|WWE Monday Night Raw|
|Created by||Vince McMahon|
|Opening theme||"The Night" by Kromestatik|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||21|
|No. of episodes||1,042 (as of May 13, 2013)|
|Camera setup||Multicamera setup|
|Running time||3 hours (including commercials)|
|Original channel||TNN/Spike TV (2000 – 2005 )
USA Network (1993 – 2000 ; 2005 – present)
|Picture format||480i (SDTV)
|Original run||January 11, 1993 – present|
|Related shows||WWE SmackDown
WWE Main Event
WWE Saturday Morning Slam
WWE Raw (also advertised as WWE Monday Night Raw) is a professional wrestling television program that currently airs on the USA Network in the United States and originally debuted on January 11, 1993. It remained there until 2000, when Raw was moved to TNN, later known as Spike TV. In 2005, the show was moved back to the USA Network. Since its launch in 1993, Raw continues to air on Monday nights. Raw is generally seen as the company's flagship program due to its prolific history, high ratings, weekly three-hour live format, and emphasis on pay-per-views.
Since its first episode, WWE Raw has been broadcast live from 203 different arenas, in 169 cities and towns, in ten different nations (the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Afghanistan in 2005, Iraq in 2006 and 2007, South Africa in 1997, Germany in 1997, Japan in 2005, Italy in 2007, and Mexico in 2011). As of the show's 1,000th episode, airing on July 23, 2012, Raw has become a three-hour broadcast, a format that had previously been reserved for special episodes.
Show history 
Original format 
Beginning as WWF Monday Night Raw, the program first aired on January 11, 1993. It aired on the USA Network for one hour. The original Raw broke new ground in televised professional wrestling. Traditionally, wrestling shows were taped on sound stages with small audiences or at large arena shows. The Raw formula was very different than that of its predecessor, Prime Time Wrestling. Instead of taped matches, with studio voice overs and taped discussion, Raw was a show shot and aired to a live audience, with angles playing out as they happened. The first episode featured Yokozuna defeating Koko B. Ware in the opening match, The Steiner Brothers defeating The Executioners, WWF Intercontinental Champion Shawn Michaels defeating Max Moon and The Undertaker defeating Damien Demento. The show also featured an interview with Razor Ramon and an appearance by Doink the Clown.
Raw originated from the Grand Ballroom at Manhattan Center Studios, a small New York City theater, and aired live each week. The combination of an intimate venue and live action proved highly successful. However, the weekly live schedule proved to be a financial drain on the WWF, and taped shows began airing every other week. From early 1994 to September 1999 (and used occasionally in case of Monday being Independence Day, Christmas Eve, or Christmas Day), Raw was shown live on one Monday and then the next day (Tuesday) next Monday's Raw was taped. This meant that Raw was live one week and taped the next.
Raw, uniquely in its day, featured competitive matches between top level wrestlers and championship matches, and was tag-lined as "Uncut, Uncensored, Uncooked."
Vince McMahon, Rob Bartlett and Randy Savage served as the original hosts of Raw. Sean Mooney conducted the interviews and Bobby "The Brain" Heenan also helped contribute. Raw also originally featured the Raw Girls; ladies who would parade signs around the ring in between matches that often used the term "Raw" in a pun (as in "Open Wide and Say Raw", among others). After about a year, Raw moved out of the Manhattan Center and traveled to various regular WWF venues in the United States.
The Monday Night Wars and Raw is War 
In 1995, World Championship Wrestling (WCW) began airing its new wrestling show, WCW Monday Nitro, live each week on TNT. Raw and Nitro went head-to-head for the first time on September 11, 1995. Due to Raw's taping schedule on several occasions, WCW Vice President Eric Bischoff, who also worked as an on-air authority figure, would frequently give away the results of WWF's taped Raw shows on the live WCW show. Some fans also looked at Raw taping results on the steadily growing Internet; this caused the ratings of the taped Raw episodes to decrease.
At the start of the ratings war in 1995 through to mid-1996, Raw and Nitro exchanged victories over each other in a closely contested rivalry. Beginning in mid-1996, however, thanks primarily to the nWo angle, Nitro started a ratings win-streak that lasted for 84 consecutive weeks, ending on April 13, 1998.
Controversy erupted on the November 4, 1996 episode when Brian Pillman, engaged in a feud with Steve Austin, pulled a gun on Austin during a home-invasion segment. Pillman was also heard using the word "fuck" during the segment, which, due to the live nature of Raw, went uncensored. Executives at USA Network were not pleased with the episodeand forced the WWF and Pillman to apologize for the incident.
On February 3, 1997, Monday Night Raw went to a two-hour format, as an edgier, more hostile attitude was starting to come in full stream in the WWF. In an attempt to break the momentum of what had turned into ratings domination by Nitro, Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW) was brought in as Jerry Lawler challenged ECW on February 17, 1997. In an episode where Raw returned to the Manhattan Center, the challenge was answered with Taz, Mikey Whipwreck, Sabu, Tommy Dreamer, D-Von Dudley, and The Sandman and "ECW Representative" Paul Heyman appearing and performing ECW-style matches for the WWF audience.
On March 3, 1997, a house show from Berlin, Germany; which was filmed with few cameras and poor lighting and featured an array of cold matches with no storyline builds to them, aired as that week's episode of Raw. The show was very poorly received by fans (earning only a 1.9 rating, one of the lowest the show has ever recorded) and WWF executives, alike. The following week, Raw was completely revamped with a new set, new theme music (originally The Beautiful People by Marilyn Manson, later a WWF-created song), and was renamed Raw is War. The March 17, 1997 episode featured a heated Bret Hart/Vince McMahon altercation where Hart shoved McMahon to the mat and engaged in a profanity-laden tirade, much of which went uncensored.
Throughout 1997, further controversial elements emerged with Raw and WWF programming. Notable angles included Bret Hart and his Hart Foundation declaring war on the United States life-style, Paul Bearer delivering an intense promo on June 30 claiming that The Undertaker's brother Kane was still alive after surviving a house fire twenty years prior and claiming that the Undertaker had started it, gang warfare between the Nation of Domination, the Disciples of Apocalypse and Los Boricuas erupting in the summer, Steve Austin's building feud with WWF executives, and primarily Vince McMahon (who was being known as the legit owner of the World Wrestling Federation), and the emergence of D-Generation X as an anti-establishment group.
After WrestleMania XIV in March 1998, which featured Mike Tyson as a ring enforcer, and Shawn Michaels final match up until 2002, the WWF regained the lead in the Monday Night Wars with its new "WWF Attitude" brand, led in particular by rising stars Steve Austin, The Rock, Triple H and Mankind. The classic feud between the WWF Chairman Vince McMahon and fan favorite Steve Austin caught the interest of fans. The April 13, 1998 episode of Raw, headlined by a match between Austin and McMahon, marked the first time that WCW had lost the head-to-head Monday night ratings battle in the 84 weeks since 1996.
On Raw, fans were immersed in the feud between Vince McMahon and Steve Austin, while superstars like Triple H, Mankind and The Rock were gradually elevated to main event status in the WWF. Other superstars such as Kane, Val Venis, the New Age Outlaws, and Edge among others were coming through the ranks and exposing the WWF as territory where new talent could ascend, as opposed to WCW. Matters were so heated between the two programs that, when both shows were in the Hampton Roads area on the same night (Raw in Hampton, Virginia, Nitro in Norfolk, Virginia), DX was sent to film a "war" segment at the Norfolk Scope where they berated WCW and interviewed fans on camera who stated that they received their Nitro tickets for free (presumably in an attempt by WCW to pack the arena to capacity due to low ticket sales).
On January 4, 1999, Mick Foley, who had wrestled for WCW during the early 1990s as Cactus Jack, won the WWF Title as Mankind on Raw. On orders from Bischoff, Nitro announcer Tony Schiavone gave away this previously taped result on a live Nitro, and then sarcastically added "that's gonna put some butts in the seats" consequently resulting in over 600,000 viewers switching channels to watch Raw. This was also the night that Nitro aired a WCW World Heavyweight Championship match in which Kevin Nash blatantly laid down for Hulk Hogan after Hogan poked him in the chest.
Tragedy befell the World Wrestling Federation at the Over the Edge pay-per-view on May 23, 1999 when Owen Hart tragically perished in an in-ring stunt gone wrong. The following night on Raw, the entire episode was dedicated to the memory of Hart with various WWF personalities delivering out-of-character comments on the accident. While the episode was the second highest rated edition of Raw up to that point, it was regarded by several critics (including Hart's brother, Bret) as being in bad taste.
On September 27, 1999, Mick Foley helped Raw achieve some of its highest ratings ever with a segment featuring himself (as Mankind) and The Rock. In a send-up of the old This Is Your Life series, Mankind presented people from The Rock's past, such as a home economics teacher, gym teacher and old high school girlfriend, all of whom were hilariously rejected by The Rock. The This is Your Life segment remains one of the highest rated segments in Raw viewership history, with an 8.4 rating.
The end of the Wars 
WCW's sharp decline in revenue and ratings led to Time Warner's sale of the company to the WWF in March 2001. The final edition of Nitro aired on March 26, 2001. The show began with Vince McMahon making a short statement about his recent purchase of WCW and ended with a simulcast with Raw on TNN and Nitro on TNT with an appearance by Vince's son Shane. The younger McMahon interrupted his father's gloating over the WCW purchase to explain that Shane was the one who actually owned WCW, setting up what became the WWF's "Invasion" storyline. Following the sale of WCW and the events of September 11, 2001, the Raw is War title was quietly retired and the program was known simply as Raw.
"Brand Extension" 
In early-to-mid-2002, the WWF underwent a process they called the "Brand Extension". The WWF divided itself into two de facto wrestling promotions with separate rosters, storylines and authority figures. Raw and SmackDown! would host each division, give its name to the division and essentially compete against each other. The split came about as a result of the WWF purchasing their two biggest competitors, WCW and ECW. The brand extension was publicly announced by Linda McMahon during a telecast of Raw on March 25, 2002, and became official the next day. Shortly thereafter, the WWF was legally required to change the name of the company to World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE).
Wrestlers became show-exclusive, wrestling for their specific show only. At the time this excluded the WWE Undisputed Championship and WWE Women's Championship, as those WWE titles would be defended on both shows. In August 2002, WWE Undisputed Champion Brock Lesnar refused to defend the title on Raw, in effect causing his title to become exclusive to SmackDown! The following week on Raw, General Manager Eric Bischoff awarded a newly instated World Heavyweight Championship to Raw's designated number one contender, Triple H. Because the WWE Undisputed Championship was now SmackDown! exclusive, it was no longer seen as "undisputed". Following this, the WWE Women's Championship soon became Raw-exclusive as well. As a result of the Brand Extension, an annual "draft lottery" was instituted to exchange members of each roster and generally refresh the lineups.
Return to USA Network 
On March 10, 2005, Viacom and WWE decided not to go on with the agreement with Spike TV, effectively ending Raw and other WWE programs's tenure on the network when their deal expired in September 2005. On April 4, 2005, WWE announced a three-year deal with NBCUniversal to bring Raw back to its former home, the USA Network, with two yearly specials on NBC and a Spanish Raw on Telemundo. On the same week as Raw's return to the USA Network, Spike TV scheduled Ultimate Fighting Championship's live Ultimate Fight Night in Raw's old timeslot in an attempt to go head-to-head with Raw.
The show's first night back on USA was billed as the "WWE Homecoming", a three-hour special, and featured the return of former WWE Champions such as Hulk Hogan, Steve Austin, Shawn Michaels, Mick Foley, Triple H and Vince McMahon, along with cameos from legends such as Roddy Piper, Jimmy Hart, Jimmy Snuka and Harley Race. Also, it featured a 30 minute Iron Man match between Shawn Michaels and Kurt Angle. USA also showed Raw Exposed, an hour of the best moments of Raw during its previous run on USA. WWE announced that Raw received its highest ratings in three years, gaining close to six million viewers. On-camera, the show began to be referred to as "Monday Night Raw" again.
During the September 25, 2006 episode of Raw in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, the opening of Raw suffered a blackout. Spotlights were the only lights running in the house, thus the opening match (between Lita and Candice Michelle) was contested in the dark. Power in the presentation was later restored. Another similar moment happened back on May 26, 1996 in Florence, South Carolina for WWF In Your House 8: Beware of Dog, when a major thunderstorm hit the Florence Civic Center causing major chaos for the PPV. That Tuesday, Beware of Dog, returned to North Charleston, South Carolina to finish out three matches that were not shown because of the lost power feed. That October, Raw held a three-hour season premiere called the "Raw Family Reunion", where the Raw brand debuted a new logo and theme song, Papa Roach's "...To Be Loved". The episode also featured talent from the SmackDown! and ECW brands. Later that month, on October 23, Raw aired its 700th episode, according to the WWE making it the longest running weekly entertainment show, without a hiatus, in television history, though this claim has been disputed.
On June 25, 2007, Raw was scheduled in Corpus Christi, Texas to be a three-hour special memorial show for the storyline death of the Mr. McMahon character. Two weeks earlier, the show had broadcast an angle in which Mr. McMahon was presumably murdered by a bomb planted within his limousine. The 'Mr. McMahon' tribute was cancelled on the day it was due to air after the real life death of Chris Benoit and his family. The show was hastily canceled, the audience denied entrance to the arena, and became a three-hour tribute to Benoit, airing highlights from the WWE DVD 'Hard Knocks: The Chris Benoit Story', and a selection of Benoit's most famous matches. Several wrestlers paid tribute in the form of real interviews about him, and Vince McMahon broke character to address the viewers about what had happened. However, when the facts of Benoit's death came to light, WWE pulled this episode from international markets which aired Raw on a tape delay basis. Several channels announced the episode was being withheld for legal reasons. A substitute Raw, hosted by Todd Grisham from WWE Studios, was created featuring recaps of John Cena's WWE Championship victories, mainly the ones that had occurred over the past year. The episode started with a message from Vince McMahon which originally aired on the June 26 edition of ECW. Some countries that received WWE programming up to three weeks late had all Chris Benoit matches edited out.
In December 2007, Raw celebrated its 15th anniversary in a three-hour spectacular on the USA Network. The Raw 15th Anniversary DVD was also released which featured some of the most memorable moments in Raw history. In 2013, the "Raw" episode directly following WrestleMania 29 was noted as having various memorable moments involving chants from the event's vocal crowd.
During the 1,000th episode of Raw, "The Night" by Kromestatik, was debuted as the theme for Raw while "Energy" by Shinedown serves as the secondary theme song. From November 16, 2009 to July 23, 2012, the theme song for the Raw brand was "Burn It to the Ground" by Nickelback. Prior to this, the theme song for Raw was "...To Be Loved" by Papa Roach, which had been used since October 9, 2006 and "Across The Nation" by The Union Underground which was used from April 1, 2002 to October 2, 2006. The rap outro of "Thorn In Your Eye" featuring Scott Ian of Anthrax was the theme song from 1998 to March 25, 2002.
Since March 10, 1997, broadcasts of Raw were split into two hours and given hourly names for television ratings purposes, with the first hour being referred to as Raw is War and the second as War Zone by the show's on-screen graphics. However, as of October 1, 2001, the first hour has been referred to as Raw and the second as Raw Zone by the show's on-screen graphics. However, both hours are known as just "Raw" on-air. On May 17, 2012, WWE and USA Network announced that Raw would switch to a permanent three-hour format beginning with the 1,000th episode on July 23, 2012.
Special episodes 
Throughout its broadcast history, the show has aired editions that have different themes. Some of them are yearly events such as the WWE Draft and the Slammy Awards. Others include tributes to various professional wrestlers who have recently died or retired from actively performing, as well as episodes commemorating various show milestones or anniversaries.
On-air personalities 
The show features various on-air personalities including the wrestlers themselves, ring announcers, commentators and on-screen authority figures. Raw also has had various recurring on-air segments hosted by members of the roster.
|Championship||Current champion(s)||Date won||Event||Previous champion(s)|
|WWE Championship||John Cena||April 7, 2013||WrestleMania 29||The Rock|
|World Heavyweight Championship||Dolph Ziggler||April 8, 2013||Raw||Alberto Del Rio|
|Intercontinental Championship||Wade Barrett||April 8, 2013||Raw||The Miz|
|United States Championship||Kofi Kingston||April 15, 2013||Raw||Antonio Cesaro|
|Tag Team Championship||Team Hell No
(Kane & Daniel Bryan)
|September 16, 2012||Night of Champions||Kofi Kingston & R-Truth|
|Divas Championship||Kaitlyn||January 14, 2013||Raw 20th Anniversary Special||Eve Torres|
International broadcasters 
The show airs live on the USA Network (and on tape delay Wednesdays on mun2 in English, Saturdays on Universal HD, and Sundays on mun2 in Spanish (Morning broadcast) and in the original English (5pm Eastern broadcast) in the United States). Occasionally, Raw is aired on same-day tape delay when WWE is on an overseas tour. Raw is also shown live on Sky Sports 3 in the UK and Ireland and on Sky Sport 2 in Italy. Sky Deutschland in Germany began airing Raw live and in HD on February 14, 2011. Raw has also been airing live in Mexico on TVC Deportes since October 6, 2008 and on over-the-air network Canal 5 since June 18, 2012.
See also 
- "WWE: The Night (Monday Night Raw Official Theme Song) - Single". iTunes. Retrieved 2012-12-10.
- "WWE Raw". YouTube. Retrieved 2010-06-24.
- "USA Network". USA Network. Retrieved 2008-01-21.
- Ducey, Cliff (1993-01-10). "Inside Wrestling WCW shows aFlair for the dramatic". Boston Herald. Retrieved 2009-08-21.
- "WWE TV Shows". WWE Corporate. WWE. Retrieved 2009-07-20.
- "WWF Raw Is War to Premiere on TNN September 25". PR Newswire. 2000-09-20. Retrieved 2009-08-21.
- "WWE's RAW Returns to USA Network". WWE. 2005-05-04. Archived from the original on December 2, 2008. Retrieved 2009-08-21.
- "WWE Raw". Lycos Retriever. Archived from the original on June 2, 2009.
- "WWF TV Taping @ Johannesburg", from WrestlingData.com
- "WWF TV Taping @ Berlin", from WrestlingData.com
- February 7,2005 RAW Results, from OnlineWorldofWrestling.com
- April 16, 2007 RAW results, from Wrestleview.com
- October 17, 2011 RAW results, from WWE.com
- "Raw expands to three hours starting July 23". WWE. May 17, 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-17.
- "RETRO REPOST: Tremendous Tirades: WWF Monday Night Raw (1.11.93)", from 411Mania.com
- Shields, Brian; Sullivan, Kevin (2009). WWE: History of WrestleMania. p. 52.
- Shields, Brian; Sullivan, Kevin (2009). WWE: History of WrestleMania. p. 53.
- "From the Bowery: “Stone Cold” Steve Austin: The Bottom Line on the Most Popular Superstar of All Time (Blu-Ray Disc III)", from 411Mania.com
- "ECW invades WWE: photos", from WWE.com
- "> Ratings > Monday Night Raw". 2xZone.com. Retrieved 2012-08-14.
- Timeline WWE: 1997 as Told by Jim Cornette
- Shields, Brian; Sullivan, Kevin (2009). WWE: History of WrestleMania. p. 54.
- "It's not over yet". Slam.canoe.ca. Retrieved 2012-08-14.
- Shields, Brian; Sullivan, Kevin (2009). WWE: History of WrestleMania. p. 55.
- Trembow, Ivan (2005-09-25). "WWE VS UFC Showdown Heats Up". MMA Weekly. Retrieved 2009-08-21.
- Ocal, Arda (2011-03-23). "Boisterous, creative fans highlight first WWE Raw after WrestleMania". baltimoresun.com. Retrieved 2013-04-10.
- Mcnichol, Rob. "WWE Raw: Fandango revolution as British fans create amazing atmosphere | The Sun |Sport|Wrestling". The Sun. Retrieved 2013-04-10.
- "What Happened After Tonight's WWE RAW In East Rutherford, New Jersey". WrestlingInc.com. 2013-04-08. Retrieved 2013-04-13.
- "Nickelback and WWE team up for new Raw theme". WWE. Retrieved 2009-11-09.
- "¿RAW en vivo en México por TVC Deportes?". Superluchas.net. 2008-08-25. Retrieved 2012-04-14.
- "Triple H Advertised For RAW, Chris Benoit Anniversary, WWE-Mexico". pwmania.com. 2012-06-24. Retrieved 2012-07-18.
- Official website
- WWE Raw at USANetwork.com
- WWE Raw at the Internet Movie Database
- WWE A.M. Raw at the Internet Movie Database
- WWE Raw at TV.com