digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















Rani Velu Nachiyar
Queen of Sivagangai
Princess of Ramanathapuram
Sivagangai Aranmanai.jpg
Statue of Rani Velu Nachiyar at the historic palace and her residence, Sivagangai
Reign c. 1760-c. 1790[citation needed]
Successor British Rule
Born 3 January 1730
Sivaganga, Tamil Nadu, India
Died 25 December 1796
Sivaganga, Tamil Nadu, India
Father Chellamuthu Sethupathy
Mother Muthathal Nachiyar
Religion Hinduism

Rani Velu Nachiyar (Tamil: இராணி வேலு நாச்சியார்) was an 18th-century Indian queen from Sivaganga. Rani Velu Nachiyar was the first queen to fight against the British in India, even preceding the famous Rani Laxmibai of Jhansi.[1]

Her life[edit]

She was the princess of Ramanathapuram and the daughter of Raja Chellamuthu Sethupathy and Rani Sakandhimuthal of Ramnad Kingdom. She was the only daughter of this Royal family. The Royal couple had no male heir hence Princess Velunachiyar was brought up like Prince of Ramnad. She got trained in War tactics,Weapons usage, Martial arts like Valari, Silambam (fighting using stick),horse riding and archery thus the young brave princess become skilled in all war techniques. She was a scholar in many languages and she had proficiency with languages like French, English and Urdu. She married the King of Sivagangai and couples had a daughter. When her husband king Muthuvaduganathaperiya Udaiyathevar was killed, she was drawn into battle. Her husband was killed by British soldiers and the son of the Nawab of Arcot. She escaped with her daughter, lived under the protection of Hyder Ali at Virupachi near Dindigul for eight years.[2] During this period she formed an army and sought an alliance with Gopala Nayaker and Hyder Ali with the aim of attacking the British. In 1780 Rani Velu Nachiyar fought the British and won the battle. When Velu Nachiyar finds the place where the British stock their ammunition, she builds the first human bomb. A faithful follower, Kuyili douses herself in oil, lights herself and walks into the storehouse.[3] Rani Velu Nachiyar formed a woman's army named “udaiyaal” in honour of her adopted daughter — Udaiyaal, who died detonating a British arsenal. Nachiar was one of the few rulers who regained her kingdom and ruled it for 10 more years.[4]

Velu Nachiyar is the first queen who fought for the freedom against British in India and gave them a free run for their life. The first revolutionary who opposed the rule of British in Tamil Nadu even before the Sepoy mutiny which is considered as the first war against the British rule in India. The Queen Velu Nachiar granted powers to Marudu brothers to administer the country in 1780. Velu Nachiar died a few years later, but the exact date of her death is not known (it was about 1790). Marudu brothers are the sons of Udayar Servai alias Mookiah Palaniappan Servai and Anandayer alias Ponnathal.[5]

On 31-December-2008, a commemorative postage stamp on her was released.[6]


  1. ^ The Hindu - 10-Aug-2010
  2. ^ "Uphill, for history’s sake". The Hindu (India). 24 December 2007. 
  3. ^ "Of woman power and Tamizh glory". IBN Live (Chennai, India). 14 June 2011. 
  4. ^ The Hindu - 14-Aug-2010
  5. ^ "History-Sivaganga district". Sivaganga dist. - Tamil Nadu govt., India. Retrieved 24 November 2011. 
  6. ^ "India Post - Stamps 2008". Postal department, Government of India. 

See also[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Velu_Nachiyar — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

50 news items

The Hindu

The Hindu
Sun, 03 Jan 2016 16:00:00 -0800

Minister for Handlooms and Textiles S. Gokula Indira and Minister for Revenue R.B. Udayakumar garlanded the statue of Velu Nachiyar at her memorial in Soorakulam in Kayalayarkoil block and paid homage at a brief function organised by the State ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Sat, 23 Jan 2016 06:48:45 -0800

Rani Chennamma of Kittoor in Karnataka fought the British for her kingdom, as did Rani Velu Nachiyar, the queen of Sivaganga in the 18th century. Many of these women were trained in horse-riding and fencing. What was the contribution of Dalit and ...
The Hindu
Sun, 08 Mar 2015 17:19:23 -0700

When Monica Ravi, a Tamil settled in Minnesota in the US, called the chief of Oviyam Dance Academy, V. Sriram Sharma, and said she had named her newborn after Velu Nachiyar, the 18th century Indian queen, the later went speechless and broke into ...
Business Standard
Sat, 19 Jul 2014 08:22:30 -0700

Chief Minister Jayalalithaa inaugurated a memorial of Rani Velu Nachiyar and a monument of Veerathai Kuili at Soorakulam village in Sivaganga district through video conferenceing. While the Rani Velu Nachiar memorial was built at a cost of Rs 60 lakh ...
The Hindu
Fri, 02 Nov 2012 23:20:21 -0700

The government will build a memorial for freedom fighter and queen of Sivaganga, Velu Nachiyar, Chief Minister Jayalalithaa told the Assembly on Friday. She made the announcement following a request from CPI deputy leader M. Gunasekaran, ...


Sat, 02 Jan 2016 19:33:45 -0800

இந்திய சுதந்திர வரலாற்றின் அதிகம் வெளிவராத பக்கங்களில் ஒன்று... ராணி வேலு நாச்சியாரின் வீரக்கதை. வரலாற்று ஆசிரியர்களால் நமக்கு ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Wed, 26 Aug 2015 17:06:26 -0700

The Varnam Erode Vizha also encompasses conduct of an eye-check camp, blood donation camp, health check up, health tips, and food show. Velu Nachiyar - Multi theatre show, a flagship evt of Varnam Erode Vizha 2015 will be held on August 29.

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 25 Jul 2013 06:21:45 -0700

At the entrance is a bronze statue of Rani Velu Nachiyar. The walls whisper many a story of battles fought, lost and won by the Marava kings in the 18th Century. The palace was built in 1730 by Sasivarna Thevar, the first king of the Sivagangai kingdom.

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight