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A United Nations Military Observer (UNMO) is an observer for the UN. They have been described as, "the eyes and ears of the security council."[1] Several Observer missions have been executed. An example of a currently running observer mission is the UNMOGIP at the border between India and Pakistan, which being "Set up in 1949, ...was deployed in January of that year to supervise the ceasefire agreed between India and Pakistan in the State of Jammu and Kashmir [and since] renewed hostilities in 1971, ...monitors the ceasefire called for by the United Nations Security Council." .

Duties of UNMO's[edit]

  • Monitor the various agreements on cease-fires, withdrawals and demilitarization.
  • Patrol both sides of the conflict, including the areas along the confrontation lines.
  • Help resolve local difficulties (social, economic, etc.) by liaison with all sides of the conflict.
  • Investigate allegations of aggression or cease-fire violations.Archived October 26, 2009 at the Wayback Machine

First mission in Kashmir[edit]

  • Location and Headquarters: ceasefire line in Jammu and Kashmir states with major posts in Rawalpindi, Pakistan / Srinagar, India
  • Primary observing officer: Croatian Major-General Dragutin Repinc appointed by Kofi Annan
  • Participating observers: 113 military and civilian personnel, from 8 countries
  • Casualties: 11
  • Time frame: 1949–present

Deployment map Observing line UNMOGIP officers

Similar mission in Timor-Leste[edit]

  • Location and Headquarters: Republica Democratica Timor-Leste with major post in Dili, formerly East Timor
  • Primary observing officer: Atul Khare appointed by Kofi Annan
  • Participating observers: 34 with 1,600 supporting UN Police
  • Casualties:
  • Time frame: 2006–present, previous missions UNAMET 1999, UNTAET 1999-2002, UNMISET 2002-2005, and UNOTIL 2005-2006

Timor-Leste map

External links[edit]



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2 news items

 
The Hindu
Thu, 27 Mar 2014 11:54:17 -0700

Ms. Aslam said the U.N. has an observer mission here — the United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan. The Under Secretary-General of U.N. Department of Peacekeeping Operations recently visited Pakistan and he also went to the Line ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Thu, 27 Mar 2014 11:07:48 -0700

... Sharif's demand that the play a mediator's role in solving the Kashmir issue, Aslam said Jammu and Kashmir issue is one of the oldest disputes on UN Security Council agenda and a United Nations Military Observer Group is deployed in India and Pakistan.
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