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This article is about the joint reign of the English monarchs William III and Mary II. For the university in Williamsburg, Virginia, see The College of William & Mary. For other uses, see William and Mary (disambiguation).
Detail of William and Mary from the ceiling of the Painted Hall

The phrase William and Mary usually refers to the coregency over the Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland, of spouses (and first-cousins) King William III & II and Queen Mary II. Their joint reign began in February 1689 after they were offered the throne by the Convention Parliament irregularly summoned by William after his successful invasion of England in 1688, the so-called Glorious Revolution. They replaced James II & VII, Mary's father and William's uncle and father-in-law, who was "deemed to have fled" the country. Parliament offered William and Mary a co-regency, at the couple's behest. After Mary died in 1694, William ruled alone until his death in 1702. William and Mary were childless and were ultimately succeeded by Mary's younger sister, Anne.

Historic influence[edit]

To end the Glorious Revolution, William and Mary signed the English Bill of Rights of 1689. This action both signaled the end of several centuries of tension and conflict between the crown and parliament, and the end of the idea that England would be restored to Roman Catholicism, King William being a Protestant leader. The Bill of Rights also inspired the English colonists in the Thirteen Colonies to revolt against the rule of King James II and against his proposed changes in colonial governance. These revolts occurred in the colonies of Massachusetts, New York, and Maryland.[1]

Stamp duty was first introduced into England during this reign, by an act of 1694 titled "An act for granting to their Majesties several duties upon vellum, parchment and paper, for four years, towards carrying on the war against France".[2]

Their names were lent to the second institution of higher learning in the United States, The College of William and Mary, which was founded in 1693 under a royal charter.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ James Thacherius, History of the Town of Plymouth, p. 154: recounts this revolution in the Colonies
  2. ^ Dagnall, H. (1994) Creating a Good Impression: three hundred years of The Stamp Office and stamp duties. London: HMSO, p. 3. ISBN 0116414189

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_and_Mary — Please support Wikipedia.
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3201 news items

 
The Daily Progress
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 06:30:00 -0700

WILLIAMSBURG, Va. (AP) — College students have always had a taste for beer, and archaeologists have uncovered new evidence at the College of William and Mary to prove it. The remains of what is likely an 18th century on-campus brewery were ...

SFGate

Gobbler Country
Sat, 30 Aug 2014 19:05:50 -0700

After a long offseason of watching a roller coaster ride of a quarterback battle, Virginia Tech fans got to see Michael Brewer show fans unfamiliar with him why most experts had him pegged as the starter as he lead the Hokies to a 34-9 victory over ...
 
Washington Post
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 12:36:13 -0700

When the Hokies kick off the 2014 season against William and Mary on Saturday at Lane Stadium, Williams and Ford will get their first chance to show the playmaking abilities coaches and teammates have been raving about. Each, though, took a different ...
 
Daily Press
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 12:35:36 -0700

Memories, one-liners and restroom horror stories abound regarding William and Mary's once-charming, grown-decrepit football stadium. Here's my favorite: Enthused by his team's play several years ago, a visiting assistant coach jumped from his chair in ...
 
Daily Press
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 09:07:22 -0700

WILLIAMSBURG — William and Mary announced plans Tuesday for a $27 million renovation project of Zable Stadium that will update and modernize the 79-year-old facility. Plans call for a new upper deck, suites and a new press box on the west side of the ...
 
Richmond Times-Dispatch
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 09:35:13 -0700

William and Mary sophomore Steve Cluley will start at quarterback for the Tribe's opener against Virginia Tech on Saturday, coach Jimmye Laycock said Monday. Cluley, battling with junior Christian Brumbaugh and sophomore Frank Brown IV, has limited ...

William and Mary News

William and Mary News
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 09:39:08 -0700

William and Mary. search. myWMDIRECTORYEVENTSVISITW&M A-Z · About · Academics · Admission & Aid · Research · Campus Life · News · Athletics · Alumni · Giving. Banner Image William & Mary. News & Events. William & Mary Cypher. Home · News & ...
 
Virginia Tech Collegiate Times
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 16:15:00 -0700

Saturday's 34-9 win over William and Mary was a good start to the season. The offense looked much improved from last year and the defense played with its usual tenacity. This was especially true for the Virginia Tech linebackers. Under the leadership ...
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