digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Vulnerability refers to the inability to withstand the effects of a hostile environment. A window of vulnerability (WoV) is a time frame within which defensive measures are reduced, compromised or lacking[citation needed]

Common applications[edit]

In relation to hazards and disasters, vulnerability is a concept that links the relationship that people have with their environment to social forces and institutions and the cultural values that sustain and contest them. “The concept of vulnerability expresses the multi-dimensionality of disasters by focusing attention on the totality of relationships in a given social situation which constitute a condition that, in combination with environmental forces, produces a disaster”.[1]

It's also the extent to which changes could harm a system, or to which the community can be affected by the impact of a hazard or exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally: "we were in a vulnerable position".

Research[edit]

Within the body of literature related to vulnerability, major research streams include questions of methodology, such as: measuring and assessing vulnerability, including finding appropriate indicators for various aspects of vulnerability, up- and down scaling methods, and participatory methods.[2][clarification needed] Vulnerability research covers a complex, multidisciplinary field including development and poverty studies, public health, climate studies, security studies, engineering, geography, political ecology, and disaster and risk management. This research is of importance and interest for organizations trying to reduce vulnerability – especially as related to poverty and other Millennium Development Goals. Many institutions are conducting interdisciplinary research on vulnerability. A forum that brings many of the current researchers on vulnerability together is the Expert Working Group (EWG).1 Researchers are currently working to refine definitions of “vulnerability”, measurement and assessment methods, and effective communication of research to decision makers.[3]

Types[edit]

Social[edit]

Main article: Social vulnerability

In its sense, social vulnerability is one dimension of vulnerability to multiple stressors and shocks, including abuse, social exclusion and natural hazards. Social vulnerability refers to the inability of people, organizations, and societies to withstand adverse impacts from multiple stressors to which they are exposed. These impacts are due in part to characteristics inherent in social interactions, institutions, and systems of cultural values.[4][5]

Cognitive[edit]

A cognitive vulnerability, in cognitive psychology, is an erroneous belief, cognitive bias, or pattern of thought that is believed to predispose the individual to psychological problems.[6] It is in place before the symptoms of psychological disorders start to appear; after the individual encounters a stressful experience, the cognitive vulnerability shapes a maladaptive response that may lead to a psychological disorder.[6] In psychopathology, cognitive vulnerability is constructed from schema models, hopelessness models, and attachment theory.[7] Attentional bias is one mechanism leading to faulty cognitive bias that leads to cognitive vulnerability. Allocating a danger level to a threat depends on the urgency or intensity of the threshold. Anxiety is not associated with selective orientation.[8]

Military[edit]

See also: Paul Nitze

In military terminology, vulnerability is a subset of survivability, the others being susceptibility and recoverability. Vulnerability is defined in various ways depending on the nation and service arm concerned, but in general it refers to the near-instantaneous effects of a weapon attack. In aviation it is defined as the inability of an aircraft to withstand the damage caused by the man-made hostile environment.[9] In some definitions, recoverability (damage control, firefighting, restoration of capability) is included in vulnerability. Some military services develop their own concept of vulnerability.[10]

Invulnerability[edit]

Invulnerability is a common feature found in video games. It makes the player impervious to pain, damage or loss of health. It can be found in the form of "power-ups" or cheats;when activated via cheats, it is often referred to as "god mode". Generally, it does not protect the player from certain instant-death hazards, most notably "bottomless" pits from which, even if the player were to survive the fall, they would be unable to escape. As a rule, invulnerability granted by power-ups is temporary, and wears off after a set amount of time, while invulnerability cheats, once activated, remain in effect until deactivated, or the end of the level is reached. Depending on the game in question, invulnerability to damage may or may not protect the player from non-damage effects, such as being immobilized or sent flying.

In comic books, some superheroes are considered invulnerable, though this usually only applies up to a certain level. (e.g. Superman is invulnerable to physical attacks from normal people but not to the extremely powerful attacks of Doomsday)..

In mythology talismans charms and amulets were created by magic users for the purpose of making the wearer immune to injury from both mystic and mundane weapons. [11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bankoff, Greg etal. (2004). Mapping Vulnerability: Disasters, Development and People. London: Earth scan. 
  2. ^ Villagran, Juan Carlos. "“Vulnerability: A conceptual and methodological review." SOURCE. No. 2/2006. Bonn, Germany.
  3. ^ Birkmann, Joern (editor). 2006. Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards – Towards Disaster Resilient Societies. UNU Press.
  4. ^ Luis Flores Ballesteros. "What determines a disaster?" 54 Pesos May. 2008:54 Pesos 11 Sep 2008. http://54pesos.org/2008/09/11/what-determines-a-disaster/
  5. ^ See also Daniel R. Curtis, 'Pre-industrial societies and strategies for the exploitation of resources. A theoretical framework for understanding why some settlements are resilient and some settlements are vulnerable to crisis', http://www.academia.edu/1932627/Pre-industrial_societies_and_strategies_for_the_exploitation_of_resources._A_theoretical_framework_for_understanding_why_some_settlements_are_resilient_and_some_settlements_are_vulnerable_to_crisis
  6. ^ a b Riskind, John H.; Black, David (2005). "Cognitive Vulnerability". In Freeman, Arthur, Felgoise, Stephanie H., et al. Encyclopedia of Cognitive Behavior Therapy. New York: Springer. pp. 122–26. ISBN 9781429411738. 
  7. ^ Ingram, Rick (February 2003). "Origins of Cognitive Vulnerability to Depression". Cognitive Therapy and Research 27 (1): 77–88. doi:10.1023/a:1022590730752. ISSN 0147-5916. 
  8. ^ Mathews, Andrew; MacLeod, Colin (1 April 2005). "Cognitive Vulnerability to Emotional Disorders". Annual Review of Clinical Psychology 1 (1): 167–195. doi:10.1146/annurev.clinpsy.1.102803.143916. 
  9. ^ Ball, Robert (2003). The Fundamentals of Aircraft Combat Survivability Analysis and Design, 2nd Edition. AIAA Education Series. p. 603. ISBN 1-56347-582-0. 
  10. ^ Warship Vulnerability
  11. ^ William Godwin (1876). "Lives of the Necromancers". p. 17. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vulnerability — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
123964 videos foundNext > 

Brene Brown: The power of vulnerability

http://www.ted.com Brene Brown studies human connection -- our ability to empathize, belong, love. In a poignant, funny talk at TEDxHouston, she shares a dee...

Brené Brown - Embracing Vulnerability

The Power of Vulnerability Live with Brené Brown http://bit.ly/WoBmDZ The Courage to be Vulnerable – Tami Simon interviews Dr. Brené Brown Download on iTunes...

RSA Replay - The Power of Vulnerability

This is the full webcast from the RSA event including Q&A from the audience on Thursday 4 July at 1pm BST. There is also an edited HD video available at http...

Dr. Brené Brown's Vulnerability Breakdown | Super Soul Sunday | Oprah Winfrey Network

In 2007, Dr. Brené Brown was researching and writing about living a wholehearted life when she realized for the first time she wasn't walking the walk. The r...

Brené Brown: Listening to shame

http://www.ted.com Shame is an unspoken epidemic, the secret behind many forms of broken behavior. Brené Brown, whose earlier talk on vulnerability became a ...

Vulnerability, Intimacy, & Spiritual Awakening - Part 2 (11/13/13)

Part 2: Vulnerability, Intimacy, & Spiritual Awakening Vulnerability, Intimacy and Spiritual Awakening - We each live with uncertainty and the fear of reject...

Honoring and working with male vulnerability | David Hatfield | TEDxEdmonton

This talk was given at a local TEDx event, produced independently of the TED Conferences. Many voices are calling for a new kind of 21st century masculinity....

Ghost Vulnerability

The GHOST vulnerability is a serious weakness in the Linux glibc library. It allows attackers to remotely take complete control of the victim system without having any prior knowledge of system...

The price of invulnerability: Brené Brown at TEDxKC

TEDxKC talk synopsis: In our anxious world, we often protect ourselves by closing off parts of our lives that leave us feeling most vulnerable. Yet invulnera...

Things Vulnerability Does To Your Body And Mind

Weekly Q and A's: http://www.ralphsmart.com/membership/ Feel Alive by Ralph Smart. The New Book Now Available Below: http://www.ralphsmart.com/the-book/ My W...

123964 videos foundNext > 

6571680 news items

TechRadar

TechRadar
Fri, 30 Jan 2015 04:11:15 -0800

Another vulnerability shocked the world of technology and the Linux community earlier this week. The Qualys security research team found a critical vulnerability in the Linux GNU C Library (glibc) that allows attackers to remotely take control of an ...
 
Macon Telegraph (blog)
Sat, 31 Jan 2015 21:03:45 -0800

The slayings of Elrey “Bud” Runion and his wife, June, have gripped the entire world and brought an unwanted spotlight to Telfair County, where Ronnie Adrian “Jay” Towns is accused of murdering the couple. We can imagine the anticipation. Bud Runion ...

Computerworld

PCWorld
Fri, 30 Jan 2015 05:23:02 -0800

A critical vulnerability in glibc, a core Linux library, can be exploited remotely through WordPress and likely other PHP applications to compromise Web servers. The buffer overflow vulnerability, dubbed Ghost, was reported Tuesday by researchers from ...

Threatpost

PCWorld
Tue, 27 Jan 2015 16:53:06 -0800

A fault in a widely used component of most Linux distributions could allow an attacker to take remote control of a system after merely sending a malicious email. The vulnerability, nicknamed “Ghost,” is in the GNU C Library known as glibc, according to ...

Threatpost

Threatpost
Thu, 29 Jan 2015 12:10:36 -0800

Less than 48 hours after the disclosure of the Ghost vulnerability in the GNU C library (glibc), researchers have uncovered that PHP applications, including the WordPress content management system, could be another weak spot and eventually in the ...

Threatpost

Threatpost
Tue, 27 Jan 2015 10:20:08 -0800

A critical vulnerability has been found in glibc, the GNU C library, that affects all Linux systems dating back to 2000. Attackers can use this flaw to execute code and remotely gain control of Linux machines. The issue stems from a heap-based buffer ...
 
BizTech Magazine
Fri, 30 Jan 2015 07:00:00 -0800

When alerted to this vulnerability by Jack Chadowitz, founder of Kachoolie, Rapid7 conducted an Internetwide IPv4 scan, looking for any addresses with an open TCP port 10001 (the most common configuration for ATGs) and without a set password. Like so ...

InsideClimate News

InsideClimate News
Thu, 29 Jan 2015 06:23:40 -0800

Two days after a major snowstorm contributed to the shutdown of the Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station in Plymouth, Mass., the facility remains closed. Nuclear power critics cite the Pilgrim shutdown as proof the industry isn't ready for extreme weather ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight