digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Mahrshi Vitthal Ramji Shinde (April 23, 1873 – January 2, 1944) was one of the most important social and religious reformers in Maharashtra, India. He was prominent among the liberal thinkers and reformists in India, prior to her independence. His greatest contribution was to remove the practice of untouchability and bring about equality to the depressed classes in Indian society.

Early life[edit]

He was born in April 23, 1873 in the princely state of Jamkhandi in Karnataka, India, a member of a Marathi-speaking Maharashtrian family. His early childhood was influenced by a liberal family environment. The family friends and acquaintances came from all religions and castes. He was brought up to think that religion was not just a matter of a blind faith and meaningless rituals or pujas, but meant getting personally and emotionally involved in the service of God.

He was influenced by the writings of many intellectuals such as John Stuart Mill, Herbert Spencer, and Max Müller.

Education[edit]

In 1898 he obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree from the Fergusson College at Pune, India. He had also studied and passed the first year law and moved to Mumbai (Bombay) for the LL.B. examination; however, he gave up this course to attend to other compelling callings in his life. This same year he joined the Prarthana Samaj, where he was further inspired and influenced by G.B. Kotkar, Shivrampant Gokhle, Justice Mahadev Govinda Ranade, Sir Ramakrishna Gopal Bhandarkar and K.B. Marathe. He became a missionary for the Prarthana Samaj.

The Prarthana Samaj selected him to go to England in 1901, to study comparative religion at Manchester College, Oxford, which had been founded by the Unitarian Church. Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III, of Baroda, a progressive and reformist, provided some financial help for his travels abroad.

Life work[edit]

After returning from England in 1903, he devoted his life to religious and social reforms. He continued his missionary work for the Prarthana Samaj. His efforts were devoted mainly to the removal of untouchability in India. In 1905 he established a night school for the children of untouchables in Pune, and in 1906 he established the Depressed Classes Mission in Mumbai (Bombay). In 1922 the mission’s Ahalyashram building was competed at Pune. In 1917 he succeeded in getting the Indian National Congress to pass a resolution condemning the practice of untouchability.

From 1918 to 1920, he went on to convening all the India untouchability removal conferences. Some of these conferences were convened under the president-ship of Mahatma Gandhi and Maharaja Sahyajirao Gaekwad. His written communications with the Mahatmaji are noteworthy. In 1919 he gave evidence before the South borough Commission, asking for the special representation for the untouchable castes. In 1923 he resigned as the executive of the Depressed Classes Mission since some of the members of the untouchable castes wanted its own leaders to manage the mission’s affairs. His work and association with the Mission continued even though he was disappointed by the separatist attitude of the leaders of the untouchables, especially under the leadership of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. Like Mahatma Gandhi, he wanted unity amongst the untouchables and the Hindu caste, and feared that the British rule would take advantage of such divisions within Indian society and exploit them for their own benefit.

In 1930 he participated in the Civil Disobedience movement of Mahatma Gandhi and was imprisoned for six months of hard labor, in the Yerawda Central Jail (prison) near Pune.

In 1933 his book Bhartiya Asprushyatecha Prashna ("India’s untouchability question") was published. His thoughts and examination of the Hindu religion and social culture were similar to Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Dayananda Saraswati. In his writings, he opposes the caste system, idol worship, and inequities against women and depressed classes. He opposed meaningless rituals, the dominance of hereditary priesthood, and the requirement of a priest to mediate between God and his devotees.

Maharshi Vitthal Ramji Shinde died on January 2, 1944.

Depressed Class Mission[edit]

Shinde was a prominent campaigner on behalf of the Dalit movement in India who established the Depressed Classes Mission of India to provide education to the Dalits.[1] He laid the foundation of Depressed Class Mission on October 18, 1906 in order to work against untouchability on the national level. Aims of this mission were:

  1. To try to get rid of untouchability.
  2. To provide educational facilities to the untouchables.
  3. To start schools, hostels, and hospitals for the untouchables.
  4. To solve their social problems.

Many schools and hostels were founded by this mission.[2]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Kshīrasāgara, Rāmacandra (1994). Dalit Movement in India and Its Leaders, 1857-1956. M.D. Publications Pvt (. Ltd. p. 128. ISBN 81-85880-43-3. Retrieved 2008-01-07. 
  2. ^ Study books of Nathe, K'Sagar and Chanakya mandal publications.
  • Gore, M.S.; Vitthal Ramji Shinde, An Assessment of his Contribution (book in English language), (1989), Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bombay, India.
  • Pawar, G.M.; Maharshi Vitthal Ramji Shinde, Jeevan wa Karya (book in Marathi language), (2004), Mumbai (Bombay), India. ISBN 81-88284-37-8.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vitthal_Ramji_Shinde — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
147 videos foundNext > 

(RG TEST 65)General Knowledge questions for competitive exams in india with answers Test-65

Spoken English Class for Marathi Language Authors. Books Novels.SAHITYA ACADEMY AWARDEES - MARATHI

YEAR WRITER BOOK 1955 Tarkateertha Laxman Shastri Joshi Vaidik Samskriticha Vikas (Cultural history) 1956 B.S. Mardhekar Saundarya ani Sahitya (A ...

motivational Quotes to speak english. Classes in KOLHAPURPUR . Spoken Course

Kadhi Lagel Re Vedhya - Pralhad Shinde Bhakti Geet | Marathi Songs

Album - Pralhad Shinde Bhakti Geet Song - Kadhi Lagel Re Vedhya Singer - Pralhad Shinde Visit Wings Official youtube channel at ...

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathi Songs | Bhimacha Daan | Music By Madhukar Pathak

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, popularly also known as Babasaheb, was an Indian jurist, politician, philosopher, anthropologist, historian and economist. A revivalist ...

Ramji Ka Beta

Provided to YouTube by YouTube CSV2DDEX Ramji Ka Beta · Vithal Shinde · Vithal Umap Bheem Garjana ℗ 1989 Tips Music Released on: 1989-01-01 ...

Tula Bhiman Banaval Wagh Marathi Bheembuddh Geete By Anand Milind, Adarsh Shinde I Juke Box

Click on Duration to Play Any Song Tula Bhiman Banavl Wagh 00:00 Bhimnagar Jhalay Ga 06:41 Deshbhakt Bhimraya 12:01 Babasaheb Zhindabaad 18:31 ...

KAYADA BHIMACHA SONG 1 HADAPSAR GAON PUNE BHIM JAYANTI 2012 ANAND SHINDE FAN MAK GAIKWAD 1

FAN MAK GAIKWAD.

9. Bhimraya tuzi sath hoti (1981) [Bhimgeet]

A awesome old song dedicated to Bharatratna Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar in Marathi by Pralhad Shinde. Hope you will like it. The video is part of the album ...

CHATRAPATICHYA SHUR MARDANO MARATHI GEETE ANAND SHINDE [FULL VIDEO SONG] I MAHARASHTRACHI SHAAN

Subscribe Our Channel for more update: http://www.youtube.com/tseriesbhakti SHIVAJI MAHARAJ BHAKTI GEETE: CHATRAPATICHYA SHUR MARDANO ...

147 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Vitthal Ramji Shinde" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight