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Vice President of the Philippines
Pangalawang Pangulo ng Pilipinas
Seal of the Vice President of the Republic of the Philippines.svg
Flag of the Vice President of the Republic of the Philippines.svg
Jejomar Binay.jpg
Jejomar Binay

since June 30, 2010
Style His Excellency[1][2][3][4]
The Honorable (alternative)
Residence Coconut Palace[5]
Term length Six years
Inaugural holder Mariano Trías
Formation March 22, 1897
(de facto)
November 15, 1935
(de jure)
Website http://www.ovp.gov.ph
Coat of arms of the Philippines.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Philippines

The Vice President of the Philippines (Filipino: Pangalawang Pangulo ng Pilipinas, informally, "Ang Pangalawang Pangulo" or "Bise Presidente" derived from Spanish), is the second-highest executive official of the government of the Philippines, after the President. The current official residence of the Vice President of the Philippines is the Coconut Palace. Prior to Binay, the office of the VP as housed in the CCP Complex, Manila for many years.[6]


The Vice-President of Philippines is the first in the Philippine line of succession, assuming the Presidency upon the death, resignation, or removal by impeachment and subsequent conviction of the incumbent. The position was abolished by Martial Law in 1972, and was not included in the original text of the 1973 Constitution. Amendments to this version restored the position in time for the "snap" elections of 1986. The present constitution retains the position. Unlike other countries, the Vice President has no official responsibilities other than those assigned by the incumbent President, somewhat similar to the role played by the Vice President of the United States. Traditions governing the position date back to the Commonwealth of the Philippines, and its inaugural holder, Sergio Osmeña (while there was a similarly named position in governments prior to the First Philippine Republic, the position did not exist under what is considered the first official national government set up in 1898). This includes the Vice President to be given the highest-ranking cabinet portfolio.


Pre Independence[edit]

Home provinces of the vice presidents.

The first known vice president claiming to be part of a government was Mariano Trías, whose term started on March 22, 1897. He was elected during the elections of the Tejeros Convention, and was later elected vice president of the Supreme Council that oversaw negotiations for the Biak na Bato pact in 1897. This Supreme Council had no sovereignty, did not govern any state, and was just used for bargaining with the Spanish. This council was replaced later, with no such position existing during the country's declaration of independence in 1898, which had a dictatorial government. Officially, the country's first actual republic was founded in 1899, and it too had no vice president. Trias instead served in the cabinets of Apolinario Mabini and Pedro Paterno, as finance minister and war minister, respectively. Trias is not considered a Philippine Vice President as the Supreme Council did not proclaim any sovereign state.


The 1935 Constitution of the Philippines established the position of Vice President, with no required responsibilities, although the President could, if he so chose, appoint the Vice President to a cabinet position. The first person elected to the position of Vice President under the constitution was Sergio Osmeña. Elected together with Manuel L. Quezon in the first Philippine national elections, Osmena was given the highest-ranking cabinet portfolio with inauguration of the Commonwealth of the Philippines in November 1935. Prior to independence in 1946, that cabinet portfolio was Secretary of Public Instruction, which had once been reserved only for the Vice Governor-General (an American). Vice President Osmena held that position from 1935–1939, and a similar portfolio in the War Cabinet during World War II.

After independence, the highest-ranking cabinet position became that of Secretary of Foreign Affairs (it is still the highest-ranking cabinet portfolio in official protocol to this day), which was given to Vice President Elpidio Quirino. Vice President Fernando Lopez declined the Foreign Affairs portfolio when he became Quirino's Vice President in 1949. However, Vice Presidents Carlos P. Garcia and Emmanuel Pelaez also held the Foreign Affairs portfolio, a tradition revived in the Fifth Republic, with Vice Presidents Salvador Laurel and Teofisto Guingona, Jr. holding the Foreign Affairs portfolio. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo served as Secretary of Social Welfare and Development. Other Cabinet positions with no Secretary title was given to Joseph Estrada as Chairman of the Presidential Anti-Crime Commission and Noli de Castro as Chairman of the Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council.

Among the Vice Presidents of the Third Republic, Diosdado Macapagal alone was not given any cabinet position, since he was the first elected Vice-President that did not originate from the same party as the incumbent. Arturo Tolentino was officially proclaimed Vice President-elect by the Regular Batasang Pambansa in 1986. He took his oath as Vice President on February 16, 1986 before Chief Justice Ramon Aquino but because of popular belief that the elections had been rigged, he never actually served out his term as Vice President. Within a week after Tolentino's oath, the People Power Revolution resulted in the collapse of the Marcos regime. On February 25, 1986 Corazon Aquino and Salvador H. Laurel were sworn in as President and Vice President.[7]


Duties and responsibilities[edit]

Article VII Section 3 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution mandates the existence of a Vice President "who shall have the same qualifications and term of office and be elected with, and in the same manner, as the President." The Vice President may be removed from the position in the same manner as the President, and can be appointed as a Member of the Cabinet.

The Vice President shall be put into office by direct popular vote held every second Monday of May (or as provided otherwise by law) for a term of six years which starts at noon of June 30 the year the official was elected, and will end at noon of the same date six years after. Section 4 states that the Vice President is not allowed to serve two consecutive terms, and if any case the official renounces his position in the duration of his term, it will not be considered as an interruption in the term for which he was elected.

He/She also assumes the duties and responsibilities of the President (as Acting President) if (1) the position of the latter has not yet been chosen, until such has been chosen and qualified, (2) the latter has died or became permanently disabled, and will serve the unexpired term, and/or (3) the Members of the Cabinet submits to the Senate President and the House Speaker a written declaration that the President is unable to effect his responsibilities and duties.


The vice president is the first in the presidential line of succession as mandated in the 1987 constitution. Succession in case of the incapacitation or death of the President of the Philippines has occurred thrice:

A Vice President has become President by virtue of resignation:


The salary of the Vice President generally ranges from P103,000 to P111,917[10][11] a month, that is determined by the Congress.

Official residence[edit]

Historically, the Vice President was not given an official residence. However, the Vice President also held office along with the President at the Executive Building (now Kalayaan Hall) in the complex of Malacañan Palace from 1935 until 1972, when the position was abolished under martial law and the 1973 Constitution. When the position was reinstated, Vice President Salvador H. Laurel held office at the former Legislative Building at Padre Burgos Avenue, Manila, until the building became the National Museum of the Philippines. The Vice President's office was transferred to the Philippine International Convention Center, and again to the PNB Financial Center in Pasay, Metro Manila in 2005.[12] Jejomar Binay has designated the Coconut Palace in Manila as the official residence and principal workplace of the Vice President of the Philippines.

Land transport[edit]

The Vice President of the Philippines generally rides in a Mercedes Benz W140 S-Class, backed up by personnel from the Presidential Security Group.

List of living former Vice Presidents[edit]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vice_President_of_the_Philippines — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

1102 news items


Wed, 12 Aug 2015 02:45:00 -0700

As early as 2010, after he was declared the duly elected Vice President of the Philippines, Jejomar Binay announced he has plans of running for President in 2016. This has put him on spotlight, even if he was part of the cabinet of President Benigno ...


Mon, 10 Aug 2015 22:31:17 -0700

Arroyo, 68 year-old served as the 14th President of the Philippines, and the 12th Vice President of the Philippines and first duly elected female VP from 1998 to 2001. She was the country's second female president after Corazon Aquino. She entered ...
PRWire (press release)
Mon, 17 Aug 2015 03:03:44 -0700

The PCL Summit will be attended by city political and development officers from across the Philippines. Also keynoting the event are the Hon. Jejomar Binay, the Vice President of the Philippines, and Interior Secretary Mar Roxas. Both have announced ...


Tue, 23 Jun 2015 22:26:15 -0700

(Who are you likely to vote for vice president of the Philippines if elections were held today?) The SWS said the question is not commissioned, and is done on its own initiative and released as a public service. From the time the last survey was ...
Visayan Daily Star (press release)
Sun, 16 Aug 2015 19:37:30 -0700

... surprise for me, especially, to note that the guest of honor for the affair was a very dear and much admired friend, the beauteous and very talented Celia Diaz Laurel, whose late husband, Salvador “Doy” Laurel, was a former vice president of the ...
Visayan Daily Star (press release)
Mon, 17 Aug 2015 19:48:45 -0700

Also in Manapla, Saturday, was Dr. Gustilo's patient Celia Diaz Laurel, wife of the late Vice President of the Philippines Salvador Laurel, and her son, actor and singer, Victor “Cocoy” Laurel, who held a concert at the Northland Entertainment Center ...


Wed, 01 Jul 2015 05:11:15 -0700

Philippine Vice President Jejomar Binay unveiled a political party Wednesday, creating a platform to run for president next year as his family loses grip of its power base in the nation's main business district. “We accept the challenge of true change ...


Fri, 15 May 2015 19:17:19 -0700

President of the Boy Scouts of the Philippines for close to 2 decades now, Jejomar Binay is also the Vice President of the Philippines. File photo. On May 20, the Boy Scouts of the Philippines (BSP) gathers for its biggest annual event, the national ...

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