digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Two-child policy is a government-imposed limit of two children allowed per family or the payment of government subsidies only to the first two children. It is used for some population groups in China, has previously been used in Vietnam, and has been discussed in the Philippines. Although not by law, in the 1970s, citizens of Hong Kong were also highly encouraged to have two children as a limit, and it was used as part of the region's family planning strategies.

China[edit]

During the 1970s, in Chinese citizens were encouraged to have two children. The ongoing Cultural Revolution and the strain it placed on the nation were large factors. During this time, the birth rate dropped from nearly 6 children per woman to just under 3.[1] (The colloquial term "births per woman" is usually formalized as the Total Fertility Rate (TFR), a technical term in demographic analysis meaning the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime if she were to experience the exact current age-specific fertility rates through her lifetime.)

As China's youngest generation (born under the one-child policy, which first became a requirement for most couples in 1979) is now of age for formation of the next generation, a single child would be left with having to provide support for his or her two parents and four grandparents. In response to this issue, as of 2009 all provinces maintained that couples were allowed to have two children if both parents were only children themselves.[2] In November 2013, the Chinese government announced that it will further relax the policy by allowing families to have two children if one of the parents is an only child.[3][4]

Moreover, in accordance with PRC's affirmative action policies towards ethnic minorities, all non-Han ethnic groups are subjected to different rules and are usually allowed to have two children in urban areas, and three or four in rural areas. Han Chinese living in rural areas are often permitted to have two children, as exceptions exist if the first child is a daughter.[5] Because of cases such as these, as well as urban couples who simply pay a fine (or "social maintenance fee") to have more children,[6] the overall fertility rate of mainland China is, in fact, closer to two children per family than to one child per family (1.8).

Hong Kong[edit]

In Hong Kong, the Two is Enough campaign in the 1970s encouraged people to have 2 or fewer children in each family. It contributed to the reduced birth rate in the following decades.

In Hong Kong, the Eugenics League was found in 1936, which became The Family Planning Association of Hong Kong in 1950.[7] The organisation provides family planning advice, sex education, birth control services to the general public of Hong Kong. In the 1970s, due to the rapidly rising population, it launched the "Two is Enough" campaign,[7] which reduced the general birth rate through educational means. The organisation,[8] founded the International Planned Parenthood Federation with its counterparts in seven other countries.[8] The total fertility rate in Hong Kong is currently 1.04 children per woman, one of the lowest in the world.

United Kingdom[edit]

In July 2007, the think tank the Optimum Population Trust (now Population Matters) advocated what the Daily Mail described as a "'two-child' policy" to combat population increases and climate change in the United Kingdom. The article stated:

"According to the report, published by the Optimum Population Trust, Britain's high birth rate is a major factor in the current level of climate change, which can only be combatted if families voluntarily limit the number of children they have."[9]

In October 2012, the Conservative Party's proposed policy of only paying child benefit for the first two children of unemployed parents has been described as a 'two-child policy',[10] and has been fronted by the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions and former leader of the Conservative Party Iain Duncan Smith.[11] The Conservative's coalition partners the Liberal Democrats are likely to block any attempts to implement the policy before the next general election.[12]

Vietnam[edit]

Vietnam had a two-child policy in the 1960s, which was used again in the 1990s.[13] The movement has been proven to lower Vietnam's birth rate, which had previously been at nearly 4 children per woman. In 2003, the plan was discontinued. In 2008, it was announced that the government was considering reviving it.[14][15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ CIA World Factbook
  2. ^ "计生委新闻发言人:11%以上人口可生两个孩子 (English: "Spokesperson of the one-child policy committee: 11% or more of the population may have two children)" (in Chinese). Sina.com. 10 July 2007. Retrieved 7 November 2008. 
  3. ^ Patti Waldmeir (2013-11-15). "China’s ‘one-child’ rethink marks symbolic shift". FT. Retrieved 2013-11-19. 
  4. ^ Ouyang, Y. (2013). "China relaxes its one-child policy". The Lancet 382 (9907): e28–e30. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(13)62544-1.  edit
  5. ^ Yardley, Jim (11 May 2008). "China Sticking With One-Child Policy". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 November 2008. 
  6. ^ "New rich challenge family planning policy." Xinhua.
  7. ^ a b History of the Family Planning Association of Hong Kong
  8. ^ a b History of International Planned Parenthood Federation
  9. ^ Firth, Niall (11 July 2007). 7728/Families-children--thinktank.html "Families should have no more than two children - thinktank". London: The Daily Mail. Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  10. ^ Ramesh, Randeep (25 October 2012). "Two-child benefits policy targets the strivers in low-paid jobs". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  11. ^ Grice, Andrew (26 October 2012). "What is Iain Duncan Smith's two-child policy?". London: The Independent. Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  12. ^ Kirkup, James (26 October 2012). "Lib Dems will block IDS' two child policy". London: The Telegraph. Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  13. ^ "Vietnam's two-child policy". BBC. November 8, 2000. Retrieved April 23, 2010.
  14. ^ "Vietnam plans return to two-child policy to tackle population growth". Guardian. November 21, 2008. Retrieved April 23, 2010.
  15. ^ "Vietnam debates two-child policy". Retrieved 2009-05-18. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Two-child_policy — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
744019 videos foundNext > 

Two Child Policy - China

July 2010 Under the strain of a rapidly-ageing population, China has eased its one-child policy. Yet a two-class system endures for the migrant workers whose...

China 'two-child policy' town shows scope for reform

Few Chinese villages give parents the rare right to have two children, but many choose to have one, fuelling demands to end the one-child rule. Duration: 01:14.

Two Child Policy - China - July 2010

Under the strain of a rapidly-ageing population, China has eased its one-child policy. Yet a two-class system endures for the migrant workers whose children ...

Two-child policy not for everyone

The two-child policy is not for everybody. Many don't wanna have a second child.

PROTEST SUPPORT 2 CHILD POLICY BENGALI

Jun 4, 2013 11:52am စစ္ေတြလူထူ ဆႏၵထုတ္ေဖာ္ (ဗြီဒီယုိ သတင္း) arakan times Myanmar's Two Child Policy and the Human Rights Paradoxes By: Dr.Tun Kyaw Nyein -The...

Chinas One Child Policy Challenged

A government think tank is urging Chinese leaders to start phasing out China's one-child policy immediately and allow two children for every family by 2015, ...

Aung San Suu Kyi condemns Rohingya 'two-child policy'

മ്യാന്‍മറില്‍ റോഹിങ്ക്യ മുസ്ലിംകള്‍ക്കെതിരെ നടന്ന കലാപത്തെ കുറിച്ച് അന്വേഷിക്കാന്‍ സര്‍ക്കാര്‍ നിയോഗിച്ച കമ്മീഷന്‍ റിപ്പോര്‍ട്ടിലാണ് റോഹിങ്ക്യകളുടെ ജനസംഖ്യാ ...

China to ease one-child policy

More Breaking News: http://smarturl.it/BreakingNews Subscribe: http://smarturl.it/reuterssubscribe China will allow millions of families to have two children...

Sittwe Rallies for Two-child Policy on Muslim in Maundaw

ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ ေမာင္ေတာခရိုင္အတြင္း မူဆလင္ လူဦးေရတိုးပြားႏႈန္းကို ထိန္းခ်ဳပ္ဖို႔အတြက္ ထုတ္ျပန္လိုက္တဲ့ "တအိမ္ေထာင္ ကေလး ၂ ေယာက္ထက္ ပိုမယူရ" ဆုိတဲ့ ေဒသႏၱရအမိန...

The Two-Child Policy Debate

FUNNEH! MURA SAD NI SILA'G MGA TRUE DAH STARRING: RUEL, JABOI, DONGLOI, KIM, AND ARKIE XD.

744019 videos foundNext > 

59 news items

 
ecns
Sun, 10 Aug 2014 22:26:15 -0700

But given China's increasing grey population, it is facing another dilemma: whether to further ease the family planning policy to fully implement a two-child policy. At present, China implements different family planning policies toward different ...
 
Times of India
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 13:38:04 -0700

During the recent budget session of the assembly, senior BJP legislator Mohan Lal Gupta had raised the issue demanding that the government should do away with the two-child norm. He went on to claim that the two-child policy was one of the reasons for ...

MercatorNet (blog)

MercatorNet (blog)
Mon, 08 Sep 2014 14:56:15 -0700

As part of the package, the Vietnamese communist rulers also imposed a “two-child policy” which was maintained until 2003 (the communist party was thinking of reintroducing it last year). So abortion is free and legal up to 22 weeks for married women.
 
MercatorNet (blog)
Wed, 10 Sep 2014 14:45:00 -0700

The numbers from Burma's first census in more than 30 years are coming out and the result is a drastic revision of that country's population. For many years, according to Foreign Policy, the country's military dictatorship had estimated that the ...

The Cardinal Newman Society

The Cardinal Newman Society
Fri, 22 Aug 2014 13:15:00 -0700

Maria is the daughter of immigrant parents from India who fled the country to avoid the two-child policy. “My brothers and sisters could have been killed in India,” Lewis told OSV Newsweekly. “My parents gave [us] life.” She explained that the ...
 
Daily Signal
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 00:02:23 -0700

I'm on her board to try to abolish the one-child policy in China, which in some instances now is the two-child policy – which is what we have in “The Giver.” In China, they've completely eliminated any reference to Tiananmen in their history books. So ...
 
People's Daily Online
Sat, 16 Aug 2014 04:48:45 -0700

A passenger to take the train from Lhasa to Xigaze poses for photo as she wait for boarding the train at Lhasa Railway Station in Lhasa, capital of southwest China's Tibet Autonomous Region, Aug. 16, 2014. A second railway line in southwest China's ...
 
People's Daily Online
Sat, 16 Aug 2014 00:52:30 -0700

Russian soldiers are welcomed as they arrive at the train station of the Zhurihe training base, north China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Aug. 16, 2014. The first Russian army echelon on Saturday arrived at the Zhurihe training base, where "Peace ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Two-child policy

You can talk about Two-child policy with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!