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Tripadi (Kannada, lit. tri: three, pad or "adi": feet) is a native metre in the Kannada language dating back to c. 700 CE.

Definition[edit]

The tripadi consists of three lines, each differing from the others in the number of feet and moras (Sanskrit matras),[1] but in accordance with the following rules:

  • The first line has 4 feet, each with 5 moras, and a caesura at the end of the second foot.[1]
  • The 6th and 10th feet of the tripadi are each required to have the metrical pattern of a Brahma foot:

 -\smile \ \mathrm{or} \ \smile\smile\smile \ \mathrm{or} \ -- \ \mathrm{or} \ \smile\smile- \ \

where \smile (breve) denotes a short syllable, and - (macron) a long one.

  • The remaining feet have either 5 moras or 4, chosen to satisfy the rules of Nagavarma II:[1]

Line 1 20 moras in four feet
Line 2 17 moras in four feet
Line 3 13 moras in three feet.

Metrical structure[edit]

An example, of a possible scansion (metrical structure) of a tripadi, is given in (Kittel 1875, p. 98), where it is also stressed that it is not the form of the moras, but the number that is important. (Here * denotes a caesura)

 \overbrace{\smile \smile \smile-}^{\mathrm{Foot 1}} | \overbrace{\smile\smile\smile-}^{\mathrm{Foot 2}} \star \overbrace{\smile\smile\smile-}^{\mathrm{Foot 3}} | \overbrace{-\smile-}^{\mathrm{Foot 4}} (Line 1: 20 moras in 4 feet)

 \overbrace{\smile \smile \smile\smile}^{\mathrm{Foot 5}} | \overbrace{\underbrace{--}_{\mathrm{Brahma}}}^{\mathrm{Foot VI}} | \overbrace{\smile\smile\smile-}^{\mathrm{Foot 7}} | \overbrace{\smile\smile\smile\smile}^{\mathrm{Foot 8}} (Line 2: 17 moras in 4 feet)

 \overbrace{\smile \smile \smile\smile}^{\mathrm{Foot 9}} | \overbrace{\underbrace{--}_{\mathrm{Brahma}}}^{\mathrm{Foot X}} | \overbrace{\smile\smile\smile-}^{\mathrm{Foot 11}} || (Line 3: 13 moras in 3 feet)

Another example (Kittel 1875, p. 99) is:

 \overbrace{\smile \smile-\smile}^{\mathrm{Foot 1}} | \overbrace{--\smile}^{\mathrm{Foot 2}} \star \overbrace{\smile\smile-\smile}^{\mathrm{Foot 3}} | \overbrace{-\smile-}^{\mathrm{Foot 4}} (Line 1: 20 moras in 4 feet)

 \overbrace{\smile \smile \smile\smile}^{\mathrm{Foot 5}} | \overbrace{\underbrace{-\smile}_{\mathrm{Brahma}}}^{\mathrm{Foot VI}} | \overbrace{\smile\smile-\smile}^{\mathrm{Foot 7}} | \overbrace{-\smile\smile\smile}^{\mathrm{Foot 8}} (Line 2: 17 moras in 4 feet)

 \overbrace{\smile \smile -\smile}^{\mathrm{Foot 9}} | \overbrace{\underbrace{-\smile}_{\mathrm{Brahma}}}^{\mathrm{Foot X}} | \overbrace{\smile\smile\smile-}^{\mathrm{Foot 11}} || (Line 3: 13 moras in 3 feet)

Example[edit]

A well-known example of the tripadi is the third stanza in the inscription of Kappe Arabhatta (here the symbol | denotes the end of a line, and ||, the end of the tripadi):

Sādhuge1a Sādhu1b mādhuryange1c mādhuryam1d |
bādhippa1e kalige2a kaliyuga2b viparītan2b |
mādhavan2c ītan2d peran2e alla2f ||

The literal translation of the tripadi is:[2]

To the good people,1a good;1b to the sweet,1c sweetness;1d |
causing distress1e

to the kali age,2a an exceptional man in Kaliyuga,2b |
Madhava (or Vishnu)2c this man,2d another2e is not2f||

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Kittel 1875, p. 98, Narasimhia 1941, p. 383
  2. ^ Narasimhia 1941, pp. 346, 329, 323, 295, 286, 320, 278

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tripadi — Please support Wikipedia.
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144 news items

 
Chandigarh Tribune
Thu, 04 Feb 2016 11:16:34 -0800

The hydrogel seeds of wheat and barley, which require around 60 per cent less water than usual ones, have been sown on a pilot basis in Dabodi, Tripadi, Machana and Jatola villages. “In south Haryana, especially in our area, water scarcity plagues ...

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Thu, 04 Feb 2016 07:22:30 -0800

ഖൊരക്പൂര്‍: കടല്‍കടന്ന് അമേരിക്കയില്‍ നിന്ന് ഫെയ്‌സ്ബുക്ക് മമ്മി എത്തിയപ്പോള്‍ ഖൊരക്പൂര്‍ സ്വദേശിയായ കൃഷ്ണ മോഹന്‍ തൃപാഠിക്ക് ആത്മനിര്‍വൃതിയുടെ പുതിയ പാഠങ്ങള്‍ ആണ് നല്‍കിയത്. കാരണം ...

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Mon, 26 Oct 2015 08:33:45 -0700

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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 10:22:29 -0700

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Mon, 26 Jan 2015 10:33:45 -0800

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Thu, 01 May 2014 14:11:15 -0700

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Sat, 30 Nov 2013 23:30:00 -0800

He has desi forms such as Dvipadi, tripadi etc, which are prabandhas in musical form. He also includes ancient classical forms such as tribhangi and cakravala. He introduces new types of compositions like Jayamalika, where the first word in each of the ...

The New Indian Express

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Sun, 21 Dec 2014 16:33:45 -0800

The showrooms of the Coir Board will be opened in all state capitals to create awareness about the natural product, the minister said. K C Venugopal MP presided over the function. Coir Board chairman Surendranath Tripadi, National Coir Training and ...
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