digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Thomas Shadwell
Thomas Shadwell from NPG.jpg
Born 1642
Stanton Hall, Norfolk, England
Died 19 November 1692(1692-11-19)
London, England
Occupation poet, playwright
Alma mater Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge
Notable works Epsom Wells; Squire of Alsatia
Notable awards poet laureate

Thomas Shadwell (c. 1642 – 19 November 1692) was an English poet and playwright who was appointed poet laureate in 1689.

Life[edit]

Shadwell was born at Stanton Hall, Norfolk, and educated at Bury St Edmunds School, and at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, which he entered in 1656.[1] He left the university without a degree, and joined the Middle Temple. At the Whig triumph in 1688, he superseded John Dryden as poet laureate and historiographer royal. He died at Chelsea on 19 November 1692.[2]

Works[edit]

In 1668 he produced a prose comedy, The Sullen Lovers, or the Impertinents, based on Les Fâcheux by Molière, and written in open imitation of Ben Jonson's comedy of humours. His best plays are Epsom Wells (1672), for which Sir Charles Sedley wrote a prologue, and the Squire of Alsatia (1688). Alsatia was the cant name for the Whitefriars area of London, then a kind of sanctuary for persons liable to arrest, and the play represents, in dialogue full of the local argot, the adventures of a young heir who falls into the hands of the sharpers there.[3][4]

For fourteen years from the production of his first comedy to his memorable encounter with John Dryden, Shadwell produced a play nearly every year. These productions display a hatred of sham, and a rough but honest moral purpose. Although bawdy, they present a vivid picture of contemporary manners.[5]

Shadwell is chiefly remembered as the unfortunate Mac Flecknoe of Dryden's satire, the "last great prophet of tautology," and the literary son and heir of Richard Flecknoe:

"The rest to some faint meaning make pretense,
But Sh____ never deviates into sense."

[6]

Dryden had furnished Shadwell with a prologue to his True Widow (1679) and, in spite of momentary differences, the two had been on friendly terms. But when Dryden joined the court party, and produced Absalom and Achitophel and The Medal, Shadwell became the champion of the Protestants, and made a scurrilous attack on Dryden in The Medal of John Bayes: a Satire against Folly and Knavery (1682). Dryden immediately retorted in Mac Flecknoe, or a Satire on the True Blue Protestant Poet, T.S. (1682), in which Shadwell's personalities were returned with interest. A month later he contributed to Nahum Tate's continuation of Absalom and Achitophel satirical portraits of Elkanah Settle as Doeg and of Shadwell as Og. In 1687, Shadwell attempted to answer these attacks in a version of Juvenal's 10th Satire.[5]

However, Dryden's portrait of Shadwell in Absalom and Achitophel cut far deeper, and has withstood the test of time. In this satire, Dryden noted of Settle and Shadwell:

Two fools that crutch their feeble sense on verse;
Who, by my muse, to all succeeding times
Shall live, in spite of their own doggrel rhymes;

[7]

Nonetheless, Shadwell, due to the Whig triumph in 1688 superseded his enemy as Poet Laureate and historiographer royal.[5]

His son, Charles Shadwell was also a playwright. A scene from his play, "The Stockjobbers" was included as an introduction in Caryl Churchill's "Serious Money" (1987).[2]

Poems[edit]

Dear Pretty Youth [edit]

Dear Pretty Youth

Dear pretty youth, unveil your eyes,
How can you sleep when I am by?
Were I with you all night to be,
Methinks I could from sleep be free.
Alas, my dear, you're cold as stone:
You must no longer lie alone.
But be with me my dear, and I in each arm
Will hug you close and keep you warm.

[citation needed]

Love in their little veins inspires [edit]

Love in their little veins inspires

Love in their little veins inspires
their cheerful notes, their soft desires.
While heat makes buds and blossoms spring,
those pretty couples love and sing.
But winter puts out their desire,
and half the year they want love's fire.

[8]

Nymphs and Shepherds [edit]

Nymphs and Shepherds

Nymphs and shepherds, come away.
In ye groves let's sport and play,
For this is Flora's holiday,
Sacred to ease and happy love,
To dancing, to music and to poetry;
Your flocks may now securely rove
Whilst you express your jollity.
Nymphs and shepherds, come away.

[9]

Bibliography[edit]

A complete edition of Shadwell's works was published by another son, Sir John Shadwell, in 1720. His other dramatic works are:

  • The Royal Shepherdess (1669), an adaptation of John Fountain's Rewards of Virtue
  • The Humorist (1671)
  • The Miser (1672), adapted from Molière
  • Psyche (1675)
  • The Libertine (1676)
  • The Virtuoso (1676)
  • The History of Timon of Athens the Man-hater (1678),--on this Shakespearian adaptation see Oscar Beber's inaugural dissertation, Thom. Shadwell's Bearbeitung des Shakespeare'schen "Timon of Athens" (Rostock, 1897)
  • A True Widow (1679)
  • The Woman Captain (1680), revived in 1744 as The Prodigal
  • The Lancashire Witches and Teague O'Divelly, the Irish Priest (1682)
  • Bury Fair (1689)
  • The Amorous Bigot, with the second part of Teague O'Divelly (1690)
  • The Scowerers (1691)
  • The Volunteers, or Stockjobbers, published posthumously (1693)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Court offices
Preceded by
John Dryden
British Poet Laureate
1689–1692
Succeeded by
Nahum Tate
Preceded by
John Dryden
English Historiographer Royal
1689–1692
Succeeded by
Thomas Rymer

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Shadwell — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
749 videos foundNext > 

How to Pronounce Thomas Shadwell

Can we reach 1 Like? Watch video to the end :) Shadwell /ˈʃædˌwɛl, -wəl/ [shad-wel, -wuhl] noun, Thomas, 1642?–92, English dramatist: poet laureate 1688–92. ...

How to Pronounce Tom Shadwell

Can we reach 1 Like? Watch video to the end :) Video by http://www.PronounceDaily.com World English Dictionary Shadwell (ˈʃædwəl) Thomas. ?1642--92, English dramatist; poet laureate...

John Dryden - Shadwell

One poet attacks another - John Dryden's vicious attack on Thomas Shadwell is read by Samuel Godfrey George All human things are subject to decay, And when f...

Shadwell - John Dryden

A great satirical poet, John Dryden, lashes out vehemently against a fellow-poet, Thomas Shadwell, producing the most savage of caricatures. Extracted from "...

Koda - Staying (DotEXE Remix)

Another Dotexe :D "Words may be false and full of art; Sighs are the natural language of the heart." - Thomas Shadwell DL: https://soundcloud.com/musicdotexe...

Creigh Deeds should be ashamed

On martin Luther King Day and the Day of Barack Obama's inauguration Creigh Deeds (D-Bath) spoke on the floor in honor of confederate general stonewall Jacks...

Locke - Psyche; Behold the God, whose mighty pow'r

Matthew Locke (1621 - 1677) Psyche, A Tragedy (1675) First performed: 27 February 1675 Words by Thomas Shadwell New London Concert Philip Pickett.

A sad day in Virginia

On the eve of the inauguration of our first black president Sen. Barbara Favola (D-Arlington) chose to go to the floor and honor a confederate general. She s...

Purcell: Z 600/3. To arms, heroic prince (The Libertine) - Sampson (Müllejans)

Playlist (Incidental Music): http://www.youtube.com/view_play_list?p=97CDDB2CC3E0CB84 'The Libertine, or the Libertine Destroy'd', Z 600 Tragi-comedy in five...

Locke - Psyche; While we to Mars

Matthew Locke (1621 - 1677) Psyche, A Tragedy (1675) First performed: 27 February 1675 Words by Thomas Shadwell New London Concert Philip Pickett.

749 videos foundNext > 

1 news items

 
Libreriamo
Fri, 22 Aug 2014 02:00:00 -0700

Quando il re Giacomo II venne deposto, a causa delle sue idee morali e religiose Dryden perse il posto di Poeta Laureato a corte, e venne sostituito da Thomas Shadwell. Da quel momento Dryden deve vivere con ciò che guadagna scrivendo. Traduce ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Thomas Shadwell

You can talk about Thomas Shadwell with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!