digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















W. Fred Turner
Born April 17, 1922 (1922-04-17)
Millville, Florida
Died November 23, 2003 (2003-11-24)
Panama City, Florida
Nationality American
Alma mater University of Florida
Known for His successful criminal defense of Clarence Earl Gideon
Spouse(s) Helen Turner

W. Fred Turner (April 17, 1922 – November 23, 2003) was an American attorney. He successfully defended Clarence Earl Gideon in his retrial after the Gideon v. Wainwright case overturned his conviction. The story behind this case was told in Anthony Lewis's 1964 book Gideon's Trumpet.[1] Discussion of Turner's role is in the Epilogue, pages 234-250. [2]

Turner was born in Millville, Florida, now part of Panama City. He joined the Army Air Corps after high school and was a supply officer in the 308th Bombardment Group during World War II. He rose to the rank of captain before leaving for the University of Florida. He graduated in 1948 and returned to Bay County, Florida to practice law.

Gideon's case[edit]

Clarence Earl Gideon was a drifter convicted of petty theft from a pool hall; at the trial he was denied a lawyer. His appeal to the Supreme Court was accepted, and the decision ordered that lawyers be provided in all criminal cases. Gideon's conviction was not overturned, but he was to be tried again.

Turner was Gideon's lawyer in this second trial. By destroying the credibility of the prosecution's key witness through exposing contradictions with other eyewitnesses and the witness's self-admittedly false statements (such as about his prior criminal record), Turner won an acquittal for Gideon.

Turner and Gideon[edit]

Gideon chose Turner to be his lawyer for his second trial. The retrial took place on August 5, 1963, five months after the Supreme Court ruling. Turner, during the trial, picked apart the testimony of eyewitness Henry Cook. The attorney in his opening and closing statements suggested the idea that Cook likely had been a lookout for a group of young men who broke in to steal beer, then grabbed the coins while they were at it. Turner also got an important statement from the cab driver who took Gideon from Bay Harbor, Florida to a bar in Panama City, Florida: Gideon was carrying neither wine, beer nor Coke when he picked him up, even though Cook testified that he watched Gideon walk from the pool hall to the phone, then wait for a cab.

The jury acquitted Gideon after a mere one hour of deliberation.

After Gideon[edit]

Turner worked as a private attorney until 1979, when he was elected to a circuit judge seat. At age 70, he retired from the bench in 1991. His wife Helen died in 1997. Turner died at age 81 at his home in Panama City, Florida.


  1. ^ Anthony Lewis, Gideon's Trumpet, 1964 (ISBN 0-67972312-9 (pbk.))
  2. ^ Saxon, Wolfgang (November 26, 2003). "W. Fred Turner, 81; Defended Indigent in Key Trial - New York Times". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-05-11. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/W._Fred_Turner — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
46890 videos foundNext > 

Bachman Turner interview with Fred Turner: August 18, 2011

Casey's Audio Vault: Fred Turner talks to Casey Norman (August 18, 2011) on Winnipeg's Best Rock Power 97 http://www.power97.com/powerdrive.

Bernd M. Scherer with Fred Turner / Interview / The Whole Earth

Film and Production by Dusan Solomun www.hkw.de/en/wholeearth The Whole Earth. California and the Disappearance of the Outside Exhibition and ...

WERA GNF 2011 Road Atlanta on board with Fast Fred Turner - CCF Office Solutions #144

On board with #144 Novice (white plates for 2012 b*tches) Fred Turner - Derek Mugge, Ron Gaither, Kevin Mills, Dave Krier.

Response to Fred Turner, Stewart Brand, Kevin Kelly and Howard Rheingold at Stanford

A little background on the Whole Earth's entry into software and hacker culture -- the Whole Earth Software Review/Catalog and a note that Brand conceived of ...

Whole Earth Access: Fred Turner and Esther Dyson

Buns and Chou Chou talk to Fred Turner and Esther Dyson. Fred is a professor at Stanford, and author of the book "From Counterculture to Cyberculture: ...

Misheard lyrics w/Zack Turner, Fred Dodson

ayetwinz #gottahaveit Aye Twins (I do not own this vine) ©VineStudios.

Former McDonald's CEO Fred Turner is remembered

Former McDonald's CEO Fred Turner is remembered by a colleague and friend, Michael Bullington. For more video, visit http://chicagotribune.com/video, ...

Response to Fred Turner, Stewart Brand, Kevin Kelly and Howard Rheingold at Stanford

Gabe Time w/ Jay Chandrasekhar, Lahna Turner & Ralphie May | Getting Doug with High

Check out the merch store: http://bit.ly/dougMerch Doug Benson is back with another episode of Getting Doug with High. SUBSCRIBE to Doug's channel here: ...

Classic Rock 101: Bachman & Turner Interview - Part 2

Robin LaRose hosted a special edition of On The Record with Randy Bachman and Fred Turner at the Commodore Ballroom on November 25, 2010. Classic ...

46890 videos foundNext > 

4 news items

Justia Verdict

Justia Verdict
Sun, 17 Mar 2013 21:32:25 -0700

After the Supreme Court decision came down, he was retried with the assistance of counsel, a Florida lawyer, named W. Fred Turner. Turner vigorously cross-examined the only witness against Gideon, pointing out all the inconsistencies in his testimony.

Yahoo! Contributors Network

Yahoo! Contributors Network
Sun, 18 Mar 2012 02:56:15 -0700

At retrial he was represented by W. Fred Turner, who hammered away at the eyewitness's testimony. After an hour's deliberation, the jury acquitted Gideon. What can we learn from Gideon's experience? First, don't give up; be persistent. Second, under ...
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 15:41:15 -0700

在对吉迪恩案件进行第二次审理的时候,他的辩护律师特纳(W. Fred Turner)进行了出色的辩护:首先,他提到案件的目击证人库克曾经表示他可能看到一群年轻人破门而入台球室,偷了啤酒和钱。同时,特纳找到了另外一位出租 ...

Tin tức 24h

Tin tức 24h
Wed, 11 Jun 2014 13:59:53 -0700

Gideon chọn luật sư W. Fred Turner, 41 tuổi, làm luật sư cho mình trong phiên tòa này. Phiên tòa diễn ra ngày 5/8/1963, năm tháng sau khi phán quyết của Tòa án Tối cao có hiệu lực. Turner đã dành nhiều ngày để chuẩn bị cho phiên tòa có tính chất quyết ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight