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For other uses, see Tondo (disambiguation).
Tondo
Recto Avenue running through Divisoria.
Recto Avenue running through Divisoria.
Location of Tondo
Country Philippines
Region National Capital Region
City Manila
Congress Part of the 1st and 2nd Districts of Manila
Barangays 259

Tondo is a district in Manila, Philippines. It is the most densely populated districts in the city. Tondo has already existed in the year 900 AD according to the Laguna Copperplate Inscription and has been ruled by a man called Jayadeva who holds the Sanskrit title Senapati or "admiral".

History[edit]

Kingdom of Tondo[edit]

Main article: Kingdom of Tondo
Laguna Copperplate Inscription (c. 900 AD)

The former region of Tondo is over eleven hundred years old. Historically, Tondo already existed in the year 900 AD according to the Laguna Copperplate Inscription,[1] a legal document written in Kawi now housed in the National Museum of the Philippines. According to this document, Tondo was ruled by person called Jayadeva who holds the Sanskrit title of senapati or the equivalent of an admiral. The Kingdom of Tondo also extended all the way to the modern-day province of Bulacan particularly around Lihan (Malolos) and Gatbuca (Calumpit).[citation needed]

Tondo was ruled by a line of lakan until the Spanish conquest.[citation needed]

Colonial period[edit]

After the Spaniards conquered Tundun in January of 1571 they established the Province of Tondo with the city of Manila as its center, the province covered much territories in Northern Luzon particularly Pampanga, Bulacan and Rizal (formerly called Morong) In census conducted by Miguel de Loarca in 1583 Tondo was reported to have spoken the same language as the natives of the province of Pampanga.[2] Institute of National Language commissioner Jose Villa Panganiban also wrote that the dividing line between Kapampangan and Tagalog was the Pasig River, and that Tondo therefore originally spoke Kapampangan.[3] although Fray Isacio Rodriquez's Historia dela Provincia del Santisimo Nombre de Jesus de Filipinas stated that Provincia de Tagalos which is Tondo covers all the territories of the future Archdiocese of Manila. Prior to the establishment of the Province of Bulacan in 1578 Malolos and Calumpit were also included in the territory of Tondo as its visitas. In 1800, the Province of Tondo was renamed to Province of Manila.[citation needed]

Tondo was one of the first provinces to declare rebellion against Spain in year 1896. In 1911, under the American colonial regime, there was a major reorganization of political divisions, and the province of Tondo was dissolved, and its towns given to the provinces of Rizal and Bulacan. Today, Tondo just exists as a district in the City of Manila.[citation needed]

Characteristics[edit]

  • A densely populated district
    • West Tondo, which includes the Manila North Harbour area, has a land area of 5.64 km². with a population of 407,330 (2007); 72,222 persons per km².
    • East Tondo, commonly known as Gagalangin, has a land area of 3.46 km². with a population of 223,274 (2007); 64,530 persons per km².
    • average residential population density: 69,297 persons per km².
  • It is the location of a notorious and now closed landfill called Smokey Mountain.
  • It once was the location of the major Procter and Gamble plant in the Philippines at Vitas Street—now closed and dismantled.
  • The main terminal of the Philippine National Railways is located at the Tutuban district, which is close to the birthplace of Andres Bonifacio. This is now converted to a mall (Tutuban Center).
  • West of the district lies the major inter-island port of Manila, North Harbor, and the Manila Container Port.
  • The slaughterhouse (matadero) of the Manila City Government is located also at Vitas Street.
  • Every third Sunday of January, the Feast of the Sto. Niño of Manila (the Infant Jesus) is celebrated by a procession early in the morning from Tondo Church and winding down its narrow streets punctuated by fireworks.
  • The LRT Line 1 has 5 stations in the Tondo area, namely: Abad Santos, Tayuman, Blumentritt, Bambang and R. Papa.
  • It is the Location of Largest Common Locale of Iglesia ni Cristo which is the 6000 seater INC Tondo Locale Chapel at Juan Luna st. cor. Moriones Road.

List of Cultural Properties of Tondo[edit]

Lakbayaw Festival[edit]

On the third Sunday of January, the Sto. Niño festivals began in various parts of the country, particularly in Tondo, Manila. Its parish priest Fr. Enrique Santos, of the Sto. Niño Parish, said the celebrations of 2008 started "with the traditional procession of devotees dancing on the street while carrying images of the Child Jesus; a pagoda carrying an old image of Sto. Niño from Spain will lead the parade with 20 smaller boats accompanying it; the parish in Tondo houses the image of Sto. Niño made of ivory that was brought to the country by Augustinian priests from Acapulco, Mexico in the late 1570s."[4]

Hospitals[edit]

  • Tondo General Hospital
  • Mary Johnston Hospital
  • Gat. Andres Bonifacio Hospital
  • Metropolitan Hospital
  • Ospital ng Tondo
  • Amisola Maternity Hospital (Hermosa Street, Manuguit, Tondo)
  • Santa Rita College Hospital (T.Earnshaw Street, Gagalangin Tondo)
  • Jose Hospital

Malls, Supermarkets and Public Markets[edit]

  • Tutuban Cluster Bldg.
  • Robinson's Tutuban
  • Tutuban Centermall
  • SM Hypermarket Road 10, Tondo
  • PureGold Tayuman
  • Pritil Public Market
  • Puregold Divisoria
  • Obrero Market (Blumetritt)
  • Abucay Market (Hermosa Street, Manuguit Tondo)
  • Gagalangin Public Market (Pampanga Street, Gagagalangin)
  • 168 Shopping Center (Divisoria)
  • Divisoria Mall
  • North Bay Shopping Center (Honorio Lopez Blvd. Gagalangin, Tondo Manila)
  • Bambang Market
  • Yangco Market
  • San Roque SuperMarket

Landmarks[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

Tondo is the backdrop for the independent movie Tribu, which shows street life and gang life from an impoverished boy's point of view.

Photos[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Gaspar de San Agustin, Conquistas de las Islas Filipinas 1565-1615, Translated by Luis Antonio Mañeru, 1st bilingual ed [Spanish and English], published by Pedro Galende, OSA: Intramuros, Manila, 1998
  • Henson, Mariano A. 1965. The Province of Pampanga and Its Towns: A.D. 1300-1965. 4th ed. revised. Angeles City: By the author.
  • Loarca, Miguel de. 1582. Relacion de las Yslas Filipinas. Blair and Robertson vol. 5 page 87:
  • Panganiban, J.V. 1972. Diksyunaryo-Tesauro Pilipino-Ingles. Quezon City: Manlapaz Publishing Co.
  • Mallat, Jean, Les Philippines: Histoire, Geographie, Moeurs, Agriculture, Idustrie, Commerce des colonies Espagnoles dans l'Océanie, Paris: Arthus Bertrand, Libraire de la Société de Géographie, 1846
  • Santiago, Luciano P.R., The Houses of Lakandula, Matanda, and Soliman [1571-1898]: Genealogy and Group Identity, Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society 18 [1990]
  • Scott, William Henry, Barangay: Sixteenth-Century Philippine Culture and Society, Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1994
  • Scott, William Henry, Prehispanic Source Materials for the Study of Philippine History, Quezon City: New Day Publishers, 1984

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°37′01″N 120°58′01″E / 14.617°N 120.967°E / 14.617; 120.967


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tondo,_Manila — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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Tondo: Manila's largest slum - The space in between

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1412 news items

GMA News

BusinessWorld Online Edition
Mon, 27 Jul 2015 08:55:37 -0700

The halted auction concerned lots taking up an area of 121,905 square meters along Radial Road 10 in Barangay Vitas, Tondo, Manila. Another 68,586.1 square meters is also currently being put up for auction, with the bid opening set on Oct. 6. -- Vince ...
 
The Manila Times
Mon, 29 Jun 2015 05:56:15 -0700

Residents of Happyland in Barangay 105 in Tondo, Manila on Monday urged Mayor Joseph Ejercito Estrada to help them remove the stockpile of coal in Pier 18, which they blame for causing various diseases like asthma. Princess Diana de Jesus, 25, said ...

Coconuts Manila

Coconuts Manila
Wed, 15 Jul 2015 18:14:22 -0700

"The woman said she was alerted by concerned neighbors who informed her that her photos were being viewed by other neighbors at a computer shop in Tondo, Manila," reports Itchie G. Cabayan on Journal Online. The woman explained that the photos ...
 
Philippine Star
Tue, 28 Jul 2015 08:56:15 -0700

The SMDRP is a project of the National Housing Authority (NHA) in Tondo, Manila sometime in 1996 involving the reclamation of 79 hectares. R-II Builders is the contractor. R-II Builders had earlier offered to advance P2.8 billion to HGC to finally ...
 
Philippine Information Agency
Thu, 23 Jul 2015 23:33:45 -0700

MANILA, July 24 (PIA)—The Technical Education Skills Development Authority (TESDA) donated some 2,000 armchairs manufactured from confiscated logs to five elementary schools in Tondo, Manila. The armchairs were turned over on July 22 to the ...

GMA News

GMA News
Sun, 12 Jul 2015 06:30:00 -0700

Firefighters battle a fire in Tondo, Manila. Bureau of Fire Protection Manila Chief Inspector Arvin Rex Afalla said they had a difficult time putting out the fire in some parts of the building because of burning plastic materials. Victoria Camille ...

Rappler

Rappler
Sun, 26 Jul 2015 22:03:45 -0700

Last month, I met a young woman from Tondo, Manila who bravely shared her story with civil society groups and government officials about her unplanned pregnancy at 14 years of age that altered her life. Embarrassed about the pregnancy, Heidi dropped ...

Philippine Star

Philippine Star
Sun, 26 Jul 2015 08:45:00 -0700

The two coaches also turned their chairs for nine-year-old Romeo Espino of Tondo, Manila who sang the gospel tune, Hesus. Bamboo scored his first pick with the young Romeo. The first three-chair turner for The Voice Kids 2 was eight-year-old Bianca ...
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