The Tsakhur (or Caxur, in romanization) people are an ethnic group of northern Azerbaijan and southern Dagestan (Russia). They number about 45,000 and call themselves yiqy (pl. yiqby), but are generally known by the name Tsakhur, which derives from the name of a Dagestani village, where they make up the majority.
Tsakhurs are first mentioned in the 7th-century Armenian and Georgian sources where they are named Tsakhaik. After the conquest of Caucasian Albania by the Arabs, Tsakhurs formed a semi-independent state (later a sultanate) of Tsuketi in what is now Zaqatala and southwestern Dagestan. By the 11th century, Tsakhurs who had mostly been Christian, converted to Islam. In the 18th century the capital of the state changed from Tsakhur to İlisu. The sultanate was in the sphere of influence of the Shaki Khanate. It became part of the Russian Empire by the beginning of the 19th century.
Tsakhurs live in Azerbaijan's Zaqatala region, where they make up 14% of the population, and in Gakh, where they constitute less than 2%. In Dagestan, they live in the mountainous parts of the Rutulsky district. According to Wolfgang Schulze, there are 9 villages in Azerbaijan, where Tsakhurs make up the majority of the population, all of them in Zaqatala. 13 more villages in Zaqatala and Gakh have a significant Tsakhur minority.
Most Tsakhurs speak the Tsakhur language as their native language. The rate of bilingualism in Tsakhur and Azeri is high. Other languages popular among Tsakhurs include Russian and Lezgian.
- ^ Russian Census 2010: Population by ethnicity (Russian)
- ^ State statistics committee of Ukraine - National composition of population, 2001 census (Ukrainian)
- ^ (Russian) The Tsakhur language. The ETHEO Project. Last updated 11 October 2005. Retrieved 26 December 2006
- ^ The Sociolinguistic Situation of the Tsakhur in Azerbaijan by John M. Clifton et al. SIL International, 2005
Original inhabitants of Azerbaijan
A short video on the Original people of "Azerbaijan" (Caucasian Albania/Arran), the Caucasian Albanian Udi and Lezgian people. These people are the true orig...
Circassians and Cherkasy-Ukrainians --- Черкеси та українці-черкаси
Circassians (Adyghe people) and Ukrainians. Common past --- Про черкесів (адиґи / касоги), південно-східних сусідів українців, один з найдревніших народів пл...
UDI LASHKOYA - UDI PEOPLE - UDI MUSIC
The last of Udis - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Udi_people The Udis (self-name Udi or Uti) are one of the most ancient native peoples of the Caucasus. The to...
Words of Life Alak: Lak Sipet People/Language Movie Trailer
This is: Words of Life Alak: Lak Sipet People/Language Movie Trailer c17360 [c17360t] Other names for this language are: Lak Sipet This language is spoken in...
Притча про ОРЛА
Ватан, лезгияр, орел, сказка про орла, орлы, Eagle, a movie about an eagle,tale about the eagle, лезгинская поэзия, eagles Caucasus, the eagle soars, Магарам...
Кароокий, чорнобровий -- кумицька (половці / хозари)
Кароокий, чорнобровий. Кумицька пісня (половці / хозари). Карі очі, чорні брови, як синоніми та вираження краси в українському світогляді походять з половець...
Vi lohol churpi behatan -- Udi song -- Udi music
Удинська. Ві лохол чурпі бехатан. Udi song. Traditional Udi music from Caucasian Albania (modern Azerbiajan). In ancient Udi language. Flag of Udis. Udi cros...
Kubachi (Dagestan) - Кубачи (Дагестан).
There is no other village in the Caucasus as Kubachi. This aul is unique for its location and architecture. The stone cascades of saklyas (houses) full of le...
Репресии против Лезгин,Талыш,Авар,Удин,Цахур,Рутул!азеры-каджары против Дагестанцев!ассимиляция
Caucasian Albania Aran Shirvan.
We're sorry, but there's no news about "Tsakhur people" right now.
Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter
Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group.