaches of the two rivers are connected by the ancient Lingqu Canal, which is located in Xing'an County, Guangxi. According to a traditional saying, 70 per cent of the water in Lingqu flows into the Xiang and 30 percent flows into the Lijiang. In the past, the canal, along with the Xiang River and the Gui River provided an important waterway connecting the Yangtze River with the Pearl River Delta.[1]

The river passes places such as Xing'an, Quanzhou, and Dongan, Yongzhou, Qiyang, Hengyang, Zhuzhou, Xiangtan, Changsha, Wangcheng, Xiangyin, and empties into Lake Dongting, where it connects to the Yangtze.

Tributaries:

  • The Xiao River (瀟水) flows into the Xiang near Changsha
  • The Zheng River (蒸水) converges with the Xiang in Chengbei District (城北區), Hengyang
  • The Lian River (涟水) and Juan River (涓水) flows into the Xiang near Hekou Town (河口镇), Xiangtan

Deities[edit]

The river is said to be protected by two goddesses, the Xiang Consorts (湘妃 Xiangfei): Ehuang (娥皇) and Nüying (女英).

They were the wives of the mystical ruler, Shun, and daughters of the former ruler Emperor Yao. Unable to bear the pain of their husband's death, they committed suicide in this river. The spots on the dotted Xiang River bamboos (湘江竹 or 湘竹), also known as Xiang Consorts Bamboo (湘妃竹), are said to be the teardrops of the consorts. These bamboos are also known as Marked Bamboos (斑竹) or Tear Bamboos (淚竹).

The Chu people of the Warring States period worshipped these Xiang Water Goddesses (湘水神). The poet Qu Yuan wrote a poem called Ladies Xiang (湘夫人) documented the songs of the rituals.

Other information[edit]

On June 14, 1919, young Mao Zedong founded The Shian Kian Weekly Review (湘江评论) to publicize Marxism in Changsha.

The character Shi Xiangyun from the Chinese novel Dream of the Red Chamber takes the first character of her given name from this river.

Major cities along the river[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 29°26′N 113°8′E / 29.433°N 113.133°E / 29.433; 113.133


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xiang_River — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
50340 videos foundNext > 

Tea Song of the Xiang River

Tea Song of the Xiang River with random pictures from the net , love these sounds , have some more songs , will put them up soon to enjoy for all.

Dizi - Spring on Xiang River 春到湘江

Performed by Zhang Bin 张斌.

Chinese Music - Tea Song of the Xiang River

Chinese Music:: " Xiang River " It's a good instrumental. (( Please do not try to steal and copy this music video clip. If you're not a stupid person. ))

(1) ZHANG Fu quan & HAO Han - Tea Song of the Xiang River

Picture: http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_kPbPEn7mjpc/TB1__DXTr3I/AAAAAAAAFlA/D0lZ90108pA/s1600/Yangtze%2520River%2520Gorge2.jpg.

湘江茶歌 Tea Song of the Xiang River

茶樂: Tea Song of the Xiang River 演奏: HANG Fu-quan & HAO Han 沏茶香.香茶沏- 茶樂.樂茶- 觀自在.在自觀品延茗坊http://tw.myblog.yahoo.com/general0619.

Chinese Music - Dizi - Spring on Xiang River 春到湘江

Performer Unknown.

Chinese Music - Xiang River

Chinese Music:: " Xiang River " It's a good and love music. Please don't you steal or copy my music and slideshow pictures as your own. If you're smart and h...

春到湘江 Spring on Xiang River

This film was a piece of my Chinese flute recital on 2008.12.28. This concert was for memorial to my Chinese flute teacher 白台生who was dead by a traffic acci...

Chinese zither-Guzheng : Spring on Xiang River 古箏:春到湘江

原寧保生所作的笛子曲:春到湘江改編:王中山WANG Zhong-shan 古箏演奏:王中山WANG Zhong-shan.

Spring Comes to the Xiang River - guzheng HD

Performed by Li Ruisi, guzheng at Portland State University, Portland, Oregon on March 8, 2013.

50340 videos foundNext > 

72 news items

South China Morning Post (subscription)

South China Morning Post (subscription)
Mon, 01 Dec 2014 23:09:22 -0800

The centre, set up in August last year, spent more than 500 days collecting samples from more than 10 cities along the Xiang River. Its findings – the largest unofficial research into the region in recent years – were published on November 15. The ...

BLOUIN ARTINFO

BLOUIN ARTINFO
Tue, 11 Nov 2014 06:15:00 -0800

One of these, “Spring rain on the Xiang River” by Xia Chang (c. 1388-1470), follows the course of a stream past rocks, bends, and rapids. The other, “Plum Blossoms and Moonlight” by Chen Lu (active 1436-49), takes us on a close-focus trip through the ...

ChinaFile

ChinaFile
Tue, 18 Nov 2014 07:58:43 -0800

A credit card advertises the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) at a Beijing bus stop on May 29, 2003. Visa and MasterCard executives eager to expand in China were thrilled recently when Premier Li Keqiang seemed to suggest that a door ...

WantChinaTimes

WantChinaTimes
Sun, 09 Nov 2014 19:03:02 -0800

The city government of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan province in southwestern China, recently obtained approval from the central government to establish the Tianfu new zone, boosting the number of new national-level economic zones to five so far this ...
 
ChinaFile
Tue, 04 Nov 2014 09:50:27 -0800

Cai Jinyong, Chief of the International Finance Corporation (the private investment arm of the World Bank) during an interview with Xinhua in his office at the IFC headquarters in Washington, D.C. on March 1, 2013. Three top executives serving in ...

The Guardian (blog)

The Guardian (blog)
Tue, 16 Sep 2014 06:40:06 -0700

There's a heartbreakingly beautiful painting by Xia Chang of Spring Rain on the Xiang River, and another by Chen Lu of Plum Blossoms and Moonlight. These 15th-century paintings have a freedom, spontaneity and sensitivity that evokes Monet's water ...

The Daily Meal

The Daily Meal
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 11:54:59 -0700

Hunan cuisine is a type of Chinese cuisine that is commonly referred to as Xiang cuisine, as it consists of cuisines from the Xiang river region including Dongting Lake and western Hunan Province. Hunan cuisine is one of the eight great traditions of ...
 
Marketplace.org
Mon, 14 Apr 2014 05:03:17 -0700

Hunan Province, Xiang River. January, 2006 An operational mistake in water cleaning accidentally dumped industrial waste water with arsenic into the river. January, 2006. An operational mistake in water cleaning accidentally dumped industrial waste ...
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