digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















For other uses, see Tondo (disambiguation).
Recto Avenue running through Divisoria.
Recto Avenue running through Divisoria.
Location of Tondo
Country Philippines
Region National Capital Region
City Manila
Congress Part of the 1st and 2nd Districts of Manila
Barangays 259

Tondo is a district located in Manila, Philippines. It is the largest in terms of area and population of Manila's sixteen districts,[1] with a Census-estimated 628,106 people in 2010[2] and consists of two congressional districts. It is also the most densely populated district in the city. Today, if it were an independent city, Tondo would rank as the tenth most populous city in the Philippines, behind only the other districts of the City of Manila combined, and the cities of Quezon, Caloocan, Davao, Cebu, Zamboanga, Taguig, Antipolo and Pasig. Tondo hosts the country's largest ports, the Manila North Harbour and the Manila International Container Terminal.

According to Laguna Copperplate Inscription, Tondo has existed since 900 AD, and has been ruled by Jayadeva who holds the Sanskrit title Senapati or "admiral".



Numerous theories on the origin of the name "Tondo" have been put forward. Philippine National Artist Nick Joaquin suggested that it might be a reference to high ground ("tundok").[3] French linguist Jean-Paul Potet, however, has suggested that the River Mangrove, Aegiceras corniculatum, which at the time was called "tundok" ("tinduk-tindukan" today), is the most likely origin of the name.[4]

Kingdom of Tondo[edit]

Main article: Kingdom of Tondo
Laguna Copperplate Inscription (c. 900 AD)

The former region of Tondo is over eleven hundred years old. Historically, Tondo already existed in the year 900 AD according to the Laguna Copperplate Inscription,[5] a legal document written in Kawi now housed in the National Museum of the Philippines. According to this document, Tondo was ruled by person called Jayadeva who holds the Sanskrit title of senapati or the equivalent of an admiral. The Kingdom of Tondo also extended all the way to the modern-day province of Bulacan particularly around Lihan (Malolos) and Gatbuca (Calumpit).[citation needed]

Tondo was ruled by a line of lakan until the Spanish conquest.[citation needed]

Colonial period[edit]

After the Spaniards conquered Tundun in January of 1571 they established the Province of Tondo with the city of Manila as its center, the province covered much territories in Northern Luzon particularly Pampanga, Bulacan and Rizal (formerly called Morong) In census conducted by Miguel de Loarca in 1583 Tondo was reported to have spoken the same language as the natives of the province of Pampanga.[6] Institute of National Language commissioner Jose Villa Panganiban also wrote that the dividing line between Kapampangan and Tagalog was the Pasig River, and that Tondo therefore originally spoke Kapampangan.[7] although Fray Isacio Rodriquez's Historia dela Provincia del Santisimo Nombre de Jesus de Filipinas stated that Provincia de Tagalos which is Tondo covers all the territories of the future Archdiocese of Manila. Prior to the establishment of the Province of Bulacan in 1578 Malolos and Calumpit were also included in the territory of Tondo as its visitas. In 1800, the Province of Tondo was renamed to Province of Manila.[citation needed]

Tondo was one of the first provinces to declare rebellion against Spain in year 1896. In 1911, under the American colonial regime, there was a major reorganization of political divisions, and the province of Tondo was dissolved, and its towns given to the provinces of Rizal and Bulacan. Today, Tondo just exists as a district in the City of Manila.[citation needed]


  • A densely populated district
    • West Tondo, which includes the Manila North Harbour area, has a land area of 5.64 km². with a population of 407,330 (2007); 72,222 persons per km².
    • East Tondo, commonly known as Gagalangin, has a land area of 3.46 km². with a population of 223,274 (2007); 64,530 persons per km².
    • average residential population density: 69,297 persons per km².
  • It is the location of a notorious and now closed landfill called Smokey Mountain.
  • It once was the location of the major Procter and Gamble plant in the Philippines at Vitas Street—now closed and dismantled.
  • The main terminal of the Philippine National Railways is located at the Tutuban district, which is close to the birthplace of Andres Bonifacio. This is now converted to a mall (Tutuban Center).
  • West of the district lies the major inter-island port of Manila, North Harbor, and the Manila Container Port.
  • The slaughterhouse (matadero) of the Manila City Government is located also at Vitas Street.
  • Every third Sunday of January, the Feast of the Sto. Niño of Manila (the Infant Jesus) is celebrated by a procession early in the morning from Tondo Church and winding down its narrow streets punctuated by fireworks.
  • The LRT Line 1 has 2 stations in the Tondo area, namely: Abad Santos and R. Papa.
  • It is the Location of Largest Common Locale of Iglesia ni Cristo which is the 6000 seater INC Tondo Locale Chapel at Juan Luna st. cor. Moriones Road.

List of Cultural Properties of Tondo[edit]

Lakbayaw Festival[edit]

On the third Sunday of January, the Sto. Niño festivals began in various parts of the country, particularly in Tondo, Manila. Its parish priest Fr. Enrique Santos, of the Sto. Niño Parish, said the celebrations of 2008 started "with the traditional procession of devotees dancing on the street while carrying images of the Child Jesus; a pagoda carrying an old image of Sto. Niño from Spain will lead the parade with 20 smaller boats accompanying it; the parish in Tondo houses the image of Sto. Niño made of ivory that was brought to the country by Augustinian priests from Acapulco, Mexico in the late 1570s."[8]


  • Tondo General Hospital
  • Mary Johnston Hospital
  • Gat. Andres Bonifacio Hospital
  • Metropolitan Hospital
  • Ospital ng Tondo
  • Amisola Maternity Hospital (Hermosa Street, Manuguit, Tondo)
  • Santa Rita College Hospital (T.Earnshaw Street, Gagalangin Tondo) [DEMOLISHED]
  • Jose Hospital

Malls, Supermarkets and Public Markets[edit]

  • Tutuban Center (includes Centermall, Prime Block, Cluster, Foodstreet, Night Market, and TC Shopping Plaza)
  • Robinson's Tutuban
  • SM Hypermarket Road 10, Tondo
  • PureGold Tayuman
  • Pritil Public Market
  • Puregold Divisoria
  • Obrero Market (Blumetritt)
  • Abucay Market (Hermosa Street, Manuguit Tondo)
  • Gagalangin Public Market (Pampanga Street, Gagagalangin)
  • 168 Shopping Center (Divisoria)
  • Divisoria Mall
  • North Bay Shopping Center (Honorio Lopez Blvd. Gagalangin, Tondo Manila)
  • Bambang Market
  • Yangco Market
  • San Roque SuperMarket


In popular culture[edit]

Tondo is the backdrop for the independent movie Tribu, which shows street life and gang life from an impoverished boy's point of view.



Further reading[edit]

  • Gaspar de San Agustin, Conquistas de las Islas Filipinas 1565-1615, Translated by Luis Antonio Mañeru, 1st bilingual ed [Spanish and English], published by Pedro Galende, OSA: Intramuros, Manila, 1998
  • Henson, Mariano A. 1965. The Province of Pampanga and Its Towns: A.D. 1300-1965. 4th ed. revised. Angeles City: By the author.
  • Loarca, Miguel de. 1582. Relacion de las Yslas Filipinas. Blair and Robertson vol. 5 page 87:
  • Panganiban, J.V. 1972. Diksyunaryo-Tesauro Pilipino-Ingles. Quezon City: Manlapaz Publishing Co.
  • Mallat, Jean, Les Philippines: Histoire, Geographie, Moeurs, Agriculture, Idustrie, Commerce des colonies Espagnoles dans l'Océanie, Paris: Arthus Bertrand, Libraire de la Société de Géographie, 1846
  • Santiago, Luciano P.R., The Houses of Lakandula, Matanda, and Soliman [1571-1898]: Genealogy and Group Identity, Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society 18 [1990]
  • Scott, William Henry, Barangay: Sixteenth-Century Philippine Culture and Society, Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1994
  • Scott, William Henry, Prehispanic Source Materials for the Study of Philippine History, Quezon City: New Day Publishers, 1984

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°37′01″N 120°58′01″E / 14.617°N 120.967°E / 14.617; 120.967

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tondo,_Manila — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
155886 videos foundNext > 

Tondo: Manila's largest slum - The space in between

Subscribe to our channel http://bit.ly/AJSubscribe Subscribe to our channel http://bit.ly/AJSubscribe Historian Carlos Celdran explains how the Tondo slum came ...

Drive Trip!! Philippines - Tondo Manila

this video covers Delpan Bridge going to Recto Avenue onwards Abad Santos up to Dagupan Street in the district of Tondo Manila. Tondo is famous for ...

Iglesia Ni Cristo donates thousands of shoes for charity n Tondo, Manila

QUEZON City, Philippines - The Iglesia Ni Cristo conducted a "Lingap Sa Mamamayan" in Tondo, Manila wherein said religious organization gave away 17 ...

The Slum - Episode 1: Deliverance

Subscribe to our channel http://bit.ly/AJSubscribe Subscribe to our channel http://bit.ly/AJSubscribe As a birth attendant advocating for family planning, Remy is ...

Duterte - Cayetano Kick Off Rally in Tondo, Manila

UNANG SIGWA: Nakiki-halubilo at nakikikain sa mga maraliting taga-lunsod ng Manila sa pagpatak ng unang oras ng araw ng pangangampanya kaninang ...

Asiong Salonga FULL MOVIE

The Ancient Gangland. Year 1950. Gangwars were in. Violence was the name of the game. Gangsters carried Thompson's and grease guns in a Bayong.

Manila King Pin: The Untold Story of Asiong Salonga (official trailer)

Manila King Pin: The Untold Story of Asiong Salonga Viva Films' Official entry to the 2011 Metro Manila Film Festival Synopsis: Tondo. The Ancient Gangland.

Iglesia Ni Cristo to conduct medical and dental mission in Tondo, Manila

QUEZON City, Philippines - The authorities reminded the public that the Iglesia Ni Cristo will conduct a large medical and dental mission in Moriones, Tondo, ...

"Aroma" slum in Tondo, Manila part 1

INC medical and dental mission in Tondo,Manila April 29

Latest global reports, balanced, up-to-date. It brings to fore EBC's rich international scope. Visit our website at: http://www.eaglenews.ph Follow us on Twitter at: ...

155886 videos foundNext > 

2622 news items

Tue, 05 Apr 2016 10:37:30 -0700

A CHINESE-FILIPINO businessman and his wife were shot dead on their way to the hospital by two gunmen on a motorcycle in Tondo, Manila, Tuesday morning. The Manila Police District (MPD) identified the fatalities as Kenneth and Maria Luisa Yu, ...

GMA News

GMA News
Fri, 29 Apr 2016 20:31:49 -0700

A member of a dragon boat team went missing after their boat capsized during training in Manila Bay on Saturday. A report by the Philippine Coast Guard (PCG) identified the missing rower as Jerome Tipon, 30, a resident of Tondo, Manila and member of ...

Manila Bulletin

Manila Bulletin
Fri, 29 Apr 2016 20:00:00 -0700

At the San Jose Manggagawa Parish in Manuguit, Tondo, Manila masses will be celebrated at 7:30 a.m., 9 a.m., 3:30 p.m., 5 p.m., 6:30 p.m., and at 8 p.m. on Sunday. All masses will include the blessing of workers and their tools in honor of St. Joseph ...
Journal Online
Thu, 07 Apr 2016 02:53:27 -0700

MATAGUMPAY ang ginawang sunud-sunod na pagsalakay ng mga elemento ng Criminal Investigation and Detection Group-National Capital Region (CIDG-NCR) laban sa ilang personalidad sa Balut, Tondo, Manila na sinasabing konektado sa sindikato ng ...
Business Mirror
Thu, 28 Apr 2016 08:11:15 -0700

Its Metro Manila projects include a complex of high-rise residential buildings in Vitas in Tondo, Manila, and another in Ortigas Extension in Pasig. Both projects include a small shopping mall, which 8990 itself will operate. Of the two, only the Tondo ...


Wed, 27 Apr 2016 05:43:56 -0700

In this February file photo, the tandem of presidential aspirant Davao City Mayor Rodrigo Duterte and his running mate Sen. Alan Peter Cayetano are shown during their proclamation rally in Tondo, Manila. The STAR/Bernardo Betuigas. MANILA, Philippines ...

The Manila Times

The Manila Times
Sat, 23 Apr 2016 06:42:54 -0700

PROOF OF VOTE An election officer shows copies of voters' receipts during the mock election held at the H. Atienza Elementary School in Baseco compound, Tondo Manila on Saturday. The voting result was later transmitted to the Commission on Elections' ...

ABC News

ABC News
Fri, 22 Apr 2016 11:00:00 -0700

Earth Day is celebrated annually on April 22 to raise awareness of climate change and instill a sense of public responsibility to maintain a viable planet for future generations. Here, Leonardo DiCaprio speaks during the Paris Agreement on climate ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight