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Welfarism is a form of consequentialism. Like all forms of consequentialism, welfarism is based on the premise that actions, policies, and/or rules should be evaluated on the basis of their consequences. Welfarism is the view that the morally significant consequences are impacts on human (or animal) welfare. There are many different understandings of human welfare, but the term "welfarism" is usually associated with the economic conception of welfare.[citation needed] Economists usually think of individual welfare in terms of utility functions. Social welfare can be conceived as an aggregation of individual utilities or utility functions. Welfarism can be contrasted to other consequentialist theories, such as classical utilitarianism, which takes utility among agents as directly accessible and measurable.

Welfarist views have been especially influential in the law and economics movement.[citation needed] Steven Shavell and Louis Kaplow have argued in an influential book, Fairness versus Welfare that welfare should be the exclusive criteria by which legal analysts evaluate legal policy choices.[1]

Penal welfarism[edit]

Penal welfarism is a theory in the field of criminal justice, which holds that prisoners should have the right and the positive motivation to gain opportunities for advancement within the criminal justice system.[2]

Outcome utilitarianism, welfarism, and sum-ranking[edit]

Sen (1979) provides the following two definitions:

"Welfarism: The judgment of the relative goodness of alternative states of affairs must be based exclusively on, and taken as an increasing function of, the respective collections of individual utilities in these states."

"Sum-ranking: One collection of individual utilities is at least as good as another if and only if it has at least as large a sum total."

Sen makes the statement: "It is easily checked that welfarism and sum-ranking together are exactly equivalent to outcome utilitarianism." He then proceeds to criticize outcome utilitarianism by criticizing each of its two components: first sum-ranking, and then welfarism.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Louis Kaplow and Steven Shavell, Fairness versus Welfare (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press 2002) ISBN 0-674-00622-4
  2. ^ Garland - the crisis of penal modernism

Bibliography[edit]

  • Amartya Sen, 'Utilitarianism and Welfarism' in The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 76, No. 9 pp. 463-489. 1979.

External links[edit]


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264 news items

RT

RT
Tue, 30 Sep 2014 11:33:45 -0700

Supporters of liberty should cheer the growth in support for secession, as it is the ultimate rejection of centralized government and the ideologies of Keynesianism, welfarism and militarism.” Paul goes on to cite a recent Reuters/Ipsos poll that found ...
 
Project Syndicate
Tue, 30 Sep 2014 06:41:15 -0700

The third idea is modern welfarism. The state can and should redistribute income and wealth, but in doing so it should not weaken incentives to work and to save. Instead of simply providing handouts, governments should strive to guarantee good jobs at ...
 
Ottawaherald.com
Mon, 29 Sep 2014 13:48:45 -0700

Even though it ultimately failed at the ballot box, the recent campaign for Scottish independence should cheer supporters of the numerous secession movements springing up around the globe. In the weeks leading up to the referendum, it appeared that the ...

Eurasia Review

Eurasia Review
Sun, 28 Sep 2014 15:18:45 -0700

Supporters of liberty should cheer the growth in support for secession, as it is the ultimate rejection of centralized government and the ideologies of Keynesianism, welfarism, and militarism. Widespread acceptance of the principle of peaceful ...

Eurasia Review

Eurasia Review
Tue, 30 Sep 2014 11:33:45 -0700

Supporters of liberty should cheer the growth in support for secession, as it is the ultimate rejection of centralized government and the ideologies of Keynesianism, welfarism and militarism.” Paul goes on to cite a recent Reuters/Ipsos poll that found ...

The Detroit News

The Detroit News
Fri, 26 Sep 2014 04:37:30 -0700

Students march to the Government House in Hong Kong on Thursday to push the Chief Executive to acknowledge the grievances during what democracy activists say will be a wider campaign of civil disobedience against Beijing's refusal to grant the city ...
 
Conservative Home
Fri, 26 Sep 2014 22:26:15 -0700

The Left's blind faith in the State allowed school standards to fall unchecked; it promoted generations of welfarism that trapped the weakest in poverty; it caused the excessive public spending that brought this country to the edge of bankruptcy. ‏Ed ...
 
Politics.co.uk (blog)
Tue, 23 Sep 2014 04:48:45 -0700

The irony is that Labour's brand remains largely untainted. Unlike the Tories, it is still considered in just-about-positive terms. Surveys of the young find them to be very critical of welfarism, and yet even here they are far more positive towards ...
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