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This article is about the primordial buddha Vairocana. For the Tibetan translator, see Vairotsana.
Vairocana
Bulguksageumdongbirojanabuljwasang (Seated gilt-bronze vairocana buddha statue of Bulguksa Temple).jpg
A gilt-bronze statue of Vairocana Buddha, one of the National Treasures of South Korea, at the Bulguksa Temple.
Sanskrit वैरोचन Vairocana
Chinese 大日如來 (Dàrì Rúlái)
毘盧遮那佛 (Pílúzhēnàfó)
Japanese 大日如来 (Dainichi Nyorai)
毘盧遮那仏 (Birushana-butsu)
Korean 비로자나불 毘盧遮那佛 (Birojanabul)
대일여래 大日如來 (Daeil Yeorae)
Mongolian ᠮᠠᠰᠢᠳᠠ ᠋᠋ᠭᠡᠢᠢᠭᠦᠯᠦᠨ ᠵᠣᠬᠢᠶᠠᠭᠴᠢ Машид гийгүүлэн зохиогч
Masida geyigülün zohiyaghci
Tibetan རྣམ་པར་སྣང་མཛད། rNam-par-snang mdzad
Vietnamese Đại Nhật Như Lai, Tì Lư Già Na,
Information
Venerated by Vajrayana
Attributes Emptiness
Portal icon Buddhism portal

Vairocana (also Vairochana or Mahāvairocana, Sanskrit: वैरोचन) is a celestial buddha who is often interpreted, in texts like the Flower Garland Sutra, as the Bliss Body of the historical Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama). In Chinese, Korean, and Japanese Buddhism, Vairocana is also seen as the embodiment of the Buddhist concept of Emptiness. In the conception of the Five Wisdom Buddhas of Vajrayana Buddhism, Vairocana is at the centre.

Vairocana is not to be confused with Vairocana Mahabali, son of Virochana.

History of devotion[edit]

Vairocana Buddha is first introduced in the Brahma Net Sutra:[1]

Now, I, Vairocana Buddha am sitting atop a lotus pedestal; On a thousand flowers surrounding me are a thousand Sakyamuni Buddhas. Each flower supports a hundred million worlds; in each world a Sakyamuni Buddha appears. All are seated beneath a Bodhi-tree, all simultaneously attain Buddhahood. All these innumerable Buddhas have Vairocana as their original body.

He is also mentioned in the Flower Garland Sutra; however, the doctrine of Vairocana Buddha is based largely on the teachings of the Mahavairocana Sutra (also known as the Mahāvairocana-abhisaṃbodhi-tantra) and to a lesser degree the Vajrasekhara Sutra (also known as the Sarvatathāgatatattvasaṃgraha Tantra).

He is also mentioned as an epithet of the Buddha Śakyamuni in the Sutra of Meditation on the Bodhisattva Universal Virtue, who dwells in a place called "Always Tranquil Light".[2]

Vairocana is the Primordial Buddha in the Chinese schools of Tiantai and Hua-Yen Buddhism, also appearing in later schools including the Japanese Kegon and esoteric lineages of Tendai and Shingon. In the case of Shingon and Hua-Yen schools, Vairocana is the central figure.

In Sino-Japanese Buddhism, Vairocana was gradually superseded as an object of reverence by Amitabha Buddha, due in large part to the increasing popularity of Pure Land Buddhism, but Vairocana's legacy still remains in the Tōdai-ji temple with its massive bronze statue and in Shingon Buddhism, which holds a sizeable minority among Japanese Buddhists.

During the initial stages of his mission in Japan, the Catholic missionary Francis Xavier was welcomed by the Shingon monks since he used Dainichi, the Japanese name for Vairocana, to designate the Christian God. As Xavier learned more about the religious nuances of the word, he substituted the term Deusu, which he derived from the Latin and Portuguese Deus.

The Shingon Buddhist monk, Dohan, regarded the two great Buddhas, Amida and Vairocana, as one and the same Dharmakaya Buddha and as the true nature at the core of all beings and phenomena. There are several realisations that can accrue to the Shingon practitioner of which Dohan speaks in this connection, as Dr. James Sanford points out: there is the realisation that Amida is the Dharmakaya Buddha, Vairocana; then there is the realisation that Amida as Vairocana is eternally manifest within this universe of time and space; and finally there is the innermost realisation that Amida is the true nature, material and spiritual, of all beings, that he is 'the omnivalent wisdom-body, that he is the unborn, unmanifest, unchanging reality that rests quietly at the core of all phenomena'.[3]

Helen Hardacre, writing on the Mahavairocana Sutra, comments that Mahavairocana's virtues are deemed to be immanently universal within all beings: 'The principle doctrine of the Dainichikyo is that all the virtues of Dainichi (Mahavairocana) are inherent in us and in all sentient beings.'[4]

Statues[edit]

With regard to Emptiness, the massive size and brilliance of Vairocana statues serve as a reminder that all conditioned existence is empty and without a permanent identity.

The Vairocana statue in Nara's Tōdai-ji in Japan was the largest bronze image of Vairocana Buddha in the world. The larger of the monumental statues that were destroyed at Bamyan in Afghanistan was also a depiction of Vairocana. In Java, Indonesia, the 9th-century Mendut temple near Borobudur in Magelang was dedicated to Dhyani Buddha Vairocana. Built by the Sailendra dynasty, the temple featured a three-meter tall stone statue of Dhyani Buddha Vairocana, seated and performing the Dharmachakra mudra. The statue is flanked with statues of Boddhisatva Avalokitesvara and Boddhisatva Vajrapani.

The Spring Temple Buddha of Lushan County, Henan, China, with a height of 126 meters, is now the tallest Vairocana Buddha statue, as well as the tallest statue in the world (see List of statues by height).

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ "YMBA's translation of Brahma Net Sutra". Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  2. ^ Reeves 2008, pp. 416, 452
  3. ^ Dr. James H. Sanford, 'Breath of Life: The Esoteric Nembutsu' in Tantric Buddhism in East Asia, ed. by Dr. Richard K. Payne, Wisdom Publications, Boston, 2006, p. 176
  4. ^ Helen Hardacre, 'The Cave and the Womb World', in Tantric Buddhism in East Asia (Wisdom Publications, Boston, 2006), p. 215

Bibliography[edit]

  • Birmingham, Vessantara (2003). Meeting The Buddhas, Windhorse Publications, ISBN 0-904766-53-5.
  • Cook, Francis H. (1977). Hua-Yen Buddhism: The Jewel Net of Indra, Pennsylvania State University Press.
  • Reeves, Gene (2008). The Lotus Sutra: A Contemporary Translation of a Buddhist Classic. Somerville: Wisdom Publications. ISBN 0-86171-571-3. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vairocana — Please support Wikipedia.
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11917 videos foundNext > 

Vairocana Buddha Mantra 毗卢遮那佛咒

Vairocana Buddha Mantra 毗卢遮那佛咒May all sentient beings have happiness and its causes, May all sentient beings be free of suffering and its causes, May all se...

ॐ 大日 如 来 。 Vairocana Buddha 。毗卢遮那佛咒 。Buddhist Mantra ॐ

大日如来。 Vairocana Buddha 。毗卢遮那佛咒。Buddhist Mantra 。 Om Namo Bhagavate Sarvate Gate, Varsuddhani Rajaya, Ta Tha Ga Ta Ya Arahate Sam Yak Sam Buddhaya, Ta Dya...

五条式改 - Vairocana

Song: Vairocana Artist: 五条式改 (wac & NAOKI) pop'n music Appearance: ポップンミュージック 12 いろは Genre: サイバーガガク.

REFLEC BEAT colette Vairocana HARD

Lv10+ 青サイド サイガガですね ラストはポップンの発狂を意識してるのがよく分かります だいぶ前にポップンでも動画上げたので貼っときますね http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=70CuzqOMUQ4.

vairocana buddha mantra

Vairocana Buddha mantra I hope that you were like it :)

[Pop'n Music 13 カーニバル] 五条式改 - Vairocana [サイバーガガク] EX AUTOPLAY

GAME LEVEL 8.

毗卢遮那佛咒 Vairocana Buddha (พระไวโรจนะพุทธะ)

Under constuction รอตรวจสอบ Test(1) พระไวโรจนพุทธะ เป็นพระธยานิพุทธะ 1 ใน 5 องค์ ของนิกายวัชรยาน ทรงเป็นประธานของพระพุทธะทั้ง 5 หมายถึงปัญญาอันสูงสุด ตราประจ...

【REFLEC BEAT】Vairocana【譜面確認+ハンドクラップ】

bms edit by.

Vairocana Buddha Mantra with lyric YouTube

Vairocana Buddha

I do not own the copyright of all this audio. My purpose for uploading this on You Tube is to share with all whom seek for it. Many thanks to all! May all be...

11917 videos foundNext > 

3 news items

 
Your Houston News
Wed, 10 Sep 2014 06:41:15 -0700

Zen Master Miao Tsan, Abbot of Vairocana Zen Monastery and international lecturer and author, returns to Houston September 14 — 17 to launch Living Truth: The Path of Light (Bright Sky Press, Sept. 2014), his newest book in a series of contemporary ...
 
Travelblog.it (Blog)
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 23:22:30 -0700

Il primato spetta ad un gigantesco Buddha, il Buddha Zhōngyuán, nella rappresentazione del Buddha Vairocana (Il Grande Illuminatore), finito di costruire nel 2002 in Cina, che sovrasta il tempio del Buddha Primaverile a Zhaocun, vicino ad un sorgente ...
 
매일신문
Fri, 12 Sep 2014 16:33:36 -0700

바이로차나(Vairocana)는 산스크리트어로 '태양'이라는 뜻이다. 모든 부처의 진신(육신이 아닌 진리의 모습)인 '법신불'을 가리킨다. 수향 대관음사 종무팀장은 "태양이 온 세계를 환하게 비추듯이 청소년들이 한마음 한뜻으로 세상을 밝고 맑게 비췄으면 하는 염원 ...
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