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For other uses, see Tondo (disambiguation).
Recto Avenue running through Divisoria.
Recto Avenue running through Divisoria.
Location of Tondo
Country Philippines
Region National Capital Region
City Manila
Congress Part of the 1st and 2nd Districts of Manila
Barangays 259

Tondo is a district located in Manila, Philippines. It is the most densely populated district in Manila. According to Laguna Copperplate Inscription, Tondo has existed since 900 AD, and has been ruled by Jayadeva who holds the Sanskrit title Senapati or "admiral".



Numerous theories on the origin of the name "Tondo" have been put forward. Philippine National Artist Nick Joaquin suggested that it might be a reference to high ground ("tundok").[1] French linguist Jean-Paul Potet, however, has suggested that the River Mangrove, Aegiceras corniculatum, which at the time was called "tundok" ("tinduk-tindukan" today), is the most likely origin of the name.[2]

Kingdom of Tondo[edit]

Main article: Kingdom of Tondo
Laguna Copperplate Inscription (c. 900 AD)

The former region of Tondo is over eleven hundred years old. Historically, Tondo already existed in the year 900 AD according to the Laguna Copperplate Inscription,[3] a legal document written in Kawi now housed in the National Museum of the Philippines. According to this document, Tondo was ruled by person called Jayadeva who holds the Sanskrit title of senapati or the equivalent of an admiral. The Kingdom of Tondo also extended all the way to the modern-day province of Bulacan particularly around Lihan (Malolos) and Gatbuca ( Calumpit).[citation needed]

Tondo was ruled by a line of lakan until the Spanish conquest.[citation needed]

Colonial period[edit]

After the Spaniards conquered Tundun in January of 1571 they established the Province of Tondo with the city of Manila as its center, the province covered much territories in Northern Luzon particularly Pampanga, Bulacan and Rizal (formerly called Morong) In census conducted by Miguel de Loarca in 1583 Tondo was reported to have spoken the same language as the natives of the province of Pampanga.[4] Institute of National Language commissioner Jose Villa Panganiban also wrote that the dividing line between Kapampangan and Tagalog was the Pasig River, and that Tondo therefore originally spoke Kapampangan.[5] although Fray Isacio Rodriquez's Historia dela Provincia del Santisimo Nombre de Jesus de Filipinas stated that Provincia de Tagalos which is Tondo covers all the territories of the future Archdiocese of Manila. Prior to the establishment of the Province of Bulacan in 1578 Malolos and Calumpit were also included in the territory of Tondo as its visitas. In 1800, the Province of Tondo was renamed to Province of Manila.[citation needed]

Tondo was one of the first provinces to declare rebellion against Spain in year 1896. In 1911, under the American colonial regime, there was a major reorganization of political divisions, and the province of Tondo was dissolved, and its towns given to the provinces of Rizal and Bulacan. Today, Tondo just exists as a district in the City of Manila.[citation needed]


  • A densely populated district
    • West Tondo, which includes the Manila North Harbour area, has a land area of 5.64 km². with a population of 407,330 (2007); 72,222 persons per km².
    • East Tondo, commonly known as Gagalangin, has a land area of 3.46 km². with a population of 223,274 (2007); 64,530 persons per km².
    • average residential population density: 69,297 persons per km².
  • It is the location of a notorious and now closed landfill called Smokey Mountain.
  • It once was the location of the major Procter and Gamble plant in the Philippines at Vitas Street—now closed and dismantled.
  • The main terminal of the Philippine National Railways is located at the Tutuban district, which is close to the birthplace of Andres Bonifacio. This is now converted to a mall (Tutuban Center).
  • West of the district lies the major inter-island port of Manila, North Harbor, and the Manila Container Port.
  • The slaughterhouse (matadero) of the Manila City Government is located also at Vitas Street.
  • Every third Sunday of January, the Feast of the Sto. Niño of Manila (the Infant Jesus) is celebrated by a procession early in the morning from Tondo Church and winding down its narrow streets punctuated by fireworks.
  • The LRT Line 1 has 5 stations in the Tondo area, namely: Abad Santos, Tayuman, Blumentritt, Bambang and R. Papa.
  • It is the Location of Largest Common Locale of Iglesia ni Cristo which is the 6000 seater INC Tondo Locale Chapel at Juan Luna st. cor. Moriones Road.

List of Cultural Properties of Tondo[edit]

Lakbayaw Festival[edit]

On the third Sunday of January, the Sto. Niño festivals began in various parts of the country, particularly in Tondo, Manila. Its parish priest Fr. Enrique Santos, of the Sto. Niño Parish, said the celebrations of 2008 started "with the traditional procession of devotees dancing on the street while carrying images of the Child Jesus; a pagoda carrying an old image of Sto. Niño from Spain will lead the parade with 20 smaller boats accompanying it; the parish in Tondo houses the image of Sto. Niño made of ivory that was brought to the country by Augustinian priests from Acapulco, Mexico in the late 1570s."[6]


  • Tondo General Hospital
  • Mary Johnston Hospital
  • Gat. Andres Bonifacio Hospital
  • Metropolitan Hospital
  • Ospital ng Tondo
  • Amisola Maternity Hospital (Hermosa Street, Manuguit, Tondo)
  • Santa Rita College Hospital (T.Earnshaw Street, Gagalangin Tondo) [DEMOLISHED]
  • Jose Hospital

Malls, Supermarkets and Public Markets[edit]

  • Tutuban Center (includes Centermall, Prime Block, Cluster, Foodstreet, Night Market, and TC Shopping Plaza)
  • Robinson's Tutuban
  • SM Hypermarket Road 10, Tondo
  • PureGold Tayuman
  • Pritil Public Market
  • Puregold Divisoria
  • Obrero Market (Blumetritt)
  • Abucay Market (Hermosa Street, Manuguit Tondo)
  • Gagalangin Public Market (Pampanga Street, Gagagalangin)
  • 168 Shopping Center (Divisoria)
  • Divisoria Mall
  • North Bay Shopping Center (Honorio Lopez Blvd. Gagalangin, Tondo Manila)
  • Bambang Market
  • Yangco Market
  • San Roque SuperMarket


In popular culture[edit]

Tondo is the backdrop for the independent movie Tribu, which shows street life and gang life from an impoverished boy's point of view.



  1. ^ Joaqiun, Nick (1990). Manila, My Manila: A History for the Young. City of Manila: Anvil Publishing, Inc. ISBN 978-9715693134. 
  2. ^ Potet, Jean-Paul G. (2013). Arabic and Persian Loanwords in Tagalog. p. 444. ISBN 9781291457261. 
  3. ^ Paul Morrow's The Laguna Copperplate Inscription
  4. ^ Miguel de Loarca's Census of 1583
  5. ^ Panganiban
  6. ^ www.abs-cbnnews.com, Sto. Niño festivals start Saturday

Further reading[edit]

  • Gaspar de San Agustin, Conquistas de las Islas Filipinas 1565-1615, Translated by Luis Antonio Mañeru, 1st bilingual ed [Spanish and English], published by Pedro Galende, OSA: Intramuros, Manila, 1998
  • Henson, Mariano A. 1965. The Province of Pampanga and Its Towns: A.D. 1300-1965. 4th ed. revised. Angeles City: By the author.
  • Loarca, Miguel de. 1582. Relacion de las Yslas Filipinas. Blair and Robertson vol. 5 page 87:
  • Panganiban, J.V. 1972. Diksyunaryo-Tesauro Pilipino-Ingles. Quezon City: Manlapaz Publishing Co.
  • Mallat, Jean, Les Philippines: Histoire, Geographie, Moeurs, Agriculture, Idustrie, Commerce des colonies Espagnoles dans l'Océanie, Paris: Arthus Bertrand, Libraire de la Société de Géographie, 1846
  • Santiago, Luciano P.R., The Houses of Lakandula, Matanda, and Soliman [1571-1898]: Genealogy and Group Identity, Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society 18 [1990]
  • Scott, William Henry, Barangay: Sixteenth-Century Philippine Culture and Society, Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1994
  • Scott, William Henry, Prehispanic Source Materials for the Study of Philippine History, Quezon City: New Day Publishers, 1984

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°37′01″N 120°58′01″E / 14.617°N 120.967°E / 14.617; 120.967

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tondo,_Manila — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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6312 news items

CNN Philippines

CNN Philippines
Mon, 08 Feb 2016 22:56:15 -0800

Metro Manila (CNN Philippines) — Presidential candidate Rodrigo Duterte and his running mate, Alan Peter Cayetano, begin their campaign in Tondo, Manila. According to Duterte's camp, they chose Tondo because the mostly poor residents here represent ...


Wed, 03 Feb 2016 19:15:49 -0800

MANILA, Philippines – Rodrigo Duterte and Alan Peter Cayetano are set to launch their 2016 campaign in Tondo, Manila on February 9, Duterte's campaign manager Leoncio Evasco Jr told Rappler. The main event will take place at the corner of Morga and ...


Sat, 06 Feb 2016 02:27:50 -0800

The tandem of Davao City Mayor Rodrigo Duterte and Senator Alan Peter Cayetano will hold their proclamation rally in Tondo, Manila on February 9. But why did the duo choose to hold their proclamation rally in a place often gripped by poverty and marred ...

GMA News

GMA News
Sat, 16 Jan 2016 00:48:45 -0800

Thousands of worshipers joined a Catholic procession in Tondo, Manila on Saturday and paraded statues of the Santo Niño believed to grant miracles. Wooden replicas of the Santo Niño are revered by the devotees in remembrance of Jesus Christ's ...
Thu, 11 Feb 2016 00:37:30 -0800

A fire caused by unattended cooking razed 30 houses in the slum of area of Tondo, Manila on Thursday afternoon. The fire that reached Task Force Delta at Barangay 160 Raha Bago left one injured and 90 families homeless. It was placed under control at ...

Philippine Star

Tue, 09 Feb 2016 07:41:55 -0800

Binay held his in Welfareville, Mandaluyong City; Duterte in Tondo, Manila; Poe in Plaza Miranda, Manila; Roxas in Roxas City; and Sen. Miriam Defensor-Santiago in Batac City. It was surprising for Duterte to hold his proclamation rally in Tondo, Manila.
The Manila Times
Sat, 23 Jan 2016 03:37:30 -0800

FOURTY-EIGHT hours after he stabbed dead a criminology graduate during the celebration of Santo Niño Feast last Jan. 17 in Tondo, Manila, Jeric Baylon surrendered to authorities after seeing his picture on Facebook captioned “Wanted.” Baylon was ...
Manila Bulletin
Thu, 28 Jan 2016 19:33:45 -0800

Forty families are left homeless when a fire broke out in a residential area in Hermosa, Tondo, Manila and razed 10 houses, evening of January 28, 2016. The fire started at 7:56 p.m. and quickly reached the fourth alarm at 8:19 p.m. Fire out was ...

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