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Teutoburg Forest
Teutoburger Wald
Blick-über-den-Teutoburger-Wald1.jpg
View over the Teutoburg Forest
Map showing the location of Teutoburg ForestTeutoburger Wald
The Teutoburg Forest in North West Germany
Location Germany (north-west)
Lower Saxony & NRW
Nearest city Bielefeld
Paderborn (to the south)
Osnabrück (to the north-west)
Coordinates 51°54′00″N 8°49′00″E / 51.90000°N 8.81667°E / 51.90000; 8.81667Coordinates: 51°54′00″N 8°49′00″E / 51.90000°N 8.81667°E / 51.90000; 8.81667
Area ca. 4,000 km² almost all if it included officially in one of two natural parks:
1,220 km²
(TERRA.vita Nature Park)
2,711 km²
(Teutoburg Forest / Egge Hills Nature Park)

The Teutoburg Forest (German: Teutoburger Wald) is a range of low, forested hills in the German states of Lower Saxony and North Rhine-Westphalia which is believed to be the scene of a decisive battle in 9 A.D.[1] Until the 19th century the official name of the hill ridge was Osning.

Geography[edit]

Donop's Pond (Donoperteich)
Autumn in Teutoburg Forest

The Teutoburg Forest is a peripheral section in the north of the German Central Uplands, and forms a long narrow range of hills (comprising three ridges) extending from the eastern surroundings of Paderborn in the south to the western surroundings of Osnabrück in the northwest. South of the city centre of Bielefeld, a gap called the Bielefeld Pass bisects the range into the Northern Teutoburg Forest (two thirds) and Southern Teutoburg Forest (one third). In addition, the northeastern and southwestern ridges are cut by the exits of the longitudinal valleys between the ridges.

The geologically oldest ridge is the northeastern one, which consists of limestone of the Triassic.

Most of the ridges and part of the valley are covered by deciduous forest. Parts of the valley areas are used for agriculture, especially production of cereals.

The highest elevation in the Southern Teutoburg Forest is the Velmerstot (468 m) (south of Horn-Bad Meinberg). In the Northern Teutoburg Forest the highest elevation is the Dörenberg (331 m) (north of Bad Iburg).

The river Ems has its source at the western base of the southernmost portion of the Teutoburg Forest.[2]

The southern half of the range, situated about 30 km southwest of the Weser valley, is part of the watershed between the Ems basin in the west and the Weser basin in the east. The drainage towards the Weser is effected by the Werre river. The northwestern half of the range is drained to the river Ems on both sides.

The neighbouring landscapes are the Westphalian Lowland in the west, Hase valley in the north, the hilly Ravensberg Basin in the northeast, Lippe Uplands in the east, and Egge Range (Eggegebirge) in the south.

Except for a short area south of Osnabrück, which belongs to the Bundesland of Lower Saxony, the whole forest is part of North Rhine-Westphalia.

History[edit]

The Battle of Teutoburg Forest in 9 A.D. occurred in or near this region, though the exact location is disputed. The Roman historian Gaius Cornelius Tacitus identified the location of the battle as saltus Teutoburgiensis (saltus meaning a forest valley in Latin). Recent excavations suggest that at least the final stages of the battle took place farther northwest, at Kalkriese, north of Osnabrück.[3]

As of 2011 the Teutoburg Forest comprises two separate nature parks:

  1. TERRA.vita Nature Park, northwest part between Bielefeld and Osnabrück
  2. Teutoburg Forest / Egge Hills Nature Park between Bielefeld and river Diemel

Hills[edit]

Hermann's Memorial and the renaming of the Osning[edit]

Monument of Wilhelm I

Arminius (a.k.a. Hermann the Cherusker), leader of the Germanic tribes during the battle, became something of a legend for his overwhelming victory over the Romans. During the period of national renaissance in the wake of the Napoleonic wars, German people saw him as an early protagonist of German resistance to foreign rule and a symbol of national unity.

A monumental statue of Arminius commemorating the battle, known as the Hermannsdenkmal (the "Hermann monument"), was erected on the hill of Grotenburg near Detmold, close to the site where the most popular theory of the time placed the battle. Emperor William I, the first Kaiser of the unified German Empire, dedicated the monument in 1875. A monumental statue of the emperor himself was erected on the hill of Wittekindsberg in Wiehen Hills. In order to create a national landscape the Osning Hills were given the name "Teutoburg Forest", see also Teutonic. However, the old name survived among the local population and the part of the ridge around the Ebberg (309 m) near Bielefeld is still known as the Osning today.

In this forest the composer Johannes Brahms liked to walk during his stay in Detmold.

Websites[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Paul K. Davis, 100 Decisive Battles from Ancient Times to the Present: The World’s Major Battles and How They Shaped History (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999), 68.
  2. ^ Teutoburg Forest at Destination Germany
  3. ^ http://rambambashi.wordpress.com/2010/05/22/common-errors-32-teutoburg-forest/

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teutoburg_Forest — Please support Wikipedia.
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181 news items

Huffington Post (blog)

Huffington Post (blog)
Sat, 13 Jun 2015 06:42:49 -0700

Reports that President Obama is considering even more troops and bases to fight ISIS in Iraq put me to mind of Roman general Publius Quinctilius Varus. Two millennia ago, Varus committed three Roman legions to the Teutoburg Forest in Germania in ...

Thetribunepapers

Thetribunepapers
Thu, 05 Feb 2015 15:15:00 -0800

By Mike Scruggs- The Teutoburg Forest lies in northwestern Germany east of the Rhine River. It is an area of dense deciduous forest and rugged terrain ranging from 1,000-1,500 feet in elevation. In September of 9 AD, it was the scene of a massacre of ...

Thetribunepapers

Thetribunepapers
Fri, 13 Feb 2015 15:14:16 -0800

He could not expect to match half the Roman manpower or their superior weapons and awesome discipline, but he planned to lure the Roman legions into the Teutoburg Forest and concentrate his forces where they could overwhelm small segments of the ...

Thetribunepapers

Thetribunepapers
Sat, 21 Feb 2015 12:48:45 -0800

By Mike Scruggs- There are several Roman historical sources describing the background and events of the Teutoburg Forest Massacre—Tacitus, Cassius Dio, Florus, and Velleius Paterculus—but none of them were there, and there is by no means ...

Thetribunepapers

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Sat, 07 Mar 2015 12:32:47 -0800

By Mike Scruggs- On the morning of September 11, Lucius Eggius led the first of two 4,000-man battle groups out of the Roman camp to the northwest. He would soon be followed by the second battle group commanded by Caeonius. The circumstances ...

Gameranx

YouTube
Wed, 24 Apr 2013 06:13:18 -0700

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YouTube
Thu, 28 Feb 2013 05:59:10 -0800

Teutoburg Forest features as a playable historical battle in Total War: ROME II, and demonstrates some of the game's thrilling new features, including our true line-of-sight system, deployable battlefield technology, and our tense new style of ambush ...
 
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Fri, 11 Sep 2009 13:42:02 -0700

Probably neither side realized that the Battle of Teutoburg Forest would decide the course of Western law and Western civilization for millennia to come. And now, in the year 2009, the 2,000th anniversary of the battle, very few Americans have even ...
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