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Rani Velu Nachiyar
Queen of Sivagangai
Princess of Ramanathapuram
Sivagangai Aranmanai.jpg
Statue of Rani Velu Nachiyar at the historic palace and her residence, Sivagangai
Reign c. 1760-c. 1790[citation needed]
Successor British Rule
Born 3 January 1730
Sivaganga, Tamil Nadu, India
Died c. 1790
Sivaganga, Tamil Nadu, India
Father Chellamuthu Sethupathy
Mother Muthathal Nachiyar
Religion Hinduism

Rani Velu Nachiyar (Tamil: இராணி வேலு நாச்சியார்) was an 18th-century Indian queen from Sivaganga. Rani Velu Nachiyar was the first queen to fight against the British in India, even preceding the famous Rani Laxmibai of Jhansi.[1]

Her life[edit]

She was the princess of Ramanathapuram and the daughter of Chellamuthu Sethupathy. She married the king of Siva Gangai and they had a daughter - Vellachi Nachiar. When her husband Muthuvaduganathaperiya Udaiyathevar was killed, she was drawn into battle. Her husband and his second wife were killed by a few British soldiers and the son of the Nawab of Arcot. She escaped with her daughter, lived under the protection of Hyder Ali at Virupachi near Dindigul for eight years.[2] During this period she formed an army and sought an alliance with Gopala Nayaker and Hyder Ali with the aim of attacking the British. In 1780 Rani Velu Nachiyar fought the British and won the battle. When Velu Nachiyar finds the place where the British stock their ammunition, she builds the first human bomb. A faithful follower, Kuyili douses herself in oil, lights herself and walks into the storehouse.[3] Rani Velu Nachiyar formed a woman's army named “udaiyaal” in honour of her adopted daughter — Udaiyaal, who died detonating a British arsenal. Nachiar was one of the few rulers who regained her kingdom and ruled it for 10 more years.[4]

Velu Nachiyar is the first queen who fought for the freedom against British in India and gave them a free run for their life. The first revolutionary who opposed the rule of British in Tamil Nadu even before the Sepoy mutiny which is considered as the first war against the British rule in India. The Queen Velu Nachiar granted powers to Marudu brothers to administer the country in 1780. Velu Nachiar died a few years later, but the exact date of her death is not known (it was about 1790). Marudu brothers are the sons of Udayar Servai alias Mookiah Palaniappan Servai and Anandayer alias Ponnathal.[5]

On 31-December-2008, a commemorative postage stamp on her was released.[6]


  1. ^ The Hindu - 10-Aug-2010
  2. ^ "Uphill, for history’s sake". The Hindu (India). 24 December 2007. 
  3. ^ "Of woman power and Tamizh glory". IBN Live (Chennai, India). 14 June 2011. 
  4. ^ The Hindu - 14-Aug-2010
  5. ^ "History-Sivaganga district". Sivaganga dist. - Tamilnadu govt., India. Retrieved 24 November 2011. 
  6. ^ "India Post - Stamps 2008". Postal department, Government of India. 

See also[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Velu_Nachiyar — Please support Wikipedia.
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25 news items

The Hindu
Sun, 08 Mar 2015 17:11:15 -0700

When Monica Ravi, a Tamil settled in Minnesota in the US, called the chief of Oviyam Dance Academy, V. Sriram Sharma, and said she had named her newborn after Velu Nachiyar, the 18th century Indian queen, the later went speechless and broke into ...
The Hindu
Fri, 02 Nov 2012 23:20:21 -0700

The government will build a memorial for freedom fighter and queen of Sivaganga, Velu Nachiyar, Chief Minister Jayalalithaa told the Assembly on Friday. She made the announcement following a request from CPI deputy leader M. Gunasekaran, ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Wed, 26 Aug 2015 17:00:00 -0700

... memorials for Tamil martyr Sankaralinganar, Veerapandia Kattabomman, John Pennycuick , who constructed the Mullaperiyar dam, and for Karikala Cholan besides memorials for Dheeran Chinnamalai, Veeramangai Velu Nachiyar and Veerathai Kuyili.

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 25 Jul 2013 06:21:45 -0700

At the entrance is a bronze statue of Rani Velu Nachiyar. The walls whisper many a story of battles fought, lost and won by the Marava kings in the 18th Century. The palace was built in 1730 by Sasivarna Thevar, the first king of the Sivagangai kingdom.
Sun, 16 Aug 2015 06:33:13 -0700

Those 400 great Tamil freedom fighters who were hanged in a single day by the British for demanding independence and those like Velu Nachiyar, Rani Gaidinliu, who fought to free India from the foreign yoke may find little or no mention in the highly ...

Times of India

Times of India
Fri, 31 Jul 2015 13:19:55 -0700

Wordsmith 4. News King 2. Frequent Flyer 3. Member 1. Know more about Times Points. • mumbai • 117 days ago •Follow. Brave women like these prove that they still exist m listing few names. Jija Mata Razia Sultana Rudrama Devi Rani Velu Nachiyar

The Hindu

The Hindu
Wed, 26 Aug 2015 17:00:00 -0700

As part of its third edition of Varnam Erode Vizha, CII's Young Indians - Erode Chapter on Wednesday initiated its six-day schedule to clean and paint walls to beautify the city, with support from Olirum Erodu Foundation. The painting activity ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Sat, 14 Aug 2010 05:17:56 -0700

The battle for independence raged as early as in the 18th century. There were many women especially from the royal houses and aristocrats who led the way and were a source of inspiration. Rani Velu Nachiyar was one such — the first queen of Tamil ...

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