|Town and union council|
Railway Station ... from the times of the British
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
Wan Bhachran (Urdu: واں بهچراں), is a town and union council, an administrative sub division, of Mianwali District in Punjab province of Pakistan. It is part of Mianwali Tehsil. The word 'Wan' means 'a well' in Saraiki language whereas 'Bhachran' refers to the Bhachar clan that is prevalent in this part of the region.
The word "Wan" means a water well referring to Baoli, built by Sher Shah Suri in the 16th century. He built similar structures on every route his army followed. This Baoli was source of fresh water not only for humans but it was built in a way that animals as huge as an elephants could go down to drink water directly from the Well. The people started settling in the area due to availability of fresh water and the first tribe which settled there was "Bachar Tribe", which contributed to the name of "Wan Bhachran" to this place meaning "The Well of Bhachars". According to reliable sources, the place was named as "Khichi" before the colonial period but was later recognized as "Wan Bhachran". Bhachar, Ghanjera, Rajput and Miana are very main tribes of this area.
Wan Bhacran is now a modern town with Higher Secondary School for Boys and Girls schools up to Matric. It has its own Digital Telephone Exchange and serves as a hub for many small villages around. The name of Wan Bhachran is well known in the politics of Mianwali District, as on several occasions, candidates from Wan Bhacran have been elected as member of Provincial Assembly.
The "Baoli" (water well) is still there, though water wells are no more in use and the condition of the Well is deteriorating. Appropriate measures should be taken to preserve the Well as a historical monument.
Tribes and castes
1) Rajput The Rajputs are migrated. They state that their original home was in the Hindustan. Rajputs are very famous because of real bravery and real strength.
2) Bhachar The Bhachars are Awan. They state that their original home was in the Gujrat District, whence they moved, first to Buggi Bhooki near Girot in Sargodha District, and later to their present site, which was chosen on account of the "wan" or large well said to be built by the Emperor Sher Shah Suri. These wells were placed at intervals of about a day's march apart on the road from Gujrat to Bannu and the North West Frontier Province. The name "Bhachar" seems to have been a form of endearment applied to them by some forgotten Pir. Their circumstances have been much changed of late, owing to their discovery that the soil of Thal was most suitable for the cultivation of gram Mari Shah Sakhira is other most suitable place for the crop of grams. In appearance and general characteristics, they resemble the people of the Mianwali District. Bhachar have seven sub divisions Tar Khel, Bandial, Gungial, Muhammad Khel, Sui, Dhurai and Waddu Khel
3)Ghanjera tribe is much famous because of bravery and strength.They came from ShahPur near jehlam river. Ghanjera tribe dominate in the politics of this area and have vast majority,There are above than 9 villages of Ghanjera tribe surrounding the Wan Bhachran but Pakka Ghanjera is their native village, Ghanjera is very strong tribe in the area and effects the politics of area.Hazrat Khawaj Noor Muhammad Ghanjera is the famous saint and he belongs to Ghanjera tribe.
|Pictures of Wan Bhachran|