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For other uses, see Tondo (disambiguation).
Recto Avenue running through Divisoria.
Recto Avenue running through Divisoria.
Location of Tondo
Country Philippines
Region National Capital Region
City Manila
Congress Part of the 1st and 2nd Districts of Manila
Barangays 259

Tondo is a district located in Manila, Philippines. It is the most densely populated district in Manila. According to Laguna Copperplate Inscription, Tondo has existed since 900 AD, and has been ruled by Jayadeva who holds the Sanskrit title Senapati or "admiral".


Kingdom of Tondo[edit]

Main article: Kingdom of Tondo
Laguna Copperplate Inscription (c. 900 AD)

The former region of Tondo is over eleven hundred years old. Historically, Tondo already existed in the year 900 AD according to the Laguna Copperplate Inscription,[1] a legal document written in Kawi now housed in the National Museum of the Philippines. According to this document, Tondo was ruled by person called Jayadeva who holds the Sanskrit title of senapati or the equivalent of an admiral. The Kingdom of Tondo also extended all the way to the modern-day province of Bulacan particularly around Lihan (Malolos) and Gatbuca (Calumpit).[citation needed]

Tondo was ruled by a line of lakan until the Spanish conquest.[citation needed]

Colonial period[edit]

After the Spaniards conquered Tundun in January of 1571 they established the Province of Tondo with the city of Manila as its center, the province covered much territories in Northern Luzon particularly Pampanga, Bulacan and Rizal (formerly called Morong) In census conducted by Miguel de Loarca in 1583 Tondo was reported to have spoken the same language as the natives of the province of Pampanga.[2] Institute of National Language commissioner Jose Villa Panganiban also wrote that the dividing line between Kapampangan and Tagalog was the Pasig River, and that Tondo therefore originally spoke Kapampangan.[3] although Fray Isacio Rodriquez's Historia dela Provincia del Santisimo Nombre de Jesus de Filipinas stated that Provincia de Tagalos which is Tondo covers all the territories of the future Archdiocese of Manila. Prior to the establishment of the Province of Bulacan in 1578 Malolos and Calumpit were also included in the territory of Tondo as its visitas. In 1800, the Province of Tondo was renamed to Province of Manila.[citation needed]

Tondo was one of the first provinces to declare rebellion against Spain in year 1896. In 1911, under the American colonial regime, there was a major reorganization of political divisions, and the province of Tondo was dissolved, and its towns given to the provinces of Rizal and Bulacan. Today, Tondo just exists as a district in the City of Manila.[citation needed]


  • A densely populated district
    • West Tondo, which includes the Manila North Harbour area, has a land area of 5.64 km². with a population of 407,330 (2007); 72,222 persons per km².
    • East Tondo, commonly known as Gagalangin, has a land area of 3.46 km². with a population of 223,274 (2007); 64,530 persons per km².
    • average residential population density: 69,297 persons per km².
  • It is the location of a notorious and now closed landfill called Smokey Mountain.
  • It once was the location of the major Procter and Gamble plant in the Philippines at Vitas Street—now closed and dismantled.
  • The main terminal of the Philippine National Railways is located at the Tutuban district, which is close to the birthplace of Andres Bonifacio. This is now converted to a mall (Tutuban Center).
  • West of the district lies the major inter-island port of Manila, North Harbor, and the Manila Container Port.
  • The slaughterhouse (matadero) of the Manila City Government is located also at Vitas Street.
  • Every third Sunday of January, the Feast of the Sto. Niño of Manila (the Infant Jesus) is celebrated by a procession early in the morning from Tondo Church and winding down its narrow streets punctuated by fireworks.
  • The LRT Line 1 has 5 stations in the Tondo area, namely: Abad Santos, Tayuman, Blumentritt, Bambang and R. Papa.
  • It is the Location of Largest Common Locale of Iglesia ni Cristo which is the 6000 seater INC Tondo Locale Chapel at Juan Luna st. cor. Moriones Road.

List of Cultural Properties of Tondo[edit]

Lakbayaw Festival[edit]

On the third Sunday of January, the Sto. Niño festivals began in various parts of the country, particularly in Tondo, Manila. Its parish priest Fr. Enrique Santos, of the Sto. Niño Parish, said the celebrations of 2008 started "with the traditional procession of devotees dancing on the street while carrying images of the Child Jesus; a pagoda carrying an old image of Sto. Niño from Spain will lead the parade with 20 smaller boats accompanying it; the parish in Tondo houses the image of Sto. Niño made of ivory that was brought to the country by Augustinian priests from Acapulco, Mexico in the late 1570s."[4]


  • Tondo General Hospital
  • Mary Johnston Hospital
  • Gat. Andres Bonifacio Hospital
  • Metropolitan Hospital
  • Ospital ng Tondo
  • Amisola Maternity Hospital (Hermosa Street, Manuguit, Tondo)
  • Santa Rita College Hospital (T.Earnshaw Street, Gagalangin Tondo) [DEMOLISHED]
  • Jose Hospital

Malls, Supermarkets and Public Markets[edit]

  • Tutuban Cluster Bldg.
  • Robinson's Tutuban
  • Tutuban Centermall
  • SM Hypermarket Road 10, Tondo
  • PureGold Tayuman
  • Pritil Public Market
  • Puregold Divisoria
  • Obrero Market (Blumetritt)
  • Abucay Market (Hermosa Street, Manuguit Tondo)
  • Gagalangin Public Market (Pampanga Street, Gagagalangin)
  • 168 Shopping Center (Divisoria)
  • Divisoria Mall
  • North Bay Shopping Center (Honorio Lopez Blvd. Gagalangin, Tondo Manila)
  • Bambang Market
  • Yangco Market
  • San Roque SuperMarket


In popular culture[edit]

Tondo is the backdrop for the independent movie Tribu, which shows street life and gang life from an impoverished boy's point of view.



Further reading[edit]

  • Gaspar de San Agustin, Conquistas de las Islas Filipinas 1565-1615, Translated by Luis Antonio Mañeru, 1st bilingual ed [Spanish and English], published by Pedro Galende, OSA: Intramuros, Manila, 1998
  • Henson, Mariano A. 1965. The Province of Pampanga and Its Towns: A.D. 1300-1965. 4th ed. revised. Angeles City: By the author.
  • Loarca, Miguel de. 1582. Relacion de las Yslas Filipinas. Blair and Robertson vol. 5 page 87:
  • Panganiban, J.V. 1972. Diksyunaryo-Tesauro Pilipino-Ingles. Quezon City: Manlapaz Publishing Co.
  • Mallat, Jean, Les Philippines: Histoire, Geographie, Moeurs, Agriculture, Idustrie, Commerce des colonies Espagnoles dans l'Océanie, Paris: Arthus Bertrand, Libraire de la Société de Géographie, 1846
  • Santiago, Luciano P.R., The Houses of Lakandula, Matanda, and Soliman [1571-1898]: Genealogy and Group Identity, Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society 18 [1990]
  • Scott, William Henry, Barangay: Sixteenth-Century Philippine Culture and Society, Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1994
  • Scott, William Henry, Prehispanic Source Materials for the Study of Philippine History, Quezon City: New Day Publishers, 1984

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°37′01″N 120°58′01″E / 14.617°N 120.967°E / 14.617; 120.967

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tondo,_Manila — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
73232 videos foundNext > 

Tondo: Manila's largest slum - The space in between

Historian Carlos Celdran explains how the Tondo slum came into existence as the rebel district of Manila.

The Slum - Episode 1: Deliverance

As a birth attendant advocating for family planning, Remy is on the frontline of Tondo's battle with overcrowding.

Asiong Salonga FULL MOVIE

The Ancient Gangland. Year 1950. Gangwars were in. Violence was the name of the game. Gangsters carried Thompson's and grease guns in a Bayong.

Drive Trip!! Philippines - Tondo Manila

this video covers Delpan Bridge going to Recto Avenue onwards Abad Santos up to Dagupan Street in the district of Tondo Manila. Tondo is famous for ...

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Manila King Pin: The Untold Story of Asiong Salonga Viva Films' Official entry to the 2011 Metro Manila Film Festival Synopsis: Tondo. The Ancient Gangland.

Life in Tondo トンドの生活

ppl call this district slum/ghetto, bt i didnt think so. ppl seem cheerful and happy. 今の日本には無い近所付き合いが有ります.

JUAN FOR ALL : 116, zone 9, TONDO, MANILA # 1

Eat Bulaga. Juan For All All For JUan, Sugod Bahay sa Barangay. GMA Pinoy TV.

Life in Tondo Slums, Manila, Philippines

A short presentation compiled by Manuele Cavalli-Sforza, Eduardo Olondriz and Oliver Polkinghorne, it was initially intended as a presentation for an assembly ...

Riot in manila

Riot in manila videos to entertain everyone.

New Year Sa Tondo

Simpleng Kaganapan sa TOndo!

73232 videos foundNext > 

1356 news items


Fri, 11 Sep 2015 22:49:40 -0700

MANILA, Philippines – A container van on board a shipping vessel in Tondo, Manila caught fire and is on 4th alarm as of 1:16 pm, Saturday, September 12. The incident affected a portion of MV Cape Moreton docked at the Manila North Harbor starting at 9 ...
Manila Bulletin
Thu, 17 Sep 2015 20:45:00 -0700

The Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) has padlocked nine retail outlets at the business district of Sto. Cristo, Tondo, Manila for alleged massive under declaration of sales to escape payment of correct value-added and income taxes in violation of ...


Wed, 07 Oct 2015 23:11:15 -0700

Located in Tondo, Manila, Ulingan—the Filipino word for “charcoal factory”—is a small community in a reclaimed area of Manila's North Harbor. The families living there worked to produce charcoal to sell and only earn a meager $2 a day. Apart from ...
Fri, 18 Sep 2015 12:03:16 -0700

THE BUREAU of Internal Revenue (BIR) on Thursday closed down nine shops in Tondo, Manila, due to unpaid taxes totaling about P25 million. In a statement, the BIR identified the nine establishments, all located along Santo Cristo Street, as ADD 1 ...


Fri, 25 Sep 2015 10:21:22 -0700

On Friday, September 25, members of 7eventh Time Down woke before dawn to visit one of the largest slum areas in Tondo, Manila. The band wasn't there to play their music. Instead, the group helped distribute food to hungry kids at the Happyland housing ...

GMA News

GMA News
Tue, 06 Oct 2015 08:11:15 -0700

US citizen Timothy Lawrence Bulski lost his wallet containing $300 and various credit cards after he was allegedly victimized by six women in Tondo, Manila, who used their breasts to bump and distract him. In a report from GMA's “24 Oras” on Tuesday ...

Business Mirror

Business Mirror
Tue, 06 Oct 2015 01:37:30 -0700

The first three Guinness records broken by the church organization happened on July 7, 2012, during the INC International Aid to Humanity held at the Parola compound in Tondo, Manila where INC volunteers conducted a whole day medical-dental and relief ...
Fri, 18 Sep 2015 20:56:15 -0700

A couple was arrested for allegedly robbing the house of a vendor in Tondo, Manila Thursday. Police identified the suspects as Roland Abelido, 35, jobless, and Mylene delos Reyes, 30, jobless, both of Mel Alcalde St., Tondo. Initial investigation ...

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