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|— City and Municipality —|
|Founded||March 20, 1544|
|Re-founded||March 18, 1621|
|Founder||Hernan Vanegas Carrillo|
|Named for||Legendary warrior of the Guacana tribe|
|Elevation||432 m (1,416 ft)|
|• Tocaima (Municipality)||14,071|
|• City (2007, est.)||10,100|
|Time zone||Western Caribbean (UTC-05:00)|
The city of Tocaima was founded on March 20, 1544 by the Spanish explorer Hernan Vanegas Carrillo. This small city is most well known for being a warm vacation site during religious holidays, especially for college students from Bogotá and other surrounding areas.
The town is crossed by the Pati River, which sometimes floods the town.
Before Spanish colonization, the area was home to the Guacana, an Amerindian tribe belonging to the Panche Amerindian Nation. Tocaima was named in honor of a legendary warrior from this tribe, during the ruling period of the Cacica Guacana.
It is believed[by whom?] that Tocaima is the only city in the Cundinamarca Department that presently has a royal title and coat of arms issued by the Spanish Monarchy. Charles V issued the royal title and coat of arms on February 7, 1549, in appreciation of the city's loyalty and fame for being a powerful and wealthy region.
In 1581, the city was completely destroyed by an exceptionally devastating flood of the Pati River. President Juan de Borja[disambiguation needed] sent Captain Martin de Ocampo to refound the city, which he did on March 18, 1621 by constructing the Convent of San Jacinto and its contiguous chapel.
During the decolonization of Columbia from Spain in 1810, Tocaima was represented in the electoral and constitutional college by jurist Miguel de Tobar y Zerrato and Don Juan salvador Rodriguez de Lago. The Cabildo, or colonial administrative council, was re-established that same year.
The new Constitution of Cundinamarca, created in 1815, divided the nation into cantons, which provoked a confrontation between the Tocaima Canton and the neighboring Canton of La Mesa. In 1816, Spain re-conquered the colonies and subsequently repressed the newly-created government.
After finally defeating the Spanish in 1819, the colonists declared total independence from Spain and created the Republic of Gran Colombia, which—led by General Santander in 1822—re-established the Tocaima Canton.
- Lévine, V. (1920). Colombia: physical features, natural resources, means of communication, manufactures and industrial development. South American handbooks. New York: D. Appleton. p. 180. OCLC 6459630. Retrieved 2010-10-14.
- Law, Fwillim (2008-07-02). "Municipalities of Colombia". Statoids. Retrieved 2010-10-14.
- "Tocaima, Cundinamarca, Colombia". WolframAlpha. Wolfram Research. 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-14.
- Heilprin, Angelo; Heilprin, Louis, eds. (1906). "Tocaima". Lippincott's New Gazetteer: A complete pronouncing gazetteer or geographical dictionary of the world, containing the most recent and authentic information respecting the countries, cities, towns ... in every portion of the globe 2. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott. p. 1840. ASIN B0010K3YKW. OCLC 1870625. Retrieved 2010-10-14.