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Rani Velu Nachiyar Rani
Queen of Sivagangai
Princess of Ramanathapuram
Sivagangai Aranmanai.jpg
Statue of Rani Velu Nachiyar at the historic palace and her residence, Sivagangai
Reign c. 1760-c. 1790[citation needed]
Successor British Rule
Father Chellamuthu Sethupathy
Mother Muthathal Nachiyar
Born 3 January 17301
Sivaganga, Tamil Nadu, India
Died c. 1790
Sivaganga, Tamil Nadu, India
Religion Hinduism

Rani Velu Nachiyar (Tamil: இராணி வேலு நாச்சியார்) was an 18th-century Indian queen from Sivaganga. Rani Velu Nachiyar was the first queen to fight against the British in India, even preceding the famous Rani Laxmibai of Jhansi.[1]

Her life[edit]

Velu Nachiyar

She was the princess of Ramanathapuram and the daughter of Chellamuthu Sethupathy. She married the king of Siva Gangai and they had a daughter - Vellachi Nachiar. When her husband Muthuvaduganathaperiya Udaiyathevar was killed, she was drawn into battle. Her husband and his second wife were killed by a few British soldiers and the son of the Nawab of Arcot. She escaped with her daughter, lived under the protection of Hyder Ali at Virupachi near Dindigul for eight years.[2] During this period she formed an army and sought an alliance with Gopala Nayaker and Hyder Ali with the aim of attacking the British. In 1780 Rani Velu Nachiyar fought the British and won the battle. When Velu Nachiyar finds the place where the British stock their ammunition, she builds the first human bomb. A faithful follower, Kuyili douses herself in oil, lights herself and walks into the storehouse.[3] Rani Velu Nachiyar formed a woman's army named “udaiyaal” in honour of her adopted daughter — Udaiyaal, who died detonating a British arsenal. Nachiar was one of the few rulers who regained her kingdom and ruled it for 10 more years.[4]

Velu Nachiyar is the first queen who fought for the freedom against British in India and gave them a free run for their life. The first revolutionary who opposed the rule of British in Tamil Nadu even before the Sepoy mutiny which is considered as the first war against the British rule in India. The Queen Velu Nachiar granted powers to Marudu brothers to administer the country in 1780. Velu Nachiar died a few years later, but the exact date of her death is not known (it was about 1790). Marudu brothers are the sons of Udayar Servai alias Mookiah Palaniappan Servai and Anandayer alias Ponnathal.[5]

On 31-December-2008, a commemorative postage stamp on her was released.[6]


  1. ^ The Hindu - 10-Aug-2010
  2. ^ "Uphill, for history’s sake". The Hindu (India). 24 December 2007. 
  3. ^ "Of woman power and Tamizh glory". IBN Live (Chennai, India). 14 June 2011. 
  4. ^ The Hindu - 14-Aug-2010
  5. ^ "History-Sivaganga district". Sivaganga dist. - Tamilnadu govt., India. Retrieved 24 November 2011. 
  6. ^ "India Post - Stamps 2008". Postal department, Government of India. 

See also[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Velu_Nachiyar — Please support Wikipedia.
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135 news items

The Hindu
Sun, 08 Mar 2015 17:19:23 -0700

When Monica Ravi, a Tamil settled in Minnesota in the US, called the chief of Oviyam Dance Academy, V. Sriram Sharma, and said she had named her newborn after Velu Nachiyar, the 18th century Indian queen, the later went speechless and broke into ...
The Hindu
Wed, 18 Mar 2015 04:34:37 -0700

“Likewise, the name Velu Nachiyar or Vengai Marban also denote the Vel and Vengai trees,” suggest Venkatraman. “The word Vel underwent modifications in meaning over the years and can mean either the Vel tree or the spear, the verb meaning winning or ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Sun, 08 Mar 2015 17:05:26 -0700

He explained the greatness of the Tamil Language, Tamil literature and the Tamil poet Kamban. Velu Nachiyar, Thillaiyadi Valliyammai and Anjalai Ammal who fought against the tyranny of the British should be taken as role models by students. The college ...
Business Standard
Sat, 19 Jul 2014 08:30:32 -0700

Chief Minister Jayalalithaa inaugurated a memorial of Rani Velu Nachiyar and a monument of Veerathai Kuili at Soorakulam village in Sivaganga district through video conferenceing. While the Rani Velu Nachiar memorial was built at a cost of Rs 60 lakh ...
The Hindu
Fri, 02 Nov 2012 23:20:21 -0700

The government will build a memorial for freedom fighter and queen of Sivaganga, Velu Nachiyar, Chief Minister Jayalalithaa told the Assembly on Friday. She made the announcement following a request from CPI deputy leader M. Gunasekaran, ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 25 Jul 2013 06:18:45 -0700

At the entrance is a bronze statue of Rani Velu Nachiyar. The walls whisper many a story of battles fought, lost and won by the Marava kings in the 18th Century. The palace was built in 1730 by Sasivarna Thevar, the first king of the Sivagangai kingdom.
The Hindu
Tue, 27 Jan 2015 16:00:00 -0800

With focus on contribution of water scarcity in forest areas to the escalation of human-wild animal conflict, a 11-day capacity building programme on 'Field Engineering Training for Forest Watershed Management' for Forest Range Officers got under way ...
The Hindu
Fri, 20 Feb 2015 16:00:00 -0800

The sub-regional office of the Employees Provident Fund Organisation, Salem, has launched a special drive for the purpose of recovering pending statutory dues from the defaulting establishments. The drive is in connection with the observance of ...

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