digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Tver Oblast
Тверская область (Russian)
—  Oblast  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Coordinates: 57°09′N 34°37′E / 57.150°N 34.617°E / 57.150; 34.617Coordinates: 57°09′N 34°37′E / 57.150°N 34.617°E / 57.150; 34.617
Political status
Country  Russia
Federal district Central[1]
Economic region Central[2]
Established January 29, 1935
Administrative center Tver
Government (as of March 2011)
 - Governor Andrey Shevelyov[3]
 - Legislature Oblast Duma
Statistics
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[4]
 - Total 84,100 km2 (32,500 sq mi)
Area rank 39th
Population (2010 Census)[5]
 - Total 1,353,392
 - Rank 33rd
 - Density[6] 16.09 /km2 (41.7 /sq mi)
 - Urban 74.7%
 - Rural 25.3%
Time zone(s) MSK (UTC+04:00)[7]
ISO 3166-2 RU-TVE
License plates 69
Official languages Russian[8]
Official website

Tver Oblast (Russian: Тверска́я о́бласть, Tverskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Tver. From 1935 to 1990, it was known as Kalinin Oblast (Кали́нинская о́бласть), named after Mikhail Kalinin. Population: 1,353,392 (2010 Census).[5]

Tver Oblast is a region of lakes, such as Seliger and Brosno. Much of the remaining area is occupied by the Valdai Hills, where the Volga, the Western Dvina, and the Dnieper have their source.

Tver Oblast is one of the tourist regions of Russia with a modern tourist infrastructure. There are also many historic towns: Torzhok, Toropets, Zubtsov, Kashin, Vyshny Volochyok, and Kalyazin. The oldest of these is Rzhev, primarily known for the Battles of Rzhev in World War II. Staritsa was a seat of the last appanage principality in Russia. Ostashkov is a major tourist center.

Geography[edit]

Tver Oblast is located in the west of the middle part of the East European Plain. It stretches for 260 km from north to south and 450 km from west to east. The area borders the east of Yaroslavl, Vologda and Novgorod in the north of Moscow and Smolensk in the south and the west of Pskov Oblast.

The area of Tver Oblast is 84201 km², the 38th of 83 subjects. This is 0.49% of the territory of Russia. The largest area the size of the territory of the Central Federal District.

Relief[edit]

Tver Oblast as a whole is characterized by flat terrain with alternating lowlands and highlands. In the western part of the province, occupying about one-third of its area is Valdai Hills, with elevations of 200–300 m above sea level. It is surrounded by depressions, lowlands have a height of 100–150 m highest point of the area has a height of 347 m, is located on a hill Tsninsky (The top of the Valdai). The low point (61 m) - the extreme north-west area of the river's edge Kunya (Russian: Кунья) on the border with the Novgorod Oblast.

Natural resources[edit]

Minerals discovered and developed in the Tver Oblast are mainly deposits of ancient seas, lakes and swamps, and partly a consequence of glaciers (clastic rocks) .

Minerals of industrial importance are the seams of brown coal Moscow coal basin. The largest deposit is Bolshoy Nelidovskiy, which gave between 1948 and 1996 about 21 million tons.

Widespread powerful peat deposits totaling 15.4 billion m³. The estimated reserves of peat are 2,051 million tonnes, representing approximately 7% of the stock of European Russia. On an industrial scale mastered 43 peat deposits with a total area of about 300 hectares, the main exploited stocks are concentrated in five fields located in the central and southern parts of the oblast. From 1971 to 1999, has developed more than 44 million tons of peat.

Distributed limestones ( near the town of Bayou several centuries developed reserves of white Staritskogo stone). Dolomitic limestones are common along rivers Vazuza, Osugi, Tsna ( marble-like limestone), there are deposits of tile, brick and pottery ( refractory ) of clay and quartz sand, sapropel are numerous underground fresh water and mineral formations, open sources (the best known medicinal table water Kashinskaya).

Rivers[edit]

The region is a watershed of the Caspian Sea and Baltic Sea . [1 ] In the south, Belsky district has several tributaries of the upper reaches of the river Vop, the right tributary of the Dnieper River (basin of the Black Sea). Go to the Caspian Sea basin owns 70% of the region, the Baltic Sea - 29.7%.

In the region of more than 800 rivers longer than 10 km total length of about 17,000 km. The main river - Volga ( 685 km within the region). Its source is in Ostashkov area. The most important tributaries of the Volga: Mologa (280 km), Dipper (269 km), Tvertsa (188 km). Other important rivers: the Western Dvina and its tributary Meza (259 km), Mtsa (Vyshnevolotsk source in the area) and Cna (160 km).

Climate[edit]

The climate is temperate continental, transitional from continental Europe east of the country, to the more humid- the north-western regions. The area lies in a zone of comfort for living and recreation climatic conditions. Average daily temperatures in the summer 15-20 °C in the winter - minus 5-15 °C. The average annual rainfall ranges from 560 to 720 mm, the greatest amount of precipitation falls on the western slopes of the Valdai Hills . The snow cover starts at the end of November - beginning of December, the period with snow cover 140–150 days, the power of 40–60 cm, with a maximum depth of 80 cm.

Average January temperatures range from -8 to -16 °C, in July +17 ... +19 °C. 600–700 mm of precipitation per year.

History[edit]

There was already a settlement on the point of land at the confluence of the Tmaka River and Volga rivers in the 9th and 10th centuries. A fortress was built on the site much later, during the fighting between the Rostov-Suzdal princes and Novgorod Republic.

Politics[edit]

Oblast administration building, May 2008

During the Soviet period, the high authority in the oblast was shared between three persons: The first secretary of the Tver CPSU Committee (who in reality had the biggest authority), the chairman of the oblast Soviet (legislative power), and the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power). Since 1991, CPSU lost all the power, and the head of the Oblast administration, and eventually the governor was appointed/elected alongside elected regional parliament.

The Charter of Tver Oblast is the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The Legislative Assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the Oblast Administration, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day to day matters of the province. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Economy[edit]

Tver Oblast has a very strong economy due to its machinery industry in the automobile and aeronautics sectors.

Transport[edit]

The Oblast has a well-developed infrastructure consisting of railway, river, motor vehicle, air, and pipeline transportation systems. Tver Oblast has one of the highest proportions of paved roads in the country. The region's location between Russia's two major cities, Moscow and St. Petersburg, has an obvious influence on traffic flows from Northern Europe and the Baltic countries to central Russia.

Passes through the region connecting the main "two capitals" Railway - October single-track railway with branches in Rzhev and Vyazma, Kuvshinovo and Selizharovo through Torzhok . Equally important are single-track diesel Moscow - Kashin - St. Petersburg and Moscow - Riga, and Yaroslavl - Bologoe - Great Luke and Bologoe - The bottom of the (station ), but very popular .

The area is crossed by two federal highways: M10 "Russia" and M9 "Baltic" . Of internal roads are significant Torzhok A111 - A112 Ostashkov and Tver-Rzhev. The length of paved roads - 16,032 km .

Near Tver two civilian airports : Migalovo airport with a runway for commercial aviation, 2500m in length, airport local lines Zmeevo (now - heliport ) .

The development of navigation on the Volga river port "Tver" with a cargo jetty for boats "river -sea" with a draft of up to four meters.

The region is crossed four beams railways going from Moscow to the north, northwest and west:

to St. Petersburg via Tver - Bologoye (main course of the Oktyabrskaya Railway), west across the Rzhev - Velikiye Luki (branch of Riga, Vilnius, Warsaw and Kaliningrad - Berlin. on Kimri - Sonkovo - Pestovo - St. Petersburg to Pskov through Tver - Bologoe . The largest railway junction of Tver Oblast is located in Bologoye. Bologovskiy assembly includes five areas : Moscow, St. Petersburg, Pskov, Yaroslavl, Great Luke.

The narrow gauge railway of KSM-2 factory, Tver serves a factory of building materials №2 in Tver.

Tver Karelians[edit]

A branch of Karelians, known as Tver Karelians used to live in the oblast. They numbered 140,567 in 1926. Due to heavy casualties suffered during the World War II, they vanished as a separate ethnic group from most parts of the oblast. The Tver Karelians numbered 14,633 according to the 2002 Census.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Population: 1,353,392 (2010 Census);[5] 1,471,459 (2002 Census);[10] 1,670,117 (1989 Census).[11]

2012
  • Births: 15 476 (11.6 per 1000)
  • Deaths: 24 325 (18.2 per 1000) [12]
  • Total fertility rate: 1.65
  • Total fertility rate:[13]

2009 - 1.55 | 2010 - 1.52 | 2011 - 1.54 | 2012 - 1.65 | 2013 - 1.63(e)

Ethnic composition (2010):[5]

Religion[edit]



Circle frame.svg

Religion in Tver Oblast (2012)[15][16]

  Unaffiliated Christian (9%)
  Muslim (1%)
  Spiritual but not religious (34%)
  Atheist (20%)
  Other or undeclared (6%)

According to a 2012 official survey[15] 30% of the population of Tver Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 9% are unaffiliated generic Christians, and 1% are Muslims. In addition, 34% of the population deems itself to be "spiritual but not religious", 20% is atheist, and 6% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ Official website of Tver Oblast. Andrei Vladimirovich Shevelyov, Governor of Tver Oblast (Russian)
  4. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ Official on the whole territory of Russia according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  9. ^ Демоскоп Weekly — Приложение.
  10. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  11. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  12. ^ http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/2012/demo/edn12-12.htm
  13. ^ http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/publications/catalog/doc_1137674209312
  14. ^ http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936
  15. ^ a b c Arena - Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia. Sreda.org
  16. ^ 2012 Survey Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 24-09-2012.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tver_Oblast — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
447 videos foundNext > 

Russia,Tver Oblast

Russia,Tver Oblast.

Locals help abandoned bears cubs in Tver Oblast

An important projects is underway in Tver Oblast to give orphaned bear cubs a second chance at survival. Credit: Ricardo Marquina Read more: http://rbth.ru/2...

Volga river in the Tver Oblast

Вечер на Волге вблизи деревни Терехово.

Lunarscharskogo Tver Region, Russia

One Day in Lunarcharskogo, Tver region, Russia, driving from Bologoye to Berezaika.

Вечер на Волге в Тверской области 25 июня 2014

Evening on the Volga river in the Tver Oblast - June 25,2014 Россия,Тверская область,Конаковский район,25 июня 2014.О.Н.Тарабанов.

graphic design school training online This is a list of cities and towns in Russia

http://www.graphiccourses.co.uk/ graphic course graphic design courses distance learning online graphics design graphic design course graphic design school g...

RARE VIDEO Cockpit view Russian air force Mig-29 fighter aircraft

Great in flight video of the Russian Air Force Mig-29 Fighter aircraft. The Russian Air Force (Russian: Военно-воздушные cилы России, tr. Voyenno-Vozdushnye ...

Bear kingdom - Meeting with nature in Tver region

Summery: A heart-warming short documentary by RT about he Central Forest Reserve in Tver region of Russia, where plenty of the brown bear lives. The reserve ...

Truck Runs Over And Kills Woman On Zebra Crossing After She Froze

A 55-year-old Russian woman was killed instantly after she froze on a zebra crossing as a massive truck thundered towards her. The accident happened in Tver ...

How to Feed a Wild Fox - Almost !

Working just outside Tver Oblast was harsh. But the only comfort was this wild fox who i named cute Vsevolod. He tried to play with me so did i. One of my tr...

447 videos foundNext > 

3 news items

 
Russia Beyond the Headlines (blog)
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 03:52:30 -0700

The cultural experience can always be diluted with adrenaline at Lake Seliger (Tver Oblast, 400 km west of Moscow). Long swims, rowing races and, of course, water-skiing surrounded by fabulous forest scenery are bound to refresh the spirit on a hot day.
 
Mashable
Sun, 06 Jul 2014 09:20:16 -0700

TVER OBLAST, Russia — Dubbed the "Russian Woodstock," Nashestvie is a Russian rock-music festival that draws hundreds of thousands of locals to Tver Oblast, a region more than 150 kilometers northwest of Moscow. Now in its 15th year, the 2014 ...
 
Russlands stemme
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 01:37:30 -0700

En uhørt varme har satt inn i den russiske hovedstaden. Temperaturen gikk opp til +33°C, noe som er 6 grader høyere enn snittnormen. Ifølge værmeldingstjenestens prognoser vil temperaturen i hovedstaden ikke gå ned i nærmeste framtid. Den abnorme ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Tver Oblast

You can talk about Tver Oblast with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!