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A pair of tonfa

The tonfa (Okinawan: トンファー tonfā, Malay: topang, Chinese: ; pinyin: guǎi), also known as tong fa or tuifa, is an Okinawan weapon. It consists of a stick with a perpendicular handle attached a third of the way down the length of the stick, and is about 15-20 inches long.[1] It was traditionally made from red or white oak and wielded in pairs.[2] The tonfa is believed to have originated in either China or Southeast Asia where it is used in the respective fighting styles. A similar weapon called the mae sun sawk, used in krabi krabong and tomoi, might be the original version of the weapon.[3] This article will reference tonfa from this point forward.

A pair of tonfa.

History[edit]

Although the tonfa is most commonly associated with the Okinawan martial arts, its origin is heavily debated. One of the most commonly cited origins is China, although origins from Indonesia to Thailand are also possible.[4][5][6] Okinawan tradition derives the tonfa from a millstone handle.[7][8] Other countries ascribe the tonfa's origin to the crutch; both the Chinese and Malay words for the weapon (guai and topang respectively) literally mean crutch.

Usage[edit]

The tonfa measures about three centimeters past the elbow when gripped.[9] There are three grips, honte-mochi (natural), gyakute-mochi (reverse) and tokushu-mochi (special). The starting grip, honte-mochi, places the handle in the hand with the long arm resting along the bottom of the forearm. This grip provides protection or brace along one's forearms, and also provides reinforcement for uraken (back fist), hiji waza (elbow techniques) and punches. In use, the tonfa can swing out to the gyakute grip for a strike or thrust. Martial artists may also flip the tonfa and grab it by the shaft, called tokushu-mochi. This allows use of the handle as a hook in combat, similar to the kama (sickle).[10][11] This grip is uncommon but is used in the kata Yaraguwa.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tonfa — Please support Wikipedia.
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95 news items

 
Il Fatto Quotidiano
Fri, 31 Oct 2014 05:00:00 -0700

“La sinistra dell'Italia siamo noi”. Gli slogan lanciati dagli operai della Fiom non lasciano alcun dubbio: i metalmeccanici sono arrabbiati con Matteo Renzi e il suo governo. “Per questa volta non siamo scesi in piazza con il casco e il tonfa -spiega ...

Le Dauphiné Libéré

Le Dauphiné Libéré
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 22:03:45 -0700

... hommes, qui n'avaient pas hésité à se lancer dans un pugilat ouvert avec les forces de l'ordre, les fonctionnaires avaient été contraints de faire usage d'une bombe lacrymogène et de leur arme de défense Tonfa pour maîtriser et interpeller les deux ...

mein-mitteilungsblatt.de

mein-mitteilungsblatt.de
Sat, 25 Oct 2014 08:03:21 -0700

Trainiert wurde Shotokan Karate, realistische Selbstverteidigung, die alte Waffe Tonfa verknüpft mit fundierter Theorie (Geschichte des Karate, Stilrichtungen, Etikette > Gürtelbinden, u.v.m.) Am Ende des langen Seminars (sechs Einheiten, 10 Stunden ...

Midi Libre

Midi Libre
Tue, 28 Oct 2014 05:56:15 -0700

L'association Shogun Lihoc a reçu Robert Paturel, ancien instructeur au Raid et au GIPN pendant 20 ans, concepteur de la méthode « Tonfa » en France, sextuple champion de France de boxe française et champion d'Europe en 1984 et Charles Joussot ...
 
Schwarzwälder Bote
Mon, 27 Oct 2014 12:41:15 -0700

Das Prüfungsgremium und etwa 15 Gäste, alles ebenfalls erfahrene Kampfsportler, bekamen hervorragende Leistungen zu sehen. Herausragend dabei war wieder einmal ein Budoka- Freund aus Villingen: Sebastien Weitbruch zum zweiten Dan Tonfa-Jitsu.
 
El Diario de Yucatán
Mon, 27 Oct 2014 02:11:35 -0700

Según relató, los policías le iban “pisando los talones” y al momento de rebasarlo uno de los oficiales, sin ninguna razón aparente, le dio un golpe “con el tolete” (tonfa), lo que lo hizo caer al pavimento y terminar lesionado. Enseguida se bajaron ...
 
Corriere della Sera
Sat, 25 Oct 2014 02:33:08 -0700

La rapina è tra i reati più gravi contestati e riguarda un manganello «tonfa » sottratto a un militare. Ce n'è abbastanza per far schizzare le eventuali pene alle stelle (in certi casi il massimo è 15 anni ) e, in caso di condanna, anche aprire le ...
 
Le Monde
Wed, 15 Oct 2014 08:04:12 -0700

Ce que raconte cette anecdote, c'est le sarkozisme à l'état pur: de minuscules médiocres ayant rang de ministres, une confusion entre la fonction de gouvernement et la fonction d'exécution (s'il le pouvait Sarkozy viendrait avec son tonfa sur chaque ...
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