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Tropenmuseum
Tropenmuseum - Logo zonder tekst.svg
Tropenmuseum is located in Amsterdam
Tropenmuseum
Magnify-clip.png
Location of the museum in Amsterdam
Established 1864
Location Linnaeusstraat 2, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Coordinates 52°21′46″N 4°55′21″E / 52.362692°N 4.922517°E / 52.362692; 4.922517
Type Anthropological museum
Collection size 340,000 objects and photographs
Visitors 197,000 visitors (2010)
Director Jan Willem Sieburgh
Public transit access Alexanderplein
GVB tram lines 9, 10, 14
Website www.tropenmuseum.nl

The Tropenmuseum (English: Museum of the Tropics) is an anthropological museum located in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, and established in 1864.[1]

One of the largest museums in Amsterdam, the museum accommodates eight permanent exhibitions and an ongoing series of temporary exhibitions, including both modern and traditional visual arts and photographic works. The Tropenmuseum is owned and operated by the Royal Tropical Institute, a foundation that sponsors the study of tropical cultures around the world. The museum had 176,000 visitors in 2009.[2]

History[edit]

The opening of the Colonial Institute by Queen Wilhelmina, 1926
Interior of the museum

Frederick van Eeden, father of the writer Frederik van Eeden, and secretary of the Maatschappij ter bevordering van Nijverheid (English: Society for the Promotion of Industry) established the Koloniaal Museum (English: Colonial Museum) in Haarlem in 1864,[1] and opened the museum to the public in 1871.[3] The museum was founded in order to show Dutch overseas possessions, and the inhabitants of these foreign countries, such as Indonesia. In 1871 the institute began research to increase profits made off the colonies. This included attempting to develop improved means of producing coffee beans, rotan and paraffin. The museum came under the influence of ethnologists, who added information on the economy, manners, and customs of the inhabitants. In 1926, they inaugurated the current building in East Amsterdam. At the time, they had 30,000 objects, and a sizable collection of photographs.[3]

Following the independence of Indonesia in 1945, the scope of the museum changed from just the colonial possessions of the Netherlands, to that of many undeveloped colonial states in South America, Africa, and Asia. In the 1960s and 1970s the Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken English: Ministry of Foreign Affairs encouraged the museum to expand its scope to more social issues such as poverty and hunger. In the early 1970s a new wing for children was added. This wing is now called Tropenmuseum Junior.[3]

The Tropenmuseum has now started to use semi-permanent exhibits that focus both on domestic and foreign cultures.

Facility[edit]

The original building, built in 1926, was designed by J. J. van Nieukerken and M. A. van Nieukerken. It was richly decorated for the time, and took 11 years to build due to World War I and various labor strikes.[4] All of the artwork in the building was created in the first half of the 20th century. In 2003 it was listed as a historical building in Amsterdam.[3]

Clove model of a two-wheeled horse-drawn coach with coachman.

Collections[edit]

The museum houses 175,000 objects, 155,000 photographs and 10,000 miscellaneous drawings, paintings, and documents. It inherited 15,000 of these from the Ethnographisch Museum Artis. These objects are split up into many collections. The museum houses collections for many geographical areas such as Southeast Asia, South Asia, West Asia & North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean. They also have several collections in storage that fall outside of their scope. These include collections for China, Japan, Korea, and Europe.

The photography collection consists mainly of historical photographs of the former Dutch Colonies from 1855–1940. The museum released a large number of photographs under a Creative Commons licence to the Wikimedia Commons.[5]

A theatric collection is housed at the Tropenmuseum as well. The collection houses 5,500 musical instruments as well as various other theatrical objects such as masks and puppets. It also features 21,000 textile artifacts, a majority of which are from Indonesia. Tropenmuseum Junior is a sub-museum. It features interactive exhibits, and draws 30,000 children a year.[3]

The Tropenmuseum announced in May 2013 that because of budget cuts (subsidies from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs were cut completely) the library will close and sell off its holdings, some 900,000 books, maps, and other items. The public library had already closed and other library services were to follow, with the loss of all but one of the 33 library staff.[6]

International activities[edit]

The Tropenmuseum is the most visible part of the Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen (KIT) (English: Royal Tropical Institute). The Colonial Institute and the Colonial Museum merged in 1910, to form KIT.[4] KIT is an organization meant to increase public awareness of other cultures, and communicate between cultures. The Tropenmuseum, as part of the KIT, works with foreign exhibits to exhibit and catalog their collections.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Tropenmuseum – Tropical Museum Amsterdam". Amersterdam.info (in Dutch). Retrieved January 27, 2010. 
  2. ^ "176.000 bezoekers voor het Tropenmuseum in 2009 – Tropenmuseum". Tropenmuseum. 2010-04-07. Retrieved 2010-04-11. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Tropenmuseum. "Tropenmuseum vroeger en vandaag" [Tropenmuseum Past & Present] (in Dutch). Amsterdam: Tropenmuseum. Retrieved 2010-04-11. [dead link]
  4. ^ a b "History". Royal Tropical Institute. Retrieved 12 April 2010. 
  5. ^ "Tropenmuseum in collaboration with Wikipedia". Netherlands. 2009-10-21. Retrieved 11 April 2010. 
  6. ^ Heijmans, Toine (24 May 2013). "Tropeninstituut ontmantelt boekencollectie wegens bezuinigingen". de Volkskrant (in Dutch). Retrieved 24 May 2013. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tropenmuseum — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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7 news items

rides.nl

Dichtbij.nl
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 15:00:56 -0700

STAD Het gezamenlijke origamikunstwerk in de Lichthal van het Tropenmuseum is al uitgegroeid tot een indrukwekkende zwerm van honderden vogels. Nog tot en met 31 augustus kan iedereen in het Tropenmuseum vouwen en meebouwen aan dit unieke ...

nrc.nl

nrc.nl
Fri, 01 Aug 2014 05:30:38 -0700

Origami vouwen in het Tropenmuseum, sporten met nijntje in de gymzaal van het Dick Bruna Huis, dansen in het Amsterdamse Bos tijdens Dekmantel Festival: je zou bijna een volledige workout krijgen van alles dat je dit weekend kunt doen.
 
Globo.com
Sun, 24 Aug 2014 14:03:45 -0700

Suas obras já integrou grandes exposições, como: From Manguetown, The Urban Art of Derlon – Gallery 71a, London-UK; Memórias – Dumaresq Galeria de Arte, Recife-PE; Mix Max Brazil – Tropenmuseum Junior, Amsterdã-HOL; Reis, Rainhas e Plebeus ...
 
CultuurBewust.nl
Sun, 03 Aug 2014 05:00:00 -0700

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AT5

AT5
Mon, 18 Aug 2014 00:55:08 -0700

Sinds een aantal jaar woon ik vlakbij het Tropenmuseum. Mijn favoriete plekjes zijn de Nieuwmarkt, de straten van de meisjes van lichte zeden, de oevers van het IJ en het Oosterpark. Al vijf jaar fotografeer ik daar met mijn iPhone het stadsleven ...
 
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Fri, 08 Aug 2014 19:03:45 -0700

Taxifahrer sind oft die Ersten, denen Touristen auf ihren Städtetrips begegnen. Dabei fahren sie ihre Gäste nicht nur von A nach B, sondern sind gleichzeitig auch Stadtführer und manchmal auch Psychologen. Euromaxx begleitet drei Taxifahrer in London, ...
 
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Tue, 19 Aug 2014 03:43:24 -0700

Je faisais des recherches dans les fonds du Tropenmuseum d'Amsterdam pour voir s'il n'y avait pas des collections surinamaises en Hollande… " dans l'idée de les faire rentrer au pays tout juste indépendant. " J'ai trouvé un livre avec les signes afaka ...
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