digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

William Paca
William paca.jpg
3rd Governor of Maryland
In office
November 22, 1782 – November 26, 1785
Preceded by Thomas Sim Lee
Succeeded by William Smallwood
Maryland State Senator
In office
1777–1779
Maryland Delegate to the Continental Congress
In office
1774–1779
Judge of the United States Court for Maryland
In office
1789–1799
Personal details
Born (1740-10-31)October 31, 1740
Baltimore County, Maryland (later: Harford County, Maryland)
Died October 23, 1799(1799-10-23) (aged 58)
Queen Anne's County, Maryland
Signature

William Paca (October 31, 1740 – October 23, 1799) was a signatory to the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of Maryland, and later Governor of Maryland and a United States federal judge.

Early life[edit]

William Paca was born in Abingdon, in what was then Baltimore County (Abingdon was later included in Harford County when that county was formed from Baltimore County in 1773), in the British colony of Maryland.[1] He was the child of John Paca (c. 1712 – 1785), a wealthy planter in the area, and his wife Elizabeth Smith (?-c. 1766).[2] He was the second son of the family, after his elder brother Aquila, and had five sisters.[3] The brothers entered school at the Philadelphia Academy and Charity School in 1752, and the younger Paca went on to attend the The College of Philadelphia (now merged into and known as the University of Pennsylvania), graduating in 1759 with a bachelor of arts degree.[2] He was also to receive a master of arts degree from the College in 1762, though this required no further study, only that Paca request it and be in good standing.[3]

After graduating from college, Paca returned to Maryland, reading law in the colonial capital of Annapolis under the tutelage of a local lawyer named Stephen Bordley.[2] By 1761, he was licensed to practice law, and in 1764 was admitted to the provincial bar, having stayed in Annapolis to establish his practice.[2] Professional success was mingled with personal success, as the previous year he had courted Mary Chew,[4] the daughter of a prominent Maryland planter, and they were married on May 26, 1763. They would go on to have three children, though only their son John Philemon survived into adulthood.[3]

Political career[edit]

Among the other young lawyers in Annapolis at the time was Samuel Chase, who would become a close friend and political colleague of Paca.[2] Together, Paca and Chase led local opposition to the British Stamp Act of 1765 and established the Anne Arundel County chapter of the Sons of Liberty.[2]

Paca was elected to the Maryland legislature in 1771 and appointed to the Continental Congress in 1774. He was reelected, serving until 1779, when he became chief justice of the state of Maryland. In 1782 he was elected governor of Maryland. On December 22, 1789, Paca received a recess appointment from President George Washington to a seat on the newly created United States District Court for the District of Maryland, created by 1 Stat. 73. Formally nominated on February 8, 1790, he was confirmed by the United States Senate on February 10, 1790, and received his commission the same day, serving as such until his death.

William Paca died in 1799 at his estate of Wye Hall in Queen Anne's County, Maryland and was buried in the family cemetery there. His obituaries report he died on Oct. 13, 1799, so the date of Oct. 23, 1799, reported above is most likely in error. See: Federal Gazette (Baltimore, MD), Oct. 16, 1799 Daily Advertiser (New York, NY), Oct. 21, 1799 Centinel of Liberty (Georgetown, DC), Oct. 22, 1789 New-York Gazette (New York, NY), Oct. 22, 1799

Legacy[edit]

In Maryland, three elementary schools are named for him: one is in Landover, one is in Baltimore city (#83) and the other in his home town of Abingdon. A prominent street in Downtown Baltimore bears his name, as does a dormitory on the campus of St. John's College in Annapolis as well as one on the campus of Towson University. Outside of Maryland, Middle School in Mastic Beach, New York; and P.S. 155 School in New York City are also named after him. In August 2008 the House was added as a new residence hall in Towson University.

His Annapolis home, the House and Garden, was added to the National Register of Historic Places and designated a National Historic Landmark in 1971.[5]

Ancestry[edit]

Paca has been described as being of Italian ancestry.[6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13]

According to Stanley South, "[t]he rumor that the name was Italian came from a remark made in 1911 by James Cardinal Gibbons of Baltimore, who commented that he thought a relationship existed between Paca and the Italian family Pecci".[14] In a July 18, 1937, letter to the New York Times, a self-described descendant of Paca claims:

The ancestors of William Paca were of Italian and English origin. The name is said to have originally been spelled Pacci [sic].

However, in an interview with Giovanni Schiavo, the letter writer apparently attributed the suggestion that the name was Pecci to Cardinal Gibbons.[15] Schiavo also reports that Paca mentioned Pope Leo XIII (1879–1903), whose surname was Pecci, during the interview.[15] Stiverson and Jacobsen report that spellings of the surname of William Paca's immigrant ancestor Robert include Peaker, Pecker, Peaca, Peca, and Paka.[16] Neither "Pecci" nor "Pacci" (nor "Pacca") are attested.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The available sources disagree on the exact location of his birth. Travis Weaver does not address the issue, simply mentioning that his father was from Harford County. Stiverson and Jacobsen claim he was born in Abingdon, in Harford County. Russo claims instead that he was born along the Bush River in Baltimore County. Stiverson and Jacobsen are the most authoritative historical source, and the article reflects their position on the issue.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Goodrich, p.346 and Russo, William Paca
  3. ^ a b c Russo, William Paca
  4. ^ http://colonialhall.com/paca/pacaMary.php
  5. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. 
  6. ^ Signers of the Declaration: William Paca, Maryland National Park Service; accessed 13 March 2008.
  7. ^ Caso, p.57 and Welsh, They Too Made America Great; Branden Books, 1978. Online source: [1]; accessed 13 March 2008. This history includes a rather detailed exploration and affirmation of the well established Italian origin of the Paca family of Maryland in response to the earlier Stiverson and Jacobsen text.
  8. ^ Maryland, The Seventh State Website for the book Maryland, The SeventhcalebJohn T. Marck, author; accessed 13 March 2008.
  9. ^ "Italian American Contributions" The National Italian American Foundation Website; accessed 13 March 2008.
  10. ^ The Italian-American Web-site of New York "William Paca;" accessed 13 March 2008
  11. ^ NIAF MileStones of the Italian American Experience " 1774 - William Paca, original signer of the Declaration of Independence, and Francesco Vigo, advance the American Revolution;" accessed 13 March 2008.
  12. ^ P.S. 155 Playground, William Paca School History New York City Department of Parks and Recreation Web-site; accessed: 13 March 2008.
  13. ^ Echoes of Abruzzo and Molise in America; Omero Sabatini, author. Abruzzo Molise Heritage Society Web-site; accessed 13 March 2008.
  14. ^ South, Stanley A. An Archaeological Evolution. New York: Springer, 2005. p. 202
  15. ^ a b Giovanni Ermenegildo Schiavo. 1976. The Italians in America Before the Revolution. New York: Vigo Press. p. 74.
  16. ^ Stiverson, G. A., & Jacobsen, P. R. 1976. William Paca, a biography. Baltimore: Maryland Historical Society. p. 26.

he died Set.23 2011

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Thomas Sim Lee
Governor of Maryland
1782–1785
Succeeded by
William Smallwood



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Paca — Please support Wikipedia.
A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
3237 videos foundNext > 

William Paca Elem School Chorus | Scott Smith Home Selling Team

These are our friends from William Paca Elementary School in Baltimore that we have come to love from our annual KW RED DAY, which will be May 9, 2013. Come ...

William Paca

A brief highlight on the life of William Paca, a signer of the Declaration of Independence.

William paca lady panthers Getting it!!!!

Black history month performance.

Annapolis, Maryland: The William Paca House

http://www.donnetempo.com Writer Jacquie Kubin from Donne Tempo magazine visits historical residences of Annapolis, Maryland. This installment visits one of ...

PGCPS Update: Wise HS Donation & Football State Title, William Paca ES, and BOE Swearing In

The latest edition of the PGCPS Update features the swearing in of the newly elected Board of Education members. We also have two stories involving Wise HS w...

William Paca Elementary School Mural Painting 11 10 12

William Paca Elementary School hosts vigil for Troy Douglas

Details: http://bit.ly/1fzVNaT.

William Paca Mural

Edited on Avid Media Composer.

Tour Annapolis: William Paca House

John Guild, President of the Historic Annapolis Foundation, shares a glimpse of the William Paca House for the Tour Annapolis section of http://www.hometowna...

William Paca Christmas Performance - Arianna & Brandi

3237 videos foundNext > 

33 news items

 
Baltimore Sun
Fri, 18 Apr 2014 12:11:50 -0700

"Our contractor suggested rails of lighting placed under the cabinets," said Powers, 60, a kindergarten teacher at William Paca/Old Post Road Elementary School in Harford County. . It was these little suggestions by the contractor that made all the ...
 
Independent Press
Tue, 15 Apr 2014 15:07:30 -0700

The ice cream social will take place from 11 a.m. to 5 p.m., Sunday, June 1, at The William Paca Club, 1 William Paca Place, New Providence. People can drop in, make their own ice cream sundaes and leave. Admission is $10 for adults and $6 for children ...
 
CapitalGazette.com
Thu, 17 Apr 2014 02:00:00 -0700

May 17-18 — Historic Annapolis invites all little princesses between the ages of 3 and 10 and their attendants (parents or other family members) to be part of a fantasy-filled Princess Anne Tea Party on May 17-18 at the William Paca House & Garden ...
 
Gazette.Net: Maryland Community News Online
Tue, 15 Apr 2014 10:13:29 -0700

The schools to receive mental health services are Central High School in Capitol Heights, Cora Rice Elementary School in Kent, G. James Gholson Middle School in Kent, William Paca Elementary School in Landover, Andrew Jackson Academy in Forestville, ...
 
Independent Press
Sun, 23 Mar 2014 12:51:18 -0700

Veritas Conservative Alliance announces that there will be a Town Hall meeting to meet Reagan Conservative David Larsen, Candidate for U. S. Congress in the 7th District on Tuesday, March 25, 2014, at 7 p.m. at the Paca Club, One William Paca Place, ...
 
TheAlternativePress.com
Sun, 13 Apr 2014 02:00:00 -0700

NEW PROVIDENCE, NJ - The Love for Lucas Fundraiser is currently looking for sponsors and volunteers as well as donations. The event will be held on June 1 from 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. at the William Paca Club in New Providence for the benefit of Lucas ...

LongIsland.com

LongIsland.com
Wed, 26 Mar 2014 10:15:00 -0700

... 2014 – Forty five student musicians from William Floyd High School, William Floyd Middle School and William Paca Middle School were selected to perform in the Suffolk County Music Educators Association (SCMEA) All-County Festivals for the 2013-2014 ...
 
CapitalGazette.com
Mon, 31 Mar 2014 21:07:30 -0700

William Paca House Tours (ongoing), 10 a.m.-5 p.m. Mondays-Saturdays; noon-5 p.m. Sundays; closed January; open weekends February and March, William Paca House and Garden, 186 Prince George St. 410-267-7619; www.annapolis.org. Through April ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About William Paca

You can talk about William Paca with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!