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A pair of tonfa

The tonfa (Okinawan: トンファー tonfā, Malay: topang, Chinese: ; pinyin: guǎi), also known as tong fa or tuifa, is a melee weapon best known for its role in the armed component of Okinawan martial arts. It consists of a stick with a perpendicular handle attached a third of the way down the length of the stick, and is about 15-20 inches long.[1] It was traditionally made from red or white oak and wielded in pairs.[2] The tonfa is believed to have originated in either China or Southeast Asia where it is used in the respective fighting styles. A similar weapon called the mae sun sawk, used in krabi krabong and tomoi, might be the original version of the weapon.[3] This article will reference tonfa from this point forward.

A pair of tonfa.

History[edit]

Although the tonfa is most commonly associated with the Okinawan martial arts, its origin is heavily debated. One of the most commonly cited origins is China, although origins from Indonesia to Thailand are also possible.[4][5][6] Okinawan tradition derives the tonfa from a millstone handle.[7][8] Other countries ascribe the tonfa's origin to the crutch; both the Chinese and Malay words for the weapon (guai and topang respectively) literally mean crutch.

Usage[edit]

The tonfa measures about three centimeters past the elbow when gripped.[9] There are three grips, honte-mochi (natural), gyakute-mochi (reverse) and tokushu-mochi (special). The starting grip, honte-mochi, places the handle in the hand with the long arm resting along the bottom of the forearm. This grip provides protection or brace along one's forearms, and also provides reinforcement for uraken (back fist), hiji waza (elbow techniques) and punches. In use, the tonfa can swing out to the gyakute grip for a strike or thrust. Martial artists may also flip the tonfa and grab it by the shaft, called tokushu-mochi. This allows use of the handle as a hook in combat, similar to the kama (sickle).[10][11] This grip is uncommon but is used in the kata Yaraguwa.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tonfa — Please support Wikipedia.
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1622 news items

The New Republic

The New Republic
Wed, 25 Feb 2015 18:00:58 -0800

What was Manhunter but a low budget Nightwing who replaced the tonfa with a glowing metal rod? Under Reginald Hudlin's pen, Black Panther explicitly devolved into an African Captain America, known more for marrying [Storm,] the most famous African ...
 
Siliconera
Mon, 19 May 2014 14:08:52 -0700

She seems to have lost her singing voice, so it'll be up to the Hunters to retrieve it by accomplishing all kinds of missions. Upon completing the new event, players will be granted the new tonfa weapons that are only available in Monster Hunter ...

Sawyer County Record

Sawyer County Record
Thu, 12 Feb 2015 08:09:35 -0800

Some students also demonstrated their skills with different martial arts weapons such as the bo, sai, nunchaku and Tonfa. The students demonstrated fighting skills during the sparring portion of the test. “The kids and adults did an amazing job of ...
 
Les Nouvelles Calédoniennes
Tue, 03 Feb 2015 09:48:45 -0800

Pour l'heure, le tonfa et les gaz incapacitants sont les seules armes défensives à disposition des forces de l'ordre. Sonia Lagarde a demandé de pouvoir équiper ses troupes de Flash-Ball. Pour l'heure, le tonfa et les gaz incapacitants sont les seules ...

Diário do Litoral

Diário do Litoral
Wed, 04 Mar 2015 10:00:00 -0800

O segundo dia de aula foi prático e de atividade física, como o manuseio da tonfa (bastão ou tonga) e corrida, que foram aplicadas pelo GCM guarujaense Alexandre Antônio Quintério. De acordo com o diretor da Guarda Civil, Mauro Noel de Jesus, essas ...

Paris Normandie (Inscription)

Paris Normandie (Inscription)
Wed, 04 Mar 2015 13:42:22 -0800

Une arme destinée aux arts martiaux dont l'origine remonte au XVe siècle au pays du soleil levant. Un tonfa est un long bâton équipé d'une poignée latérale. Son utilisation a nécessité une journée de formation. Police municipale de Caudebec- lès-Elbeuf ...
 
444.hu
Mon, 02 Mar 2015 00:42:18 -0800

A rendőrök egy nővel és egy férfival kerültek összetűzésbe: a nő felkapta egyikük elejtett gumibotját (szakértőknek: tonfa), őt sikerült megbilincselniük. A férfit, akit a környékbeliek Africaként ismertek, és néhány hónappal korábban tűnt fel a Skid ...

Minuto30.com

Minuto30.com
Sun, 01 Mar 2015 10:56:15 -0800

... cuando se encontraba realizando labores de vigilancia, un patrullero de la Policía de 21 años, fue atacado con un machete por un menor de 16 años, quien le provocó dos heridas de 5 y 6 centímetros en el antebrazo derecho y quien le tumbó la tonfa o ...
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