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Welfarism is a form of consequentialism. Like all forms of consequentialism, welfarism is based on the premise that actions, policies, and/or rules should be evaluated on the basis of their consequences. Welfarism is the view that the morally significant consequences are impacts on human (or animal) welfare. There are many different understandings of human welfare, but the term "welfarism" is usually associated with the economic conception of welfare.[citation needed] Economists usually think of individual welfare in terms of utility functions. Social welfare can be conceived as an aggregation of individual utilities or utility functions. Welfarism can be contrasted to other consequentialist theories, such as classical utilitarianism, which takes utility among agents as directly accessible and measurable.

Welfarist views have been especially influential in the law and economics movement.[citation needed] Steven Shavell and Louis Kaplow have argued in an influential book, Fairness versus Welfare that welfare should be the exclusive criteria by which legal analysts evaluate legal policy choices.[1]

Penal welfarism[edit]

Penal welfarism is a theory in the field of criminal justice, which holds that prisoners should have the right and the positive motivation to gain opportunities for advancement within the criminal justice system.[2]

Outcome utilitarianism, welfarism, and sum-ranking[edit]

Sen (1979) provides the following two definitions:

"Welfarism: The judgment of the relative goodness of alternative states of affairs must be based exclusively on, and taken as an increasing function of, the respective collections of individual utilities in these states."

"Sum-ranking: One collection of individual utilities is at least as good as another if and only if it has at least as large a sum total."

Sen makes the statement: "It is easily checked that welfarism and sum-ranking together are exactly equivalent to outcome utilitarianism." He then proceeds to criticize outcome utilitarianism by criticizing each of its two components: first sum-ranking, and then welfarism.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Louis Kaplow and Steven Shavell, Fairness versus Welfare (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press 2002) ISBN 0-674-00622-4
  2. ^ Garland - the crisis of penal modernism

Bibliography[edit]

  • Amartya Sen, 'Utilitarianism and Welfarism' in The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 76, No. 9 pp. 463-489. 1979.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welfarism — Please support Wikipedia.
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Huffington Post

Huffington Post
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 09:41:15 -0700

In our own age, feral forms of capitalism, which after the Depression were defanged by social-welfarism in the west and protectionist economies elsewhere, have turned into an elemental force. Thus, nation-states already struggling against secessionist ...
 
Antiwar.com (blog)
Sat, 18 Oct 2014 10:32:08 -0700

The key to his success was his ability to show the connections among the mercantilism, imperialism, regulation of business, welfarism, and government spending, inflation, and debt. One thing that made it easy for him to reach people of diverse ...

TODAYonline

TODAYonline
Fri, 17 Oct 2014 13:09:59 -0700

SINGAPORE — While the Republic's first Prime Minister, Mr Lee Kuan Yew, was “against welfarism as a blunt instrument of redistributing wealth, and rightly so” — as Mr Lawrence Wong, Minister for Culture, Community and Youth, put it — the Government ...
 
AllAfrica.com
Sat, 18 Oct 2014 05:11:15 -0700

I am a profound and unrepentant student of the Awoist philosophy of welfarism. I also believe in social justice as a politician, with absolute respect for the rule of law. What do you think is the way out of the ongoing Boko Haram insurgency? As it ...
 
AllAfrica.com
Sat, 18 Oct 2014 16:03:45 -0700

While delivering his inaugural speech Thursday October 16, Governor Ayodele Fayose of Ekiti State clearly depicted the stature of a populist. But it did not quite come out as clearly if Fayose realised that populism, as a weapon of political domination ...
 
Daily News & Analysis
Thu, 16 Oct 2014 16:45:38 -0700

Party president Sonia Gandhi and the National Advisory Council (NAC) were particularly targeted for promoting welfarism and not economic growth. The food security bill came in for stringent criticism, its critics denouncing the bill for further ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Mon, 13 Oct 2014 22:00:39 -0700

In our own age, feral forms of capitalism, which after the Depression were defanged by social-welfarism in the west and protectionist economies elsewhere, have turned into an elemental force. Thus, nation-states already struggling against secessionist ...

spyghana.com

spyghana.com
Wed, 15 Oct 2014 17:56:15 -0700

Do we go bequeathing the melody of Nigeria that is to be great and to be great without our citizenry welfarism? I just feared for the day the game may be up for my Joseph and or the day the Pharaohs that do not know him will assumed the mantle of ...
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