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Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero (January 22, 1911 - April 28, 1995) was a Filipino playwright, director, teacher and theater artist. Guerrero wrote well over 100 plays, 41 of which have been published. His unpublished plays have either been broadcast over the radio or staged in various parts of the Philippines.

His plays can be found in various anthologies: 13 Plays (first published in 1947), 8 Other Plays (1952), 7 More Plays (1962), 12 New Plays (1975), My Favorite 11 Plays (1976), 4 Latest Plays (1980), and Retribution and eight other selected plays (1990). Guerrero also published a family memoir, The Guerreros of Ermita (1988).

Guerrero taught and trained many notable figures in the Philippine Performing Arts: Behn Cervantes, Celia Diaz-Laurel, Joy Virata, and Joonee Gamboa.[1]

Biography[edit]

Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero was born in Ermita, Manila. He wrote his first play at the age of 14 in Spanish, entitled, "No Todo Es Risa." This play was produced at the Ateneo de Manila University when he was 15.

Guerrero worked as a reporter and proofreader for La Vanguardia, a Spanish newspaper, and as a drama critic for the Manila Tribune. He also worked for some time in the Philippine film industry as a scriptwriter. He served as director of the Filipino Players from 1941-1947. In 1947 he was appointed as Director of the Dramatic Club at the University of the Philippines despite not having a degree, and he held that position for sixteen years.[2]

In 1962, he organized and directed the U.P. Mobile Theater, which travels around the Philippines to give performances.[2]

Several of Guerrero's plays have been translated into and produced in Chinese, Italian, Spanish, Tagalog, Visayan, Ilocano and Waray. Six of his plays have been produced abroad: "Half an Hour in a Convent" at the Pasadena Playhouse, California; "Three Rats" at the University of Kansas; "Condemned" in Oahu, Hawaii; "One, Two, Three" (premiere performance) at the University of Washington, Seattle; "Wanted: A Chaperon" at the University of Hawaii; and "Conflict" in Sydney, Australia.[2]

He is the first Filipino to have a theater named after him within his lifetime: The Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero Theater of the University of the Philippines.[2]

His Life as a Child

Guerrero grew up in an affluent family. His father, Manuel Severino Guerrero, was renowned for having a “clinical eye” which could diagnose illness just by studying a person’s outside appearance. His father's clientele included some of Manila’s richest denizens: Brias Roxas, the Ayalas, Pardo de Taveras, the Zobels, the Roceses, the Osmeñas, the Alberts, et al. As a result, the young Wilfrido enjoyed a comfortable upbringing along with his brothers Renato, Edmundo, Lorenzo, and Manuel. As indicative of their social status, the Guerrero children were forbidden to eat with their hands (custom in certain households) and to converse in Tagalog.

Guerrero was nearly seven when his father died. His father bequeathed the family their home at Plaza Ferguson, two cars (which his mother sold), and a Php10,000 life insurance payout. Five months after the funeral, the surviving family rented the first floor of the house belonging to his cousins, the Mossesgelds, for Php50.00. His mother in turn rented the Plaza Ferguson home to an American family to generate income.

Guerrero and his brothers attended high school at the Ateneo in Intramuros. They became choristers to receive free tuition, but this required their presence at Mass every day. Even with their tuition exempt (Php60.00 per semester), they still needed money to purchase their textbooks.

Guerrero completed his first play, the one-act "No Todo Es Risa," during his second year of high school. He showed it to the late Father Juan Trinidad, S.J. (who at that time was translating the Bible into Tagalog), who decided to stage it for their Father Rector’s (Fr. O’Brien) birthday.

By Wilfrido's third year at the Ateneo, he purportedly had his fill of hearing daily Mass. This emboldened him to approach Don Alejandro Roces, Sr., a patient of his father and husband of a close friend of his mother. Having heard Guerrero's proposal in his office at the Manila Tribune, Don Alejandro readily agreed, thereby paying Guerrero's tuition for his last two years in high school and ostensibly freeing him from daily Mass.


Why He Started Writing

It was Guerrero's favorite aunt, Maria Araceli, who discovered his writing ability. When he was 12 or 13 she noticed him writing on scraps of paper and then hiding them inside his cabinet drawer.

After his aunt's death, Guerrero wrote some of his most popular comedies, "Movie Artists," "Basketball Fight," and "Wanted: A Chaperone." He also made her the basis for the principal characters in "Forever" (Maria Teresa) and "Frustrations" (Maria Araceli). “Both women are like my aunt: imperious, strong-willed, wise, but also humane,” he wrote.[2]

Awards[edit]

Guerrero received three national awards: the Rizal Pro-Patria Award in 1961, the Araw ng Maynila Award in 1969, and the Republic Cultural Heritage Award in 1972.

The U.P. Mobile Theater received two awards when he was director: The Citizen's Council for Mass Media Trophy (1966) and the Balagtas Award (1969).[2]

In 1997, Guerrero was posthumously distinguished as a National Artist for Philippine Theatre.[3]

References[edit]

Specific[edit]

  1. ^ About Culture and Arts
  2. ^ a b c d e f Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero
  3. ^ Guerrero, Wilfrido Ma. The Guerreros of Ermita: Family History and Personal Memoirs.Quezon City: New Day Publishers, 1988.

External links[edit]

See also[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilfrido_Ma._Guerrero — Please support Wikipedia.
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359 videos foundNext > 

Forever by: Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero

a project made by my classmates Ly Nikolai Datan as Ernesto Genee Mar Bobias as Maria Teresa Martha Kaye Sayson as Ernesting(Martha in the movie) Christian Rey Lopernes as Oscar Mary Jane...

The Condemned Film Adaptation by Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero

A film adaptation as our entry for our Speech Fest last October 9, 2013 wherein we won five awards; 2nd Runner-up Best Film Adaptation, Best Sounds, Best Screen Play, Best Performing Actor...

Wanted: CHAPERON by Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero

EFR1-3 Production: "Condemned"

Condemned, a play written by Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero. It was first performed at Capital Theater and was directed by Fernando Poe Sr in 1944. This year, summer of 2012 EFR1-3 had their own version...

Call Me Flory (LIT 1-C, UP Cebu Play Film Fest 2012)

Call Me Flory by Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero (Quality was lowered from 2.8 GB to 57 MB O_O)

forever directed by Christian A. Villamor

written by Wilfredo Ma. Guerrero.

Condemned by Wilfredo Ma. Guerrero

THE CONDEMNED - WILFREDO MA. GUERRERO

The Characters: Vinz Dejan as Pablo Princess Elizabeth Capacia as Angela Nicole Bernardino as Cristina Jarred Ilao as Father Lim Allisa Cabria as Simeon Jane Navorra as Andres Micah Bautista...

Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero's "Three Rats" - Plot (SY12111)

Group 3's Finals Project to be submitted to Prof. Michael F. Tidon Please dont judge our amateur short film skills! Feel free to leave comments though :)

Condemned by Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero

Movie Project in Literature Far Eastern University.

359 videos foundNext > 

117 news items

 
Inquirer.net
Wed, 21 Jan 2015 08:10:38 -0800

Today, Jan. 22, is the 104th birth anniversary of Wilfrido “Freddie” Ma. Guerrero. He passed on 20 years ago, and I wonder: Who remembers what he has contributed to Philippine theater? Who among his colleagues and students at the University of the ...
 
Inquirer.net
Thu, 09 Feb 2012 07:33:45 -0800

MANILA, Philippines—In celebration of National Artist for Theatre Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero's birth centennial and to cap its 36th Season, Dulaang UP presents one of his most celebrated works, “The Forsaken House,” under the direction of multi-awarded ...
 
ABS CBN News
Tue, 20 Jan 2015 02:30:07 -0800

Ohm David - Ang Nawalang Kapatid - Dulaang UP. Best Sound Design (Musical/Play) Tony Meola - Wicked - Lunchbox Theatrical Productions. Best Theater Company Dulaang UP. Best Theatrical Venue Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero Theater, UP Diliman ...

Philippine Star

Philippine Star
Sun, 23 Nov 2014 07:45:00 -0800

“I felt I was time warped when I entered (the Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero Theater at the UPD's Palma Hall). I was transported back to the time when I was doing plays for Dulaang UP in the early '90s. I was doing plays until 1993 like Tempest of William ...

Inquirer.net

Inquirer.net
Sun, 22 Feb 2015 11:52:25 -0800

Labad said he was influenced by the Ilonggo musical couple Gilopez Kabayao and his wife, who used to perform musical concerts all over the country inside cockpit arenas. He added he was also inspired by the Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero Theater of the ...
 
Inquirer.net
Sun, 15 Mar 2015 10:37:30 -0700

Rody Vera's “Bilanggo ng Pagibig” was a powerful for-adults-only play (Dulaang UP, Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero Theater), directed with vivid imagery by Jose Estrella. It was inspired by “Prisoner of Love,” the memoirs of Jean Genet: inmate, thief, male ...

Inquirer.net

Inquirer.net
Wed, 14 Jan 2015 00:03:45 -0800

The play runs from February 11 to March 1, 2015 at the Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero Theater, 2nd Floor, Palma Hall, U.P. Diliman. For tickets, sponsorships, and show buying inquiries, call Samanta Hannah Clarin or Camille Guevara 926-1349, 433-7840, 981-8500 ...
 
GMA News
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 23:56:15 -0700

"Measure for Measure"/"Hakbang sa Hakbang" runs from August 20 to September 7 at the Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero Theater, Palma Hall, University of the Philippines Diliman. The performance dates are as follows: First week (English) August 20, 21 and 22 - 7 ...
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