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Map showing the Xiang River basin

The Xiang River (also as Xiangjiang, Xiangjiang River, or simply as Xiang, Chinese: 湘江, 湘水 or 湘; pinyin: Xiāng Jiāng, Xiāng Shǔi; Wade–Giles: hsiāng chiāng or hsiāng shuǐ), in older transliterations as the Siang River or Hsiang River, is a river in southern China. The river gave Hunan its Chinese abbreviation, the same as Xiang (湘).


Picture of Xiang River in Changsha, the Orange Island (Juzizhou) Bridge is on the left and Orange Island (Juzizhou) is in front.

Originating from Haiyang Mountain (海陽山) in Lingui of Guangxi, the Xiang is the largest river in Hunan and one of the largest tributaries of Yangtze River. It is 856 kilometres (532 mi) long and 670 kilometres (420 mi) of it is in Hunan.

People say the Xiang and the Lijiang River share the same origin, because the upper reaches of the two rivers are connected by the ancient Lingqu Canal, which is located in Xing'an County, Guangxi. According to a traditional saying, 70 per cent of the water in Lingqu flows into the Xiang and 30 percent flows into the Lijiang. In the past, the canal, along with the Xiang River and the Gui River provided an important waterway connecting the Yangtze River with the Pearl River Delta.[1]

The river passes places such as Xing'an, Quanzhou, and Dongan, Yongzhou, Qiyang, Hengyang, Zhuzhou, Xiangtan, Changsha, Wangcheng, Xiangyin, and empties into Lake Dongting, where it connects to the Yangtze.


  • The Xiao River (瀟水) flows into the Xiang near Changsha
  • The Zheng River (蒸水) converges with the Xiang in Chengbei District (城北區), Hengyang
  • The Lian River (涟水) and Juan River (涓水) flows into the Xiang near Hekou Town (河口镇), Xiangtan


The river is said to be protected by two goddesses, the Xiang Consorts (湘妃 Xiangfei): Ehuang (娥皇) and Nüying (女英).

They were the wives of the mystical ruler, Shun, and daughters of the former ruler Emperor Yao. Unable to bear the pain of their husband's death, they committed suicide in this river. The spots on the dotted Xiang River bamboos (湘江竹 or 湘竹), also known as Xiang Consorts Bamboo (湘妃竹), are said to be the teardrops of the consorts. These bamboos are also known as Marked Bamboos (斑竹) or Tear Bamboos (淚竹).

The Chu people of the Warring States period worshipped these Xiang Water Goddesses (湘水神). The poet Qu Yuan wrote a poem called Ladies Xiang (湘夫人) documented the songs of the rituals.

Other information[edit]

On June 14, 1919, young Mao Zedong founded The Shian Kian Weekly Review (湘江评论) to publicize Marxism in Changsha.

The character Shi Xiangyun from the Chinese novel Dream of the Red Chamber takes the first character of her given name from this river.

Major cities along the river[edit]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

Coordinates: 29°26′N 113°8′E / 29.433°N 113.133°E / 29.433; 113.133

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xiang_River — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

1247 news items

BBC History Magazine (blog)

BBC History Magazine (blog)
Fri, 05 Feb 2016 01:45:00 -0800

Chiang's forces caught up with them at the Xiang river in Guangxi Province and ambushed them as they crossed. Estimates of the number of troops they lost range between 15,000 and 40,000. But Mao was an alchemist, with an astonishing ability to turn the ...


Fri, 05 Feb 2016 07:56:15 -0800

As you'll know if you've been following my recent travels, my team and I have been touring various cities in China. We've been reporting about the economic conditions we have seen, exploring the culture and visiting companies in search of potential ...


Sat, 10 Oct 2015 02:27:01 -0700

created by tsushima design studio and located by the side of a thousand-year-old camphor woods at the edge of the xiang river in china, the 'changsha vanke club' respects, complements and merges with the forest landscape. the main design objective was ...


Sun, 02 Aug 2015 21:02:08 -0700

It was 2008 when Californian photographer Rian Dundon, while working as a freelance editorial photographer in Beijing, learned about an unexpected job opportunity: tutor Chinese actress and pop singer, Fan Bingbing. Fan is well accustomed to being in ...

Financial Times

Financial Times
Tue, 01 Sep 2015 11:19:31 -0700

The “bottom 40 per cent” are the only people living in the village of Zhengjiang, tucked between an abandoned chemicals compound and the high levees of the Xiang river in Hunan. Crops used to die when heavy rains washed soot from the complex into the ...

Hospitality Net

Hospitality Net
Wed, 23 Dec 2015 02:36:06 -0800

The design concept of the guest rooms is a modern take on Zhuzhou's heritage and the majority of the hotel's 368 rooms and suites feature spectacular views of the Xiang River. Quality in-room amenities include Hilton Serenity® beds, a generously-sized ...
Economic Times
Wed, 18 Nov 2015 02:27:10 -0800

Sculpture of Chinese late Chairman Mao Zedong. 18 Nov, 2015. An aerial view shows a sculpture of Chinese late Chairman Mao Zedong in his youth on an island in the middle of the Xiang River, a major branch of the Yangtze River, in Changsha, Hunan ...

South China Morning Post (subscription)

South China Morning Post (subscription)
Sat, 22 Aug 2015 14:20:13 -0700

The pair secured a piece of land along the Xiang River for a real estate company in 2003. A businessman with knowledge of the matter said it was the first time he had seen the offspring of provincial leaders directly come forward to acquire a piece of ...

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