|This article does not cite any references or sources. (September 2009)|
|• Estimate (2013)||50,000|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+4)|
Tulamba (also Tulambah, Urdu: تلمبہ) is a small city in Punjab, Pakistan. Tulamba is situated on the eastern edge of the Ravi River, between the cities of Abdul Hakeem and Mian Channu. Prior to 1985 Tulamba belonged to the district of Multan, but in 1985 it was included within Mian Channu Tehsil in the newly formed Khanewal District. Tulamba's population is nearly 50,000. The spoken language is Rachnavi Punjabi. A native of Tulamba is referred to as a Tulmabvi.
Tulamba is more than 2,500 years old; local legend says that Tulamba existed in the time of Noah.
Archaeological digs have uncovered five distinct layers, belonging variously to the Moi tribe, Greek, Sasani, Budh, Hindu and Muslim civilizations. The coins of several prior governments have been excavated here.
The ruins of the older city are 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) from the current city. They are in generally poor condition due to rain and neglect, although their bricks are still visible. When Dr. Sayyed Zahid Ali Wasti visited Tulamba in 1967, he saw the ruins spread over an area of several miles, including a walled fort with a high tower and a three-thousand-year-old protective trench around the fort. He described the walls as beautifully plastered with mud, and floors that were not solid. Most of what he described in 1967 is now outdated as the ruins have since been further destroyed and eroded. The trench, however, was renovated in 1988 using trenchers to repair the damaged sections.
Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the First Sikh Master came here during his travels. Guru Har Rai, the Seventh Sikh Master, sent a masand (preacher) to preach Sikhism to the local people of this area.
The people of Tulamba have encountered many armies in the city's history as a result of its geographic position. Armies coming from the north and west had to pass through Tulamba to get to the strategic city of Multan. Alexander the Great came to Tulamba when he invaded the Indian sub-continent. At that time Tulamba was ruled by the Moi people, who fought Alexander's forces.
The ancestor of the Mughals, Taimur-e-Lang, also invaded Tulamba, at that time called Tulma.
Sher Shah Suri built a fort in the center of the city. The boundary wall and some parts of the original building are still present. The fort is now occupied by the girls higher secondary school and the offices of the town committee.
Geography and climate
Tulamba is situated on the eastern edge of the Ravi River, at a distance of 100 kilometres (62 mi) from Multan.
The climate of Tulamba is variable. The summer season is very hot, followed by a series of heavy rains. The winter season is very cold and often foggy.
Tulamba is a formal Punjabi city. The normal dress is the shalwar kameez, with the dhoti also popular. Older people wear the pagri or safa on their head. All the houses are built with solid bricks and concrete. The lifestyle is modern, and the use of electric and electronic equipment is common.
The main occupations are farming and trading. Many people work for the government or in the private sector.
Popular sports are football, cricket, hockey and Kabaddi.
Sites of interest
The ruins of the ancient city are situated on the edge of the modern city. The Sidhnai Canal and a point on the edge of the Ravi river are also used for recreation. Other sites of interest are Darbar Mamon Sheer Bukhari and Darbar Rehmat Ali Shah.
Tulamba is home to many educational facilities, including higher secondary schools for girls and boys, a government college for woman, two government middle schools, and a primary school. The first private school, Star Modal Middle School Tulamba, was established in 1985, followed by an Educators school, a branch of the Beaconhouse School System, which is the largest educational network of Pakistan.
Additional facilities include Minhaj Model school, established in 1997, a divisional public school, and Husnain grammar school. Kids Paradise school system was established in 2015.
About twenty private schools are present in various locations, most of them being are English or Islamic. The Islamic educational institutes located in Tulamba are Madrisa Qadria, Darbar Rehmat Ali Shah, Imam Bargah Hussainia, and Daraluloom Syed Niaz Ahmed Shah Sahin.
The M-4 Motorway is under construction and will pass near Tulamba, linking it to Multan and Islamabad. As of July, 2014 foundations for the embankment are being dug using trenchers, and the road is expected to be laid by mid-2015.
Facilities and problems
The facilities of fresh water, electricity, gas, telephone and internet are available in Tulamba. A government hospital and six private hospitals are located in the city, as well as a veterinary hospital to treat livestock, and an artificial insemination centre situated at Thana Road, Tulamba.
Crops, fruits and land ownership
There is no feudal system in Tulamba. People are free to have as much land as they want. Some people work their own land, while others hire help. Near Tulamba lies a mango farm of Mian Safdar Kamal Sahu called Sahu Fruit Farm, a large farm containing mangoes of different kinds and qualities.
The land around Tulamba is very fertile, especially in Kalupitra situated 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) west of Tulamba. There the average yield of crops is very good: 3120 kg of rice yield per acre was recorded last year[when?]. The main crops are rice, wheat, corn, sugar cane, cotton, and vegetables such as tomato, carrot, potato, radish, cabbage, onion, bringal, and okra. The people of Kalupitra are fond of agricultural farming, though cattle farming is also popular, with many varieties of buffalo and cows kept.
See also category: People from Tulamba