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Thomas Titus Nkobi
Treasurer General of the African National Congress
In office
Preceded by Moses Mabhida
Personal details
Born (1922-10-22)22 October 1922
Plumtree, Southern Rhodesia
Died 25 September 1994(1994-09-25) (aged 71)
Johannesburg, South Africa
Political party African National Congress
Spouse(s) Winnifred Mangoane Nkobi
Children 5

Thomas Titus Nkobi (born 22 October 1922 in Southern Matabeleland, died 25 September 1994 in Johannesburg / South Africa) was a senior leader of the South African African National Congress (ANC) and a key figure in the Anti-Apartheid movement. Until his death he was the Treasurer General of the ANC and also its Member of Parliament.


Thomas Titus Nkobi ("Comrade T.G.") was born on 22 October 1922 in Plumtree, Matabeleland South, Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe). He grew up and was educated in South Africa, where his father was working in the mines as a migrant labourer. He was at Adams College of Education in KwaZulu Natal with Joshua Nkomo, the Zimbabwean Vice-President and Bernard Chidzero, the Zimbabwean Minister of Finance and Dr. Ntsu Mokhehle, the Prime Minister of Lesotho. After completing High School in Natal he matriculated from Bantu High School (later Madibane High School) in Western Township, Johannesburg in 1946 and went to Roma College (now National University of Lesotho) in Lesotho, pursuing a Bachelor of Commerce degree.

His initial political involvement against the Apartheid regime started in 1944 during the Alexandra bus boycott, a non-violent protest campaign. In 1950 he formally joined the ANC and played a leading role in the 1952 ANC Defiance Campaign against Unjust Laws. He was one of the main volunteers who travelled from village to village collecting demands of the African population that were incorporated into the ANC Freedom Charter; he attended the 1955 Congress of the People in Kliptown that drew up the Freedom Charter as a delegate from Alexandra.

In 1957 Thomas Nkobi shot to prominence when he chaired the Second Alexandra Peoples Transport Committee which was co-ordinating a bus boycott in the Johannesburg and Pretoria townships following a 25 per cent increase in bus fares. In the same year he was arrested for participating in the nation-wide Potato Boycott, following The Farm Labour Scandal, a journalistic investigation by Ruth First and Joe Gqabi, which uncovered that Africans arrested for infringement of the pass laws were coerced into enforced labour on potato farms. In 1958 Thomas Nkobi became the National Organizer of the ANC and was charged with the task of implementing the M-Plan, an action plan, named after Nelson Mandela, to decentralise the ANCs organizational branches and communication channels to avoid public meetings and announcements and increase effectiveness of their political and social campaign.

During the 1960 State of Emergency, he was amongst the thousands of political activists who were detained. After his release he continued working for the ANC as National Organizer and was also prominent in the underground. He was banned in 1961, and in 1962 placed under a 24-hour house arrest. In 1963 Thomas Nkobi fled South Africa for exile in Dar es Salaam / Tanzania and later Lusaka / Zambia, where he became actively involved in mobilising international public opinion against the Apartheid regime.

From 1968 to 1973 he served as deputy to then Treasurer General of the ANC, Moses Kotane. He was elected Treasurer General of the ANC in 1973, a post to which he was re-elected at all subsequent national conferences of the organisation.

After the ANC was in legalised in 1990 he returned to South Africa. There he oversaw the ANCs budget for South Africa's first democratic election, which brought the ANC to power. Thomas Nkobi was re-elected as Treasurer General in party elections in 1991 and also elected as Member of Parliament, member of the ANC National Executive Committee (NEC) and member of the ANC's National Working Committee (NWC); one of several elders with moderate views who retained leadership positions.

He died on 25 September 1994, in Johannesburg after suffering a fatal stroke. He is buried at Heroes' Acre in Soweto, a section of Soweto's Avalon Cemetery reserved as final resting place for many Anti-Apartheid activists.

In 2004, Thomas Nkobi posthumously received the Order of Luthuli in Gold for his "exceptional and selfless contribution to the struggle for a non-racial, non-sexist, free and democratic South Africa".



  • Hold up the Sun: The ANC and Popular Power in the Making. – Ulibambe lingashoni. / Episode 3 Interview with Thomas Nkobi. The Documentary History of the ANC: episode 1. Roots of struggle, [1912–1948] (52 min.). Episode 2. Enter the masses, [1949–1958] (52 min.). Episode 3. Submit or fight, [1958–1969] (52 min.). Episode 4. The new generation, [1968–1983] (52 min.). Episode 5. Not the kings and generals, [1983–1990] (52 min.). (English) Publisher: Ster-Kinekor Video. Braamfontein, Johannesburg, 1993.

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Nkobi — Please support Wikipedia.
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2 videos found


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President Jacob Zuma will unveil a monument and a wall of remembrance in hnour of the late, former SACP leader Chris Thembekile Hani. Today marks the 22nd anniversary for the commemoration...

Chris Hani anniversary reactions

Reactions to commemorate the 20th anniversary of Chris Hani's assassination.at a wreath-laying ceremony at the Thomas Titus Nkobi Memorial Park.

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59 news items

Starr 103.5 FM

Starr 103.5 FM
Tue, 21 Apr 2015 01:37:30 -0700

... a Malawian by origin who established the Industrial and Commercial Workers Union in 1919, Nobel Laureate Chief Albert Luthuli and Thomas Nkobi, both originally from Zimbabwe but who made enormous contributions to the struggle against apartheid.

Times LIVE

Sun, 12 Apr 2015 14:01:30 -0700

The Chris Hani Heritage Site was launched during the 22nd commemoration of his passing held at Thomas Nkobi Memorial Park in Bocksburg. He was assassinated in 1993, just a year before South Africa's first democratic elections in April of 1994 ...

Times LIVE

Times LIVE
Thu, 09 Apr 2015 02:16:58 -0700

RDM News Wire | 2015-04-09 11:15:04.0. APRIL 10, 2014 Chris Hani's daughter, Lindiwe, during a wreath laying ceremony at the 21st annniversary commemoration of Chris Hani's death at Thomas Nkobi Memorial Park Cemetry in Boksburg, Johannesburg.

The Citizen

The Citizen
Fri, 10 Apr 2015 01:59:02 -0700

People are continuing to trickle into the Thomas Nkobi cemetery where the charismatic leader of the SA Communist Party Chris Hani was buried. Hani was gunned down at his Dawn Park home on April 10 1993 by Clive Derby Lewis. People dressed in the ...


Mon, 13 Apr 2015 04:48:45 -0700

The Chris Hani Heritage Site was launched during the 22nd commemoration of his passing held at Thomas Nkobi Memorial Park in Boksburg. Hani was assassinated in 1993, just a year before South Africa's first democratic elections in April of 1994.
Prensa Latina
Thu, 09 Apr 2015 23:11:15 -0700

10 de abril de 2015, 02:20Pretoria, 10 abr (PL) El presidente Jacob Zuma encabezará hoy en Johannesburgo la ceremonia de recordación al desaparecido secretario general del Partido Comunista Sudafricano (SACP) Chris Hani, asesinado el 10 de abril ...

Independent Online

Independent Online
Sat, 25 Oct 2014 23:31:14 -0700

Thomas Nkobi was the ANC's chief representative in Zambia from independence until 1968, when he became deputy treasurer-general. Tambo moved the ANC headquarters to Lusaka the following year. Radio Freedom, the ANC's underground radio station, ...
Al Jazeera America
Wed, 28 May 2014 11:17:07 -0700

The FBI spied on Nelson Mandela when the legendary South African leader arrived in the United States in June 1990, according to newly released files exclusively obtained by Al Jazeera. A May 30, 1990, FBI memo from the Atlanta field office to then–FBI ...

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