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The Type 65 is a torpedo manufactured in the Soviet Union/Russia. It was developed to counter the US Navy's aircraft carrier battle groups as well as to be used against large merchant targets such as supertankers and also advanced enemy submarines . It is now typically fitted to newer Russian vessels, but often the 650 mm torpedo bay is fitted with a 533 mm converter to enable firing of SS-N-15 missiles or Type 53 torpedoes.

Russian officials have stated that a 65-76A modification of this torpedo is responsible for the explosion of Russian Kursk submarine.[1][2]

Specifications (65-76)[edit]

  • Diameter: 65 cm (25.6 in)
  • Length: 9.14m (30 ft)
  • Range: 50 km at 93 km/h, 100 km at 56 km/h
  • Max Speed: 50 knots (93 km/h)
  • Homing: active/passive sonar and wire guidance
  • Warhead: 450/557 kg high explosive
  • Propulsion: Probably gas-turbine powered by high test Peroxide, kerosene and compressed air fuel. Driving contra-rotating propellers.

Variants[edit]

  • 65-73 Entered service 1973, unguided torpedo. 20 kt Nuclear.
  • 65-76 Kit (Russian: Кит, Whale) Entered service 1976.
    • DT Length 11 m. Weight 4,500 kg. Warhead 450 kg.
    • DST92 Length 11 m. Weight 4,750 kg. Warhead 557 kg. Wake homing anti-ship weapon. Operates at 20 m depth. Sensor points upwards to detect the ships wake, the torpedo sweeps from side to side to find the edges of the wake.

Users[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Official: 65-76 torpedo caused Kursk disaster, Signals
  2. ^ Nightmare at sea

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