digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















Rolls Royce-Turbomeca Palouste-001.jpg
Rolls-Royce licensed-built Palouste
Type Gas turbine
National origin France
Manufacturer Turbomeca, Blackburn Aircraft, Rolls-Royce Limited, Lucas Aerospace
Major applications Sud-Ouest Djinn

The Turbomeca Palouste is a French gas turbine engine, first run in 1952.[1] Designed purely as a compressed air generator, the Palouste was mainly used as a ground-based aircraft engine starter unit. Other uses included rotor tip propulsion for experimental helicopters.

Design and development[edit]

Designed and built by Turbomeca, the Palouste was also built under license in Britain by Blackburn and Rolls-Royce. Originally conceived as an aircraft ground support equipment starter gas generator it was also used as propulsion for the Sud-Ouest Djinn and other tip jet powered helicopters.

The Palouste was a very simple unit, its primary purpose was to supply a high flow rate of compressed air to start larger jet engines such as the Rolls-Royce Spey as installed in the Blackburn Buccaneer (this aircraft had no on-board starting system).[2] Air from the centrifugal compressor was divided between external supply (known as bleed air) and its own combustion chamber.

Several British naval aircraft were adapted to carry a Palouste in a wing mounted pod installation to facilitate engine starting when away from base.[3]

A novel use of a surplus Palouste engine was its installation in a custom-built motorcycle known as the Boost Palouste. In 1986 this motorcycle broke an official ACU 1/4 mile speed record at 184 mph (296 km/h). The builder modified the engine to include a primitive afterburner device and noted that pitch changes which occurred during braking and acceleration caused gyroscopic precession handling effects due to the rotating mass of the engine.[4]


Palouste IV
The gas generator used to power the Sud-Ouest S.O.1221 Djinn and other tip-jet helicopters.
A development of the Palouste delivering a higher mass flow of compressed air.[5]


Specifications (Blackburn Palouste)[edit]

Palouste engine fitted to a Sud-Ouest Djinn helicopter

Data from Hobby Gas Turbines[6]and Flight[7]

General characteristics

  • Type: Gas generator
  • Length: 33.42 in (849 mm)
  • Diameter: 17.72 in (450 mm)
  • Dry weight: 187.5 lb (85 kg)


  • Compressor: Single stage centrifugal
  • Combustors: Annular combustion chamber
  • Turbine: Two-stage axial flow
  • Fuel type: Kerosene
  • Oil system: Dry sump


See also[edit]

Related development
Comparable engines
Related lists



  1. ^ Gunston 1989, p.170.
  2. ^ Flightglobal archive - Flight, February 1962 Retrieved: 24 July 2009
  3. ^ Flightglobal archive - Flight, March 1965 Retrieved: 24 July 2009
  4. ^ The Boost Palouste - jet-pack.co.uk Retrieved: 24 July 2009
  5. ^ Bridgman, Leonard (1955). Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1955-56. London: Jane's all the World's Aircraft Publishing Co. Ltd. 
  6. ^ Palouste/Artouste - Hobby Gas Turbines Retrieved: 24 July 2009
  7. ^ Flightglobal archive - Flight, September 1953 Retrieved: 24 July 2009


  • Gunston, Bill. World Encyclopedia of Aero Engines. Cambridge, England. Patrick Stephens Limited, 1989. ISBN 1-85260-163-9

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turbomeca_Palouste — Please support Wikipedia.
A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
43 videos foundNext > 

Turbomeca Palouste small gas turbine air start engine

A video of a recently restored Palouste gas turbine engine.

The Boost Palouste

Watch Richard Brown ride the Boost Palouste.

Palmares 2013 interview de Pascal Legrain Turbomeca news

Jetpower.co.uk - Blackburn Palouste Run.

Jetpower.co.uk - Blackburn Palouste Run. Early shutdown as engine went out of parameter, after a checkout a faulty air pressure switch was identified and rep...

Travelling Through Technology

Operating principle of a turbine, production and assembling of the main parts.


Turbomeca (Safran group) presents BOOST (Bank Of Online Services and Technologies), a totally new range of integrated online services to streamline customers...

Palouste Test.wmv

Test run of a Blackburn Palouste air start turbine, with heavy compressor surge.

The Solar Stiring Plant!!

The Solar Stirling plant! The Most powerful way to gentrate FREE ELECTRICITY. Can you lower your monthly electric bill 30, 40,% Check This Out Today. http://...

Palouste Air Start

how a palouste engine should sound.

Turbomeca Engine TU347 Noria

Arriel 1B AS350BA Helicopter Engine, Turbomeca carry's out Noria intervention.

43 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Turbomeca Palouste" right now.


Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Turbomeca Palouste

You can talk about Turbomeca Palouste with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!