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Tsoureki
Paskalya coregi.jpg
Turkish çörek
Type Sweet bread
Variations Savoury versions
Cookbook:Tsoureki  Tsoureki

Tsoureki (Greek: τσουρέκι) or çörek, also known as شوريك (Arabic), panarët (Arbërisht), choreg or "chorek" (Armenian չորեկ), çörək (Azerbaijani), kozunak (Bulgarian козунак) or cozonac (Romanian)), is a sweet, egg-enriched bread, rooted in the cuisines of Western and Central Asia.[1] It is formed of braided strands of dough. There are also savoury versions.

The word probably comes from the Turkic çevrek "round".[2]

Such rich brioche-like breads are also traditional in many other countries, such as Hungary and the Czech Republic. Examples of similar breads from other cultures are badnji kruh in Croatian cuisine, colomba de páscoa in Portuguese cuisine, Brioche in French, kulich in Russian cuisine, panettone in Italian cuisine and challah in Jewish cuisine.

Greek traditions[edit]

Rich brioche-like breads (often braided) are known by various Greek names that represent three major holidays for Greeks: Easter, Christmas and New Year's. There are many local varieties of these festive breads, based on milk, flour, eggs, sugar, yeast, butter, and a flavoring which can be mahlab, Chian mastic or cardamom. The butter is added after kneading: the dough is stretched, brushed with melted butter, folded and stretched again repeatedly, until all the butter is incorporated. The result of this technique is that the baked bread separates easily into strands. A good tsoureki should be soft, moist and fluffy, yet stringy and chewy.

Tsoureki / Lampropsomo / Lamprokouloura: Easter Bread[edit]

The word tsoureki refers not only to the Easter batches, but to the traditionally sweet bread that's made under most circumstances; it is derived from the Turkish name.

The Greek word lampropsomo (λαμπρόψωμο) is derived from one Greek word for Easter, Λαμπρή, which means "bright light," and ψωμί, which means bread; referring to the light Christians believe is given to them by Christ's resurrection. Another name for the bread is lamprokouloura (Λαμπροκουλούρα): κουλούρα means "round" and, therefore, various forms of cookies and round breads. This braided bread can be shaped either into a circle or into two large braids and sprinkled with nuts, usually slivered, blanched almonds. It is served with red Easter eggs that have been dyed to represent the blood of Christ or red rosebuds[citation needed].

This bread was traditionally prepared with an essence drawn from the seeds of Mediterranean wild cherries, called makhlepi, (Greek: μαχλέπι). The bread can also be flavoured with mastic, the resin from Pistacia lentiscus, var. chia. In more recent years, vanilla-scented tsoureki has also become popular. If going for the full aromatic effect, a fourfold melange of aromatics is used: makhlepi, Chios mastic, cardamom, and vanilla.

Sometime tsoureki is used as a gift for special occasion, for instance, it can be given as an Easter gift from children to their godparents.

Christopsomo: Christmas Bread[edit]

Christopsomo (Χριστόψωμο), which translates as "Christ's bread", is a Greek bread decorated with an early form of the Christian cross with ends that split and curl into circles. Sometimes dough shapes representing initials, birth dates, ages and aspects of the family's life and profession are added. Christopomo is a rich, round loaf scented with wine soaked figs, anise and orange. It sometimes contains such ingredients as nuts, raisins, cinnamon, nutmeg, cloves and mastic, a dried pine resin. The bread is sometimes served with honey on Christmas Eve. Families leave pieces of bread on the table believing that Christ will come and eat them during the night.

The preparation of Christopsomo is considered a sacred tradition in Greek Orthodox homes, and the care with which it is made is said to ensure the well-being of the home in the year to come. In earlier times, Greek cooks baked large quantities of bread to last for ten to fifteen days, so baking just one or two loaves of Christopsomo the night before Christmas had special significance. The cook would begin by crossing him/herself before starting baking.

Tsourekaki: Easter Cookie[edit]

Tsourekaki (Τσουρεκάκι): A variant which consists of biscuits in the shape of the original tsoureki. It is common to add orange flavour.

Vasilopita: New Year's Bread[edit]

Main article: Vasilopita

The traditional New Year's Cake, Vasilopita (Βασιλόπιτα) is sometimes a tsoureki.

Armenian traditions[edit]

In Armenian tradition, a big batch of choreg is baked for Easter, with one of the choregs containing a coin for good luck to whomever gets it.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Толковìй словарь живаго великорусскаго язîка, Dal' V.I., IAS, 1869
  2. ^ Sözlerin soyağacı : çağdaş Türkçenin etimolojik sözlüğü [Word origins: etymological dictionary of contemporary Turkish], Sevan Nişanyan, Istanbul 2002

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tsoureki — Please support Wikipedia.
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313 news items

Chelsea Now

Chelsea Now
Thu, 12 Feb 2015 17:41:15 -0800

“Instead of putting maple syrup, we put the petimezi, and we're actually using a Greek bread that's called Tsoureki,” which is kind of like a sweet brioche, he said. Petimezi is a classic grape syrup that the kitchen makes from scratch. Bushels of ...
 
The Advocate
Wed, 07 May 2014 15:44:09 -0700

Greeks traditionally serve tsoureki, a braided sweet bread, at Easter, but those attending the Baton Rouge Greek Festival Saturday won't have to wait until next year to try it. Tsourekia (that's the plural spelling), along with other pastries, will be ...
 
Telegraph.co.uk
Fri, 22 Mar 2013 23:31:07 -0700

A rich, brioche-like bread that is traditionally flavoured with bitter cherry pits (mahlepi) and mastic, the resin from a tree that grows on the Greek islands. Not the sort of thing that one picks up at the local supermarket, but don't be put off. A ...

Australian Gourmet Traveller

Australian Gourmet Traveller
Wed, 29 May 2013 10:50:29 -0700

01; Combine flour, yeast and a pinch of salt in the bowl of an electric mixer fitted with a dough hook, form a well in the centre, set aside. Add milk, eggs, sugar, orange rind, mahlepi and 100ml lukewarm water and mix until a soft dough forms (5-7 ...

MyCentralJersey.com

MyCentralJersey.com
Tue, 13 Jan 2015 14:19:32 -0800

Menu includes: Chocolate Babka, Polish Babka, Tsoureki, Kulich and Hot Cross Buns. Fee: $75. 6:30 to 9 p.m. March 31: Whole Grain Baking: Do you have a sweet tooth? Looking for a healthy version of your favorite sweets? Included are oat flour coffee ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Fri, 09 Jan 2015 22:00:00 -0800

Calorie counters: from Kessaria pies with bechamel and pancetta to tsoureki (sweet Easter bread), this is probably not the ideal choice for anyone trying to shed a few pounds. Best recipe? Stifado, a rich and aromatic stew with rabbit and chopped tomatoes.

Jornal SOL

Jornal SOL
Tue, 03 Feb 2015 15:17:00 -0800

Está na cultura de quase todos os países: chapati na Índia, pita no Médio Oriente, tsoureki na Grécia, bagels nos Estados Unidos. Está na cultura popular: 'como pão para a boca', 'casa onde não há pão, todos ralham e ninguém tem razão' ou, ainda, 'quem ...

LancasterOnline

LancasterOnline
Wed, 29 Oct 2014 07:04:05 -0700

The breads — including an addictive homemade Greek sweet bread called tsoureki — come before the making of the yiaprakia. “This morning, we made almost 500 loaves of sweet bread, then we transferred over to the grape leaves," sums up church ...
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