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World Intellectual Property Organization
WIPO3.JPG
WIPO headquarters in Geneva
Abbreviation WIPO, OMPI
Formation July 14, 1967
Type Specialized Agency
Legal status Active
Headquarters Geneva, Switzerland
Head Director-General of WIPO Francis Gurry
Website www.wipo.int
WIPO members
  Members
  Non-members
WIPO headquarters, Geneva.
Francis Gurry in 2011

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is one of the 17 specialized agencies of the United Nations. WIPO was created in 1967 "to encourage creative activity, to promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world."[1]

WIPO currently has 187 member states,[2] administers 26 international treaties,[3] and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The current Director-General of WIPO is Francis Gurry, who took office on October 1, 2008.[4] 186 of the UN Members as well as the Holy See are Members of WIPO. Non-members are the states of Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, Solomon Islands, South Sudan and Timor-Leste. Palestine has observer status.[5]

History[edit]

The predecessor to WIPO was the BIRPI (Bureaux Internationaux Réunis pour la Protection de la Propriété Intellectuelle, French acronym for United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property), which had been established in 1893 to administer the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works and the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property.

WIPO was formally created by the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization, which entered into force on April 26, 1970. Under Article 3 of this Convention, WIPO seeks to "promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world." WIPO became a specialized agency of the UN in 1974. The Agreement between the United Nations and the World Intellectual Property Organization[6] notes in Article 1 that WIPO is responsible

"for promoting creative intellectual activity and for facilitating the transfer of technology related to industrial property to the developing countries in order to accelerate economic, social and cultural development, subject to the competence and responsibilities of the United Nations and its organs, particularly the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, the United Nations Development Programme and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization, as well as of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization and of other agencies within the United Nations system."

The Agreement marked a transition for WIPO from the mandate it inherited in 1967 from BIRPI, to promote the protection of intellectual property, to one that involved the more complex task of promoting technology transfer and economic development.[7][need quotation to verify]

Unlike other branches of the United Nations, WIPO has significant financial resources independent of the contributions from its Member States. In 2006, over 90% of its income of just over CHF 250 million[8] was expected to be generated from the collection of fees by the International Bureau (IB) under the intellectual property application and registration systems which it administers (the Patent Cooperation Treaty, the Madrid system for trade marks and the Hague system for industrial designs).

In October 2004, WIPO agreed to adopt a proposal offered by Argentina and Brazil, the "Proposal for the Establishment of a Development Agenda for WIPO" - from the Geneva Declaration on the Future of the World Intellectual Property Organization.[9] This proposal was well supported by developing countries. The agreed "WIPO Development Agenda" [10] (composed of over 45 recommendations) was the culmination of a long process of transformation for the organization from one that had historically been primarily aimed at protecting the interests of rightholders, to one that has increasingly incorporated the interests of other stakeholders in the international intellectual property system as well as integrating into the broader corpus of international law on human rights, environment and economic cooperation.

A number of civil society bodies have been working on a draft Access to Knowledge (A2K)[11] treaty which they would like to see introduced.

In December 2011, WIPO published its first World Intellectual Property Report on the Changing Face of Innovation, the first such report of the new Office of the Chief Economist.[12] WIPO is also a co-publisher of the Global Innovation Index.[13]

In April 2012, Fox News first reported the shipment of computers by WIPO to North Korea and Iran, in an alleged violation of U.S. and U.N. sanctions, triggering an investigation by the U.S. State Department.[14][15][16][17][18][19] WIPO reacted by stating that the shipment did not violate the U.N. sanctions against North Korea, and that this was "part of WIPO’s standard technical assistance program to developing countries",[18][20] later announcing in July 2012 that it would discontinue the provision of computers to all countries.[21][22] After a preliminary assessment, the U.S. State Department announced on July 24, 2012 that WIPO didn't appear to have violated U.N. sanctions.[23] In September 2012, an independent investigative report commissioned by WIPO found that while the shipments were legal, they were "unjustified" and states that WIPO violated American export control legislation. The report also said that the violations were worse than was previously known.[24][25] In November 2012, a US Congressional investigation team arrives in Geneva to facilitate questioning members of the WIPO staff.[26]

Information network[edit]

WIPO has established WIPOnet, a global information network. The project seeks to link over 300 intellectual property offices (IP offices) in all WIPO Member States. In addition to providing a means of secure communication among all connected parties, WIPOnet is the foundation for WIPO's intellectual property services.[27]

Director-General(s)[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization signed at Stockholm on July 14, 1967, Preamble, second paragraph". Wipo.int. 
  2. ^ WIPO (2012-11-30). "List of members states of WIPO - Consulted June 26, 2013". Wipo.int. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  3. ^ WIPO. "Treaties administered by WIPO - Consulted June 26, 2013". Wipo.int. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  4. ^ "Francis Gurry is appointed Director General of WIPO - News Archive 2008". Wipo.int. Retrieved September 27, 2008. 
  5. ^ WIPO (2011-11-25). "Palestine WIPO status". Wipo.int. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  6. ^ WIPO. "Agreement between the United Nations and the World Intellectual Property Organization". Wipo.int. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  7. ^ "Shabalala et al. A Citizen's Guide to WIPO" (PDF). Ciel.org. 2007. p. 12. 
  8. ^ "WO/PBC/8/3 - Proposed program and budget 2006/2007 estimates 456m fee income out of total 531m income for the biennium" (PDF). Wipo.int. 
  9. ^ "Consumer Project on Technology web site, ''Geneva Declaration on the Future of the World Intellectual Property Organization''". Cptech.org. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  10. ^ WIPO (2009-08-06). "The 45 Adopted Recommendations under the WIPO Development Agenda". Wipo.int. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  11. ^ "Consumer Project on Technology web site, ''Access to Knowledge (A2K)". Cptech.org. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  12. ^ WIPO (2011-11-14). "World Intellectual Property Report". Wipo.int. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  13. ^ http://www.globalinnovationindex.org/gii/
  14. ^ George Russell (April 3, 2012). "Cash for computers: Is the U.N. busting its own sanctions in North Korea?". FoxNews.com. Retrieved July 9, 2012. 
  15. ^ George Russell (July 5, 2012). "State Department investigating UN agency for computer shipments to Iran and North Korea". FoxNews.com. Retrieved July 15, 2012. 
  16. ^ Patrick Ventrell (July 5, 2012). "Daily Press Briefing (Washington, DC)". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved July 15, 2012. 
  17. ^ Courtney Grogan (July 7, 2012). "U.S. Investigating UN Violations of Own Sanctions". The Daily NK. Retrieved July 15, 2012. 
  18. ^ a b "US probes shipment of high-tech gear to Iran, N. Korea by U.N. agency". msnbc.com and NBC News. July 5, 2012. Retrieved July 15, 2012. 
  19. ^ Broom, Giles (4 July 2012). "U.S. Probes UN’s WIPO Over Projects With Sanctioned Iran". Bloomberg. Retrieved 9 July 2012. 
  20. ^ William New (6 April 2012). "WIPO Calms Anxiety About Technical Assistance To North Korea". Intellectual Property Watch. Retrieved July 9, 2012. 
  21. ^ William New (19 July 2012). "WIPO Announces New Policy On Assistance To North Korea, Iran". Intellectual Property Watch. Retrieved July 23, 2012. 
  22. ^ William New (20 July 2012). "WIPO’s Gurry Discusses Iran/North Korea; Denies Whistleblower Retaliation". Intellectual Property Watch. Retrieved July 23, 2012. 
  23. ^ Quinn, Andrew; Emma Farge (July 24, 2012). "U.S. sees no trade sanctions violations by U.N. agency". Reuters. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 
  24. ^ Russell, George (13 September 2012). "U.N. shipment of high-tech to North Korea, Iran unjustified and unfathomable, say investigators". Fox News. Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  25. ^ "U.N. agency sanctions probe criticizes IT exports to Iran, North Korea". Reuters. September 12, 2012. Retrieved September 15, 2012. 
  26. ^ "Digging Deeper Into the UN’s WIPO Tech for Tyrants Scandal". Foundation for Defense of Democracies. Defenddemocracy.org. Retrieved September 9, 2013. 
  27. ^ "World Intellectual Property Organization". United Nations Multilingual Terminology Database,. Retrieved February 24, 2008. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Intellectual_Property_Organization — Please support Wikipedia.
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164 news items

Lincoln Times-News

Lincoln Times-News
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 09:45:00 -0700

According to the World Intellectual Property Organization, the term “intellectual property” refers to “creations of the mind, such as inventions; literary and artistic works; designs; and symbols, names and images used in commerce.” For The Treadstone ...

The National Law Journal (registration)

The National Law Journal (registration)
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 08:22:30 -0700

At the firm, he has represented clients on IP protection, and enforcement and management at federal courts, the World Intellectual Property Organization and the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board. Before coming to Kilpatrick Townsend, Marti was an ...
 
MarketWatch
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 01:22:05 -0700

SHENZHEN, China, Aug 19, 2014 (BUSINESS WIRE) -- ZTE Corporation (“ZTE”) (h share stock code:0763.HK / A share stock code), a publicly-listed global provider of telecommunications equipment, network solutions and mobile devices, welcomes the final ...
 
Intellectual Property Watch
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 06:51:34 -0700

The United Nations Joint Inspection Unit (JIU) has issued a substantive analysis of management and administration in the UN World Intellectual Property Organization. And while the report highlights significant progress in a number of areas, it offers a ...

Intellectual Property Watch

Intellectual Property Watch
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 06:51:06 -0700

A group of countries has submitted a new proposal to the upcoming meeting of the World Intellectual Property Organization budget committee to allow the continued participation of indigenous peoples representatives in WIPO's committee on traditional ...
 
East African Business Week
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 00:18:45 -0700

Kigali — The trade and industry ministry (MINICOM) together with the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) last week organized a workshop on how individuals and companies can protect their creativity in the market place. "This workshop aims ...
 
Intellectual Property Watch
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 05:57:38 -0700

For example, a search on the word “Ebola” on the World Intellectual Property Organization's Patent Scope shows some 241 entries. A large number of those entries contain a reference to Ebola without being entirely focused on the specific virus. However ...
 
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Thu, 28 Aug 2014 09:41:15 -0700

World Intellectual Property Organization (“WIPO”): base fee of $1,500 to $5,000 for proceedings involving up to 10 domain names. Arbitration Center for Internet Disputes (Czech Arbitration Court): base fee of $500 to $7,100 for proceedings involving up ...
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