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A pair of tonfa

The tonfa (Okinawan: トンファー tonfā, Malay: topang, Chinese: ; pinyin: guǎi), also known as tong fa or tuifa, is an Okinawan weapon. It consists of a stick with a perpendicular handle attached a third of the way down the length of the stick, and is about 15-20 inches long.[1] It was traditionally made from red or white oak and wielded in pairs.[2] The tonfa is believed to have originated in either China or Southeast Asia where it is used in the respective fighting styles. A similar weapon called the mae sun sawk, used in krabi krabong and tomoi, might be the original version of the weapon.[3] This article will reference tonfa from this point forward.

A pair of tonfa.

History[edit]

Although the tonfa is most commonly associated with the Okinawan martial arts, its origin is heavily debated. One of the most commonly cited origins is China, although origins from Indonesia to Thailand are also possible.[4][5][6] Okinawan tradition derives the tonfa from a millstone handle.[7][8] Other countries ascribe the tonfa's origin to the crutch; both the Chinese and Malay words for the weapon (guai and topang respectively) literally mean crutch.

Usage[edit]

The tonfa measures about three centimeters past the elbow when gripped.[9] There are three grips, honte-mochi (natural), gyakute-mochi (reverse) and tokushu-mochi (special). The starting grip, honte-mochi, places the handle in the hand with the long arm resting along the bottom of the forearm. This grip provides protection or brace along one's forearms, and also provides reinforcement for uraken (back fist), hiji waza (elbow techniques) and punches. In use, the tonfa can swing out to the gyakute grip for a strike or thrust. Martial artists may also flip the tonfa and grab it by the shaft, called tokushu-mochi. This allows use of the handle as a hook in combat, similar to the kama (sickle).[10][11] This grip is uncommon but is used in the kata Yaraguwa.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tonfa — Please support Wikipedia.
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107 news items

mein-mitteilungsblatt.de

mein-mitteilungsblatt.de
Sat, 25 Oct 2014 08:03:21 -0700

Trainiert wurde Shotokan Karate, realistische Selbstverteidigung, die alte Waffe Tonfa verknüpft mit fundierter Theorie (Geschichte des Karate, Stilrichtungen, Etikette > Gürtelbinden, u.v.m.) Am Ende des langen Seminars (sechs Einheiten, 10 Stunden ...
 
Corriere della Sera
Sat, 25 Oct 2014 02:33:08 -0700

La rapina è tra i reati più gravi contestati e riguarda un manganello «tonfa » sottratto a un militare. Ce n'è abbastanza per far schizzare le eventuali pene alle stelle (in certi casi il massimo è 15 anni ) e, in caso di condanna, anche aprire le ...

Hajdú Online

Hajdú Online
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 07:26:15 -0700

A férfit a debreceni rendőrök meghallgatták, majd a lakcímén megtalált rendőri jelleget erősítő tárgyakat – bilincs, igazolványtok, POLICE feliratú jelvény, gázspray tokkal, tonfa – lefoglalták. A Hajdú-Bihar Megyei Rendőr-főkapitányság felhívja a ...
 
taz Bremen
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 10:48:45 -0700

Der beschuldigte Polizist tritt und schlägt ihm mit dem Tonfa-Schlagstock gegen die Beine. Der Diskobesucher wehrt sich dagegen, festgehalten zu werden. Als er nach etwa einer halben Minute zu Boden geht, sind vier Beamte über ihm, der beschuldigte ...

Le Télégramme

Le Télégramme
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 17:44:34 -0700

Cet enseignement est traditionnel, chacun peut progresser à son rythme. Les élèves de Patrick Leclere travaillent le sport d'autodéfense avec pour arme, le bâton, le tonfa ou encore le nunchaku. « Nous entretenons une ambiance saine et conviviale ...
 
Le Monde
Wed, 15 Oct 2014 08:04:12 -0700

Ce que raconte cette anecdote, c'est le sarkozisme à l'état pur: de minuscules médiocres ayant rang de ministres, une confusion entre la fonction de gouvernement et la fonction d'exécution (s'il le pouvait Sarkozy viendrait avec son tonfa sur chaque ...
 
Terra Argentina
Sun, 12 Oct 2014 14:22:30 -0700

En ese entonces, el joven Almonacid en ese momento menor de edad- denunció haber sido golpeado y violado con un bastón tonfa por policías de la Comisaría Segunda de Trelew al haber sido detenido ilegalmente cuando volvía de bailar junto a su novia.

metronews

metronews
Fri, 10 Oct 2014 04:54:22 -0700

Selon le procureur de la République à Thonon-les-Bains, Patrick Steinmetz, deux des braqueurs étaient munis d'une "arme de poing et d'un tonfa" ou bâton de défense pendant que le troisième complice attendait au volant. Les hommes auraient menacé l'un ...
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