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University of Montpellier
Université de Montpellier
Active 1289–1970
Type Public
Dean Lucy May Savage
Location Montpellier, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
43°37′55″N 3°51′50″E / 43.63194°N 3.86389°E / 43.63194; 3.86389Coordinates: 43°37′55″N 3°51′50″E / 43.63194°N 3.86389°E / 43.63194; 3.86389

The University of Montpellier (French: Université de Montpellier) was a French university in Montpellier in the Languedoc-Roussillon région of the south of France. Its present-day successor universities are the University of Montpellier 1, Montpellier 2 University and Paul Valéry University, Montpellier III.

History[edit]

The university is considerably older than its formal founding date, associated with a bull issued by Pope Nicholas IV in 1289, combining all the long-existing schools into a university.

It is not known exactly when the schools of liberal arts were founded that developed into the Montpellier faculty of arts; it may be that they were a direct continuation of the Gallo-Roman schools that gathered around masters of rhetoric. The school of law was founded by Placentinus, from the school of law at Bologna, who came to Montpellier in 1160, taught there during two different periods, and died there in 1192. The faculty of law has had a long career. Professors from Montpellier were prominent in the drafting of the Napoleonic Code, the civil code by which France is still guided and a foundation for modern law codes wherever Napoleonic influence extended. The faculty of law was reorganized in 1998.

The famous school of medicine was founded perhaps by people trained in the Spanish medical schools; it is certain that, as early as 1137, there were excellent physicians at Montpellier. It is the world's oldest medicine faculty still in operation. The school of medicine owed its success to a policy of the Guilhem lords of Montpellier, by which any licensed physician might lecture there: with no fixed limit to the number of teachers, lectures multiplied, thus providing a great choice of teachers coming from all around the Mediterranean region (Guilhem VIII act of January 1181).[1] The statutes given in 1220 by Cardinal Conrad von Urach, legate of Pope Honorius III, which were confirmed and extended in 1240, placed this school under the direction of the Bishop of Maguelonne, but the school enjoyed a great deal of de facto autonomy.

The school was famous for arguing in the fourteenth century that the Black Death was caused by a miasma entering the opening of the body's pores, citing theories developed by Galen. Doctors educated at Montpellier advocated against bathing because they claimed bathing opened the body's pores, making one more susceptible to the bubonic plague. [2]

In 1529, after some years as an apothecary, Nostradamus entered the University of Montpellier to study for a doctorate in medicine. He was expelled shortly afterwards when it was discovered that he had been an apothecary, a "manual trade" expressly banned by the university statutes.[8] The expulsion document (BIU Montpellier, Register S 2 folio 87) still exists in the faculty library. Rabelais took his medical degree at Montpellier, and his portrait hangs among the gallery of professors.

The Jardin des plantes de Montpellier, founded in 1593, is the oldest botanical garden in France. It was in this school that the biological theory of vitalism, elaborated by Barthez (1734–1806), had its origin. The French Revolution did not interrupt the existence of the faculty of medicine. The Benedictine monastery that had been converted into the bishop's palace, was given to house the medical school in 1795. A gallery devoted to the portraits of professors since 1239 contains one of Rabelais.

The school of theology had its origins in lectures in the convents: St. Anthony of Padua, Raymundus Lullus, and the Dominican Bernard de la Treille all lectured. Two letters of King John II prove that a faculty of theology existed at Montpellier independently of the convents, in January, 1350. By a Bull of 17 December 1421, Pope Martin V granted canonical institution to this faculty and united it closely with the faculty of law.

In the 16th century the local triumph of Calvinism interrupted the somewhat somnolent Catholic school of theology, which was reinstated in 1622; but the rivalries of Dominicans and Jesuits interfered seriously with the prosperity of the faculty, which disappeared at the Revolution. In better days, among Montpellier's illustrious pupils of law were Petrarch, who spent four years at Montpellier, and among its lecturers were William of Nogaret, chancellor to Philip IV, Guillaume de Grimoard, afterwards Pope Urban V, and Pedro de Luna, afterwards antipope Benedict XIII.

Like all other provincial universities of France, that of Montpellier was suppressed at the outbreak of the French Revolution in 1793. The faculties of science and of letters were re-established in 1810; that of law in 1880. The university of Montpellier was officially refounded in 1969.

The university today[edit]

The modern University of Montpellier II concentrates in science and technology. The Paul Valéry University, Montpellier III completes the trio of universities in the old city.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Montpellier — Please support Wikipedia.
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22 news items

TheFishSite.com

Summit County Citizens Voice
Sat, 09 Aug 2014 07:44:35 -0700

The findings from the University of Washington and University of Montpellier, are online and will appear in an upcoming issue of Science. “We thought we understood what influences the El Niño mode of climate variation, and we've been able to show that ...
 
Charlotte Observer
Sat, 16 Aug 2014 21:30:00 -0700

The results, from the University of Washington and France's University of Montpellier, question how well computer models can reproduce historical El Nino cycles, or predict how they could change under future climates. The paper is posted at Sciencemag ...

ABC News

ABC News
Tue, 12 Aug 2014 22:37:30 -0700

When researchers at the University of Montpellier in France surveyed nine primitive societies in five separate continents, they found a higher percentage of lefties translated into more frequent violent encounters. Furthermore, lefties often had the ...
 
NASDAQ
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 05:33:45 -0700

... however, also for diseases associated with reduced S1R levels such as schizophrenia and depression," said Tangui Maurice, PhD, CNRS Research Director at the University of Montpellier and INSERM, who contributed to the study. Christopher U. Missling ...
 
EMU Eagles
Fri, 08 Aug 2014 11:45:00 -0700

Chaveau comes to the team from the University of Montpellier, which is the same university from which two-time MAC champion and First Team All-American Sarah Chauchard transferred. With a personal best of 14.11 in the 100m hurdles and a long jump ...
 
Futurity: Research News
Wed, 13 Aug 2014 08:00:00 -0700

... El Niño activity was very reduced 10,000 years ago, and then slowly increased since then,” says first author Matthieu Carré, who conducted the study as a postdoctoral researcher and now holds a faculty position at the University of Montpellier in ...
 
WebMD
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 14:16:47 -0700

The study's first author, Paquito Bernard, of the University of Montpellier in France, added that he hopes the findings will alert researchers and clinicians to the "promising role of exercise in the treatment of both depression and smoking cessation ...
 
Health-ua
Thu, 14 Aug 2014 23:07:48 -0700

Когда исследователи из Университета Монпелье во Франции (University of Montpellier) изучили девять примитивных обществ на пяти разных континентах, они обнаружили, что в региональных стычках чаще побеждали те, где было больше ...
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