digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

United Kingdom general election, 1906
United Kingdom
1900 ←
members
12 January – 8 February 1906 → Jan 1910
members

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Henry Campbell-Bannerman photo.jpg Arthur Balfour, photo portrait facing left.jpg
Leader Henry Campbell-Bannerman Arthur Balfour
Party Liberal Conservative and Liberal Unionist
Leader since December 1898 11 June 1902
Leader's seat Stirling Burghs Manchester East
(defeated)
Last election 183 seats, 44.7% 402 seats, 50.3%
Seats won 397 156
Seat change Increase 216 Decrease 246
Popular vote 2,751,057 2,422,071
Percentage 48.9% 43.4%
Swing Increase 3.9% Decrease 6.9%

  Third party Fourth party
  John Redmond 1917.JPG Jameskeirhardie.jpg
Leader John Redmond Keir Hardie
Party Irish Parliamentary Labour
Leader since 6 February 1900 28 February 1900
Leader's seat Waterford City Merthyr Tydfil
Last election 77 seats, 1.6% 2 seats, 1.8%
Seats won 82 29
Seat change Increase 5 Increase 27
Popular vote 35,031 321,663
Percentage 0.6% 4.8%
Swing Decrease 1.2% Increase 3.6%

PM before election

Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Liberal

Subsequent PM

Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Liberal

The United Kingdom general election of 1906 was held from 12 January to 8 February 1906.

The Liberals, led by sitting minority Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman, won a large majority in the election. The Conservatives under Arthur Balfour lost more than half their seats, including Balfour's own seat in Manchester East. The Labour Representation Committee was far more successful than in 1900 and after the election would be reformed as the "Labour Party" with 29 MPs and Keir Hardie as leader. The Irish Parliamentary Party, led by John Redmond, achieved its seats with a relatively low number of votes, as 73 candidates stood unopposed.

This election was a landslide defeat for the Conservative Party and their Liberal Unionist allies, with the primary reason given by historians as the party's weakness after its split over the issue of free trade (Joseph Chamberlain had resigned from government in September 1903 in order to campaign for Tariff Reform, which would allow 'preferential tariffs'). Many working-class people saw this as a threat to the price of food, hence the debate was nicknamed 'Big Loaf, Little Loaf'. The Liberals' landslide victory of 125 seats over all other parties led to the passing of social legislation known as the Liberal reforms.

This was the last election in which the Liberals won an absolute majority in the House of Commons. It was also the last election held more than five years after the previous one prior to passage of the Parliament Act 1911, which limited the duration of Parliaments in peacetime to five years.

1895 election MPs
1900 election MPs
1906 election MPs
Jan 1910 election MPs
Dec 1910 election MPs

Results[edit]

397 156 82 29 6
Liberal Conservative IP Labour O
United Kingdom General Election, 1906
Candidates Votes
Party Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net  % of total  % No. Net %
  Liberal 528 397 + 214 59.3 48.9 2,565,644 +3.9
  Conservative and Liberal Unionist 557 156 (131 + 25) − 246 23.3 43.4 2,278,076 -6.8
  Labour 50 29 28 1 + 27 4.3 4.8 254,202 +3.6
  Irish Parliamentary 84 82 6 1 + 5 12.2 0.6 33,231 -1.2
  Independent Conservative 9 2 2 0 + 2 0.3 0.5 26,183
  Independent Labour 7 1 1 0 + 1 0.2 0.4 18,886
  Social Democratic Federation 8 0 0 0 0 0.4 18,446
  Independent Conservative 9 1 1 0 + 1 0.2 0.3 15,972
  Scottish Workers 5 0 0 0 0 0.3 14,877 +0.2
  Free Trader 5 0 0 0 0 0.2 8,974
  Independent Liberal-Labour 1 1 1 0 + 1 0.2 0.1 4,841
  Independent 3 0 0 0 0 0.1 3,806
  Independent Nationalist 3 1 0 0 0 0.2 0.0 1,800
  Independent Liberal 3 0 0 1 − 1 0.0 1,581
  Ind. Liberal Unionist 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 153
England & Wales Seat winners

Voting summary[edit]

Popular vote
Liberal
  
48.9%
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
  
43.42%
Labour
  
4.85%
Irish Parliamentary
  
0.63%
Independent
  
1.4%
Others
  
0.81%

Seats summary[edit]

Parliamentary seats
Liberal
  
59.25%
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
  
23.28%
Labour
  
4.18%
Irish Parliamentary
  
12.24%
Independent
  
0.9%

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom_general_election,_1906 — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
195 videos foundNext > 

AS History: Why Did The Conservatives Lose The 1906 General Election?

Totally accurate for AS history Twitter: https://twitter.com/#!/TheDumbassDude.

Liberal landslide 1906 election - Free trade & Protectionism

Taken from the Andrew Marr documentary. In the years where only a minority had the right to vote, where the landlords ruled supreme, and the peers in the Hou...

The General Election of 1945 - Professor Vernon Bogdanor

The 1945 general election saw the return of the first ever majority Labour government. The Gallup poll had shown a Labour lead for over two years. Neverthele...

AS Britain 1906-51 - flipped learning: Labour 1945-51

The key details and debates for the final section: Labour in Power 1945-51, ahead of the lesson on Monday. Let's learn the details beforehand so we can apply...

1997 General Election - The Portillo Moment

The result for Enfield South in the 1997 General Election. Labour won by 1500 votes after a swing of 17 per cent. This general election saw Labour gaining 1...

Liberal Reforms 1906 to 1918

Britain 1906-1951 Video 1

British social problems responsible for the Liberal Landslide?

General Election - 1945 British Government / Social Guidance / Educational Documentary - Val73TV

In the run up to the 1945 general election, 'General Election' focuses on the electoral race of one of the 640 local constituencies in Britain - that of Kett...

1906 Election Song by Ben

Ignore my terrible singing Made this to help me revise a bit.

The British Attempt to Construct a Socialist Commonwealth, 1945-1951

To the surprise of many, the 1945 general election led to the return of Britain's first Labour majority government. Labour's 1945 election manifesto declared...

195 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "United Kingdom general election, 1906" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!