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Map showing the Xiang River basin

The Xiang River (also as Xiangjiang, Xiangjiang River, or simply as Xiang, Chinese: 湘江, 湘水 or 湘; pinyin: Xiāng Jiāng, Xiāng Shǔi; Wade–Giles: hsiāng chiāng or hsiāng shuǐ), in older transliterations as the Siang River or Hsiang River, is a river in southern China. The river gave Hunan its Chinese abbreviation, the same as Xiang (湘).


Picture of Xiang River in Changsha, the Orange Island (Juzizhou) Bridge is on the left and Orange Island (Juzizhou) is in front.

Originating from Haiyang Mountain (海陽山) in Lingui of Guangxi, the Xiang is the largest river in Hunan and one of the largest tributaries of Yangtze River. It is 856 kilometres (532 mi) long and 670 kilometres (420 mi) of it is in Hunan.

People say the Xiang and the Lijiang River share the same origin, because the upper reaches of the two rivers are connected by the ancient Lingqu Canal, which is located in Xing'an County, Guangxi. According to a traditional saying, 70 per cent of the water in Lingqu flows into the Xiang and 30 percent flows into the Lijiang. In the past, the canal, along with the Xiang River and the Gui River provided an important waterway connecting the Yangtze River with the Pearl River Delta.[1]

The river passes places such as Xing'an, Quanzhou, and Dongan, Yongzhou, Qiyang, Hengyang, Zhuzhou, Xiangtan, Changsha, Wangcheng, Xiangyin, and empties into Lake Dongting, where it connects to the Yangtze.


  • The Xiao River (瀟水) flows into the Xiang near Changsha
  • The Zheng River (蒸水) converges with the Xiang in Chengbei District (城北區), Hengyang
  • The Lian River (涟水) and Juan River (涓水) flows into the Xiang near Hekou Town (河口镇), Xiangtan


The river is said to be protected by two goddesses, the Xiang Consorts (湘妃 Xiangfei): Ehuang (娥皇) and Nüying (女英).

They were the wives of the mystical ruler, Shun, and daughters of the former ruler Emperor Yao. Unable to bear the pain of their husband's death, they committed suicide in this river. The spots on the dotted Xiang River bamboos (湘江竹 or 湘竹), also known as Xiang Consorts Bamboo (湘妃竹), are said to be the teardrops of the consorts. These bamboos are also known as Marked Bamboos (斑竹) or Tear Bamboos (淚竹).

The Chu people of the Warring States period worshipped these Xiang Water Goddesses (湘水神). The poet Qu Yuan wrote a poem called Ladies Xiang (湘夫人) documented the songs of the rituals.

Other information[edit]

On June 14, 1919, young Mao Zedong founded The Shian Kian Weekly Review (湘江评论) to publicize Marxism in Changsha.

The character Shi Xiangyun from the Chinese novel Dream of the Red Chamber takes the first character of her given name from this river.

Major cities along the river[edit]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

Coordinates: 29°26′N 113°8′E / 29.433°N 113.133°E / 29.433; 113.133

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xiang_River — Please support Wikipedia.
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65 news items


Mon, 14 Sep 2015 18:42:19 -0700

"Each of the four sub-districts north of the Xiang River has set a specific direction for development. They are competing and also cooperating with each other, ensuring a bright prospect for the city." More than 300 companies from abroad have already ...


Sun, 02 Aug 2015 21:02:08 -0700

It was 2008 when Californian photographer Rian Dundon, while working as a freelance editorial photographer in Beijing, learned about an unexpected job opportunity: tutor Chinese actress and pop singer, Fan Bingbing. Fan is well accustomed to being in ...

Financial Times

Financial Times
Tue, 01 Sep 2015 11:19:31 -0700

The “bottom 40 per cent” are the only people living in the village of Zhengjiang, tucked between an abandoned chemicals compound and the high levees of the Xiang river in Hunan. Crops used to die when heavy rains washed soot from the complex into the ...

Marion Star

Marion Star
Tue, 16 Jun 2015 16:46:04 -0700

MARION – Don Quigley dreamed of flying airplanes, much like a lot of young boys growing up in the 1930s. The 1937 Harding High School graduate was working in the engineering department at Marion Power Shovel, but followed the exploits of Royal Air ...


Sun, 06 Sep 2015 22:03:45 -0700

In Zhengjiang, tucked between an abandoned chemicals compound and the levees of the Xiang River in Hunan, crops used to die when rain washed soot from the complex into the fields. Zhengjiang's first plant opened in 1980. Soon 20 different processors ...

South China Morning Post (subscription)

South China Morning Post (subscription)
Sat, 22 Aug 2015 14:20:13 -0700

The pair secured a piece of land along the Xiang River for a real estate company in 2003. A businessman with knowledge of the matter said it was the first time he had seen the offspring of provincial leaders directly come forward to acquire a piece of ...

International Business Times, India Edition

International Business Times, India Edition
Thu, 23 Jul 2015 09:07:41 -0700

The footage from China Central Television (CCTV) shows the unidentified young male, wearing a green T-shirt and blue jeans, stand on a bridge guardrail swinging his arms and preparing to jump into the Xiang River in the countrys south west Guizhou ...
Mon, 09 Mar 2015 10:30:46 -0700

The good fortune of the Xiang River fisherman isn't shared by hundreds of millions of other Chinese exposed to air and water pollution that's becoming the focus of this year's annual legislative gathering. Premier Li Keqiang said pollution is a blight ...

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