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Map showing the Xiang River basin

The Xiang River (also as Xiangjiang, Xiangjiang River, or simply as Xiang, Chinese: 湘江, 湘水 or 湘; pinyin: Xiāng Jiāng, Xiāng Shǔi; Wade–Giles: hsiāng chiāng or hsiāng shuǐ), in older transliterations as the Siang River or Hsiang River, is a river in southern China. The river gave Hunan its Chinese abbreviation, the same as Xiang (湘).

Geography[edit]

Picture of Xiang River in Changsha, the Orange Island (Juzizhou) Bridge is on the left and Orange Island (Juzizhou) is in front.

Originating from Haiyang Mountain (海陽山) in Lingui of Guangxi, the Xiang is the largest river in Hunan and one of the largest tributaries of Yangtze River. It is 856 kilometres (532 mi) long and 670 kilometres (420 mi) of it is in Hunan.

People say the Xiang and the Lijiang River share the same origin, because the upper reaches of the two rivers are connected by the ancient Lingqu Canal, which is located in Xing'an County, Guangxi. According to a traditional saying, 70 per cent of the water in Lingqu flows into the Xiang and 30 percent flows into the Lijiang. In the past, the canal, along with the Xiang River and the Gui River provided an important waterway connecting the Yangtze River with the Pearl River Delta.[1]

The river passes places such as Xing'an, Quanzhou, and Dongan, Yongzhou, Qiyang, Hengyang, Zhuzhou, Xiangtan, Changsha, Wangcheng, Xiangyin, and empties into Lake Dongting, where it connects to the Yangtze.

Tributaries:

  • The Xiao River (瀟水) flows into the Xiang near Changsha
  • The Zheng River (蒸水) converges with the Xiang in Chengbei District (城北區), Hengyang
  • The Lian River (涟水) and Juan River (涓水) flows into the Xiang near Hekou Town (河口镇), Xiangtan

Deities[edit]

The river is said to be protected by two goddesses, the Xiang Consorts (湘妃 Xiangfei): Ehuang (娥皇) and Nüying (女英).

They were the wives of the mystical ruler, Shun, and daughters of the former ruler Emperor Yao. Unable to bear the pain of their husband's death, they committed suicide in this river. The spots on the dotted Xiang River bamboos (湘江竹 or 湘竹), also known as Xiang Consorts Bamboo (湘妃竹), are said to be the teardrops of the consorts. These bamboos are also known as Marked Bamboos (斑竹) or Tear Bamboos (淚竹).

The Chu people of the Warring States period worshipped these Xiang Water Goddesses (湘水神). The poet Qu Yuan wrote a poem called Ladies Xiang (湘夫人) documented the songs of the rituals.

Other information[edit]

On June 14, 1919, young Mao Zedong founded The Shian Kian Weekly Review (湘江评论) to publicize Marxism in Changsha.

The character Shi Xiangyun from the Chinese novel Dream of the Red Chamber takes the first character of her given name from this river.

Major cities along the river[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 29°26′N 113°8′E / 29.433°N 113.133°E / 29.433; 113.133


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xiang_River — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

80 news items

Travel Wires (blog)

Travel Wires (blog)
Mon, 03 Aug 2015 00:30:00 -0700

Zhuzhou is a port city on the Xiang River and a regional transportation hub situated next to Changsha, the capital of Hunan province. Zhuzhou Marriott Hotel is perfectly located in the surrounding area of Midea Times Square, in the center of the Liyu ...

International Business Times, India Edition

International Business Times, India Edition
Thu, 23 Jul 2015 09:07:41 -0700

The footage from China Central Television (CCTV) shows the unidentified young male, wearing a green T-shirt and blue jeans, stand on a bridge guardrail swinging his arms and preparing to jump into the Xiang River in the countrys south west Guizhou ...
 
The FINANCIAL
Fri, 17 Jul 2015 04:26:15 -0700

Located adjacent to the Hunan provincial capital of Changsha, Zhuzhou is a port city on the Xiang River and a regional transportation hub. Zhuzhou Marriott Hotel is strategically situated within the bustling commercial area around Midea Times Square at ...

Breaking Travel News

Breaking Travel News
Sun, 26 Jul 2015 00:47:32 -0700

Located adjacent to the Hunan provincial capital of Changsha, Zhuzhou is a port city on the Xiang River and a regional transportation hub. Zhuzhou Marriott Hotel is strategically situated within the bustling commercial area around Midea Times Square at ...
 
ASIATravelTips.com
Sun, 19 Jul 2015 22:03:40 -0700

Marriott has expanded its portfolio of hotels in China with the opening of the 311-room Zhuzhou Marriott Hotel, in Hunan Province, South-central China. Located adjacent to the Hunan provincial capital of Changsha, Zhuzhou is a port city on the Xiang ...

Marion Star

Marion Star
Tue, 16 Jun 2015 16:46:04 -0700

MARION – Don Quigley dreamed of flying airplanes, much like a lot of young boys growing up in the 1930s. The 1937 Harding High School graduate was working in the engineering department at Marion Power Shovel, but followed the exploits of Royal Air ...
 
Bloomberg
Mon, 09 Mar 2015 10:30:46 -0700

The good fortune of the Xiang River fisherman isn't shared by hundreds of millions of other Chinese exposed to air and water pollution that's becoming the focus of this year's annual legislative gathering. Premier Li Keqiang said pollution is a blight ...

WantChinaTimes

WantChinaTimes
Sat, 25 Apr 2015 00:52:30 -0700

The Xiangjiang New Area, the first of its kind to be approved in central China, is located on the west bank of the Xiang River and comprised of several districts of the provincial capital Changsha. It covers an area of 490 square kilometers, according ...
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