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Map showing the Xiang River basin

The Xiang River (also as Xiangjiang, Xiangjiang River, or simply as Xiang, Chinese: 湘江, 湘水 or 湘; pinyin: Xiāng Jiāng, Xiāng Shǔi; Wade–Giles: hsiāng chiāng or hsiāng shuǐ; Xiang: siɔ̃44 ziɔ̃31 or siɔ̃44 swɛ13), in older transliterations as the Siang River or Hsiang River, is a river in southern China. The river gave Hunan its Chinese abbreviation, the same as Xiang (湘).


Picture of Xiang River in Changsha, the Orange Island (Juzizhou) Bridge is on the left and Orange Island (Juzizhou) is in front.

Originating from Haiyang Mountain (海陽山) in Lingui of Guangxi, the Xiang is the largest river in Hunan and one of the largest tributaries of Yangtze River. It is 856 kilometres (532 mi) long and 670 kilometres (420 mi) of it is in Hunan.

People say the Xiang and the Lijiang River share the same origin, because the upper reaches of the two rivers are connected by the ancient Lingqu Canal, which is located in Xing'an County, Guangxi. According to a traditional saying, 70 per cent of the water in Lingqu flows into the Xiang and 30 percent flows into the Lijiang. In the past, the canal, along with the Xiang River and the Gui River provided an important waterway connecting the Yangtze River with the Pearl River Delta.[1]

The river passes places such as Xing'an, Quanzhou, and Dongan, Yongzhou, Qiyang, Hengyang, Zhuzhou, Xiangtan, Changsha, Wangcheng, Xiangyin, and empties into Lake Dongting, where it connects to the Yangtze.


  • The Xiao River (瀟水) flows into the Xiang near Changsha
  • The Zheng River (蒸水) converges with the Xiang in Chengbei District (城北區), Hengyang
  • The Lian River (涟水) and Juan River (涓水) flows into the Xiang near Hekou Town (河口镇), Xiangtan


The river is said to be protected by two goddesses, the Xiang Consorts (湘妃 Xiangfei): Ehuang (娥皇) and Nüying (女英).

They were the wives of the mystical ruler, Shun, and daughters of the former ruler Emperor Yao. Unable to bear the pain of their husband's death, they committed suicide in this river. The spots on the dotted Xiang River bamboos (湘江竹 or 湘竹), also known as Xiang Consorts Bamboo (湘妃竹), are said to be the teardrops of the consorts. These bamboos are also known as Marked Bamboos (斑竹) or Tear Bamboos (淚竹).

The Chu people of the Warring States period worshipped these Xiang Water Goddesses (湘水神). The poet Qu Yuan wrote a poem called Ladies Xiang (湘夫人) documented the songs of the rituals.

Other information[edit]

On June 14, 1919, young Mao Zedong founded The Shian Kian Weekly Review (湘江评论) to publicize Marxism in Changsha.

The character Shi Xiangyun from the Chinese novel Dream of the Red Chamber takes the first character of her given name from this river.

Major cities along the river[edit]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

Coordinates: 29°26′N 113°8′E / 29.433°N 113.133°E / 29.433; 113.133

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xiang_River — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
67287 videos foundNext > 

Tea Song of the Xiang River

Tea Song of the Xiang River with random pictures from the net , love these sounds , have some more songs , will put them up soon to enjoy for all.

Dizi - Spring on Xiang River 春到湘江

Performed by Zhang Bin 张斌.

(1) ZHANG Fu quan & HAO Han - Tea Song of the Xiang River

Picture: http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_kPbPEn7mjpc/TB1__DXTr3I/AAAAAAAAFlA/D0lZ90108pA/s1600/Yangtze%2520River%2520Gorge2.jpg.

Chinese Music - Tea Song of the Xiang River

Chinese Music:: " Xiang River " It's a good instrumental. (( Please do not try to steal and copy this music video clip. If you're not a stupid person. ))

湘江茶歌 Tea Song of the Xiang River

茶樂: Tea Song of the Xiang River 演奏: HANG Fu-quan & HAO Han 沏茶香.香茶沏- 茶樂.樂茶- 觀自在.在自觀品延茗坊http://tw.myblog.yahoo.com/general0619.

春到湘江 Spring on Xiang River

This film was a piece of my Chinese flute recital on 2008.12.28. This concert was for memorial to my Chinese flute teacher 白台生who was dead by a traffic ...

Guzheng - Spring on Xiang River 春到湘江 - Performed by Yuan Sha 袁莎 and Yuan Li 袁莉

Performed by Yuan Sha 袁莎and Yuan Li 袁莉.

Chinese zither-Guzheng : Spring on Xiang River 古箏:春到湘江

原寧保生所作的笛子曲:春到湘江改編:王中山WANG Zhong-shan 古箏演奏:王中山WANG Zhong-shan.

湘江茶歌 ( Tea Song Of The Xiang River )

Chinese Music:: " 湘江茶歌" [ Tea Song Of The Xiang River ] " (( It's a very good music for you to enjoy of it.

A Beautiful Chinese Tea Ballad....... " Tea Song of the Xiang River " !

From the sold out album :TEA MUSIC Volume 6.....comes a beautiful track...Tea Song of the XIANG RIVER...from the CHINESE TEA BALLADS composed by ...

67287 videos foundNext > 

1392 news items

International Business Times

International Business Times
Tue, 19 Apr 2016 01:02:12 -0700

... the Xiang River, there's still demand for apartments in the new tower, Phase 8, that's currently being built, says the salesman, as he shows prospective customers round the “Mediterranean-style” show apartment, complete with photos of Santorini ...
Wed, 20 Apr 2016 19:26:15 -0700

Artist Xie Li Fang, member of the Chinese Artists Association and Chairman of the Artists Association of Hunan Province, presented five paintings titled, people and animals are happy, people are in love, the woman next to Xiang River, Fish and women ...

BBC History Magazine (blog)

BBC History Magazine (blog)
Fri, 05 Feb 2016 01:45:00 -0800

Chiang's forces caught up with them at the Xiang river in Guangxi Province and ambushed them as they crossed. Estimates of the number of troops they lost range between 15,000 and 40,000. But Mao was an alchemist, with an astonishing ability to turn the ...

YIBADA English

YIBADA English
Wed, 09 Mar 2016 08:00:58 -0800

According to China Christian Daily, she recently joined a charity as a music teacher volunteer in the Xiang River Village of Hengyang, Hunan Province. It was her first public service activity in the mainland. The Christian singer designed music courses ...


Sat, 19 Mar 2016 07:43:26 -0700

Miluo (simplified Chinese: 汨罗; traditional Chinese: 汨羅; pinyin: Mìluó) is a county-level city under the administration of Yueyang, Hunan province, China, situated on the eastern (right) bank of the Xiang River. There are 658,867 inhabitants in the ...


Fri, 05 Feb 2016 07:56:15 -0800

As you'll know if you've been following my recent travels, my team and I have been touring various cities in China. We've been reporting about the economic conditions we have seen, exploring the culture and visiting companies in search of potential ...

Hospitality Net

Hospitality Net
Wed, 23 Dec 2015 02:36:06 -0800

The design concept of the guest rooms is a modern take on Zhuzhou's heritage and the majority of the hotel's 368 rooms and suites feature spectacular views of the Xiang River. Quality in-room amenities include Hilton Serenity® beds, a generously-sized ...


Sun, 02 Aug 2015 21:02:08 -0700

It was 2008 when Californian photographer Rian Dundon, while working as a freelance editorial photographer in Beijing, learned about an unexpected job opportunity: tutor Chinese actress and pop singer, Fan Bingbing. Fan is well accustomed to being in ...

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