A United Nations Military Observer (UNMO) is an observer for the UN. They have been described as, "the eyes and ears of the security council." Several Observer missions have been executed. An example of a currently running observer mission is the UNMOGIP at the border between India and Pakistan, which being "Set up in 1949, ...was deployed in January of that year to supervise the ceasefire agreed between India and Pakistan in the State of Jammu and Kashmir [and since] renewed hostilities in 1971, ...monitors the ceasefire called for by the United Nations Security Council." .
Duties of UNMO's
- Monitor the various agreements on cease-fires, withdrawals and demilitarization.
- Ground, sea and aerial patrolling of both sides of the conflict, including the areas along the confrontation lines.
- Patrol demilitarized zone.
- Help resolve local difficulties (social, economic, etc.) by liaison with all sides of the conflict.
- Investigate allegations of aggression or cease-fire violations.Archived October 26, 2009 at the Wayback Machine
First mission in Kashmir
- Location and Headquarters: ceasefire line in Jammu and Kashmir states with major posts in Rawalpindi, Pakistan / Srinagar, India
- Primary observing officer: Croatian Major-General Dragutin Repinc appointed by Kofi Annan
- Participating observers: 113 military and civilian personnel, from 8 countries
- Casualties: 11
- Time frame: 1949–present
Similar mission in Timor-Leste
- Location and Headquarters: Republica Democratica Timor-Leste with major post in Dili, formerly East Timor
- Primary observing officer: Atul Khare appointed by Kofi Annan
- Participating observers: 34 with 1,600 supporting UN Police
- Time frame: 2006–present, previous missions UNAMET 1999, UNTAET 1999-2002, UNMISET 2002-2005, and UNOTIL 2005-2006
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