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Wolfgang Rihm in Cologne, June 2007

Wolfgang Rihm (born 13 March 1952 in Karlsruhe) is a German composer.

Rihm is Head of the Institute of Modern Music at the Karlsruhe Conservatory of Music and has been composer in residence at the Lucerne Festival and the Salzburg Festival. He was honoured as Officier of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres in 2001.

Career[edit]

Rihm finished both his school and his studies in music theory (with Hans H. Eggebrecht) in 1972, two years before the premiere of his early work Morphonie at the 1974 Donaueschingen Festival launched his career as a prominent figure in the European new music scene. Rihm's early work, combining contemporary techniques with the emotional volatility of Mahler and of Schoenberg's early expressionist period, was regarded by many as a revolt against the avant-garde generation of Boulez, Stockhausen (with whom he studied in 1972–73), and others, and led to a large number of commissions in the following years. In the late 1970s and early 1980s his name was associated with the movement called New Simplicity. His work still continues to plough expressionist furrows, though the influence of Luigi Nono, Helmut Lachenmann and Morton Feldman, amongst others, has affected his style significantly.

Rihm is an extremely prolific composer, with hundreds of completed scores, a large portion of which are yet to be commercially recorded. (Vide the List of the compositions of Wolfgang Rihm, in German, or the IRCAM works list, in French.) He does not always regard a finished work the last word on a subject—for example the orchestral work Ins Offene... (1990) was completely rewritten in 1992, and then used as the basis for his piano concerto Sphere (1994), before the piano part of Sphere was recast for the solo piano work Nachstudie (also 1994). (In 2002 Rihm also produced a new version of Nachstudie, Sphäre nach Studie, for harp, two double basses, piano and percussion, and also a new version of Sphere, called Sphäre um Sphäre, for two pianos and chamber ensemble.) Other important works include thirteen string quartets, the operas Die Hamletmaschine (1983–1986, text by Heiner Müller) and Die Eroberung von Mexico (1987–1991, based on texts by Antonin Artaud), over twenty song-cycles, the oratorio Deus Passus (1999–2000) commissioned by the Internationale Bachakademie Stuttgart, the chamber orchestra piece Jagden und Formen (1995–2001), more than thirty concertos and a series of related orchestral works bearing the title Vers une symphonie fleuve. The New York Philharmonic premièred Rihm's 2004 commission Two Other Movements. In 2008 Rihm composed KOLONOS | 2 Fragments by Hölderlin after Sophokles for orchestra and countertenor, premiered in Bad Wildbad with the countertenor Matthias Rexroth.[1]

Invited by Walter Fink, he was the fifth composer featured in the annual Komponistenporträt of the Rheingau Musik Festival in 1995, in two programs of chamber music and Lied, also of Robert Schumann, including his works Fremde Szene I for piano trio, Vier Lieder after poems of Paul Celan, Klavierstück 7, Klavierstück 6, Das Rot, six songs after poems of Karoline von Günderrode, Antlitz for violin and piano, and Fremde Szene III. In 1995 he contributed Communio (Lux aeterna) to the Requiem of Reconciliation. In 2003 he received the Ernst von Siemens Music Prize.

In March 2010 the BBC Symphony Orchestra featured the music of Rihm in one of their 'total immersion' weekends at the Barbican Centre, London. Recordings from this weekend were used for three 'Hear and Now' programmes on BBC Radio 3 dedicated to his work.[2] On 27 July 2010, Rihm's latest opera, Dionysus, based on Nietzsche’s late cycle of poems Dionysus-Dithyrambs, had its world premiere at the Salzburg Festival, conducted by Ingo Metzmacher, and designed by Jonathan Meese.[3] This performance was voted World Premiere of the Year (Uraufführung des Jahres) for 2010/11 by Opernwelt magazine.[4] He revised his Gegenstück (2006) for bass saxophone, percussion and piano, premiered on 16 August 2010 to celebrate the 80th birthday of Walter Fink.[5] Anne-Sophie Mutter premiered his violin concerto Lichtes Spiel (Light Games) in Avery Fisher Hall with the New York Philharmonic on 18 November 2010.[6]

Selected list of works[edit]

Stage works[edit]

Orchestral works[edit]

  • Form / 2 Formen (2nd state)
  • Gejagte Form (1st version)
  • Gejagte Form (2nd version)
  • IN-SCHRIFT
  • Jagden und Formen
  • Jagden und Formen (state 2008)
  • Symphonie n°1 op. 3
  • Symphonie n°2 (first and last movement)
  • Vers une symphonie fleuve I–IV
  • IN-SCHRIFT-II

Solo instruments and orchestra[edit]

  • Violin
    • Gesungene Zeit
    • Lichtes Spiel
  • Viola
    • Bratschenkonzert
    • Bratschenkonzert n°2
  • Violoncello
    • Konzert in einem Satz
    • Styx und Lethe
  • String quartet
    • ”CONCERTO”
  • Clarinet
    • Musik für Klarinette und Orchester
  • Oboe
    • Musik für Oboe und Orchester
  • Bassoon
    • Psalmus
  • Trumpet
    • Gebild
    • Marsyas, Rhapsodie für Trompete mit Schlagzeug und Orchester
  • Piano
    • Sphere
  • Harp
    • Die Stücke des Sängers
  • Organ
    • Unbenannt IV

String quartet[edit]

  • Grave
  • Quartettstudie
  • Streichquartett n°1–13

Vocal works[edit]

  • Voice and orchestra
    • 5 Abgesangsszenen
    • Drei späte Gedichte von Heiner Müller
    • Ernster Gesang mit Lied
    • Frau / Stimme
    • Hölderlin-Fragmente
    • Lenz-Fragmente
    • Penthesilea Monolog
    • Rilke: Vier Gedichte

Voice and piano[edit]

Choral works[edit]

  • Choir a cappella
    • Sieben Passions-Texte
  • Choir with orchestra or ensemble
    • Astralis
    • ET LUX
    • Vigilia

Solo instruments[edit]

  • Über die Linie (violoncello)
  • Über die Linie VII (violin)

Piano solo[edit]

Auf einem anderen Blatt

  • Brahmsliebewalzer
  • Klavierstück n° 1–7 1970–1980
  • Ländler 1979
  • Nachstudie
  • Zwiesprache 1999

Organ solo[edit]

  • Drei Fantasien

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolfgang_Rihm — Please support Wikipedia.
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Wolfgang Rihm: Astralis (2001)

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2213 news items

The Guardian

The Guardian
Thu, 20 Nov 2014 10:20:33 -0800

Wolfgang Rihm has always acknowledged the importance of Luigi Nono's music in the development of his own style. That influence comes across strikingly in this serenely beautiful sequence of unaccompanied choral pieces that conductor James Weeks and ...

Bayerischer Rundfunk

Bayerischer Rundfunk
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 09:52:30 -0700

Durch seine Synthese von Schreiben und Komponieren sei Wolfgang Rihm der charakteristischste Kopf unserer Zeit schlechthin. Ein Künstler und Philosoph, der "den Strom seiner Gedanken zuallererst in Musik" überführt, aber auch "auf unnachahmliche ...

Allgemeine Zeitung Mainz

Allgemeine Zeitung Mainz
Fri, 07 Nov 2014 17:52:30 -0800

MAINZ - Ein „Monomane der Mitteilung“ sei der „Schreibmusiker und Musikschreiber“ Wolfgang Rihm, behauptet die Urkunde des Robert-Schumann-Preises, der am Donnerstag in der Mainzer Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur dem 1952 in ...

Neue Zürcher Zeitung

Neue Zürcher Zeitung
Fri, 31 Oct 2014 21:30:00 -0700

... und stöhnt – sonst nur apathische Stille, in mentale Düsternis getaucht. Dieser Mensch ist am Ende, dem Wahnsinn verfallen. Es ist der Dichter Jakob Lenz in der Lesart von Georg Büchner, von Wolfgang Rihm kongenial zu einer Kammeroper verdichtet.

The Guardian (blog)

The Guardian (blog)
Wed, 19 Nov 2014 07:35:46 -0800

Katharina may well be right that Meese is “one of the greatest German artists” – reducing him to simulated sex acts with a swastika-decorated alien doesn't do him justice; he designed the premiere production of Wolfgang Rihm's opera Dionysos at the ...

Metropolregion Rheinnneckar News

Metropolregion Rheinnneckar News
Mon, 03 Nov 2014 23:18:45 -0800

Ludwigshafen / Metropolregion Rhein Neckar – Das Komponistenporträt der Deutschen Staatsphilharmonie Rheinland-Pfalz ist in der Saison 2014/2015 Wolfgang Rihm gewidmet, dem bedeutendsten deutschen Tonkünstler der Nachkriegsgeneration und ...

Toronto Star

Toronto Star
Fri, 14 Nov 2014 04:31:03 -0800

As a violinist she has probably done more to champion contemporary music than any of her top tier colleagues, premiering pieces by such composers as Henri Dutilleux, Witold Lutoslawski, Krzysztof Penderecki and Wolfgang Rihm. “Beethoven and Mozart ...
 
The Boston Musical Intelligencer
Tue, 04 Nov 2014 13:48:19 -0800

Under his leadership, the Gewandhaus Orchestra has become a highly virtuosic flexible ensemble. In addition, Chailly has led numerous world premieres among them pieces commissioned by Gewandhaus from Wolfgang Rihm and Hans-Werner Henze.
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