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Tsoureki
Paskalya coregi.jpg
Paskalya çöreği (Easter çörek) and coloured eggs from Istanbul
Type Sweet bread
Variations Savoury versions
Cookbook: Tsoureki  Media: Tsoureki

Tsoureki (Greek: τσουρέκι), also known as شوريك (Arabic), panarët (Arbërisht), choreg or "chorek" (Armenian չորեկ), çörək (Azerbaijani), kozunak (Bulgarian козунак), cozonac (Romanian) or çörek (Turkish)), is a sweet, egg-enriched bread, rooted in the cuisines of Western and Central Asia.[1] It is formed of braided strands of dough. There are also savoury versions.

Such rich brioche-like breads are also traditional in many other countries, such as Hungary and the Czech Republic. Examples of similar breads from other cultures are badnji kruh in Croatian cuisine, folar de páscoa in Portuguese cuisine, Brioche in French, kulich in Russian cuisine, panettone in Italian cuisine and challah in Jewish cuisine.

Greek traditions[edit]

Rich brioche-like breads (often braided) are known by various Greek names that represent three major holidays for Greeks: Easter, Christmas and New Year's. There are many local varieties of these festive breads, based on milk, flour, eggs, sugar, yeast, butter, and a flavoring which can be mahleb, Chian mastic or cardamom. The butter is added after kneading: the dough is stretched, brushed with melted butter, folded and stretched again repeatedly, until all the butter is incorporated. The result of this technique is that the baked bread separates easily into strands. A good tsoureki should be soft, moist and fluffy, yet stringy and chewy.

Tsoureki may be eaten at any time of year, often for breakfast, but it is also associated with several holidays.

Tsoureki / Lampropsomo / Lamprokouloura: Easter Bread[edit]

The Greek word lampropsomo (λαμπρόψωμο) is derived from one Greek word for Easter, Λαμπρή, which means "bright light," and ψωμί, which means bread; referring to the light Christians believe is given to them by Christ's resurrection. Another name for the bread is lamprokouloura (Λαμπροκουλούρα): κουλούρα means "round" and, therefore, various forms of cookies and round breads. This braided bread can be shaped either into a circle or into two large braids and sprinkled with nuts, usually slivered, blanched almonds. It is served with red Easter eggs that have been dyed to represent the blood of Christ or red rosebuds[citation needed].

This bread was traditionally prepared with an essence drawn from the seeds of Mediterranean wild cherries, called makhlepi, (Greek: μαχλέπι). The bread can also be flavoured with mastic, the resin from Pistacia lentiscus, var. chia. In more recent years, vanilla-scented tsoureki has also become popular. If going for the full aromatic effect, a fourfold melange of aromatics is used: makhlepi, Chios mastic, cardamom, and vanilla.

Sometime tsoureki is used as a gift for special occasion, for instance, it can be given as an Easter gift from children to their godparents.

Christopsomo: Christmas Bread[edit]

Christopsomo (Χριστόψωμο), which translates as "Christ's bread", is a Greek bread decorated with an early form of the Christian cross with ends that split and curl into circles. Sometimes dough shapes representing initials, birth dates, ages and aspects of the family's life and profession are added. Christopsomo is a rich, round loaf scented with wine soaked figs, anise and orange. It sometimes contains such ingredients as nuts, raisins, cinnamon, nutmeg, cloves and mastic, a dried pine resin. The bread is sometimes served with honey on Christmas Eve. Families leave pieces of bread on the table believing that Christ will come and eat them during the night.

The preparation of Christopsomo is considered a sacred tradition in Greek Orthodox homes, and the care with which it is made is said to ensure the well-being of the home in the year to come. In earlier times, Greek cooks baked large quantities of bread to last for ten to fifteen days, so baking just one or two loaves of Christopsomo the night before Christmas had special significance. The cook would begin by crossing him/herself before starting baking.

Tsourekaki: Easter Cookie[edit]

Tsourekaki (Τσουρεκάκι): A variant which consists of biscuits in the shape of the original tsoureki. It is common to add orange flavour.

Vasilopita: New Year's Bread[edit]

Main article: Vasilopita

The traditional New Year's Cake, Vasilopita (Βασιλόπιτα) is sometimes a tsoureki.

Armenian traditions[edit]

In Armenian tradition, a big batch of chureg ("chorek" in Eastern Armenian) is baked for Easter, with one of the choregs containing a coin for good luck to whomever gets it.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Толковìй словарь живаго великорусскаго язîка, Dal' V.I., IAS, 1869
  2. ^ 10 Reasons Foodies Love Armenia

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tsoureki — Please support Wikipedia.
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454 news items

Huffington Post

Huffington Post
Tue, 07 Apr 2015 10:48:45 -0700

An easy recipe for "tsoureki": sweet bread with olive oil, so much taste and full of flavor, so light and above all... healthy! Soft, fluffy, with a beautiful brown semi-soft crust and an amazing stringy texture... Greek Easter bread (tsoureki) is ...

Neos Kosmos

Neos Kosmos
Tue, 07 Apr 2015 18:21:14 -0700

This is important, as too much kneading makes the gluten more glutinous and will make the tsoureki hard. Method: 1. Dissolve the yeast in a glass of warm water, adding a little of the flour until it has a runny dough consistency. Cover and put aside in ...

Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk
Fri, 22 Mar 2013 23:31:07 -0700

A rich, brioche-like bread that is traditionally flavoured with bitter cherry pits (mahlepi) and mastic, the resin from a tree that grows on the Greek islands. Not the sort of thing that one picks up at the local supermarket, but don't be put off. A ...

Australian Gourmet Traveller

Australian Gourmet Traveller
Mon, 03 Mar 2014 16:40:26 -0800

Yes, it's laden with tradition and symbolism, but tsoureki is also a really tasty treat, writes Bianca Tzatzagos. You'll need. 500 gm (2 2/3 cups) plain flour 21 gm (3 packets) dried yeast 125 ml (½ cup) milk 2 eggs, lightly beaten, plus extra for ...
 
Neos Kosmos
Sun, 13 Apr 2014 23:58:03 -0700

Tsoureki. Tsoureki is the traditional bread of Greek Easter. Tsoureki is a rich yeast bread flavoured with orange and a delightful spice called mahlepi. Node Tools. Rate This. 4.5. 2 votes. Select rating, Cancel rating, Poor, Okay, Good, Great, Awesome ...

Libertatea

Libertatea
Thu, 21 Jan 2016 08:07:30 -0800

Joia mare, bucătăresele vopsesc ouăle în roșu și pregătesc vestita pâine tsoureki, pregătindu-se în tihnă pentru cea mai tristă zi a săptămânii. În vinerea mare se ține doliu și post negru peste tot în Corfu. Cu mult timp în urmă în Kerkyra se organiza ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Thu, 10 Dec 2015 01:15:39 -0800

Make Tsoureki (Greek Easter Bread). Although I have a bit of a confession, as with Turkish Delight, I was rather enchanted by the "idea" of it, especially since my local Middle Easter supermarket kept their packets of mastic "under the table" - which ...

OregonLive.com

OregonLive.com
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 13:02:51 -0700

Tsoureki (Greek Easter Braid) (above): Usually you'll see tsoureki with a few dyed red eggs baked right into the loaf. They represent the blood of Christ and are for decoration only. These loaves are so handsome they're still celebratory without the ...
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