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William Payne Alston (November 29, 1921 – September 13, 2009) was an American philosopher. He made influential contributions to the philosophy of language, epistemology and Christian philosophy. He earned his PhD from the University of Chicago and taught at the University of Michigan, Rutgers University, University of Illinois, and Syracuse University.
Early life and education
Alston was born to Eunice Schoolfield and William Alston on November 29, 1921 in Shreveport, Louisiana. He graduated from high school when he was 15 and went on to Centenary College of Louisiana, graduating in 1942 with a Bachelor of Music in piano. During World War II, he played clarinet and bass drum in a military band in California. During this time, he became interested in philosophy, sparked by W. Somerset Maugham's book The Razor's Edge. After this, he engrossed himself in works by well-known philosophers such as Jacques Maritain, Mortimer J. Adler, Francis Bacon, Plato, René Descartes, and John Locke. After being discharged, he entered a graduate program for philosophy at the University of Chicago, even though he had never formally taken a class on the subject. While he was there, he learned more about philosophy from Richard McKeon and Charles Hartshorne, and he received his PhD in 1951.
From 1949 until 1971, Alston was a professor at the University of Michigan, and he became professor of philosophy in 1961. He then taught at Rutgers University for five years, followed by the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign from 1976 to 1980 and then Syracuse University from 1980 to 1992.
His views on foundationalism, internalism versus externalism, speech acts, and the epistemic value of mystical experience, among many other topics, have been very influential. Like most American philosophers, Alston is counted among the analytic philosophers.
Together with Alvin Plantinga, Nicholas Wolterstorff, and Robert Adams, Alston helped to found the journal Faith and Philosophy. With Plantinga, Wolterstorff, and others, Alston was also responsible for the development of "Reformed epistemology" (a term that Alston, an Episcopalian, never fully endorsed), one of the most important contributions to Christian thought in the twentieth century. Alston was president of the American Philosophical Association in 1979, the Society for Philosophy and Psychology, and the Society of Christian Philosophers, which he co-founded. He was widely recognized as one of the core figures in the late twentieth-century revival of the philosophy of religion. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1990.
Alston died in a nursing home in Jamesville, New York on September 13, 2009, at the age of 87.
- Beyond "Justification": Dimensions Of Epistemic Evaluation, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2005. ISBN 978-0-8014-7332-6
- Illocutionary Acts and Sentence Meaning, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-8014-3669-7
- A Realist Conception of Truth, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1996. ISBN 978-0-8014-8410-0
- Epistemic Justification: Essays in the Theory of Knowledge, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1996. ISBN 978-0-8014-9544-1
- The Reliability of Sense Perception, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1993. ISBN 978-0-8014-8101-7
- Perceiving God: The Epistemology of Religious Experience, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1991. ISBN 978-0-8014-8155-0
- Divine Nature and Human Language: Essays in Philosophical Theology. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1989. ISBN 978-0-8014-9545-8
- Philosophy of Language, Englewood Cliffs, Prentice Hall, 1964
- ^ a b c Howard-Snyder, Daniel (2005). "Alston, William Payne (1921– )". In Shook, John R. Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers 1. Continuum. pp. 56–61. ISBN 978-1-84371-037-0. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
- ^ a b "William Payne Alston Obituary". The Post-Standard. September 20, 2009. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
- ^ "Emeritus professor of philosophy William Payne Alston dies". Syracuse University. September 18, 2009. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
- ^ "The Aquinas Lecture in Philosophy i". Marquette University Press. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
- ^ Oppy, Graham; Trakakis, Nick, eds. (2009). History of Western Philosophy of Religion. Acumen Publishing, Limited. ISBN 978-1-84465-679-0. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
- ^ Plantinga, Alvin (2009). "In Memoriam: William J. Alston". Faith and Philosophy 26 (4): 359–360. doi:10.5840/faithphil200926434. ISSN 0739-7046.
- ^ Meeker, Kevin (April 1994). "William Alston's Epistemology of Religious Experience: A 'Reformed' Reformed Epistemology?". International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 35 (2): 89–110. doi:10.1007/bf01318327. JSTOR 40036246.
- ^ "William P. Alston". Centenary College of Louisiana. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
- ^ "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter A". American Academy of Arts and Sciences. p. 11. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
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discussion about Alston's religious epistemology in his article Religious Experience and Religious Belief.
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ELDER WILLIAM ALSTON
Cooper Grove Primitive Baptist Association August 2011 Mebane, North Carolina.
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William Alston #10 Albright College Football/ Postion: WR/Return Specialist.
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VOH-Saved(2)-William Mitch Alston.wmv
Voices Of Harmony Reunion-11/27/2010.
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 11:56:15 -0700
After 21 years as a chef at one of Mount Pleasant's landmarks, William Alston wasn't quite sure what his future would hold for him when the owner's announced they were closing. Locklear's, a locally owned restaurant that's been on Coleman Boulevard for ...
Alice Echo-News Journal
Thu, 14 Aug 2014 14:33:35 -0700
Trooper William Alston, Texas Highway Patrol in Canton, and Trooper Marco Caro, Texas Highway Patrol in Odessa, each received a Director's Citation for their help in apprehending a fugitive and protecting the lives of civilians. On Oct. 25, 2013, the ...
Tue, 05 Aug 2014 08:00:00 -0700
Survivors include her husband, Venson Chinn, Sr.; a son Venson (Dana) Chinn, Jr. of Edgefield; mother, Frances Alston of Philadelphia, Penn.; two sisters, Mariah Allen of Edgefield and Teretha(Julius) Williams of Philadelphia; four brothers, William ...
Greater Greater Washington
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 10:15:27 -0700
The work from it and other property owners herald a larger regeneration reverberating throughout the neighborhood. "There are 3 types of people," said local activist William Alston-El, who first introduced me to the back story of 2010 14th Street SE ...
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