|Regions with significant populations|
|United States (California)|
|Ipai, Tipai, English|
|Traditional tribal religion,
Christianity (Roman Catholicism)
|Related ethnic groups|
|other Kumeyaay tribes, Cocopa,
Quechan, Paipai, and Kiliwa
The Viejas (Baron Long) Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Viejas Reservation, also called the Viejas Band of Kumeyaay Indians, is a federally recognized tribe of Kumeyaay Indians.
In 1875, the tribe along with the Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians, controls the Capitan Grande Reservation, which consisted of barren, uninhabitable mountain lands. The El Capitan Reservoir, forcibly purchased from the two tribes to provide water for San Diego, submerged what habitable land existed on the reservation. The two tribes jointly control this reservation. It is undeveloped but serves as an ecological preserve.
The Viejas Reservation (Indian reservation located in San Diego County, California, near Alpine. After the band was displaced from Capitan Grande, this new reservation was created by executive order in 1934. The reservation is about 1,609 acres (6.51 km2) large. Approximately 289 of the 394 enrolled members live on the reservation.), also known as the Baron Long Reservation, is a federal
The reservation is home to scrub oaks and chaparral. The name "Viejas" comes from the Spanish name for their land, "El Valle de Las Viejas" or "The Valley of the Old Women." In 1973, 121 of the 127 enrolled members lived on the reservation.
The Viejas Band is headquartered in Alpine, California. They are governed by a democratically elected, seven-person tribal council, who serve two-year terms. Their current administration as of January 3, 2011 is as follows:
- Chairman: Anthony R. Pico
- Vice Chairman: Robert "Cita" Welch, Jr.
- Secretary: Anita Uqualla
- Treasurer: Samuel Q. Brown
- Councilmember: Greybuck S. Espinoza
- Councilmember: Victor Woods
- Councilmember: Raymond “Bear” Cuero
The tribe owns and operates the Viejas Casino, Grove Steakhouse, Far East Winds, Mezz Deli, Daisy's Cafe, Harvest Buffet, V Lounge, DreamCatcher Lounge, and the 57-store Viejas Outlet Center. They also own the first Native American bank in California, Borrego Springs Bank, N.A., with branches in Alpine, Borrego Springs, and La Mesa. They own two recreational vehicle parks. Veijas Entertainment hosts concerts in a 1,500-seat outdoor arena and also promotes talent to casinos throughout the country.
Viejas partnered with the Forest County Potawatomi Community of Wisconsin, the Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin, and the San Manuel Band of Mission Indians of California to create Four Fires, LLC, an economic development group. A similar project, Three Fires, LCC is shared between Viejas, and the Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin and the San Manuel Band of Mission Indians.
Two major annual ceremonies on the reservation are the "Clearing of the Cemetery", when tribal members clean and pay their respects at the two tribal cemeteries, and Dia de las Animas or All Soul's Day.
- "California Indians and Their Reservations: P." SDSU Library and Information Access. (retrieved 9 June 2010)
- Shipek, 613
- Eargle, 202
- Pritzker, 147
- Eargle, 202
- "Viejas Government Officers." Viejas Band of Kumeyaay Indians. (January 2011)
- "Viejas Enterprises." Viejas Band of Kumeyaay Indians. (retrieved 9 June 2010)
- "SDSU and Viejas Band of Kumeyaay Indians Agree on Arena Naming Rights." SDSUniverse. 17 March 2009 (retrieved 9 June 2010)
- Eargle, 203
- Eargle, Jr., Dolan H. Northern California Guide: Weaving the Past and Present. San Francisco: Tree Company Press, 2000. ISBN 0-937401-10-2.
- Pritzker, Barry M. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1.
- Shipek, Florence C. "History of Southern California Mission Indians." Handbook of North American Indians. Volume ed. Heizer, Robert F. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978. 610-618. ISBN 0-87474-187-4.
- Viejas Band of Kumeyaay Indians, official website
A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.