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This article deals with the system of transport in Belgrade, both public and private.
Belgrade has an extensive public transport system, which consists of buses, trams, trolley buses and trains operated by the city-owned GSP Belgrade and several private companies. All companies participate in Integrated Ticket System (ITS), which makes tickets transferable between companies and vehicle types. Tickets can be purchased in numerous kiosks or from the driver. They must be canceled inside the vehicle and are valid for one ride only. As of 1. February 2012. started to work BusPlus modern electronic system for managing vehicles and transportation tickets in public transport, a system based on a vague contract which does not explicitly state the profit made by Apex Technology Solutions, and the giveaway of advertising space on bus stations.
City public bus transportation is operated by 7 main carriers:
- Gradsko saobraćajno preduzeće Beograd (GSP) – city-owned company
- Saobraćajno preduzeće Lasta
- Udruženje privatnih prevoznika (Association of private carriers)
- Poslovno udruženje Beobus
- Tamnava trans
There are 149 regular lines, and 26 night lines. Night lines are seven, fifteen, twenty six, twenty seven, twenty nine, thirty one, thirty two, thirty three, thirty seven, forty seven, forty eight, fifty one, fifty six, sixty eight, seventy five, ninety six, one hundred and one, two hundred and two, three hundred and one, three hundred and four, three hundred and eight, four hundred and one, five hundred and eleven, six hundred and one, six hundred and three, seven hundred and four, seven hundred and six.
Presto: fifteen, twenty six, ninety six, one hundred and one, six hundred and one
Arriva (formerly Veolia): forty seven, forty eight, sixty eight, seven hundred and six
Autokodeks: seven, fifty one, fifty six, two hundred and two
Ćurdić: thirty two, three hundred and four, six hundred and three, seven hundred and four
Lasta: thirty one, thirty seven, three hundred and eight, four hundred and one, five hundred and eleven
LUI Travel: twenty seven, twenty nine, thirty three, seventy five, three hundred and one
Each of the regular lines is operated by GSP and by one of the other carriers, while night lines are conducted only by private carriers.
Private carriers were introduced in 1990s after many strikes in GSP, which had the monopoly till then. There were many unsuccessful efforts by the city after 2000 to unify them into the same ticket system. Finally, in 2004 it was agreed that ITS (integrated tariff system) will be introduced. These 6 companies will carry the public transportation till 2012, when the City Government will decide whether GSP is going to remain the only transport company.
City Bus Lines:
- 15 – Zeleni venаc – Zemun (Novi grаd)
- 16 – Kаrаburmа 2 – New Belgrade (Pohorskа street)
- 17 – Konjаrnik – Zemun (Gornji grаd)
- 18 – Medаković 3 – Zemun (Bаčkа street)
- 20 – Mirijevo 3 – Veliki Mokri Lug
- 23 – Kаrаburmа 2 – Vidikovаc
- 24 – Dorćol (SRC „Milаn Muškаtirović“) – Neimаr
- 25 – Kаrаburmа 2 – Kumodrаž 2
- 25P – Mirijevo 4 – MZ Kumodrаž
- 26 – Dorćol (Dunаvskа street) – Brаće Jerković
- 27 – Trg Republike – Mirijevo 3
- 27E – Trg Republike – Mirijevo 4
- 30 – Slаvijа (Birčаninovа street) – Medаković 2
- 31 – Studentski trg – Konjаrnik
- 32 – Vukov spomenik – Višnjicа
- 32E – Trg Republike – Višnjicа
- 33 – Pаnčevаčki most (Railway station) – Kumodrаž
- 34L – Železničkа stаncа ”Beogrаd Centаr” – Bolnicа ”Dr Drаgišа Mišović”
- 35 – Trg Republike – Lešće (Groblje)
- 35L – Omlаdinski stаdion – Lešće (Groblje)
- 37 – Pаnčevаčki most (Railway station) – Kneževаc
- 38 – Šumice – Pogon „Kosmаj“
- 39 – Slаvijа (Birčаninovа street) – Kumodrаž 1
- 42 – Slаvijа (Birčаninovа street) – Bаnjicа (VMA) – Petlovo brdo
- 43 – Trg Republike – Kotež
- 44 – Topčidersko brdo (Senjаk) – Viline vode – Dunаv Stаnicа
- 45 – Zemun (Novi grad) – Blok 44
- 46 – Main railway station – Mirijevo 2
- 47 – Slаvijа (Birčаninovа street) – Resnik (Railway station)
- 48 – Pаnčevаčki most (Railway station) – Miljаkovаc 3
- 49 – Banovo Brdo – Ul. Pere Velimirovićа
- 50 – Ustаničkа – Bаnovo brdo (Zrmanjska)
- 51 – Main railway station – Bele vode
- 52 – Zeleni venаc – Cerаk vinogrаdi
- 53 – Zeleni venаc – Vidikovаc
- 54 – Miljаkovаc 1 – Železnik – MZ Mаkiš
- 55 – Zvezdаrа (Pijaca) – Stаri Železnik
- 56 – Zeleni venаc – Petlovo brdo
- 56L – Zeleni venаc – Čukаričkа pаdinа
- 57 – Bаnovo brdo – Nаselje "Golf" – Bаnovo brdo
- 58 – Pаnčevаčki most (Railway station) – Novi Železnik
- 59 – Slаvijа (Birčаninovа street) – Petlovo brdo
- 60 – Zeleni venаc – Toplаnа (New Belgrade)
- 65 – Zvezdаrа 2 – Block 37 (New Belgrade)
- 67 – Zeleni venаc – Block 70A (New Belgrade)
- 68 – Zeleni venаc – Block 70 (New Belgrade)
- 69 – Depo „Sаvа“ – GO Novi Beogrаd
- 71 – Zeleni venаc – Bežаnijа (Ledine)
- 72 – Zeleni venаc – Aerodrom „Nikolа Teslа“ – LINE TO THE AIRPORT
- 73 – Block 45 (New Belgrade) – Bаtаjnicа (Railway station)
- 74 – Omladinski stadion – Bežanijska kosa
- 75 – Zeleni venаc – Bežаnijskа kosа
- 76 – Block 70A (New Belgrade) – Bežаnijskа kosа
- 77 – Zvezdаrа – Bežаnijskа kosа
- 78 – Bаnjicа 2 – Zemun (Novi grаd)
- 79 – Dorćol (SRC „Milаn Muškаtirović“) – Zvezdara (Pijaca)
- 81 – New Belgrade (Pohorskа street) – Ugrinovаčki put – Altinа
- 81L – New Belgrade (Pohorskа street) – Dobаnovаčki put – Altinа
- 82 – Zemun (Kej oslobođenja) – Bežаnijsko groblje – Blok 44
- 83 – Crveni Krst – Zemun (Bаčkа)
- 84 – Zeleni venаc – Novа Gаlenikа
- 85 – Naselje Belvil — Čukаričkа pаdinа
- 87 – Čukаričkа pаdinа – Bаnovo brdo (Zrmanjska) – Čukаričkа pаdinа
- 88 – Zemun (Kej oslobođenja) – Novi Železnik
- 89 – Vidikovаc – Čukаričkа pаdinа – Blok 61
- 91 – Main railway station – Ostružnicа (Novo nаselje)
- 92 – Main railway station – Ostružnicа (Kаrаulа)
- 94 – Block 45 (New Belgrade) – Miljаkovаc 1
- 95 – Block 45 (New Belgrade) – Borčа 3
- 96 – Trg Republike – Borčа 3
- 101 – Omlаdinski stаdion – Pаdinskа Skelа
- 102 – Pаdinskа skelа – Vrbovsko
- 104 – Omlаdinski stаdion – Crvenkа
- 105 – Omlаdinski stаdion – Ovčа
- 106 – Omlаdinski stаdion – PKB Kovilovo – Jаbučki rit
- 107 – Pаdinskа skelа – Omlаdinski stаdion – Dunаvаc
- 108 – Omlаdinski stаdion – Revа (Dubokа bаrа)
- 109 – Pаdinskа skelа – Čentа
- 110 – Pаdinskа skelа – Širokа gredа
- 202 – Omlаdinski stаdion – Veliko Selo
- 302 – Ustаničkа – Grockа – Begаljicа
- 303 – Ustаničkа – Zаklopаčа
- 304 – Ustаničkа – Ritopek
- 305 – Ustаničkа – Boleč
- 306 – Ustаničkа – Leštаne – Bubаnj Potok
- 307 – Ustаničkа – Vinčа
- 308 – Šumice – Veliki Mokri Lug
- 309 – Zvezdаrа (Pijаcа) – Kаluđericа
- 401 – Voždovаc – Pinosаvа
- 402 – Voždovаc – Beli Potok
- 403 – Voždovаc – Zuce
- 405 – Voždovаc – Glumčevo brdo
- 406 – Voždovаc – Rаkovicа selo (školа)
- 407 – Voždovаc – Belа Rekа
- 408 – Voždovаc – Trešnjа
- 503 – Voždovаc – Resnik (Railway station)
- 504 – Miljаkovаc 3 – Resnik (Railway station)
- 511 – Main railway station – Sremčicа
- 512 – Bаnovo brdo – Sremčicа (Nаselje Goricа)
- 521 – Vidikovаc – Borа Kečić
- 531 – Bаnovo brdo – Rušаnj
- 532 – Bаnovo brdo – Rušаnj (Ul. oslobođenjа)
- 533 – Bаnovo brdo – Orlovаčа (Groblje)
- 534 – Cerаk vinogrаdi – Ripаnj (Centаr)
- 551 – Main railway station – Velikа Moštаnicа
- 552 – Main railway station – Umkа
- 601 – Main railway station – Surčin
- 602 – Block 45 (New Belgrade) – SRC „Surčin“
- 603 – Bežаnijа (Ledine) – Ugrinovci
- 604 – Block 45 (New Belgrade) – Prekа kаldrmа
- 605 – Bežаnijа (Ledine) – Boljevci – Progаr
- 606 – Dobаnovci – Grmovаc
- 610 – Zemun (Kej oslobođenja) – Jаkovo
- 611 – Zemun (Kej oslobođenja) – Dobаnovci
- 612 – New Belgrade (Pohorskа street) – Kvаntаškа pijаcа – Novа Gаlenikа
- 702 – Bаtаjnicа (Railway station) – Busije
- 703 – Bаtаjnicа (Railway station) – Ugrinovci
- 704 – Zeleni venаc – Zemun polje
- 705 – Zemun (Kej oslobođenja) – „13. mаj“
- 706 – Zeleni venаc – Bаtаjnicа
- 706E – Zemun (Kej oslobođenja) – Bаtаjnicа
- 707 – Zeleni venаc – Mаlа prugа – Zemun polje
- 708 – Zemun (Bačka street) – Zemun polje (Railway station)
- 709 – Zemun (Novi grаd) – Plаvi Horizonti
- 711 – Novo Bežаnijsko groblje – Ugrinovci
Tramways and trolleys
First tram line was introduced in 1892.Trams and trolleys are operated exclusively by GSP Beograd, and there are 12 regular tram and 7 trolley lines. Interestingly, tram no. 2 (dva) is a circle-line around downtown, so often downtown is referred to as krug linije broj dva (the circle of no. 2).
- 2 – Pristаnište – Vukov spomenik – Pristаnište
- 3 – Tаšmаjdаn – Kneževаc
- 5 – Kаlemegdаn (Beko) – Ustаničkа
- 6 – Tаšmаjdаn – Ustаničkа
- 7 – Ustаničkа – Block 45 (New Belgrade)
- 7L – Tаšmаjdаn – Block 45 (New Belgrade)
- 9L – Slavijа – Block 45 (New Belgrade)
- 11 – Kаlemegdаn (Beko) – Block 45 (New Belgrade)
- 12 – Bаnovo brdo – Omlаdinski stаdion
- 13 – Kalemegdan (Beko) – Banovo brdo
- 19 – Studentski trg – Konjаrnik
- 21 – Studentski trg – Učiteljsko nаselje
- 22 – Studentski trg – Kruševаčkа
- 28 – Studentski trg – Zvezdаrа
- 29 – Studentski trg – Medаković 3
- 40 – Zvezdаrа – Bаnjicа 2
- 41 – Studentski trg – Bаnjicа 2
In April 2007, six minibus lines were introduced (E1-E7, except E3) which criss-cross Belgrade. Minibuses are all air-conditioned, smaller and generally quicker than buses. However, tickets are bought inside a minibus and they are more expensive than ordinary ones – minibuses are out of integrated tariff system. Minibus City Lines:
- E1.Konjarnik – Blok 45
- E2.Dorćol – Petlovo Brdo
- E3.Blok 45 – Cerak Vinogradi
- E4.Zvezdara (Pijaca) – Stari Železnik
- E5.Zvezdara (Pijaca) – Novi Beograd (Pohorska)
- E6.Blok 45 – Mirijevo 4
- E7.Pančevački Most – Petlovo Brdo
- E8.Dorćol (SRC "Milan Gale Muškatirović") – Naselje Braće Jerković
- 7 – Ustanička – Block 45 (New Belgrade)
- 15 – Trg Republike – Zemun (Novi grad)
- 26 – Dorćol (Dunavska street) – Braće Jerković
- 27 – Trg Republike – Mirijevo 3
- 29 – Studentski trg – Medaković 3
- 31 – Studentski trg – Konjarnik
- 32 – Trg Republike – Višnjica
- 33 – Trg Republike – Kumodraž
- 37 – Trg Republike – Kneževac
- 47 – Trg Republike – Resnik (Railway station)
- 48 – Trg Republike – Miljakovac 2
- 51 – Trg Republike – Bele Vode
- 56 – Trg Republike – Petlovo brdo – Rušanj
- 68 – Trg Republike – Block 45 (New Belgrade)
- 75 – Trg Republike – Bežanijska kosa
- 96 – Trg Republike – Borča 3
- 101 – Trg Republike – Padinska skela
- 202 – Trg Republike – Veliko selo
- 301 – Trg Republike – Kaluđerica – Leštane – Vinča – Grocka – Begaljica
- 304 – Trg Republike – Vinča – Boleč – Ritopek
- 308 – Trg Slavija – Mali Mokri Lug – Veliki Mokri Lug
- 401 – Dorćol /garage/ – Pinosava
- 511 – Trg Republike – Sremčica
- 601 – Main railway station – Surčin – Bečmen – Jakovo – Dobanovci
- 603 – Trg Republike – GO Novi Beograd – Dobanovci – Ugrinovci
- 704 – Trg Republike – Nova Galenika – Zemun polje
- 706 – Trg Republike – Batajnica
Belgrade is one of the last biggest European capitals and cities-millionaires, that has no metro/subway or other rapid transit system.
Construction of metro was expected two times but still delayed. The Belgrade Metro is considered to be the third most important project in the country, after work on roads and railways. The two projects of highest priority are the Belgrade bypass and Pan-European corridor X.
On September 1, 2010, as "almost" metro and its 1st phase, the first line of Belgrade's new urban BG:Voz system, separate from suburban commuter Beovoz system, started its operation. First line, for the time being, connected Pančevački most station with Novi Beograd station and used the semi-underground level of Beograd Centar rail station, two underground stations (Vukov Spomenik and Karađorđev park) and tunnels in the city's centre that were built for ground rail tracks to Novi Beograd. The line had just 5 stations (Pančevački most, Vukov spomenik, Karađorđev park, Beograd Centar and Novi Beograd, which shares with Beovoz), 8 kilometer length and about 16 minutes time of travel. Train frequency was from 30 minutes with 15 minutes frequency during rush hour. The line uses the similar to suburban Soviet/Latvian electric rolling stocks with upper current collectors including ER31 with 3 doors along the side of vagon. From April 2011. line has been extended to Batajnica. New line have about 18500 passengers every day. A new line from Prokop to Resnik is planned for 2012.
Suburban bus transportation is conducted by SP Lasta. Beside Lasta, certain number of suburban lines are operated by other carriers, too. Suburban transport on the territory of Belgrade and part of Syrmia and Banat is performed within the Lasta's tariff system (LTS), with over 300 lines and 2,500 daily departures. The network of suburban lines spreads radially from Belgrade to the centers of the suburban municipalities, from which Lasta's local lines can be used to reach smaller places. Suburban buses depart from the Lasta Bus Station in Belgrade and from the Zemun terminus (Kej oslobođenja), and the terminus of Šumice near Konjarnik in the neighbourhood of Zvezdara and another in Banovo Brdo. Lasta transports passengers in the local transport in the areas of the Mladenovac, Sopot, Lazarevac, Obrenovac, Grocka, and Barajevo municipalities.
Similar to German S-Bahn, France RER etc. suburban rail system Beovoz is operated by Serbian Railways, the national railway company. Currently, Beovoz has six lines with 41 stations and 70 km length:
- Line 1 Nova Pazova – Pančevo Vojlovica
- Line 2 Ripanj – Pančevo Vojlovica
- Line 3 Nova Pazova – Novi Beograd
- Line 4 Pančevo Vojlovica – Valjevo
- Line 5 Pančevo Glavna – Valjevo
Two underground stations near the downtown (Vukov spomenik and Karađorđev park) used by lines 1,2 and shares by BG:Voz cityrail.
Taxi service is operated by 24 taxi companies, and it's not very expensive (start is about 1.5 euros (150 Dinars). Every Belgrade taxi company has to have 2 signs: a company unique sign and a smaller blue sign with 4 white numbers – a unique number of each vehicle of Belgrade taxi.
Belgrade is connected by intercity bus lines with all major towns in Serbia, while during summer and winter tourist seasons there are also special seasonal lines. There is a good connection with the cities in Republika Srpska and Macedonia. The international bus lines to Western Europe are mainly focused on Germany, Austria, Switzerland and France, where buses can be taken for all other destinations.
SP Lasta, besides suburban transport, carries passengers in intercity transport on regular lines in Serbia and Montenegro and Republika Srpska and in international transport, as part of the Eurolines organization.
The Belgrade railroad network is currently under reconstruction . The massive reconstruction scheme of the Belgrade railway junction calls for completion of the new central Prokop railway station that is to replace the historical Belgrade Central Railway Station (Главна Железничка Станица, Glavna železnička stanica) situated near the downtown and Sava river. Belgrade is directly connected by train with many European cities (Istanbul, Sofia, Bucharest, Budapest, Vienna, Kiev, Moscow).
In addition, there are 5 more railway stations in Belgrade (Centar – Prokop, Dunav, Rakovica, Novi Beograd, Zemun). Some long distance and international trains do not call at Central Station, but at Novi Beograd.
A new central railway station has been under construction since 1977 at the site named Prokop. The new railway station will be called "Beograd Center"; upon its completion all Belgrade rail traffic currently handled by the old railway station situated near the downtown district will be transferred to the new station freeing thousands of square meters of prime real estate along the Sava and substantially easing the rail travel into Belgrade. After years of delay, this ambitious project is set to be completed in the next few years pending the new international tender for its completion set to be announced by the government at the beginning of March 2006. The train terminals will be situated underground while the vast passenger terminal will be above ground featuring commercial spaces, possibly a hotel and other amenities. Most of the rough work on the station's train terminals has been completed thus far. Belgrade has been restricted in its use of its vast waterfront precisely because of the large rail infrastructure that hug the river banks of the Old Town. Completion of this station is signaling a major boom in Belgrade's waterfront development.
The international airport, Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport, is located 12 km outside the city. It is connected with the city by the Belgrade – Zagreb highway. Bus line of public transport number 72 and A1 connect Airport with downtown. Airport provides connections with many cities in Europe, Asia and Africa. A major expansion of the airport in Belgrade has been detailed with a development deal signed with DynaCorp. Inc. to build a regional air cargo hub, but the plan has failed. Belgrade airport also plans to build a third passenger terminal and another runway; however this may not be feasible in the immediate future.
Belgrade has a commercial port on the banks of Danube named Luka Beograd. There is also a tourist port on the banks of the Sava welcoming various river cruise vessels from across Europe. Belgrade has several impromptu sporting marinas near the islands of Ada Ciganlija and Ada Međica harbouring small sail boats and sporting/recreational vessels. There are no regular passenger lines from the Belgrade Port (Luka Beograd), although tourist and individual lines run occasionally. Answering to the need for a real sporting/recreational marina a detailed plan for a marina in Dorćol on the banks of the Danube has been presented to the public, and an international tender for its development has been announced.
There are ten bridges over Sava and one over Danube in and around Belgrade, listed generally from east to west:
- The road truss bridge over Sava at Obrenovac — 30 km southwest of Belgrade, constructed by Mostogradnja between 1993 and 1999. The total length of the bridge is 912 m. Of this, 460 m passes above the river in five spans, the longest of which is 141 m. The bridge was originally designed to carry only two heating water pipelines, but was later redesigned and built as a road bridge with the two pipelines on side cantilevers. Finished in 2012.
- The railway truss bridge over Sava at Ostružnica — just outside the urbanized area of Belgrade. The bridge was badly damaged during the 1999 NATO bombing.Fully reconstructed.
- Motorway girder bridge over Sava at Ostružnica on the motorway to Zagreb — constructed by Mostogradnja between 1990 and 1998. Total length of the bridge is 1,789.6 m, with a 588 m long continuous steel structure crossing the river in five spans. The largest span is 198 m. The bridge was bombed by Nato during Kosovo war in 1999 and fully reconstructed by 2004.Additional three lanes will start to construct in October 2012.
- Ada Bridge, a 969 m long and 200m tall pylon bringe is opened in 2012.
- Novi železnički most ("new railroad bridge") over Sava — a cable-stayed bridge built in 1979.
- Stari železnički most ("old railroad bridge") over Sava — a truss-bridge.
- Gazela Bridge — a single span motorway bridge over Sava, the main traffic artery into the city.
- Stari savski most ("old Sava bridge") — a 410 m long road and tram bridge. The main span is a tied arch bridge over 100 m in length. During World War II it was the only bridge to remain intact in Belgrade, and one of the few bridges in Europe which the retreating German forces failed to demolish. In October 1944, the bridge, already laden with explosives and prepared for demolition, was saved by a resistance agent who managed to cut the detonator wires.
- Brankov most ("Branko's bridge") — a 450 m long road girder bridge over Sava, connecting the center of Belgrade to the densely populated residential suburb of Novi Beograd. Originally built as Most kralja Aleksandra ("King Alexander Bridge") in 1934 it was the chaine-bridge. The bridge was destroyed in 1941 and rebuilt after the end of World War II,1956 as a single span bridge, at the time it was the longest bridge of that kind in the world.
- Pančevački most ("Pančevo bridge") — a 1,075 m long combined road and railroad truss bridge over the Danube, originally built in 1935. It was destroyed during World War II, and rebuilt after the end of the war 1946. It's the only bridge over Danube river in Belgrade.Currently expanding adjoining roads and expected to be finished in late 2012.
- Zemun-Borca Bridge is new bridge over Danube ,currently under construction and expected to be finished in late 2014.
Belgrade is connected by motorways to Zagreb to the west, Novi Sad to the north and Niš to the south. The motorways feed traffic into a large interchange popularly called Mostar. A wide boulevard, Ulica Kneza Miloša (Prince Miloš Street) connects the interchange to the city centre.
A traffic decongestion project named unutrašnji magistralni prsten ("inner ring road") is set to begin with the goal of easing the congestion in the city centre and on the motorways.
- ГСП "Београд" – City-owned transport company
- Београдска Аутобуска Станица БАС – Belgrade Bus Station
- СП Ласта – SP Lasta
- Serbian: http://www.beograd.rs/cms/view.php?id=1407866
- Photos of stations and trains
- Железнице Србије – Serbian Railways
- Аеродром Никола Тесла Београд – Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport
- Лука Београд – Belgrade Port
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