digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

A statue of Paari giving away his chariot to a climber plant

Vēl Pāri was a dynasty of Tamil Vēlir kings who ruled Parambu nādu and surrounding regions in ancient Tamilakkam towards the end of the Sangam era. The name is often used to describe the most famous amongst them, who was the patron and friend of poet Kapilar and is extolled for his benevolence, patronage of art and literature. He is remembered as one of the Kadai ēzhu vallal (literally meaning, the last seven great patrons) in Tamil literature.[1]

Ascension and rule[edit]

Piran malai where Kodungundranathar temple stands atop the hill. It was previously given by the name Parambu malai which ruled by Pāri

Pāri is described as the master of the hill country of Parambu nādu and held sway over 300 prosperous villages.[2] Pari patronized various forms of art, literature and bards thronged his court.[3] Parambu nadu consisted of parts of modern day Tamil Nadu and Kerala stretching from Piranmalai in Sivaganga district, Tamil Nadu to Nedungadi in Palakkad district, Kerala. His favorite was poet Kapilar who was his close friend and life long companion.[4] From Purananuru, song 107 by Kapilar:

Pāri was noted in of the last Sangam era for his generosity and was popular as one among the Kadai Ezhu Vallalgal (last seven patrons). Pāri's fame is described in Sangam literature as "முல்லைக்கு தேர் கொடுத்தான் பாரி" (One who gave his chariot to a climber plant). He was so generous that he gave away his chariot to a climber plant when he saw that it was struggling to grow without a suitable support.

Siege and death[edit]

The three crowned Tamil kings Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas expanded their kingdoms ruthlessly and turned their attention towards independent Vēlir Kings thus turning them into subordinates or eliminating them and assimilated their kingdoms. They laid siege to the heavily fortified country of Parambu, but Vēl Pāri refused to give in and the war dragged for years. Kabilar approached the kings and asked them to turn back describing his patron Pari as an unconquerable warrior (excerpt from Purananuru: song 109):

After a long war, Vēl Pāri was killed by treachery.[7] Purananuru, song (112) of Pāri's daughters on his death:

Family and succession[edit]

Pāri had two daughters, Angavai and Sangavai. Kapilar become their guardian after Pari's death and the three of them left Parambu country. Kapilar unsuccessfully approach different Vēlir kings to find grooms. Kapilar later took his own life by vadakirrutal, one of the Tamil ways of committing suicide.[4] Later, poetess Auvaiyar takes care of them and marries them off successfully into the family of another Vēlir king Malaiyamaan Kaari.

Legacy[edit]

Pariyur ("place of Pāri") or Parapuri near Gobichettipalayam in Tamil Nadu is named after Pāri. After Pāri was defeated, the place was deserted towards the end of thirteenth century A.D. and people migrated to settle down in neighboring areas what became the modern day town of Gobichettipalayam. Pariyur has four temples dedicated to various Gods namely, Kondathu Kaliamman Temple, Amarapaneeswarar Temple, Adinarayana Perumal Temple and Angalamman Temple.[9]

Piranmalai, the fortified hill near Tiruppathur ruled by Pāri is situated at an elevation of over 2,000 feet and is the last outcrop of the Eastern Ghats. At the foot hill, there are traces of a moat and a fort, which was pulled down in early 19th century. Kodungundranathar temple stands atop the hill now.[10] Pāri's daughters were married to the son of Kāri at Manam Poondi near Tirukkoyilur.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Topics in South Indian history: from early times up to 1565 A.D, page 53
  2. ^ Epigraphia Indica, Volume 25, page 91
  3. ^ Traditions of Indian classical dance, page 45
  4. ^ a b The Four Hundred Songs of War and Wisdom: An Anthology of Poems from Classical Tamil, the Purananuru
  5. ^ Poets of the Tamil Anthologies: Ancient Poems of Love and War, page 163
  6. ^ Poets of the Tamil Anthologies: Ancient Poems of Love and War, page 164
  7. ^ Great women of India, page 309
  8. ^ Poems of love and war: from the eight anthologies and the ten long poems of classical Tamil, page 145
  9. ^ "About Kondathu Kaliamman Temple". 
  10. ^ "About Kondungundranathar Temple". 

References[edit]

  • Topics in South Indian history: from early times up to 1565 A.D. By A. Krishnaswami
  • Epigraphia Indica, Volume 25 By Devadatta Ramakrishna Bhandarkar, India. Archaeological Survey, India. Dept. of Archaeology
  • Traditions of Indian classical dance By Mohan Khokar
  • Poets of the Tamil Anthologies: Ancient Poems of Love and War, George L. Hart III, Princeton: Princeton University Press
  • Great women of India edited by Mādhavānanda (Swāmĭ.), Ramesh Chandra Majumdar
  • Poems of love and war: from the eight anthologies and the ten long poems of classical Tamil By A. K. Ramanujan
  • The Four Hundred Songs of War and Wisdom: An Anthology of Poems from Classical Tamil, the Purananuru, Translations from the Asian classics By George L. Hart, Hank Heifetz

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vēl_Pāri — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

21 news items

Latvijas Radio

Latvijas Radio
Thu, 11 Jun 2015 14:11:15 -0700

Sveborgas cietokšņa uzbūvēšana kaut nedaudz pasargāja pilsētu no jauniem uzbrukumiem, taču cietoksnis nespēja garantēt pilsētai labklājību. 1710. gadā tai vēl pāri pārgāja mēris. Tas bija tik nežēlīgs, ka parāva sev līdzi lielāko daļu pilsētnieku. Bet ...
 
Apollo.lv
Sun, 12 Jul 2015 23:47:14 -0700

Tam visam vēl pāri kā šokolādes mērce žurnālistu: traki, šausminoši, šokējoši, baisi, utt. Only registered foreign users can post. Ienākt ar: Draugiem Facebook Twitter Inbox ID Google +. Apollo portāla lietošanas noteikumi. Ziņo redaktoram par dzēšamu ...

Latvijas Avīze

Latvijas Avīze
Fri, 10 Apr 2015 00:42:52 -0700

Divi maluzvejnieki Salacgrīvas novadā nodarījuši ūdens bioloģiskajiem resursiem 31 120 eiro lielus zaudējumus, aģentūra BNS uzzināja Valsts vides dienestā (VVD). VVD informē, ka Salacgrīvas novadā ceturtdien notika mēģinājums aizturēt divus ...
 
Apollo.lv
Fri, 22 May 2015 06:21:13 -0700

Mums krievu "kultūra" šeit jau ir pietiekami, līdz kaklam un vēl pāri. Adele 22. maijs 17:08. 27 1. paskat ko, un veel sudzas ka krievi te apspiesti! laila 22. maijs 17:02. 38 4. Vai ta 9.maijā jau nebija krievu kultūras diena? Only registered foreign ...

Neatkarīgā Rīta Avīze

Neatkarīgā Rīta Avīze
Mon, 06 Apr 2015 03:32:00 -0700

«Kamēr mācījos skolā, nemācēju pat īsti kartupeļus uzvārīt. Kad aizgāju dzīvot atsevišķi no vecākiem, sapratu, ka man tomēr patīk gatavot. Vienu brīdi pat apsvēru pavāres profesiju, bet tad nolēmu, ka tas nav mans aicinājums. Mans aicinājums ir būt ...

Brīvā Daugava

Brīvā Daugava
Thu, 19 Feb 2015 23:45:30 -0800

Pēc 19. februāra finanšu komitejas sēdes, kurā apstiprināja šī gada budžeta projektu, tika izsludināta ārkārtas domes sēde, lai budžetu tūlīt arī apstiprinātu, kaut gan tā pieņemšana bija plānota 26. februāra domes sēdē. Domes priekšsēdētājs Leonīds ...
 
Rīgas Apriņķa Avīze
Thu, 04 Dec 2014 21:26:15 -0800

Aivars Kokts: Kad 90. gadu sākumā pārņēmu "Ulbrokas” cūkkopības nozari, Aivars Kokts: Kad 90. gadu sākumā pārņēmu "Ulbrokas” cūkkopības nozari, bija tāds atvērts laiks, kad varēja paņemt labāko pieredzi gan pašu mājās, gan Rietumos. Un mana ...
 
DELFI.lv
Mon, 06 Oct 2014 21:31:13 -0700

Ja cilvēkam vajadzīgs priekšmets, kas ļauj korekti norobežot divas telpas, atliek ieiet tuvākajā būvmateriālu lielveikalā – tur stendā dažādas durvis gluži kā palagi uz veļas auklas izkārti. Ar 100 eiro pietiek un vēl pāri paliek, turklāt šeit var ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight