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Tulamba (Urdu: تلمبہ), or Tulambah is a small city in Punjab, Pakistan. A native of Tulamba is referred to as a Tulmabvi. Tulamba is situated on the eastern edge of the Ravi River, between the cities of Abdul Hakeem and Mian Channu. It has been within Mian Channu Tehsil since before 1985. At this time, Tulamba belonged to the district of Multan, but in 1985 Tulamba was included within Mian Channu Tehsil in the newly formed Khanewal District. Tulamba's population is nearly 50,000. The spoken language is Rachnavi Punjabi.
Tulamba is more than 2,500 years old, local legend holding that Tulamba existed in the time of Noah.
Archaeological digs have uncovered five distinct layers. The first belongs to the Moi tribe. The remaining four belong to Greek, Sasani, Budh, Hindu and Muslim civilizations. The coins of several governments were found here, from that of Aplodots Sir Megas to that of Muhammad Ghauri.
The ruins of the older city are one kilometre from the current city. They are in a poor condition due to rain and neglect, yet their bricks are still visible. When Dr. Sayyed Zahid Ali Wasti visited Tulamba in 1967, he saw the ruins spread over an area of several miles, including a walled fort and a very high tower, with a three thousand year old protective trench around the fort, which was renovated in 1988 using trenchers to repair the damaged sections. He described the walls as beautifully plastered with mud, and floors that were not solid, but most of his description is now outdated as the ruins have since been further destroyed and eroded.
Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the First Sikh Master came here during his Udasi (Travels). Guru Har Rai, the Seventh Sikh Master, sent a masand (Preacher) to preach Sikhism to the local people of this area.
Because the forces coming from North and West had to pass through Tulamba to get to the famous Multan the people of Tulamba encountered many armies. Alexander the Great came to Tulamba when he invaded the Indian sub-continent. At that time Tulamba was ruled by the Moi people. They were very brave and courageous, and Alexander faced difficulties here.
The ancestor of the Mughals, Taimur-e-Lang, also invaded Tulamba, at that time called Tulma.
Sher Shah Suri built a fort in the center of the city. The boundary wall and some parts of his building are still present. The Girls Higher Secondary School and the offices of the Town Committee are present in the Fort.
Geography and climate
Tulamba is situated on the eastern edge of the Ravi River, at a distance of 100 kilometres (62 mi) from Multan.
The climate of Tulamba is variable. The summer season is very hot, followed by a series of heavy rains. The winter season is very cold and often foggy. Overall the climate is good for living.
Tulamba is a formal Punjabi city. The normal dress is Shalwar Qameez, and Dhoti (Tehband) is also popular. Old people wear the Pagri or Safa on their head. All the houses are built with solid bricks and concrete. The lifestyle is modern, and the use of electric and electronic equipment is common.
The main occupations are farming and trading. Many people work for the government or in the private sector.
Popular sports are football, cricket, hockey and Kabaddi.
Sites of interest
The Ruins are situated on the edge of the city. The Sidhnai Canal and a point on the edge of river Ravi (called T) are also good picnic sites. There is also Darbar Mamon Sheer Bukhari and Darbar Rehmat Ali Shah.
Tulamba is home to a growing number of educational facilities, including a higher secondary school for girls, a higher secondary school for boys, a government college for woman, two government middle schools, and a primary school. The first private school, Star Modal Middle School Tulamba, was established in 1985, followed by an Educators school, a branch of the Beaconhouse School System, which is the largest educational network of Pakistan. There is also a Divisional Public School and Husnain Grammar school. About twenty private schools are present in various location; most are English and Islamic. The highest-ranked English school is Divisional Public Higher Secondary School Tulamba, which was launched last year. The two highest scores in primary level examinations in 2011 belong to this school.
The Islamic educational institutes located in Tulamba are Madrisa Qadria, Darbar Rehmat Ali Shah, Imam Bargah Hussainia, and Daraluloom Syed Niaz Ahmed Shah Sahin.
The M-4 Motorway is under construction and will pass near Tulamba, linking it to Multan and Islamabad. Currently (as of July, 2014) foundations for the embankment are being dug using trenchers, and the road is expected to be laid by mid-2015.
Facilities and problems
Tulamba is rapidly developing into a city. The facilities of fresh water, electricity, gas, telephone and internet are available. A government hospital and six private hospitals are located in the city. There is also a veterinary hospital to treat the livestock, and an artificial insemination centre situated at Thana Road, Tulamba.
Crops, fruits and land ownership
There is no feudal system in Tulamba. People are free to have as much land as they want. Some people work their own land, while others hire help. Near Tulamba lies a mango farm of Mian Safdar Kamal Sahu called Sahu Fruit Farm, a large farm containing mangoes of different kinds and qualities.
Crop land around Tulamba is very fertile, especially in Kalupitra situated 8 km from Tulamba to the west. Here the average yield of crops is very good. 3120 kg of rice yield per acre was recorded last year. The main crops are rice, wheat, corn, sugar cane, cotton, and vegetables such as tomato, carrot, potato, radish, cabbage, onion, bringal, and okra. The people of Kalupitra are hard working, and very fond of agricultural farming, though cattle farming is also popular. There are many varieties of buffalo, and cows are found with very good milk production.
The popular shops include Saghir karyana store, Hamid shoes, Ansar tent service, and Al-Hanif Bakers.
Main article: Notable persons from Tulamba
Over the centuries Tulamba has produced a number of persons who have provided unique contributions to the fields of science, language, politics, religion, sports, visual arts and performing arts. A list of recent notable persons includes, but is not limited to:
See also category: People from Tulamba