digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















For other uses, see V Day (disambiguation).
Victory in Europe Day
Also called
  • V-E Day
  • VE Day
Observed by
Significance End of World War II in Europe
Date 7/8 May
Related to Victory over Japan Day
Winston Churchill waves to crowds in Whitehall, London on the day he broadcast the news that the war with Germany was over.
Crowds gathered in celebration at Piccadilly Circus, London during VE Day in 1945.
The instrument of Germany's surrender signed at Reims, France on 7 May 1945.
Final positions of the Allied armies, May 1945.
US military policemen read about the German surrender in the newspaper Stars and Stripes.
UK remembers the 50th anniversary in 1995 with a Lancaster bomber dropping poppies in front of Buckingham Palace

Victory in Europe Day, generally known as V-E Day,VE Day, or simply V Day was the public holiday celebrated on 8 May 1945 (7 May in Commonwealth realms) to mark the formal acceptance by the Allies of World War II of Nazi Germany's unconditional surrender of its armed forces.[1] It thus marked the end of World War II in Europe.

On 30 April, Adolf Hitler, the Nazi leader, committed suicide during the Battle of Berlin. Germany's surrender, therefore, was authorized by his successor, Reichspräsident Karl Dönitz. The administration headed by Dönitz was known as the Flensburg government. The act of military surrender was signed on 7 May in Reims, France and on 8 May in Berlin, Germany.


Upon the defeat of Germany (Italy having already surrendered), celebrations erupted throughout the world. From Moscow to Los Angeles, people cheered. In the United Kingdom, more than one million people celebrated in the streets to mark the end of the European part of the war. In London, crowds massed in Trafalgar Square and up The Mall to Buckingham Palace, where King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, accompanied by Prime Minister Winston Churchill, appeared on the balcony of the Palace before the cheering crowds. Princess Elizabeth (the future Queen Elizabeth II) and her sister Princess Margaret were allowed to wander incognito among the crowds and take part in the celebrations.[2]

In the United States, the victory happened on President Harry Truman's 61st birthday.[3] He dedicated the victory to the memory of his predecessor, Franklin D. Roosevelt, who had died of a cerebral hemorrhage less than a month earlier, on 12 April.[4] Flags remained at half-mast for the remainder of the 30-day mourning period.[5][6] Truman said of dedicating the victory to Roosevelt's memory and keeping the flags at half-mast that his only wish was "that Franklin D. Roosevelt had lived to witness this day."[4] Later that day, Truman said that the victory made it his most enjoyable birthday.[3]

Massive celebrations also took place in Chicago, Los Angeles, Miami, and especially in New York City's Times Square.[7]

Soviet Victory Day[edit]

Main article: Victory Day (9 May)

As the Soviet representative in Reims had no authority to sign the German instrument of surrender, the Soviet leadership proposed to consider Reims surrender as a "preliminary" act. The surrender ceremony was repeated in Berlin on May 8, where the instrument of surrender was signed by supreme German military commander Wilhelm Keitel, by Georgy Zhukov and Allied representatives. Since the Soviet Union was to the east of Germany, it was 9 May Moscow Time when the German military surrender became effective, which is why Russia and most of the former Soviet republics commemorate Victory Day on 9 May instead of 8 May.

Commemorative public holidays[edit]

(May 8 unless otherwise stated)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The formal surrender of the German forces occupying the Channel Islands did not occur until the following day, 9 May 1945.
  2. ^ About VE Day The Royal British Legion
  3. ^ a b "Truman Marks Birthday". The New York Times. May 9, 1945. p. 6. 
  4. ^ a b "Victory Wreath From Truman Is Laid On Hyde Park Grave of War President". New York Times. Associated Press. May 9, 1945. p. 15. 
  5. ^ "Army Extends Mourning Period". New York Times. Associated Press. May 12, 1945. p. 13. 
  6. ^ United Press (May 15, 1945). "30 Days of Mourning For Roosevelt Ended". New York Times. p. 4. 
  7. ^ V-E Day at the Wayback Machine (archived May 15, 2008) University of San Diego, archived May 15, 2008 from http://history.sandiego.edu/gen/ww2Timeline/qt/v-eday.html
  8. ^ Public holidays in Slovakia
  9. ^ http://www.5.ua/ukrajina/kultura/item/383040-ukraina-vidmovliaietsia-vid-heorhiievskoi-strichky-na-koryst-chervonoho-maku 5 канал: Україна відмовляється від "георгієвської стрічки" на користь "червоного маку" (Ukrainian)
  10. ^ Victory Day (9 May)

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victory_in_Europe_Day — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
167375 videos foundNext > 

King George VI - Speech on Victory in Europe Day, 8 May 1945

King George VI making his radio broadcast to the nation on VE (Victory in Europe) Day, 8 May 1945.

May 8, 1945: Allies celebrate Victory in Europe Day

Berlin, Germany - Canadian General Crerar declares Second World War victory step towards lasting peace. Episode - 414 For more information on the Canadian Ar...

Victory in Europe Day In London (1945)

Victory in Europe Day — known as V-E Day or VE Day — was the public holiday celebrated on 8 May 1945 (in Commonwealth countries, 7 May 1945) to mark the date...

Crowds gather at Buckingham Palace to celebrate Victory in Europe Day 1945

Crowds gather at Buckingham Palace to celebrate Victory in Europe Day and Winston Churchill appearbalcony ENGLAND 14th May 1945 - Crowds gather at Buckingham...

Victory in Europe Day Remembered

Field Marshal Montgomery, General Crerar, 1945, Second World War, Victory in Europe Day, V-E Day, Germany Episode - 473 For more information on the Canadian ...

Paris feiert Kriegsende, 8.5.1945 (VE-Day = Victory in Europe Day)

Am 8. Mai 1945 wird in Paris, nach 2.073 Tagen des Krieges, der Sieg in den Zeitungen und einer Ansprache im Rundfunk von General de Gaulle ausgerufen. Freud...

NATO Secretary General visits United States - Remarks on Victory in Europe day (w/subtitles)

Commemoration: Victory in Europe Day at National World War II Memorial, in partnership with Friends of the National World War II Memorial. Remarks on Victory...

NATO Secretary General visits United States - Commemorating Victory in Europe Day (w/subtitles)

On Victory in Europe Day NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen paid tribute to the thousands of American servicemen and women who fought to liberate E...

Victory In Europe, British Newsreel 1945

'VICTORY IN EUROPE- A TRIBUTE TO THOSE WHO MADE IT POSSIBLE.' An item made almost entirely of brief stock shot sequences. United States Navy (USN) Grumman F6...

HD Stock Footage WWII V-E Day Celebrations Victory in Europe - War is Over

True HD Direct Film Transfers - NO UPCONVERSIONS! http://www.buyoutfootage.com/pages/titles/pd_dc_401.php VE Day Celebrations in Europe U.S. soldiers in Engl...

167375 videos foundNext > 

15 news items

Albany Times Union
Sat, 23 Aug 2014 21:52:58 -0700

V.E. Day with a very happy jockey Javier Castellano returns to the winner's circle Saturday afternoon Aug. 23, 2014, after winning the 145th running of the Travers at the Saratoga Race Course in Saratoga Springs, N.Y. (Skip Dickstein/Times Union) | Buy ...

Stoke Sentinel

Stoke Sentinel
Sat, 23 Aug 2014 02:34:11 -0700

And on May 8 1945, a public holiday was held to mark Victory in Europe Day, also known as VE Day. "When VE Day came, there was a great deal of celebration," remembers Marion, "but my mother would only celebrate when John came home." About three ...
SuperSport (blog)
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 08:56:15 -0700

... the Second Australian Imperial Force, serving in the Middle East and New Guinea before being chosen to captain the Australian Services cricket team that played the "Victory Tests" in England during the months immediately following Victory in Europe ...
The Express-Times - lehighvalleylive.com
Mon, 18 Aug 2014 21:18:45 -0700

This year very little was mentioned in the press or even by the president about Victory in Europe Day on May 7, 1945, and even less about Victory in Japan Day on Aug. 16, 1945. These surrenders opened the door for America becoming one of, if not, the ...
Cranbrook Daily Townsman
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 08:00:00 -0700

“There was a big deal about it because it was Victory in Europe Day,” he said. In 1949, the students went on a big march to protest the rise in an all important snack. “They put the prices up of chocolate bars from five cents to seven cents,” he said ...


Wed, 06 Aug 2014 08:28:26 -0700

Name a celebrity, a TV show or movie or a sports team and I can find you at least one article trumpeting what we can learn about leadership from an episode of The Walking Dead or the Beyoncé and Jay Z tour. If it's something people might be searching ...
Thu, 07 Aug 2014 08:33:45 -0700

Vic Zast, a racetrack executive, businessman, turf writer, and ardent racing fan, died Aug. 3 in Wilmette, Ill. Zast, who had been a regular contributor to The Blood-Horse and authored the "Saratoga Diary" blog at Bloodhorse.com from 2006-13, was 69.
Fri, 08 Aug 2014 01:26:09 -0700

Winston Churchill famously celebrated Victory in Europe Day (VE Day) in 1945 from the second floor room at the front. Cable Street - Where Oswald Mosley was stopped. On October 4, 1936, a battle broke out on Cable Street as Oswald Mosely attempted to ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Victory in Europe Day

You can talk about Victory in Europe Day with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!