digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Map showing the Xiang River basin

The Xiang River (also as Xiangjiang, Xiangjiang River, or simply as Xiang, Chinese: 湘江, 湘水 or 湘; pinyin: Xiāng Jiāng, Xiāng Shǔi; Wade–Giles: hsiāng chiāng or hsiāng shuǐ), in older transliterations as the Siang River or Hsiang River, is a river in southern China. The river gave Hunan its Chinese abbreviation, the same as Xiang (湘).

Geography[edit]

Picture of Xiang River in Changsha, the Orange Island (Juzizhou) Bridge is on the left and Orange Island (Juzizhou) is in front.

Originating from Haiyang Mountain (海陽山) in Lingui of Guangxi, the Xiang is the largest river in Hunan and one of the largest tributaries of Yangtze River. It is 856 kilometres (532 mi) long and 670 kilometres (420 mi) of it is in Hunan.

People say the Xiang and the Lijiang River share the same origin, because the upper reaches of the two rivers are connected by the ancient Lingqu Canal, which is located in Xing'an County, Guangxi. According to a traditional saying, 70 per cent of the water in Lingqu flows into the Xiang and 30 percent flows into the Lijiang. In the past, the canal, along with the Xiang River and the Gui River provided an important waterway connecting the Yangtze River with the Pearl River Delta.[1]

The river passes places such as Xing'an, Quanzhou, and Dongan, Yongzhou, Qiyang, Hengyang, Zhuzhou, Xiangtan, Changsha, Wangcheng, Xiangyin, and empties into Lake Dongting, where it connects to the Yangtze.

Tributaries:

  • The Xiao River (瀟水) flows into the Xiang near Changsha
  • The Zheng River (蒸水) converges with the Xiang in Chengbei District (城北區), Hengyang
  • The Lian River (涟水) and Juan River (涓水) flows into the Xiang near Hekou Town (河口镇), Xiangtan

Deities[edit]

The river is said to be protected by two goddesses, the Xiang Consorts (湘妃 Xiangfei): Ehuang (娥皇) and Nüying (女英).

They were the wives of the mystical ruler, Shun, and daughters of the former ruler Emperor Yao. Unable to bear the pain of their husband's death, they committed suicide in this river. The spots on the dotted Xiang River bamboos (湘江竹 or 湘竹), also known as Xiang Consorts Bamboo (湘妃竹), are said to be the teardrops of the consorts. These bamboos are also known as Marked Bamboos (斑竹) or Tear Bamboos (淚竹).

The Chu people of the Warring States period worshipped these Xiang Water Goddesses (湘水神). The poet Qu Yuan wrote a poem called Ladies Xiang (湘夫人) documented the songs of the rituals.

Other information[edit]

On June 14, 1919, young Mao Zedong founded The Shian Kian Weekly Review (湘江评论) to publicize Marxism in Changsha.

The character Shi Xiangyun from the Chinese novel Dream of the Red Chamber takes the first character of her given name from this river.

Major cities along the river[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 29°26′N 113°8′E / 29.433°N 113.133°E / 29.433; 113.133


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xiang_River — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1 videos found

https://youtube.com/devicesupport

https://youtube.com/devicesupport http://m.youtube.com

 
1 videos found

63 news items

CRIENGLISH.com

CRIENGLISH.com
Sun, 24 May 2015 17:11:15 -0700

Authorities in Hunan's capital Changsha have established this country's latest "state-level new area". The Xiangjiang New Area covers 490 square kilometers in Changsha. It's situated on the west bank of the Xiang River. It will pilot ten new reform ...
 
ecns
Sat, 25 Apr 2015 18:56:40 -0700

The Xiangjiang New Area, the first of its kind to be approved in central China, is located on the west bank of the Xiang River and comprised of several districts of Changsha City. It covers an area of 490 square kilometers, according to a statement ...
 
7thSpace Interactive (press release)
Mon, 18 May 2015 20:11:15 -0700

The programme will feature well-known classics from the sheng repertoire such as "The Phoenix Spreads its Wings", "Song of the Homebound Fishermen", "Song of the Axi Tribe", "Song of Spring on the Xiang River", "Zen" and "Let's Snap" from the ...
 
Bloomberg
Mon, 09 Mar 2015 10:30:46 -0700

The good fortune of the Xiang River fisherman isn't shared by hundreds of millions of other Chinese exposed to air and water pollution that's becoming the focus of this year's annual legislative gathering. Premier Li Keqiang said pollution is a blight ...

South China Morning Post (subscription)

South China Morning Post (subscription)
Mon, 01 Dec 2014 23:09:22 -0800

The centre, set up in August last year, spent more than 500 days collecting samples from more than 10 cities along the Xiang River. Its findings – the largest unofficial research into the region in recent years – were published on November 15. The ...

BLOUIN ARTINFO

BLOUIN ARTINFO
Tue, 11 Nov 2014 06:15:00 -0800

One of these, “Spring rain on the Xiang River” by Xia Chang (c. 1388-1470), follows the course of a stream past rocks, bends, and rapids. The other, “Plum Blossoms and Moonlight” by Chen Lu (active 1436-49), takes us on a close-focus trip through the ...

The Guardian (blog)

The Guardian (blog)
Tue, 16 Sep 2014 06:40:06 -0700

There's a heartbreakingly beautiful painting by Xia Chang of Spring Rain on the Xiang River, and another by Chen Lu of Plum Blossoms and Moonlight. These 15th-century paintings have a freedom, spontaneity and sensitivity that evokes Monet's water ...

The Daily Meal

The Daily Meal
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 11:45:00 -0700

Hunan cuisine is a type of Chinese cuisine that is commonly referred to as Xiang cuisine, as it consists of cuisines from the Xiang river region including Dongting Lake and western Hunan Province. Hunan cuisine is one of the eight great traditions of ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight