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Tripadi (Kannada, Sanskrit lit. tri: three, pad or "adi": feet) is a native metre in the Kannada language dating back to c. 700 CE.

Definition[edit]

The tripadi consists of three lines, each differing from the others in the number of feet and moras (Sanskrit matras),[1] but in accordance with the following rules:

  • The first line has 4 feet, each with 5 moras, and a caesura at the end of the second foot.[1]
  • The 6th and 10th feet of the tripadi are each required to have the metrical pattern of a Brahma foot:

 -\smile \ \mathrm{or} \ \smile\smile\smile \ \mathrm{or} \ -- \ \mathrm{or} \ \smile\smile- \ \

where \smile (breve) denotes a short syllable, and - (macron) a long one.

  • The remaining feet have either 5 moras or 4, chosen to satisfy the rules of Nagavarma II:[1]

Line 1 20 moras in four feet
Line 2 17 moras in four feet
Line 3 13 moras in three feet.

Metrical structure[edit]

An example, of a possible scansion (metrical structure) of a tripadi, is given in (Kittel 1875, p. 98), where it is also stressed that it is not the form of the moras, but the number that is important. (Here * denotes a caesura)

 \overbrace{\smile \smile \smile-}^{\mathrm{Foot 1}} | \overbrace{\smile\smile\smile-}^{\mathrm{Foot 2}} \star \overbrace{\smile\smile\smile-}^{\mathrm{Foot 3}} | \overbrace{-\smile-}^{\mathrm{Foot 4}} (Line 1: 20 moras in 4 feet)

 \overbrace{\smile \smile \smile\smile}^{\mathrm{Foot 5}} | \overbrace{\underbrace{--}_{\mathrm{Brahma}}}^{\mathrm{Foot VI}} | \overbrace{\smile\smile\smile-}^{\mathrm{Foot 7}} | \overbrace{\smile\smile\smile\smile}^{\mathrm{Foot 8}} (Line 2: 17 moras in 4 feet)

 \overbrace{\smile \smile \smile\smile}^{\mathrm{Foot 9}} | \overbrace{\underbrace{--}_{\mathrm{Brahma}}}^{\mathrm{Foot X}} | \overbrace{\smile\smile\smile-}^{\mathrm{Foot 11}} || (Line 3: 13 moras in 3 feet)

Another example (Kittel 1875, p. 99) is:

 \overbrace{\smile \smile-\smile}^{\mathrm{Foot 1}} | \overbrace{--\smile}^{\mathrm{Foot 2}} \star \overbrace{\smile\smile-\smile}^{\mathrm{Foot 3}} | \overbrace{-\smile-}^{\mathrm{Foot 4}} (Line 1: 20 moras in 4 feet)

 \overbrace{\smile \smile \smile\smile}^{\mathrm{Foot 5}} | \overbrace{\underbrace{-\smile}_{\mathrm{Brahma}}}^{\mathrm{Foot VI}} | \overbrace{\smile\smile-\smile}^{\mathrm{Foot 7}} | \overbrace{-\smile\smile\smile}^{\mathrm{Foot 8}} (Line 2: 17 moras in 4 feet)

 \overbrace{\smile \smile -\smile}^{\mathrm{Foot 9}} | \overbrace{\underbrace{-\smile}_{\mathrm{Brahma}}}^{\mathrm{Foot X}} | \overbrace{\smile\smile\smile-}^{\mathrm{Foot 11}} || (Line 3: 13 moras in 3 feet)

Example[edit]

A well-known example of the tripadi is the third stanza in the inscription of Kappe Arabhatta (here the symbol | denotes the end of a line, and ||, the end of the tripadi):

Sādhuge1a Sādhu1b mādhuryange1c mādhuryam1d |
bādhippa1e kalige2a kaliyuga2b viparītan2b |
mādhavan2c ītan2d peran2e alla2f ||

The literal translation of the tripadi is:[2]

To the good people,1a good;1b to the sweet,1c sweetness;1d |
causing distress1e

to the kali age,2a an exceptional man in Kaliyuga,2b |
Madhava (or Vishnu)2c this man,2d another2e is not2f||

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Kittel 1875, p. 98, Narasimhia 1941, p. 383
  2. ^ Narasimhia 1941, pp. 346, 329, 323, 295, 286, 320, 278

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tripadi — Please support Wikipedia.
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31 news items

 
Deccan Herald
Mon, 26 Jan 2015 10:33:45 -0800

Her work on ayurveda, Ayurvedamruta (which explains the use of ayurvedic plants in detail), and her self-composed tripadi (three-line verses) have been published by the foundation. The museum which is built adjacent to the wade displays a variety of ...

The New Indian Express

The New Indian Express
Sun, 21 Dec 2014 16:33:45 -0800

The showrooms of the Coir Board will be opened in all state capitals to create awareness about the natural product, the minister said. K C Venugopal MP presided over the function. Coir Board chairman Surendranath Tripadi, National Coir Training and ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Sat, 30 Nov 2013 23:38:04 -0800

He has desi forms such as Dvipadi, tripadi etc, which are prabandhas in musical form. He also includes ancient classical forms such as tribhangi and cakravala. He introduces new types of compositions like Jayamalika, where the first word in each of the ...
 
The Star Online
Fri, 09 May 2014 04:15:00 -0700

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Times of India
Thu, 19 Sep 2013 15:18:55 -0700

The proposed study would help to know who are listening and their needs. According to the study results, the contents in the programmes would be modified, he said. Kapil Tripadi, another scientist from the same department said the successful model ...

Daily News & Analysis

Daily News & Analysis
Wed, 14 Aug 2013 00:09:20 -0700

I have also composed works in Tripadi, a three-line verse, Choupadi, a four-line verse, Kusuma Shatpadi and Bhoga Shatpadi. Classic works in Kannada like Karnata Bharata Kathamanjari by Kumaravyasa, Prabhulingleele by Chamarasa, Toraveya ...
 
Times of India
Sun, 06 Jan 2013 17:50:16 -0800

When Sukhwinder failed to get any satisfactory reply from her neighbors about the whereabouts of her daughter, she submitted a written complaint against her for abducting his minor daughter. Tripadi police registered a case against Charnjit on December 11.
 
The Hindu
Wed, 20 Mar 2013 00:41:04 -0700

His books translating works of Kalidasa and Bhasa revealed his authority on 'Chandas' and 'Tripadi'. “I feel sorry that he was not given honorary doctorate by the Mangalore University before his death in 2000,” he said. Mr. Alva said Bhatta has to be ...
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