digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

An illustration of the four faces of the Bewcastle Cross, with the Tide dial on the second from the left.

Tide is an obsolete or archaic term for time, period or season. It survives in compounds such as Yuletide, eventide, shrovetide, Eastertide, noontide, etc.

A simple noun tide was used synonymously with time and as a unit of time with hour in Old English and Middle English, but this usage became obsolete in the 15th century and survives only in occasional poetic reference to "occasion" or "favourable, proper time". Contemporary English narrows the application of the word to the tides of the sea.

Etymology[edit]

The term "tide" has cognates in other Germanic languages, including Dutch (tijd) and German (Zeit). In German, the word for the tides of the sea (Gezeiten) is based on the root Zeit, indicating a relationship between these two words that is no longer present to the same degree in English. The Anglo Saxon word 'tyd', from which the 'tide' is derived, means 'seasons' in a general sense.[1]

Sundials and tides[edit]

Secular use[edit]

When used on sundials the 'tides' were around three hours long, starting at 6am and ending at 6pm, the working day divided up into these four tides. Working people would know which 'tide' it was through the ringing of a church bell.

The Saxons divided their sundials into 'tides' not hours, comprising 8 tides to cover day and night starting with Morgen at 04:30 to 07:30 a.m., then Daeg-mael 7.30 a.m. to 10.30 a.m.; Mid-daeg 10.30 a.m. to 1.30 p.m.; Ofanverth dagr 1.30 p.m. to 4.30 p.m.; Mid-aften 4.30 p.m. to 7.30 p.m.; Ondverth nott 7.30 p.m. to 10.30 p.m.; Mid-niht 10.30 p.m. to 1.30 a.m.; Ofanverth nott 1.30 a.m. to 4.30 a.m., all of three hours duration.[2][3]

A sundial showing the four 'Tides' based on the example on the Bewcastle Cross.
The 7th century Saxon Sundial in the porch at Bishopstone in Sussex. It is inscribed with the name Eadric, King of Kent in 685.[4]

Ecclesiastical use[edit]

Church sundials or horologes divided into tides are known as Tide Dials and they ceased to be used after the Norman Conquest.[5] The Sundial on the south face of the 7th-century Bewcastle Cross is the oldest in Britain. It is at some height from the ground, and is divided by five principal lines into four spaces, the tides, according to the octaval system of the Angles. Two of these lines, viz., those for 9 a.m. and midday, are crossed at the point. The four spaces are subdivided so as to give the twelve-day hours of the Roman and ecclesiastical use. On one side of the dial there is a vertical line which touches the semicircular border at the second afternoon hour. This may be an accident, but the same kind of line is found on the dial in the crypt of Bamburgh church, where it marks a later hour of the day. The sundial may have been used for calculating the date of the spring equinox and hence Easter.[6][7]

The 'Tides' Sundial at Kirkdale, North Yorkshire.[8]

The Saxon church at Corhampton, Hampshire has a sundial with markings divided into eight three-hour 'tides'.[9]

The ecclesiastical day has five divisions, known as the Canonical hours with four three hour tides between. These were marked on the sundials as lines with crosses and indicate Prime at 6 a.m.; Terce at 9 a.m.; Sext at 12 p.m.; None at 3 p.m.; and finally Vespers in the evening at sunset, between 4 and 6 p.m.

As mentioned by Bede, the length of hours and therefore the tides, was flexible at this point in history; being dependent on the length of the day as linked to the seasons. Ecclesiastics would know which 'tide' it was through the ringing of the church bell.

Saint Gregory's church, Kirkdale.
The Kirkdale sundial.

A perfect copy of the whole Bewcastle cross is located in the churchyard of the Wreay Romanesque Church near Carlisle in England.

The Kirkdale tide dial has four principal divisions marked by five crossed lines, and subdivided by single lines; one the line marking one - fourth of the way between sunrise and noon is an incised cross; this would indicate about the hour of 9 a.m. at midwinter and 6 a.m. at midsummer, possibly the time for Prime, whilst the other lines regulated the various canonical Hours. The sundial is dedicated to one 'Hawarth' and dates between 1056 and 1065.[10]

The Nendrum Monastic site in Northern Ireland, traditionally founded in the 5th century by St Machaoi, has a reconstructed tide dial.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bishopstone sundial and church porch in 1912.[4]
  1. ^ Maritime Tide.
  2. ^ Tide Sundials
  3. ^ Tide Times.
  4. ^ a b Wall, J. Charles (1912), Porches & Fonts.Pub. London: Wells, Gardner, Darton & Co., Ltd., p. 67.
  5. ^ Tide, Mass or Scratch Dials
  6. ^ Bewcastle. A Brief historical sketch
  7. ^ Bilberries and tickled trout. Reflections on the Bewcastle Cross.
  8. ^ Wall, J. Charles (1912), Porches & Fonts.Pub. London: Wells, Gardner, Darton & Co., Ltd., p. 66.
  9. ^ Dackett, Eliza and Skinner, Julia (2006). Ancient Britain. Land of Mystery and Legend. Pub. The Francis Frith Collection. ISBN. 1-84589-276-3. p. 93.
  10. ^ Wall, J. Charles (1912), Porches & Fonts.Pub. London: Wells, Gardner, Darton & Co., p. 66.
  11. ^ Nendrum Monastic site

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tide_(time) — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 

Alan Price - Time & Tide (The Plague Dogs, 1982)

"Look out there! It's our island. Don't you see it? That's where we have to go. We can be free." - Snitter.

Basia, Time and Tide

I found this video an old archive. I haven't seen it on youtube, so here it is. Just wanted to share a time when MTV played videos.

Time and Tide (Basia) with Lyrics

This is my first time to do a video with lyrics. TIME and TIDE It's hard for me to stop my heart love never knows when the time is right I don't want to hurt...

Alan Price - Time & Tide

Originally from the movie "The plague dogs" (1982), this is one of those great songs that goes unnoticed by so many. Hope you like. p.s. I know I got the art...

"順流逆流" Car chase and Shootout in "Time and Tide" (2001)

導演徐克演員謝霆鋒伍佰黃秋生Copyrigt @ Columbia Pictures Film Production Asia Limited.

Time and Tide (2000) trailer

Hong Kong action movie directed by Tsui Hark and starring Tse Nicholas, Bai Wu, Lo Candy and Anthony Wong.

Yugas: The Tide of Time | Isha Foundation | Sadhguru

"Time is not just a concept that we invented; it is deep-rooted in the system, in the very way we are made." - Sadhguru Time - the invisible current behind e...

Bay of Fundy Tide, Time-lapse, Fundy National Park

Time-lapse video of the Bay of Fundy tide at Point Wolfe, Fundy National Park, New Brunswick, Canada. This vantage point on the Shiphaven Trail is THE most s...

The Hopewell Rocks - OFFICIAL Time Lapse video of 45.6 foot tide

The Hopewell Rocks Tidal Exploration Site is a fantastic place to experience the Bay of Fundy's world famous tides. To help our guests understand a full tide...

Moullinex - Time and Tide

From the EP "Love Magnetic" by Moullinex Buy on Beatport: http://www.beatport.com/release/love-magnetic/1303886 Subscribe to the the GOMMA Youtube channel! h...

1000000 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Tide (time)" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Tide (time)

You can talk about Tide (time) with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!