digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















The engineering of this roundabout in Bristol, England, attempts to make traffic flow free-moving

Transportation engineering is the application of technology and scientific principles to the planning, functional design, operation and management of facilities for any mode of transportation in order to provide for the safe, efficient, rapid, comfortable, convenient, economical, and environmentally compatible movement of people and goods (transport). It is a sub-discipline of civil engineering [1] and of industrial engineering. Transportation engineering is a major component of the civil engineering and mechanical engineering disciplines, according to specialisation of academic courses and main competences of the involved territory. The importance of transportation engineering within the civil and industrial engineering profession can be judged by the number of divisions in ASCE (American Society of Civil Engineers) that are directly related to transportation. There are six such divisions (Aerospace; Air Transportation; Highway; Pipeline; Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean; and Urban Transportation) representing one-third of the total 18 technical divisions within the ASCE (1987).[2]

The planning aspects of transport engineering relate to urban planning, and involve technical forecasting decisions and political factors. Technical forecasting of passenger travel usually involves an urban transportation planning model, requiring the estimation of trip generation (how many trips for what purpose), trip distribution (destination choice, where is the traveler going), mode choice (what mode is being taken), and route assignment (which streets or routes are being used). More sophisticated forecasting can include other aspects of traveler decisions, including auto ownership, trip chaining (the decision to link individual trips together in a tour) and the choice of residential or business location (known as land use forecasting). Passenger trips are the focus of transport engineering because they often represent the peak of demand on any transportation system.

A review of descriptions of the scope of various committees indicates that while facility planning and design continue to be the core of the transportation engineering field, such areas as operations planning, logistics, network analysis, financing, and policy analysis are also important to civil engineers, particularly to those working in highway and urban transportation. The National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying (NCEES) list online the safety protocols, geometric design requirements, and signal timing.

Transportation engineering, as practiced by civil engineers, primarily involves planning, design, construction, maintenance, and operation of transportation facilities. The facilities support air, highway, railroad, pipeline, water, and even space transportation.[1] The design aspects of transport engineering include the sizing of transportation facilities (how many lanes or how much capacity the facility has), determining the materials and thickness used in pavement designing the geometry (vertical and horizontal alignment) of the roadway (or track).

Before any planning occurs the Engineer must take what is known as an inventory of the area or if it is appropriate, the previous system in place. This inventory or database must include information on (1)population, (2)land use, (3)economic activity, (4)transportation facilities and services, (5)travel patterns and volumes, (6)laws and ordinances, (7)regional financial resources, (8)community values and expectations. These inventories help the engineer create business models to complete accurate forecasts of the future conditions of the systemReview.

Operations and management involve traffic engineering, so that vehicles move smoothly on the road or track. Older techniques include signs, signals, markings, and tolling. Newer technologies involve intelligent transportation systems, including advanced traveler information systems (such as variable message signs), advanced traffic control systems (such as ramp meters), and vehicle infrastructure integration. Human factors are an aspect of transport engineering, particularly concerning driver-vehicle interface and user interface of road signs, signals, and markings.

Highway engineering[edit]

Main article: Highway engineering

Engineers in this specialization:

  • Handle the planning, design, construction, and operation of highways, roads, and other vehicular facilities as well as their related bicycle and pedestrian realms.
  • Estimate the transportation needs of the public and then secure the funding for the project.
  • Analyze locations of high traffic volumes and high collisions for safety and capacity.
  • Use civil engineering principles to improve the transportation system.
  • Utilizes the three design controls which are the drivers, the vehicles, and the roadways themselves.

Railroad engineering[edit]

Railway engineers handle the design, construction, and operation of railroads and mass transit systems that use a fixed guideway (such as light rail or even monorails). Typical tasks would include determining horizontal and vertical alignment design, station location and design, and construction cost estimating. Railroad engineers can also move into the specialized field of train dispatching which focuses on train movement control.

Railway engineers also work to build a cleaner and safer transportation network by reinvesting and revitalizing the rail system to meet future demands. In the United States, railway engineers work with elected officials in Washington, D.C. on rail transportation issues to make sure that the rail system meets the country's transportation needs.[3]

Port and harbor engineering[edit]

Port and harbor engineers handle the design, construction, and operation of ports, harbors, canals, and other maritime facilities. This is not to be confused with marine engineering.

Airport engineering[edit]

Airport engineers design and construct airports. Airport engineers must account for the impacts and demands of aircraft in their design of airport facilities. These engineers must use the analysis of predominant wind direction to determine runway orientation, determine the size of runway border and safety areas, different wing tip to wing tip clearances for all gates and must designate the clear zones in the entire port.

Professional Societies[edit]

  • Young Professionals in Transportation (YPT) [4]
  • Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) [5]
  • American Society for Highway Engineering (ASHE) [6]
  • American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) [7]
  • American Planning Association – Transportation Planning Division (APA) [8]
  • The American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO)[9]
  • Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies (EASTS)[10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "ITE – The Transportation Profession". ITE. Retrieved 2010-06-27. 
  2. ^ "ASCE – About Civil Engineering". ASCE. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  3. ^ "Association of American Railroads". AAR. Retrieved 2011-06-30. 
  4. ^ Young Professionals in Transportation. yptransportation.org. Retrieved on 2012-2-13.
  5. ^ Institute of Transportation Engineers. ITE. Retrieved on 2011-10-12.
  6. ^ American Society for Highway Engineers. highwayengineers.org. Retrieved on 2012-3-4.
  7. ^ American Society of Civil Engineers. Asce.org (2010-07-19). Retrieved on 2011-10-12.
  8. ^ American Planning Association. Apa-tpd.org. Retrieved on 2011-10-12.
  9. ^ "American Association for State Highway and Transportation Officials". Retrieved 17 May 2011. 
  10. ^ [1]

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transport_engineering — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 

Lecture - 1 Transportation Engineering

Lecture Series on Introduction to Transportation Engineering by Prof. Bhargab Maitra and Prof. K. Sudhakar Reddy, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Kharag...

Transportation Engineering Sustainability Project

For today's engineering challenges, many proposed developments strive to be sustainable for changes such as population or the environment. This short video a...

Meet a CSIR civil engineer who specialises in transportation engineering

After majoring in physics, chemistry and advanced mathematics in high school, Julius Komba dreamt of becoming an engineer. He went to the University of Preto...


TOPICS TO BE EXPLORED ON INTERNET IN TEXTS AND IMAGES Transport engineering Pavement engineering Bicycle transportation engineering Highway engineering Trans...

ITS Masters: webinar on MSc Transport Planning & Engineering / Environment

For prospective postgraduate students at the Institute for Transport Studies (ITS), University of Leeds www.its.leeds.ac.uk/courses/masters.

Judit, BEng Air Transport Engineering, third year

Judit is in her third year of the BEng Air Transport Engineering at City University London. In this video she talks about her decision to study at City follo...

Heavy Intermodal Lift and Transport Engineering Considerations - ITI Showcase Webinar Series

Download the PDF Presentation file at http://iti.com/showcase-recordings! Guest Speaker: Jim Yates, P.E., SVP of Engineering & Technical Services, Barnhart C...

Kola talks Transport Planning & Engineering

Kola Wole has recently graduated from Edinburgh Napier University with an MSc in Transport Planning & Engineering. Find out what he thinks of his distance le...

Space Engineers - Mining Colony Resource Transport & Storage Ships Part 7

MAKE SURE TO HIT THAT LIKE BUTTON !!! Join my space engineers empire http://steamcommunity.com/groups/LSGEmpire# Space Engineer is like a mixture between Min...

Beach Transport Engineering Designs

Student created designs for Intro to Engineering PLTW class in New Smyrna Beach. Constraints were to travel over roads and sand and carry a 6 pack of soda. S...

1000000 videos foundNext > 

68 news items

Astana Times

Astana Times
Tue, 30 Sep 2014 20:56:15 -0700

The created infrastructure space and the rapid development of transport engineering suggest that “the problem 2016” will be successfully resolved. Without any exaggeration, one can say that the historical choice of the transport strategy made by ...

Edinburgh Evening News

Edinburgh Evening News
Tue, 30 Sep 2014 03:41:15 -0700

Andrew MacIver, senior lecturer in civil and transport engineering at Edinburgh Napier University, said poor workmanship was likely to be behind the crumbling roads. He said: “Stone Mastic Asphalt is the preferred method because it is believed to have ...


Tue, 23 Sep 2014 07:50:55 -0700

Email · Print. The logos of French power and transport engineering company Alstom and U.S. conglomerate General Electric are pictured on their site in Belfort, April 27, 2014. Credit: Reuters/Vincent Kessler ...
Tue, 30 Sep 2014 05:11:15 -0700

... Manchester and Hamilton in Scotland. The business, which was established in 1969, now employs 140, across the sites. It has grown to be a key supplier to the construction, architecture, oil and gas, mining, transport, engineering and other sectors.


Mon, 29 Sep 2014 22:03:45 -0700

Aerospace engineers may find themselves working in a variety of places, such as labs, airfields, and manufacturing plants, after obtaining a degree in aeronautical or aerospace engineering, avionics or air transport engineering. To be successful ...
The Guardian Nigeria
Tue, 30 Sep 2014 13:03:45 -0700

Opeifa, who was represented by the Director of Transport Engineering in the state's ministry, Fredrick Olofin explained that the challenges identified are attributable to the high road density in the state, forcing the state government to implement ...
Business Wire (press release)
Mon, 29 Sep 2014 05:56:15 -0700

“We are honored to have been awarded three task orders on DISA's GSM-ETI contract that also includes Transport Engineering.” Throughout the life of this task order, IPKeys, and teammate Booz Allen Hamilton, will continue delivering technical expertise ...

The Southland Times

The Southland Times
Tue, 23 Sep 2014 16:25:54 -0700

Transport Engineering Southland, in conjunction with Crown Sheetmetal, won a $2 million contract with Southern Milk Transport, which contracts to Open Country Dairy, to build seven milk tanker and trailer units. They are the first Southland businesses ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!