digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Währing
18th District of Vienna
Coat of arms of Währing
Coat of arms
Location of the district within Vienna
Location of the district within Vienna
Country Austria
City Vienna
Government
 • District Director Karl Homole (ÖVP)
 • First Deputy Dr Michael Scholz (ÖVP)
 • Second Deputy Ferdinand Glatzl (SPÖ)
 • Representation
   (40 Members)
ÖVP 13, SPÖ 11,
Green 11, FPÖ 5
Area
 • Total 6.28 km2 (2.42 sq mi)
Population (2013-01-01)
 • Total 48,162
 • Density 7,700/km2 (20,000/sq mi)
Postal code A-1180
Address of
District Office
Martinstraße 100
1181 Wien
Website www.wien.gv.at/waehring/

Währing (German pronunciation: [ˈvɛːʁɪŋ]) is the 18th district of Vienna and lies in northwestern Vienna on the edge of the Vienna Woods. It was formed in 1892 from the unification of the older suburbs of Währing, Weinhaus, Gersthof, Pötzleinsdorf, Neustift am Walde and Salmannsdorf. In 1938 Neustift am Walde and Salmannsdorf were annexed to the neighbouring 19th District (Döbling). Because of several wealthy neighbourhoods (e.g. Cottageviertel), Währing is known today as one of Vienna’s upmarket districts, along with Döbling and Hietzing.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Währinger Gürtel, the eastern boundary of the district

Währing covers 6.28 km2 in northwestern Vienna on the slopes of the Wienerwald between the Gürtel and the Höhenstraße. The district ascends from the steep banks of the (now channeled and enclosed) Währinger Stream on both sides. It is bordered to the north by the 19th District (Döbling), to the east by the 9th District (Alsergrund) and to the south and west by the 17th District (Hernals).

Geology[edit]

Währing lies between two ridges to the north and south. The hills of Schafsberg and Michaelerberg belong to the Wienerwald and form part of the boundary of the Vienna Basin. The hills in Währing consist of multi-layered sandstone alternating with clay, except for the high grounds of Pötzleinsdorf and Türkenschanze, which are of sands. In the lower parts of the district one finds deposits of the stone tegel; at higher elevations mostly hard sands, rocks and boulders. On the road Schafberggasse limestone was uncovered during construction of a canal: due to the former location of the Tethys Ocean, various remnants of marine life can be found beneath the district. Numerous sand quarries in the area provided building material for centuries.

Hills[edit]

Michaelerberg and Schafberg seen from Schwarzenbergpark

Währing is enclosed between two elongated ridges extending from the northwest to the south and forming the valley of the Währinger Stream. The Schafberg range lies to the south, running from the largely forest-covered Schafberg (390 m) through Kleiner Schafberg (305 m), Mitterberg and Ganserlberg up to the Gürtel. To the north the district is bordered by spurs of the Michaelerberg (387 m), which lies on the western border with the 17th District and is almost completely forested. Its spurs extend through the Pötzleinsdorfer Höhe and the Windmühlhöhe to the southeast until they reach the plateau of Türkenschanze. The Ladenburghöhe, which border Pötzleinsdorfer Schlosspark to the south, lie between the two ridges and run parallel to and northeast of the Schafberg range.[1]

Watercourses[edit]

In the 19th Century the district was still defined by the Währinger Stream, which rises in Pötzleinsdorfer Schlosspark. Originally this stream was in a deep valley along the route of the streets Pötzleinsdorfer Straße, Gersthofer Straße, Gentzgasse and Währinger Straße, and flowed into the River Als in the 9th District. By the end of the 19th Century it had been completely transformed into a drain. The last open-flowing part of the stream system is a stretch of the Dürwaring Stream, near Schafbergbad south of the Ladenburghöhe.

Neighbourhoods[edit]

Old town centre of Pötzleinsdorf

The district was formed in 1892 from six previously independent outer suburbs, of which Salmannsdorf and Neustift am Walde were annexed to the neighbouring 19th District in 1938. From east to west the remaining suburbs were Währing (the original, eponymous outer suburb), Weinhaus, Gersthof and Pötzleinsdorf.

An alternative subdivision of the district is given by the census areas used for official statistics. For Währing these are Währinger Cottage, Gentzgasse, Kreuzgasse, Gersthof and Pötzleinsdorf (with Gersthof and Pötzleinsdorf on this list having different boundaries from their respective historical suburbs).

Land Use[edit]

Währing comprises 53.6% built-up areas (compared to 33.2% Vienna-wide), of which 92.83% are residential. Green space occupies 30.2% of the district: woodland 14.4%, parkland 7.9%, meadows 3.0%, allotments 2.9%, sports fields 1.3% and agriculture (vineyards) 0.6%. Third come transport areas, which make up 16.2% of the total land area.[2]

History[edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The first mention of Währing is in documents from around 1170, as Warich. The name could plausibly come from Slavic (var for a warm spring) or Germanic (werich for a plot of land that a farmer can work for a day) origins. It could also come from Werigandus, the first abbot of Michaelbeuern Abbey. The name could also go back to Slavic land acquisitions: Döbling from toplica, warm stream, and Währing from varica, dark stream.

Population[edit]

At the 2008 census the population of Währing was 47,861, down from a high point of 87,658 in 1910. The average age is slightly above that of Vienna as a whole. In 2001, the proportion of people over 60 was about 25% in Währing compared to 22.2% in the city as a whole.[3]

In 2005 the proportion of expatriate residents stood at 19.7%, up from 17.9% in 2003. The greatest number of expats came from Serbia & Montenegro, 4.4% of the total population. Another 2.1% were German citizens, 1.6% Turkish, 1.4% Polish and 1.1% Croatian.[4] According to a 2001 survey, 52.8% of the population declared themselves Catholic, with significant minorities belonging to the Orthodox Church, Islam, and Evangelic churches.[5] The five Roman Catholic parishes in the district make up the 18th City Deanery.

Culture and Sightseeing[edit]

Architecture[edit]

Geymüllerschlössel in Pötzleinsdorf

Interesting castles and villas include the Geymüllerschlössel, the Schloss Pötzleinsdorf with its extensive parks, and numerous villas in the Cottageviertel. The Baroque churches in the district are Ägydiuskirche in Pötzleinsdorf, the Johannes Nepomuk Chapel in Gersthof and the Währinger Pfarrkirche, which was greatly expanded in 1934. Several churches were built in the historicism style: the Gersthofer Pfarrkirche, Lazaristenkirche, the Lutherkirche and the Wienhauser Pfarrkirche. The Pötzleinsdorfer Pfarrkircher is a notable church building from the 1960s.

Theatre[edit]

Currently there are three small stages in the district, the “Theater des Augenblicks”, the “Rampenlicht-Theater” and the “Theaterlabor”.

Museums[edit]

Währing’s most important museum is a branch of the Museum of Applied Arts (MAK) in the Geymüllerschlössel in Pötzleinsdorf. There is also the Währing District Museum and the Österreichische Sprachinselmuseum.

Parks[edit]

Yunus-Emre-Brunnen in Türkenschanzpark, a gift from Turkey to Austria

Währing has several large parks. The best known are the Pötzleinsdorfer Schlosspark, Türkenschanzpark, and the Währingerpark (formerly a cemetery). The Schubert Park (see below) and the non-public Sternwartepark (“Observatory Park”) are also noteworthy.

Cemeteries[edit]

Währing has two cemeteries of note. The cemetery, Währing Cemetery; now known as Schubert Park; is the site of the original burial places of composers Ludwig van Beethoven [6] and Franz Schubert. The graves of both composers were moved to the Zentralfriedhof in Vienna in 1888, but there remains a bust of Schubert in memory of his original resting place. This bust was made by sculptor Josef A. Dialer. The epitaph written by Franz Grillparzer reads in German: Die Tonkunst begrub hier einen reichen Besitz aber noch viel schönere Hoffnungen (The art of music buried here a rich possession and yet much finer hopes.) [7]

The Jewish Cemetery, Währing, opened in 1784, was the main burial site for members of the Israelitische Kultusgemeinde Wien and formerly lay within the border of Währing. (Today, however, due to boundary changes, the cemetery, despite its name, is no longer part of the 18th Vienna district of Währing, but belongs to Döbling, the 19th district.) Besides the St. Marx Cemetery it is the last remaining cemetery of Vienna in the Biedermeier style. After its closure in the 1880s, it was partially destroyed during the time of the Third Reich, and is now only partly accessible due to its increasing decay. A long-running debate over the restoration of the cemetery has been taking place since 2006 between politicians of the federal and local levels as well as experts.[8][9]

Astronomy[edit]

The asteroid 226 Weringia was discovered in 1882 from Währing and named in its honor.[10]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Karl Fenzl: Ein Landschaftsbild des 18. Bezirkes. Die Landschaft und ihre Grundlage. In: Währing. Ein Heimatbuch des 18. Wiener Gemeindebezirkes. Wien 1923
  2. ^ Magistratsabteilung 5 (MA5): Nutzungsarten nach Bezirken
  3. ^ "Population Statistics for Währing (in German)". Statistik Austria. 
  4. ^ MA 5 Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeit und Bezirken 2001-2005
  5. ^ Volkszählung 2001
  6. ^ "Beethoven's Graves". lvbeethoven.com. 
  7. ^ "Schubert's Bust in Währing". Tomoko Yamamoto. 
  8. ^ Bernstein, richard (2003-05-13). "Vienna Journal; A Cemetery Mirroring the History of a City's Jews". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-27. 
  9. ^ "One of Europe's oldest Jewish cemeteries awaits salvation". European Jewish Press. 
  10. ^ http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=226;orb=0;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#discovery

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Währing at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 48°13′59″N 16°18′53″E / 48.23306°N 16.31472°E / 48.23306; 16.31472


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Währing — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1602 videos foundNext > 

Herr Ernst sudert über Währing.

Wohnung zu kaufen - Let´s do it Währing-Style

Highlight in Währing Highlighter Let´s do it Währing-Style! Genießen Sie alles auf einer Ebene! Die sonnendurchflutete Architektur und die große Terrasse auf...

Jüdischer Friedhof Währing - Teil I

Teil 1 der virtuellen Führung durch den jüdischen Friedhof Währing mit Landtagsabgeordneten Marco Schreuder und Historikerin Tina Walzer.

Vicai VS. Währing

letztens... fortsetzung folgt.

Spaziergang der Freunde der Architekturfotografie zur #NSAvilla in Wien Währing

Klezneytral - Ele Chamda Libi - LIVE @ Bezirksmuseum Währing Wien/Vienna

Song performed on 2. of December 2010 during the concert by Klezneytral in the "Bezirksmuseum Währing" in Vienna. Video by: Lukas ERTL - Thank you Lukas!

Friseur Johann Primes - Richard Gere aus Währing

Seit der Barbara Karlich Show am 17. Juni 2013 um 16:00 im ORF2 ist er österreichweit bekannt als Richard Gere aus Währing - Hans oder Johann Primes in seine...

Jüdischer Friedhof Währing - Teil II

Teil 3 der virtuellen Führung durch den jüdischen Friedhof Währing mit Landtagsabgeordneten Marco Schreuder und Historikerin Tina Walzer.

Friseur Hairstyling Studio Polesny in Wien-Währing - Friseursalon für SIE und IHN

http://www.polesny-hairstyling.at http://www.hairstyling-polesny.at http://www.firmenabc.at Zu Friseursalon Hairstyling Studio Polesny aus Wien-Währing finde...

Grüne bewegen Währing - mit Kreide in Währinger Parks

Die Grünen Währing gingen im Rahmen von "Grüne bewegen Währing" auf Tour durch die Parks des Bezirks.

1602 videos foundNext > 

242 news items

 
Vienna Online
Fri, 15 Aug 2014 01:48:45 -0700

Am Donnerstagwurde eine 14-jährige Schülerin in der Nähe eines Skaterplatzes im Wiener Währingerpark von zwei Jugendlichen mit einem Messer bedroht und beraubt. (3 Kommentare). alt. Die beiden flüchtigen Verdächtigen, ein 13-Jähriger und ein ...
 
Ad-Hoc-News (Pressemitteilung)
Thu, 14 Aug 2014 15:30:00 -0700

15.08.14 | 00:38 Uhr | 29 mal gelesen | So gefunden auf meinbezirk.at WÄHRING. Unbürokratisch sollen investitionsbereite Unternehmer aus Klein- und Mittelbetrieben zu den entsprechenden Bewilligungen kommen. Nächster Sprechtag ist am 28. August ...

regionews.at

regionews.at
Sat, 09 Aug 2014 22:17:36 -0700

WIEN. Bereits seit Donnerstagnachmittag ist eine 72-jährige Frau aus ihrer Wohnung in Wien Währing abgängig. Sie leidet an Alzheimer und nach derzeit vorliegenden Informationen besteht akute Lebensgefahr. Alle Fahndungsmaßnahmen verliefen bisher ...
 
The Local Austria
Tue, 12 Aug 2014 07:08:42 -0700

In a separate event, Vienna's Jewish Community will be holding an open day on 14th September - a chance for people to visit the community and learn about Judaism. A special highlight of this year's programme is a visit to the Jewish Cemetery in Währing.

NewsWalk.info (Pressemitteilung)

NewsWalk.info (Pressemitteilung)
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 15:41:15 -0700

WÄHRING. Wie Bezirksvorsteher Karl Homole mitteilte, liegt nun der offizielle Antrag zur Änderung des Flächenwidmungsplans mit dem Ziel einer Teilverbauung des Neustifter Friedhofs vor. Homole versichert, dass das Areal ohne sein Wissen an den ...

NewsWalk.info (Pressemitteilung)

NewsWalk.info (Pressemitteilung)
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 00:30:00 -0700

Dazu meldet meinbezirk.at: WÄHRING. Wie Bezirksvorsteher Karl Homole mitteilte, liegt nun der offizielle Antrag zur Änderung des Flächenwidmungsplans mit dem Ziel einer Teilverbauung des Neustifter Friedhofs vor. Homole versichert, dass das Areal ...
 
Ad-Hoc-News (Pressemitteilung)
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 22:48:45 -0700

Dazu schreibt meinbezirk.at weiter: WÄHRING. Wie Bezirksvorsteher Karl Homole mitteilte, liegt nun der offizielle Antrag zur Änderung des Flächenwidmungsplans mit dem Ziel einer Teilverbauung des Neustifter Friedhofs vor. Homole versichert, dass das ...
 
Ad-Hoc-News (Pressemitteilung)
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 16:59:24 -0700

meinbezirk.at berichtet dazu: WÄHRING. Wie Bezirksvorsteher Karl Homole mitteilte, liegt nun der offizielle Antrag zur Änderung des Flächenwidmungsplans mit dem Ziel einer Teilverbauung des Neustifter Friedhofs vor. Homole versichert, dass das Areal ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Währing

You can talk about Währing with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!