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For other uses, see Tondo (disambiguation).
Tondo
Map of the Manila showing the location of Binondo
City Manila
Congressmen Benjamin Asilo
Carlo Lopez
Population (2007) 630,604
– Density 69,297 per km²
Area 9.10 km²
Barangays 259
Cong. Districts 1st to 2nd Districts
Recto Avenue in Divisoria, a place in Tondo.

Tondo is one of the sixteen areas of Manila, Philippines. The locale has existed prior to the arrival of the Spaniards, referred to as "Tundun" on the Laguna Copperplate Inscription. One of the most densely populated areas of land in the world[citation needed], Tondo is located in the northwest portion of the city and is primarily residential-industrial in nature. Tondo is known for being one of the poorest and most underdeveloped areas of the country. Many of the city's slums are found in this area.

History[edit]

Kingdom of Tondo[edit]

Laguna Copperplate Inscription (c. 900 AD)
Main article: Kingdom of Tondo

The former region of Tondo is over eleven hundred years old. Historically, Tondo already existed in the year 900 AD according to the Laguna Copperplate Inscription,[1] a legal document written in Kawi now housed in the National Museum of the Philippines. According to this document, Tondo was ruled by person called Jayadeva who holds the Sanskrit title Senapati or "admiral". The Kingdom of Tondo alson extends its territory to the Province of Bulacan particularly Lihan (Malolos) and Gatbuca (Calumpit)

Tondo was ruled by a line of Lakan until the Spanish conquest.

Colonial period[edit]

After the Spaniards conquered Tundun in January of 1571 they established the Province of Tondo with the city of Manila as its center, the province covered much territories in Northern Luzon particularly Pampanga, Bulacan and Rizal (formerly called Morong) In census conducted by Miguel de Loarca in 1583 Tondo was reported to have spoken the same language as the natives of the province of Pampanga.[2] Institute of National Language commissioner Jose Villa Panganiban also wrote that the dividing line between Kapampangan and Tagalog was the Pasig River, and that Tondo therefore originally spoke Kapampangan.[3] altough Fray Isacio Rodriquez's Historia dela Provincia del Santisimo Nombre de Jesus de Filipinas stated that Provincia de Tagalos which is Tondo covers all the territories of the future Archdiocese of Manila. Prior to the establishment of the Province of Bulacan in 1578 Malolos,Calumpit,Bulakan also inclueded in the territory of Tondo as its visitas.In 1800 Provincia de Tondo was renamed Province of Manila.

Tondo was one of the first provinces to declare rebellion against Spain in year 1896. In 1911, under the American colonial regime, there was a major reorganization of political divisions, and the province of Tondo was dissolved, and its towns given to the provinces of Rizal and Bulacan. Today, Tondo just exists as a district in the City of Manila.

Characteristics[edit]

  • A densely populated district
    • West Tondo, which includes the Manila North Harbour area, has a land area of 5.64 km². with a population of 407,330 (2007); 72,222 persons per km².
    • East Tondo, commonly known as Gagalangin, has a land area of 3.46 km². with a population of 223,274 (2007); 64,530 persons per km².
    • average residential population density: 69,297 persons per km².
  • It is the location of a notorious and now closed landfill called Smokey Mountain.
  • The Divisoria area, also located in Tondo, is a major business center and shopping area where dry goods, kitchen utensils, vegetables and fruits, shoes, clothing, coffee, candles, candies, fishing equipment etc., can be brought—wholesale or retail. Shoe Mart once had a small store here, as well as being the home of Yangco Market, which sells dry goods; the Divisoria Public Market, now rebuilt; and the new 168 Shopping Mall. Ambulant vendors frequent its major and minor streets.
  • It once was the location of the major Procter and Gamble plant in the Philippines at Vitas Street—now closed and dismantled.
  • The main terminal of the Philippine National Railways is located at the Tutuban district, which is close to the birthplace of Andres Bonifacio. This is now converted to a mall (Tutuban Center).
  • West of the district lies the major inter-island port of Manila, North Harbor, and the Manila Container Port.
  • The slaughterhouse (matadero) of the Manila City Government is located also at Vitas Street.
  • Every third Sunday of January, the Feast of the Sto. Niño of Manila (the Infant Jesus) is celebrated by a procession early in the morning from Tondo Church and winding down its narrow streets punctuated by fireworks.
  • The LRT Line 1 has 5 stations in the Tondo area, namely: Abad Santos, Tayuman, Blumentritt, Bambang and R. Papa.
  • It is the Location of Largest Common Locale of Iglesia ni Cristo which is the 6000 seater INC Tondo Locale Chapel at Juan Luna st. cor. Moriones Road.

List of Cultural Properties of Tondo[edit]

Lakbayaw Festival[edit]

On the third Sunday of January, the Sto. Niño festivals began in various parts of the country, particularly in Tondo, Manila. Its parish priest Fr. Enrique Santos, of the Sto. Niño Parish, said the celebrations of 2008 started "with the traditional procession of devotees dancing on the street while carrying images of the Child Jesus; a pagoda carrying an old image of Sto. Niño from Spain will lead the parade with 20 smaller boats accompanying it; the parish in Tondo houses the image of Sto. Niño made of ivory that was brought to the country by Augustinian priests from Acapulco, Mexico in the late 1570s."[4]

Hospitals[edit]

  • Tondo General Hospital
  • Mary Johnston Hospital
  • Gat. Andres Bonifacio Hospital
  • Metropolitan Hospital
  • Ospital ng Tondo
  • Amisola Maternity Hospital (Hermosa Street, Manuguit, Tondo)
  • Santa Rita College Hospital (T.Earnshaw Street, Gagalangin Tondo)
  • Jose Hospital

Malls, Supermarkets and Public Markets[edit]

  • Tutuban Cluster Bldg.
  • Robinson's Tutuban
  • Tutuban Centermall
  • SM Hypermarket Road 10, Tondo
  • PureGold Tayuman
  • Pritil Public Market
  • Puregold Divisoria
  • Obrero Market (Blumetritt)
  • Abucay Market (Hermosa Street, Manuguit Tondo)
  • Gagalangin Public Market (Pampanga Street, Gagagalangin)
  • 168 Shopping Center (Divisoria)
  • Divisoria Mall
  • North Bay Shopping Center (Honorio Lopez Blvd. Gagalangin, Tondo Manila)
  • Bambang Market
  • Yangco Market
  • San Roque SuperMarket

Landmarks[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

Tondo is the backdrop for the independent movie Tribu, which shows street life and gang life from an impoverished boy's point of view.

Photos[edit]

References[edit]

  • Gaspar de San Agustin, Conquistas de las Islas Filipinas 1565-1615, Translated by Luis Antonio Mañeru, 1st bilingual ed [Spanish and English], published by Pedro Galende, OSA: Intramuros, Manila, 1998
  • Henson, Mariano A. 1965. The Province of Pampanga and Its Towns: A.D. 1300-1965. 4th ed. revised. Angeles City: By the author.
  • Loarca, Miguel de. 1582. Relacion de las Yslas Filipinas. Blair and Robertson vol. 5 page 87:
  • Panganiban, J.V. 1972. Diksyunaryo-Tesauro Pilipino-Ingles. Quezon City: Manlapaz Publishing Co.
  • Mallat, Jean, Les Philippines: Histoire, Geographie, Moeurs, Agriculture, Idustrie, Commerce des colonies Espagnoles dans l'Océanie, Paris: Arthus Bertrand, Libraire de la Société de Géographie, 1846
  • Santiago, Luciano P.R., The Houses of Lakandula, Matanda, and Soliman [1571-1898]: Genealogy and Group Identity, Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society 18 [1990]
  • Scott, William Henry, Barangay: Sixteenth-Century Philippine Culture and Society, Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1994
  • Scott, William Henry, Prehispanic Source Materials for the Study of Philippine History, Quezon City: New Day Publishers, 1984

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°37′01″N 120°58′01″E / 14.617°N 120.967°E / 14.617; 120.967


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tondo,_Manila — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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1269 news items

Coconuts Manila

Coconuts Manila
Tue, 05 May 2015 22:15:00 -0700

"An 18-year-old mother (who asked that her name be withheld) at Happy Land in Tondo, Manila fought off a drug addict who attempted to rape her on Monday night, May 4, but she ended up being repeatedly stabbed with a barbeque stick by the suspect," ...

Coconuts Manila

Coconuts Manila
Thu, 30 Apr 2015 04:44:10 -0700

"Rodolfo Teodosio and Aljon Villanueva — two men who stole 50 television sets — and their buyer were arrested by Manila Police District-Station 7 operatives in Tondo, Manila on Tuesday night, April 28," reports Itchie G. Cabayan on Journal Online.
 
Inquirer.net
Thu, 21 May 2015 13:26:15 -0700

Sto. Niño Bridge, also in Parañaque City, P113 million, 7.5 percent done before work suspended due to right-of-way problems. — Rodriguez Bridge in Tondo, Manila, P33.4 million, 5 percent done before work suspended due to right-of-way problems. — Sen.

Coconuts Manila

Coconuts Manila
Tue, 28 Apr 2015 01:17:32 -0700

"A 12-year-old boy — who was identified only as 'John' — miraculously survived after being stabbed at least a dozen times in Tondo, Manila by a drug-crazed man," reports Itchie G. Cabayan on Journal Online. John is now confined to a hospital, while ...
 
Philippine Star
Tue, 19 May 2015 09:18:45 -0700

There are currently two CENTEX schools, one in Tondo, Manila and the other in Bauan, Batangas. “For our CSR projects, we have chosen to go into one of the most basic foundations of society, and that is the care of the ones that we love the most – our ...

Philippine Star

Philippine Star
Wed, 20 May 2015 08:56:15 -0700

The incorporation document showed five original incorporators: Ong King Guan of 15-4 Pio Valenzuela, Caloocan City; Jose L. Tan of 978 Juan Luna, Manila; William Young of 553 Herrera, Tondo, Manila; Nancy Labares of 18 Tirad Pass, Caloocan City; and ...

CNN

CNN
Thu, 23 Apr 2015 07:38:28 -0700

According to residents of Barangay 105 Happy Land in Tondo, Manila, the last time the government helped clean their community was in 2013, when a bulldozer was sent to pick up their garbage. But when the assistance stopped, they took it upon themselves ...

Aleteia IT

Aleteia IT
Tue, 19 May 2015 06:52:30 -0700

Ora a Tondo-Manila è stata fondata la Scuola della Gioia nelle vicinanze della Smokey Mountain, la più grande discarica a cielo aperto composta da oltre due milioni di tonnellate di rifiuti. Si stima che circa 30.000 persone abitano nei pressi del sito ...
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