USS Nathanael Greene (SSBN-636), probably during her sea trials off New England in 1964-1965.
|Career (United States of America)|
|Namesake:||Nathanael Greene (1746-1782), a major general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War|
|Ordered:||21 July 1961|
|Builder:||Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Kittery, Maine|
|Laid down:||21 May 1962|
|Launched:||12 May 1964|
|Sponsored by:||Mrs. Neander W. Wade|
|Commissioned:||19 December 1964|
|Decommissioned:||15 December 1986|
|Struck:||31 January 1987|
|Fate:||Scrapped via Ship-Submarine Recycling Program began 1 September 1998 and completed 20 October 2000|
|Class & type:||James Madison-class submarine|
|Displacement:||7,250 long tons (7,366 t) surfaced
8,250 long tons (8,382 t) submerged
6,700 long tons (6,808 t) light
|Length:||425 ft (130 m)|
|Beam:||33 ft (10 m)|
|Draft:||31 ft 5 in (9.58 m)|
|Installed power:||S5W reactor|
|Propulsion:||2 × geared steam turbines, one shaft 15,000 shp (11,185 kW)|
|Speed:||16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph) surfaced
21 knots (39 km/h; 24 mph) submerged
|Test depth:||1,300 ft (400 m)|
|Complement:||Two crews (Blue and Gold) of 13 officers and 130 men each|
|Armament:||4 × 21 in (533 mm) torpedo tubes forward
16 × ballistic missile tubes
USS Nathanael Greene (SSBN-636), a James Madison-class fleet ballistic missile submarine, was the third ship of the United States Navy to be named for Major General Nathanael Greene (1746–1782), who served in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War.a
Construction and commissioning
Nathanael Greene's keel was laid down on 21 May 1962 at the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard in Kittery, Maine. She was launched on 12 May 1964, sponsored by Mrs. Neander W. Wade, a descendant of Nathanael Greene, and commissioned on 19 December 1964 with Commander Robert E. Crispin in command of the Blue Crew and Commander William M. Cossaboom in command of the Gold Crew.
Nathanael Greene departed Portsmouth for shakedown on 30 December 1964, with her Gold Crew embarked; it was relieved on 1 February 1965 by the Blue Crew. Her shakedown period was followed by repairs and alterations at Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, after which the submarine, with her Blue Crew embarked, departed the shipyard for ballistic missile loading and her initial Polaris missile deterrent patrol.
- History needed for 1965-1986.
In 1970-1971 Nathanael Greene was refueled and received its conversion to launch Poseidon missiles at Newport News Shipbuilding. Following Yard period and Shakedown, the Greene proceeded to Cape Canaveral for a test missile launch. In March 1972 the Greene departed for her first deterrent patrol following conversion ending up in Holy Loch, Scotland.
Grounding and deactivation
On 13 March 1986 Nathanael Greene ran aground in the Irish Sea, suffering severe damage to her rudder and ballast tanks. Her grounding was the first serious accident involving a U.S. Navy nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine. She was deactivated while still in commission in May 1987. Her early deactivation was decided both as a result of the damage sustained in the accident as well as in accordance with the limitations set by the SALT II treaty.
Decommissioning and disposal
Nathanael Greene was decommissioned on 15 December 1986 and stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 31 January 1987. Her removal from service allowed the United States to comply easily with the ballistic missile limits of the SALT II strategic arms limitation treaty.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- This article includes information collected from the Naval Vessel Register, which, as a U.S. government publication, is in the public domain. The entry can be found here.
- Photo gallery of USS Nathanael Greene (SSBN-636) at NavSource Naval History
- "SSBN636.org".[dead link]
- "United States Submarine Veterans, Inc.".[dead link]
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