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Map showing the Xiang River basin

The Xiang River (also as Xiangjiang, Xiangjiang River, or simply as Xiang, Chinese: 湘江, 湘水 or 湘; pinyin: Xiāng Jiāng, Xiāng Shǔi; Wade–Giles: hsiāng chiāng or hsiāng shuǐ), in older transliterations as the Siang River or Hsiang River, is a river in southern China. The river gave Hunan its Chinese abbreviation, the same as Xiang (湘).

Geography[edit]

Picture of Xiang River in Changsha, the Orange Island (Juzizhou) Bridge is on the left and Orange Island (Juzizhou) is in front.

Originating from Haiyang Mountain (海陽山) in Lingui of Guangxi, the Xiang is the largest river in Hunan and one of the largest tributaries of Yangtze River. It is 856 kilometres (532 mi) long and 670 kilometres (420 mi) of it is in Hunan.

People say the Xiang and the Lijiang River share the same origin, because the upper reaches of the two rivers are connected by the ancient Lingqu Canal, which is located in Xing'an County, Guangxi. According to a traditional saying, 70 per cent of the water in Lingqu flows into the Xiang and 30 percent flows into the Lijiang. In the past, the canal, along with the Xiang River and the Gui River provided an important waterway connecting the Yangtze River with the Pearl River Delta.[1]

The river passes places such as Xing'an, Quanzhou, and Dongan, Yongzhou, Qiyang, Hengyang, Zhuzhou, Xiangtan, Changsha, Wangcheng, Xiangyin, and empties into Lake Dongting, where it connects to the Yangtze.

Tributaries:

  • The Xiao River (瀟水) flows into the Xiang near Changsha
  • The Zheng River (蒸水) converges with the Xiang in Chengbei District (城北區), Hengyang
  • The Lian River (涟水) and Juan River (涓水) flows into the Xiang near Hekou Town (河口镇), Xiangtan

Deities[edit]

The river is said to be protected by two goddesses, the Xiang Consorts (湘妃 Xiangfei): Ehuang (娥皇) and Nüying (女英).

They were the wives of the mystical ruler, Shun, and daughters of the former ruler Emperor Yao. Unable to bear the pain of their husband's death, they committed suicide in this river. The spots on the dotted Xiang River bamboos (湘江竹 or 湘竹), also known as Xiang Consorts Bamboo (湘妃竹), are said to be the teardrops of the consorts. These bamboos are also known as Marked Bamboos (斑竹) or Tear Bamboos (淚竹).

The Chu people of the Warring States period worshipped these Xiang Water Goddesses (湘水神). The poet Qu Yuan wrote a poem called Ladies Xiang (湘夫人) documented the songs of the rituals.

Other information[edit]

On June 14, 1919, young Mao Zedong founded The Shian Kian Weekly Review (湘江评论) to publicize Marxism in Changsha.

The character Shi Xiangyun from the Chinese novel Dream of the Red Chamber takes the first character of her given name from this river.

Major cities along the river[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 29°26′N 113°8′E / 29.433°N 113.133°E / 29.433; 113.133


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xiang_River — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
55150 videos foundNext > 

Tea Song of the Xiang River

Tea Song of the Xiang River with random pictures from the net , love these sounds , have some more songs , will put them up soon to enjoy for all.

Spring Comes to the Xiang River - guzheng HD

Performed by Li Ruisi, guzheng at Portland State University, Portland, Oregon on March 8, 2013.

Dizi - Spring on Xiang River 春到湘江

Performed by Zhang Bin 张斌.

Chinese Music - Tea Song of the Xiang River

Chinese Music:: " Xiang River " It's a good instrumental. (( Please do not try to steal and copy this music video clip. If you're not a stupid person. ))

湘江茶歌 Tea Song of the Xiang River

茶樂: Tea Song of the Xiang River 演奏: HANG Fu-quan & HAO Han 沏茶香.香茶沏- 茶樂.樂茶- 觀自在.在自觀品延茗坊http://tw.myblog.yahoo.com/general0619.

Chinese zither-Guzheng : Spring on Xiang River 古箏:春到湘江

原寧保生所作的笛子曲:春到湘江改編:王中山WANG Zhong-shan 古箏演奏:王中山WANG Zhong-shan.

Chinese Music - Xiang River

Chinese Music:: " Xiang River " It's a good and love music. Please don't you steal or copy my music and slideshow pictures as your own. If you're smart and h...

春到湘江 Spring on Xiang River

This film was a piece of my Chinese flute recital on 2008.12.28. This concert was for memorial to my Chinese flute teacher 白台生who was dead by a traffic acci...

Chinese Music - Dizi - Spring on Xiang River 春到湘江

Performer Unknown.

Relaxation Music 4 - Spring on Xiang River

let music heal your mind, body and soul - Sound of Nature (waterfall, streamside, jungle river) & Bamboo Flute.

55150 videos foundNext > 

71 news items

BLOUIN ARTINFO

BLOUIN ARTINFO
Tue, 11 Nov 2014 06:15:00 -0800

One of these, “Spring rain on the Xiang River” by Xia Chang (c. 1388-1470), follows the course of a stream past rocks, bends, and rapids. The other, “Plum Blossoms and Moonlight” by Chen Lu (active 1436-49), takes us on a close-focus trip through the ...

The Guardian (blog)

The Guardian (blog)
Tue, 16 Sep 2014 06:40:06 -0700

There's a heartbreakingly beautiful painting by Xia Chang of Spring Rain on the Xiang River, and another by Chen Lu of Plum Blossoms and Moonlight. These 15th-century paintings have a freedom, spontaneity and sensitivity that evokes Monet's water ...

The Daily Meal

The Daily Meal
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 11:54:59 -0700

Hunan cuisine is a type of Chinese cuisine that is commonly referred to as Xiang cuisine, as it consists of cuisines from the Xiang river region including Dongting Lake and western Hunan Province. Hunan cuisine is one of the eight great traditions of ...
 
Marketplace.org
Mon, 14 Apr 2014 05:03:17 -0700

Hunan Province, Xiang River. January, 2006 An operational mistake in water cleaning accidentally dumped industrial waste water with arsenic into the river. January, 2006. An operational mistake in water cleaning accidentally dumped industrial waste ...
 
The Atlantic
Fri, 10 Jan 2014 09:29:48 -0800

But, in a stroke of luck, this demotion allowed him to escape culpability for one of the Red Army's most catastrophic defeats—the Battle of the Xiang River, where the Communists were nearly thwarted by superior, U.S.-supplied Nationalist forces. A ...

WantChinaTimes

WantChinaTimes
Fri, 15 Aug 2014 18:41:15 -0700

... from banks to finance anti-pollution schemes, such as the Hunan provincial government which has issued 6.7 billion yuan (US$1.08 billion) of bonds to raise money to clean up heavy metal pollution in the Xiang River, according to Economic Information.
 
China File
Mon, 03 Mar 2014 10:27:54 -0800

Mourners light candles spelling “R.I.P. 3-01” at the scene of the March 1 terror attack at the main train station in Kunming, in Southwest China's Yunnan province. In the days after a major terror attack in Kunming, state media outlets are calling for ...
 
The Arts Desk
Fri, 21 Feb 2014 19:24:37 -0800

Dressed in diaphanous white robes, the attendants of the Goddess of the Xiang River (pictured right) are reminiscent of the nubile dancers who skip around the rims of classical Greek pots; while the women bearing candles to commemorate the dead in the ...
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