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Not to be confused with Thermopylae.
Thermopile, composed of multiple thermocouples in series. If both the right and left junctions are the same temperature, voltages cancel out to zero. However if one side is heated and other side cooled, resulting total output voltage is equal to the sum of junction voltage differentials.

A thermopile is an electronic device that converts thermal energy into electrical energy. It is composed of several thermocouples connected usually in series or, less commonly, in parallel.

Thermopiles do not respond to absolute temperature, but generate an output voltage proportional to a local temperature difference or temperature gradient.

Thermopiles are used to provide an output in response to temperature as part of a temperature measuring device, such as the infrared thermometers widely used by medical professionals to measure body temperature. They are also used widely in heat flux sensors (such as the Moll thermopile and Eppley pyrheliometer)[1][2][3] and gas burner safety controls. The output of a thermopile is usually in the range of tens or hundreds of millivolts.[4] As well as increasing the signal level, the device may be used to provide spatial temperature averaging.[5]

Thermopiles are also used to generate electrical energy from, for instance, heat from electrical components, solar wind, radioactive materials, or combustion. The process is also an example of the Peltier Effect (electric current transferring heat energy) as the process transfers heat from the hot to the cold junctions.

See also[edit]

  • Seebeck effect—the physical effect responsible for the generation of voltage in a thermopile.
  • Thermoelectric materials—high-performance materials that can be used to construct a compact thermopile that delivers high power.

External links[edit]


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Laser Focus world
Thu, 02 Oct 2014 07:44:49 -0700

Because conventional laser-measurement methods cannot show how a laser performs over time (lasers fluctuate rapidly from turn-on to several seconds after), real-time thermopile power measurement and beam-profiling techniques can improve laser ...
Thu, 16 Oct 2014 15:31:52 -0700

... POWER Meter II-99Newport Launches 919P Series Thermopile Sensors and 843-RHandheld Optical Power Meter II-99TrendPoint Systems Launches EnerSure Integrated Branch CircuitPower Meter II-99Agilent Technologies Launches 4-Channel N7748A ...
Tue, 14 Oct 2014 08:45:00 -0700

The gSKIN® Laser Power Sensors are a combination of the field-tested and widely used thermopile technology and an innovative new structure. With this combination you are able resolve µW of IR power and measure with a constant sensitivity across a ...
Mon, 06 Oct 2014 07:30:52 -0700

Passive infrared detectors are nothing new, but they typically use small thermopile arrays that only measure temperature differences within a scene. The new MTC, on the other hand, has enough resolution to actually distinguish between the shapes of ...
Tue, 23 Sep 2014 06:50:02 -0700

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PR.com (press release)
Wed, 01 Oct 2014 00:07:30 -0700

Different quality levels of the attached pyranometers differentiate between the sensors. The WS501-UMB is equipped with the thermopile-pyranometer CMP3 made by Kipp & Zonen, the WS502-UMB measures radiation by means of a silicon-pyranometer.
Korea IT Times (press release)
Tue, 16 Sep 2014 21:30:00 -0700

The TMP007 is a highly integrated, non-contact infrared (IR) temperature sensor, joining TI's family of the world's smallest thermopile sensors. The new sensor features an integrated math engine, which performs calculations on-chip for direct reading ...


Tue, 07 Oct 2014 07:56:17 -0700

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